1,098,111 (1993 Mauritian govt. figure). Includes Rodrigues; 4 islands. Literacy rate 90% to 94%; 51% (1977 C. M. Brann). Also includes Chinese (Hakka, Yue, Mandarin) 35,000, French 37,000, Gujarati, Marathi, Panjabi, Telugu. Data accuracy estimate: B. Hindu, Christian, Muslim, secular. Blind population 250. Deaf institutions: 2. The number of languages listed for Mauritius is 5.
BHOJPURI [BHJ] 330,000 in Mauritius (1993 Johnstone); 182,000,000 in all countries. Ethnically 685,170 (1986) or 69% of the population is from India, but some speak Urdu, Tamil, or Morisyen. Also India, Nepal, Kenya, Uganda, Yemen, USA, South Africa, New Zealand, Singapore, Germany. Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Indo-Aryan, Central zone, Western Hindi, Hindustani. Dialect: MAURITIAN BHOJPURI. Although often called 'Hindi', the language is Bhojpuri. Often used in government and politics. Hindu. Bible 1818-1987. NT 1811-1992. Bible portions 1806-1962.
ENGLISH [ENG] 3,000 in Mauritius (1993 Johnstone); 470,000,000 in all countries (1995 WA). Indo-European, Germanic, West, North Sea, English. Used in secondary school, courts, for road signs. Official language. Bible 1535-1989. NT 1525-1985. Bible portions 1530-1987.
MORISYEN (MAURITIUS CREOLE FRENCH, KREOLE, KREOL, MAURITIAN) [MFE] 600,000 first language speakers in Mauritius (1989); 4,000 in Madagascar (1993 Johnstone). 200,000 second language speakers (1975 Katzner). Native language of the vast majority of the population (1988 D. Bickerton). Creole, French based. Dialect: RODRIGUES CREOLE. Closer to French creoles of Caribbean than to Reunion Creole (Philip Baker). Nearly identical to Rodrigues. Lower prestige than French or English. Trade language. Bible portions 1885-1900. Work in progress.
TAMIL [TCV] 22,000 in Mauritius (1993 Johnstone); 62,000,000 or more in all countries. Also in India, Sri Lanka, South Africa, Malaysia, Singapore, Fiji. Dravidian, Southern, Tamil-Kannada, Tamil-Kodagu, Tamil-Malayalam, Tamil. Often used in government and politics. Hindu. Bible 1727-1995. NT 1715-1988. Bible portions 1714-1956.
URDU [URD] 64,000 in Mauritius (1993 Johnstone); 54,000,000 or more in all countries. Also in Pakistan, India, Bahrain, Oman, Qatar, Fiji, Afghanistan, South Africa, Germany. Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Indo-Aryan, Central zone, Western Hindi, Hindustani. Often used in government and politics. Muslim. Bible 1843-1958. NT 1758-1993. Bible portions 1805-1894.
Part of the Ethnologue, 13th Edition, Barbara F. Grimes, Editor.
Copyright © 1996, Summer Institute of Linguistics, Inc. All rights reserved.
If you have questions, comments, or updates on the Ethnologue, go to the Feedback page.
[Africa | Areas | Ethnologue Home | SIL Home]