Ethnologue: Areas: Pacific


1,700 (1995). A New Zealand self-governing territory. Formerly called Union Islands. Three atolls: Atafu, Nukunono, Fakaofo. Literacy rate: 94%. The number of languages listed for Tokelau is 2.

ENGLISH [ENG] 322,000,000 in all countries (1995 WA). Indo-European, Germanic, West, North Sea, English. Used in schools. National language. Bible 1535-1989. NT 1525-1985. Bible portions 1530-1987.

TOKELAUAN (TOKELAU) [TOK] 1,680 in Tokelau (1987), 99% of the population; 1,737 in New Zealand (1976 census); 100 in American Samoa (1971 Biggs); 100 in Hawaii (1976); 4,500 in all countries. 65% are in New Zealand (1981 Wurm and Hattori). Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, Central Pacific, East Fijian-Polynesian, Polynesian, Nuclear, Samoic-Outlier, Tokelauan. There are dialect differences among the three atolls. Intelligible with Tuvalu. Closely related to Samoan. Tokelauans read the Samoan Bible and some speak some Samoan. Most who live in Tokelau have very rudimentary knowledge of English as a second language. Tokelau is used in the schools. Fishermen mainly; agriculturalists: coconut, taro, breadfruit, banana, arrowroot. Christian, traditional religion. Survey needed.

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Part of the Ethnologue, 13th Edition, Barbara F. Grimes, Editor.
Copyright © 1996, Summer Institute of Linguistics, Inc. All rights reserved.

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