Ethnologue: Areas: Pacific

Tuvalu

9,900 (1995). Literacy rate 96%. Formerly Ellice Islands. 9 islands, 8 inhabited. Also includes Kiribati 870 (1987), Chinese. Christian, Baha'i. The number of languages listed for Tuvalu is 1.

TUVALUAN (ELLICE, ELLICEAN, TUVALU) [ELL] 8,440 in Tuvalu (1987), 97% of the population; 607 in Nauru (1979 government report); 357 in Fiji (1977); 500 in New Zealand (1977 Voegelin and Voegelin); 11,000 in all countries (1991 UBS). Tuvalu, 7 of the 9 inhabited islands. Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, Central Pacific, East Fijian-Polynesian, Polynesian, Nuclear, Samoic-Outlier, Ellicean. Dialects: NORTH TUVALUAN (NANUMANGA, NANUMEA, NIUTAO), SOUTH TUVALUAN (NUKUFETAU, VAITUPU, FUNAFUTI, NUKULAILA). Not intelligible with Samoan, which was formerly used as a mission language. Tuvalu is intelligible with Tokelau. The southern dialect is official. Most are literate in Tuvalu, but little material is available. Christian. Bible 1987. NT 1977. Bible portions 1969.


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Part of the Ethnologue, 13th Edition, Barbara F. Grimes, Editor.
Copyright © 1996, Summer Institute of Linguistics, Inc. All rights reserved.

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