Ethnologue: Areas: Asia

Cambodia

9,205,000 (1995). 6,467,000 or 94.3% speakers of Austro-Asiatic languages, 125,000 or 1.9% speakers of Austronesian languages (1990). State of Cambodia. Formerly Kampuchea, Khmer Republic. Literacy rate 48% to 50%. Also includes Lao 17,000, Vietnamese 600,000 to 1,000,000, 340,000 Chinese. Information mainly from Thomas and Headley 1970; Voegelin and Voegelin 1977; Wurm and Hattori 1981. Data accuracy estimate: B, C. Theravada Buddhist, secular, traditional religion, Muslim. Blind population 40,000 (1982 WCE). The number of languages listed for Cambodia is 17.

BRAO (BRAOU, PROUE, BROU, LOVE, LAVE, LAVEH) [BRB] 5,000 in Cambodia (1988 govt. figure); 18,000 in all countries in Laos and Cambodia (1984); over 90 in USA (1990); 5 in France; 18,000 total. Northeastern Cambodia on the Laos border. Also in Viet Nam. Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Eastern Mon-Khmer, Bahnaric, West Bahnaric, Brao-Kravet. Closely related to Krung 2, Kravet, and Sou. Work in progress.

CHAM, WESTERN (CAMBODIAN CHAM, TJAM, CHAM, NEW CHAM) [CJA] 220,000 in Cambodia (1992 govt. figure); 20,000 in Viet Nam (1990 govt. figure); 1,800 to 10,000 in Malaysia; 4,000 in Thailand; 3,000 or more in USA; 1,000 in France; 100 in Saudi Arabia; 250,000 or more in all countries. Near the major cities and along the Mekong. Also in Yemen, Libya, Indonesia, USA: Washington D.C.; Seattle; Santa Ana, Fullerton, San Jose, San Diego, San Francisco, California; Australia. Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sundic, Malayic, Achinese-Chamic, Chamic, South, Coastal, Cham-Chru. The language differs somewhat from Eastern Cham of central Viet Nam. They have an old Devanagari-based script. Roman script is under discussion in USA and elsewhere. Austro-Asiatic influences. Muslim. Work in progress.

CHINESE, MANDARIN [CHN] 340,000 in Cambodia (1993 Johnstone); 885,000,000 in all countries. Sino-Tibetan, Chinese. Bible 1874-1983. NT 1857-1981. Bible portions 1864-1986.

CHONG (CHAWNG, SHONG, XONG) [COG] 5,000 possibly in Cambodia; 500 possibly in Thailand (1981 SIL); 8,000 in all countries (1981 Wurm and Hattori). Thai-Cambodia border southeast of Chantaburi, Pursat Province. Also in Thailand. Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Eastern Mon-Khmer, Pearic, Western, Chong. Somray in Cambodia is a separate but related language.

KHMER, CENTRAL (CAMBODIAN) [KMR] 5,932,800 in Cambodia, about 90% of the population (1990); 100,000 in Thailand (1993); 700,000 in Viet Nam (1985); 50,000 or more in France; 50,000 in USA; 10,400 in Laos; 1,000 in China (1993); 7,063,200 in all countries. In USA: Long Beach and Orange County, California; Seattle, Washington; Oregon; North Dakota; New York; Rhode Island; Wisconsin; Texas. Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Eastern Mon-Khmer, Khmer. Distinct from Northern Khmer of Thailand. National language. Typology: SVO. Bible 1954. NT 1929-1993. Bible portions 1899-1933.

KRAVET (KOWET, KHVEK) [KRV] 3,000 (1988 govt. figure). Northeastern. Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Eastern Mon-Khmer, Bahnaric, West Bahnaric, Brao-Kravet. Survey needed.

KRU'NG 2 [KRR] 10,000 in Cambodia (1993 Johnstone). Northeastern. Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Eastern Mon-Khmer, Bahnaric, West Bahnaric, Brao-Kravet. Different from Krung 1 dialect of Rade in Viet Nam. Survey needed.

KUY (KUOY, SUAI, SUOI, SOAI, SOUEI, SUEI, KHAMEN-BORAN, OLD KHMER, KUI, CUOI) [KDT] 16,000 in Cambodia (1993 Johnstone); 23400,000 in Thailand (1993); 64,000 in Laos (1993); 314,000 in all countries, or 650,000 total (1981 Wurm and Hattori). Northeastern Cambodia. Also in Laos. Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Eastern Mon-Khmer, Katuic, West Katuic, Kuy-Suei. Dialects: DAMREY, ANLOUR, O, KRAOL, ANTRA, NA NHYANG. Na Nhyang may be a separate language. 50% to 75% literate. NT 1978-1992. Bible portions 1965.

LAMAM (LMAM) [LMM] 1,000 (1981 Wurm and Hattori). Near northeast corner on the Viet Nam border. Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Eastern Mon-Khmer, Bahnaric, Central Bahnaric. Related to Bahnar, Tampuan, Alak 1. Survey needed.

MNONG, CENTRAL (PNONG, PHNONG, BUDONG) [MNC] 19,000 in Cambodia (1988 govt. figure); 90,000 in all countries (1981). Northeastern. Mainly in Viet Nam. Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Eastern Mon-Khmer, Bahnaric, South Bahnaric, Sre-Mnong, Mnong, Southern-Central Mnong. Dialects: BIAT, PREH, BU NAR, BU RUNG, DIH BRI, BU DANG. Biat is the main dialect of Cambodian Mnong. It may be a separate language from Central Mnong.

PEAR (POR, KOMPONG THOM) [PCB] 1,300 (1988 govt. figure). Southwestern, Kompong Thom. Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Eastern Mon-Khmer, Pearic, Eastern. Survey needed.

SAMRE [SCC] 200 (1981 Wurm and Hattori). Just north of Siemreap. Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Eastern Mon-Khmer, Pearic, Western, Samre. Related to Sa'och, Suoy, Pear. Survey needed.

SA'OCH (SAUCH, SAOTCH) [SCQ] 500 (1981 Wurm and Hattori). Southwest near Kompong Som on the coast. Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Eastern Mon-Khmer, Pearic, Western, Chong. Related to Samre, Suoy, Pear. Survey needed.

SOMRAY [SMU] 2,000 (1981 Wurm and Hattori). West; north, east, and west of Phum Tasanh, and Tanyong River around Phum Pra Moi; 2 areas. Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Eastern Mon-Khmer, Pearic, Western, Samre. Related to Chong. Survey needed.

STIENG [STI] 3,600 in Cambodia (1993 Johnstone); 48,000 in Viet Nam (1973 SIL); 70,000 in all countries (1981 Wurm and Hattori). Eastern. Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Eastern Mon-Khmer, Bahnaric, South Bahnaric, Stieng-Chrau. Dialects: BUDIP, BULACH, BULO. Bible portions 1971.

SUOY [SYO] 200 (1981 Wurm and Hattori). Central, northwest of Phnom Penh. Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Eastern Mon-Khmer, Pearic, Western, Suoy. Related to Sa'och, Samre, Pear. Survey needed.

TAMPUAN (CAMPUON, TAMPUEN, TAMPUON, KHA TAMPUON, PROON, PROONS) [TPU] 13,500 (1988 govt. figure). Northeast border area, south of Brao, west of Jarai. Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Eastern Mon-Khmer, Bahnaric, Central Bahnaric. Closest to Bahnar, Lamam, Alak 1, but geographically separated. Survey needed.


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Part of the Ethnologue, 13th Edition, Barbara F. Grimes, Editor.
Copyright © 1996, Summer Institute of Linguistics, Inc. All rights reserved.

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