3,888,000 (1991 govt. report). Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan, al Mamlaka al Urduniya al Hashemiyah. Literacy rate 71% to 80%. Also includes Egyptian Spoken Arabic 10,000 (1991), Mesopotamian Spoken Arabic 500,000, North Mesopotamian Spoken Arabic 200,000; Greek, South Azerbaijani 4,000, Kurmanji 4,000, others from Pakistan, from the Philippines 5,000 (1995). Data accuracy estimate: B. Sunni Muslim, Christian, secular. Blind population 9,000 (1982 WCE). Deaf institutions: 2. The number of languages listed for Jordan is 8.
ADYGHE (WEST CIRCASSIAN, ADYGEY) [ADY] 44,280 in Jordan, 1.2% of the population (1986); 280,000 or more in all countries. Also in Turkey, Israel, Syria, Iraq, Germany, Macedonia, USA, and Russia. North Caucasian, Northwest, Circassian. City dwellers. Sunni Muslim. NT 1992. Bible portions 1977.
ARABIC, LEVANTINE BEDAWI SPOKEN (BEDAWI) [AVL] 700,000 in Jordan; 1,600,000 all countries. Throughout Jordan, but especially in the east. Also in Syria, Palestinian West Bank and Gaza, Israel, and Egypt. Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic. Dialects: SOUTH LEVANTINE BEDAWI ARABIC, NORTH LEVANTINE BEDAWI ARABIC, NORTHEAST EGYPTIAN BEDAWI ARABIC. The language of Jordan before Palestinian refugees arrived. It remains the language of the army and many TV programs for bedouin people or to promote bedouin culture. Sunni Muslim, Christian. Survey needed.
ARABIC, NAJDI SPOKEN [ARS] 50,000 in Jordan; 8,000,000 in Saudi Arabia; 500,000 in Syria; 900,000 in Iraq; 190,000 in USA; 20,000 in Canada; 9,700,000 in all countries. Far eastern Jordan. Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic. Survey needed.
ARABIC, SOUTH LEVANTINE SPOKEN (LEVANTINE ARABIC, SOUTH LEVANTINE ARABIC, PALESTINIAN-JORDANIAN ARABIC) [AJP] 3,500,000 in Jordan (1996); 1,600,000 in Palestinian West Bank and Gaza (1996); 910,000 in Israel (1996); 85,000 in Kuwait (1991); 50,000 or fewer in Egypt; 6,155,000 in all countries. Also in Syria, Argentina. Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic. Dialects: MADANI, FELLAHI. There are differences from village to village of which speakers are aware. There is a newly emerging urban standard dialect based on Amman. Used on television, radio talk shows and drama. Muslim, Christian. Bible portions 1940-1973. Survey needed.
ARABIC, STANDARD [ABV] Middle East, North Africa. Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic. Used for education, official purposes, communication among Arabic speaking countries. Newspapers. Education officials promoting this variety among students through television. Regional varieties have been used in classrooms, but this is changing. National language. Braille Scripture in progress. Bible 1984-1991. NT 1980-1982. Bible portions 1984.
ARMENIAN [ARM] 8,000 in Jordan (1971 The Armenian Review); 6,836,000 in all countries. Also in Armenia, Israel, France, USA, Greece, Turkey, Syria, Egypt, Lebanon, Iran, Iraq, India, Cyprus. Indo-European, Armenian. Dialect: WESTERN ARMENIAN. Christian. Bible 1853-1978. NT 1825-1991. Bible portions 1840-1950.
CHECHEN [CJC] 3,000 in Jordan (1993 Johnstone); 944,600 in Russia (1989); 1,000,000 in all countries. In 2 or 3 villages mixed among Adygey and Arabic speakers. Also in Syria, Turkey, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrghyzstan, Uzbekistan, Germany. North Caucasian, North Central, Chechen-Ingush. Sunni Muslim: Sufi. Bible portions 1986-1995. Work in progress.
JORDANIAN SIGN LANGUAGE [JOS] Deaf sign language. Survey needed.
Part of the Ethnologue, 13th Edition, Barbara F. Grimes, Editor.
Copyright © 1996, Summer Institute of Linguistics, Inc. All rights reserved.
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