9,900 (1995). Literacy rate 96%. Formerly Ellice Islands. 9 islands, 8 inhabited. Also includes Kiribati 870 (1987), Chinese. Christian, Baha'i. The number of languages listed for Tuvalu is 1.
TUVALUAN (ELLICE, ELLICEAN, TUVALU) [ELL] 8,440 in Tuvalu (1987), 97% of the population; 607 in Nauru (1979 government report); 357 in Fiji (1977); 500 in New Zealand (1977 Voegelin and Voegelin); 11,000 in all countries (1991 UBS). Tuvalu, 7 of the 9 inhabited islands. Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, Central Pacific, East Fijian-Polynesian, Polynesian, Nuclear, Samoic-Outlier, Ellicean. Dialects: NORTH TUVALUAN (NANUMANGA, NANUMEA, NIUTAO), SOUTH TUVALUAN (NUKUFETAU, VAITUPU, FUNAFUTI, NUKULAILA). Not intelligible with Samoan, which was formerly used as a mission language. Tuvalu is intelligible with Tokelau. The southern dialect is official. Most are literate in Tuvalu, but little material is available. Christian. Bible 1987. NT 1977. Bible portions 1969.
Part of the Ethnologue, 13th Edition, Barbara F. Grimes, Editor.
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