Ethnologue: Areas: Africa

Djibouti

473,000 (1995). Republic of Djibouti. Jumhouriyya Djibouti. Formerly French Territory of the Afars and the Issas. Literacy rate 20% to 34%; 17.7% (1977 C. M. Brann). Also includes Greek 1,600, other Arabic, people from India, Pakistan, Ethiopia. Information mainly from Welmers 1971. Data accuracy estimate: B. Sunni Muslim, Christian. The number of languages listed for Djibouti is 4.

AFAR ("DANAKIL", AFARAF) [AFR] 300,000 in Djibouti (1996), 55.23% of the population (1996); 450,000 in Ethiopia (1994 UBS); 300,000 in Eritrea (1993); 1,000,000 in all countries. May also be in Somalia. Afro-Asiatic, Cushitic, East, Saho-Afar. The people are called "Danakil" by others, but this is considered offensive. Radio Djibouti broadcasts in Afar. Saho is distinct. Nomadic. Largely illiterate. Desert. Mountains. Pastoralists. Muslim. NT 1994. Bible portions 1975-1986.

ARABIC, TA'IZZI-ADENI (DJIBOUTI ARABIC) [ACQ] 52,000 in Djibouti, 11% of the population (1995); 10,000 in Kenya (1995); 18,000 Eritrea (1995); 6,760,000 in Yemen (1996); 6,840,000 in all countries. Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic. Muslim. Survey needed.

FRENCH [FRN] 15,440 in Djibouti, 2.84% of the population (1988); 72,000,000 in all countries (1995 WA). Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Italo-Western, Western, Gallo-Romance. National language. Bible 1530-1986. NT 1474-1980. Bible portions 1483-1987.

SOMALI [SOM] 181,420 in Djibouti, 33.4% of the population (1996); 2,050,000 in Ethiopia (1993); 312,339 in Kenya (1989); 5,400,000 in Somalia (1991); 290,000 in Yemen; 100,000 in UAE; 8,335,000 in all countries. Afro-Asiatic, Cushitic, East, Somali. Radio Djibouti broadcasts in Somali. Various dialects. Nomadic. 3 clans: Issa, Gadaboursi, Issaq. Pastoralists. Muslim. Bible 1979. NT 1972-1976. Bible portions 1915-1935.


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Part of the Ethnologue, 13th Edition, Barbara F. Grimes, Editor.
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