56,000 (1995). Literacy rate 85%. Formerly part of U.S. Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands. Double chain of 1,225 islands and reefs, 68 square miles of land. Information mainly from Byron W. Bender 1996, Kenneth L. Rehg 1996, James Ellis 1996. Data accuracy estimate: A. The number of languages listed for Marshall Islands is 1.
MARSHALLESE (EBON) [MZM] 43,900 in Marshall Islands (1979 Bender). Also on Nauru. Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, Micronesian, Micronesian Proper, Marshallese. Dialects: RÄLIK, RATAK. Two inherently intelligible dialects. Speech on Ujelang, the westernmost island, is slightly less homogeneous. 33% lexical similarity with Ponapean. Active language use. Dictionary. National language. Copra production, coconut oil. Bible 1982. NT 1885-1977. Bible portions 1863-1983.
Part of the Ethnologue, 13th Edition, Barbara F. Grimes, Editor.
Copyright © 1996, Summer Institute of Linguistics, Inc. All rights reserved.
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