Ethnologue: Areas: Americas

Barbados

272,000 (1995). Literacy rate 98% to 99%. Christian, secular. Deaf institutions: 2. Data accuracy estimate: A2. The number of languages listed for Barbados is 1.

ENGLISH [ENG] 259,000 who speak Bajan (1995 estimate); 22,000,000 in all countries (1995 WA). Indo-European, Germanic, West, North Sea, English. Dialect: BAJAN (BARBADIAN ENGLISH). Bajan is reported to not be a creole, but a dialect of English. It lacks many features common to other Caribbean creoles and differs from Standard West Indian Creole mainly phonologically. Fewer than 20 lexical items are traceable to African origin (Niles 1980.148). Shares lexical features with Caribbean creoles. The speech of the poor and less educated is similar to the mesolect in nearby countries. Increasingly influenced by USA rather than United Kingdom English (Todd and Hancock 1986). National language. Christian. Bible 1535-1989. NT 1525-1985. Bible portions 1530-1987.


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Part of the Ethnologue, 13th Edition, Barbara F. Grimes, Editor.
Copyright © 1996, Summer Institute of Linguistics, Inc. All rights reserved.

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