641,000 (1995). French Department of Réunion. Literacy rate 61.2% (1975 WA); 58% (1977 C. M. Brann). Also includes Comorian 17,000, Malagasy 8,000, Chinese 21,000, Gujarati. Data accuracy estimate: B. Christian, Muslim. The number of languages listed for Reunion is 3.
FRENCH [FRN] 2,400 in Réunion (1993 Johnstone). Including second language speakers: 160,500 in Reunion, 30% of the population (1986); 72,000,000 in all countries (1995 WA). Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Italo-Western, Western, Gallo-Romance. National language. Bible 1530-1986. NT 1474-1980. Bible portions 1483-1987.
REUNION CREOLE FRENCH [RCF] 554,500 in Reunion (1987 estimate), or 91% of the population (1982 Barrett); 40,000 in Madagascar (1993 Johnstone); 500 in Comoros Islands (1993 Johnstone); 955,000 in all countries. Creole, French based. The creole is gaining status on Reunion. Two dialects: urban and popular; the former is closer to French, the latter more similar to Bantu and West African languages. Education is in French. 25% of the speakers are white, poor, living in the mountainous interior, and speak archaic highland varieties. 25% are Indian, live in the coastal lowlands, and speak the basilect or deep creole. 45% are African and mixed, live in the coastal lowlands, and speak the basilect. Sugar, perfume production. Survey needed.
TAMIL [TCV] Possibly including second language speakers: 120,000 in Reunion (1991 Froise); 62,000,000 or more in all countries first language speakers. Also in India, Sri Lanka, Malaysia, Singapore, Fiji, Mauritius, South Africa. Dravidian, Southern, Tamil-Kannada, Tamil-Kodagu, Tamil-Malayalam, Tamil. 90% describe themselves as of Indian origin. Hindu. Bible 1727-1995. NT 1715-1988. Bible portions 1714-1956.
Part of the Ethnologue, 13th Edition, Barbara F. Grimes, Editor.
Copyright © 1996, Summer Institute of Linguistics, Inc. All rights reserved.
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