Ethnologue: Areas: Europe


30,000 (1995). Principality of Monaco. Literacy rate: 99%. Data accuracy estimate: B. Christian, Jewish. The number of languages listed for Monaco is 3.

FRENCH (FRANÇAIS) [FRN] 17,400 in Monaco, 58% of the population (1988); 72,000,000 in all countries (1995 WA). Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Italo-Western, Western, Gallo-Romance. National language. Bible 1530-1986. NT 1474-1980. Bible portions 1483-1987.

LIGURIAN (LIGURE) [LIJ] 5,100 in Monaco, 17% of the population (1988); 1,853,578 in Italy (1976). Also northern Italy and Corsica, France. Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Italo-Western, Western, Gallo-Romance, Ligurian. Dialects: GENOESE (GENOAN, GENOVESE), MONÉGASQUE (MUNEGASC, VENTIMIGLIESE). Ligurian is closer to Piemontese, Lombard, and French than to Standard Italian. Monégasque was nearly extinct in the 1970's, but compulsory learning in schools has revived it. Bible portions 1860. Survey needed.

PROVENÇAL [PRV] 4,500 in Monaco, 15% of the population (1988); 100,000 in Italy; 250,000 in France (1990); 354,500 in all countries. Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Italo-Western, Western, Ibero-Romance, North, Eastern. Dialect: NIÇARD (NIÇOIS). Speakers come from Nice and Cannes. Bible portions 1824-1975. Work in progress.

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Part of the Ethnologue, 13th Edition, Barbara F. Grimes, Editor.
Copyright © 1996, Summer Institute of Linguistics, Inc. All rights reserved.

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