16,102,000 (1995), 25% urban, 75% rural. Republic of Yemen, al-Jumhurïyah al-Yamaniyah. Formerly Yemen (Yemen Arab Republic, North Yemen, Sana) and South Yemen (People's Democratic Republic of Yemen, Aden). Literacy rate 25% to 39%. Also includes Egyptian Spoken Arabic 10,000 (1995), Gulf Spoken Arabic 10,000, Western Cham, others from Africa 28,000, India and Pakistan 65,000. Information from Yehiel Kara 1994, R.F. Nyrop 1986, T.M. Johnstone 1987, T. Sebeok 1970. Data accuracy estimate: B. Egyptian Spoken Arabic 40,000 or fewer (1991), Western Cham, others from Africa 28,000, India and Pakistan 65,000. Sunni Muslim, Zaydi Muslim, Ismaili Muslim, Christian, Hindu, secular. The number of languages listed for Yemen is 8.
ARABIC, HADRAMI SPOKEN (HADROMI, HADRAMI) [AYH] 300,000 in Yemen (1995); 100,000 or more in Eritrea (1991); 10,000 in Kenya (1996); 410,000 in all countries. Hadramaut. Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic. 10% literate. Distinct from Ta'izzi-Adeni Spoken Arabic and Sanaani Spoken Arabic. Muslim. Survey needed.
ARABIC, JUDEO-YEMENI (JUDEO-YEMENI, YEMENITE JUDEO-ARABIC) [JYE] 1,000 in Yemen (1995 H. Mutzafi); about 50,000 in Israel. Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic. Dialects: SAN<A, <ADEN, BE:DA, HABBAN. Jewish. Survey needed.
ARABIC, SANAANI SPOKEN (NORTHERN YEMENI ARABIC) [AYN] 7,600,000 (1996). Extends as far south as Dhamar, about 14.4 degrees north. Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic. Distinct from Hadrami and Ta'izzi-Adeni Arabic. 10% literate. Zaydi Muslim. Survey needed.
ARABIC, STANDARD [ABV] Middle East, North Africa. Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic. Used for education, official purposes, books, newspapers, formal speeches. National language. Braille Scripture in progress. Bible 1984-1991. NT 1980-1982. Bible portions 1984.
ARABIC, TA'IZZI-ADENI (SOUTHERN YEMENI SPOKEN ARABIC) [ACQ] 6,760,000 in Yemen (1996); 52,000 in Djibouti (1995); 18,000 in Eritrea (1995); 10,000 in Kenya (1995); 6,840,000 or more in all countries. All provinces except 2 eastern and the northeastern ones. Also in United Kingdom. Probably a few in UAE, Somalia, Egypt, and Saudi Arabia. Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic. Dialects: TA'IZZI, ADENI. 10% literate. Distinct from Hadromi and Sanaani Arabic Arabic. Ta'izzi dialect is the one best-accepted throughout Yemen. Zaydi Muslim. Survey needed.
MEHRI (MAHRI) [MHR] 58,000 reportedly in Yemen; 15,000 in Oman; 3,537 in Kuwait (1967); 76,500 in all countries. Mahrah State, scattered individuals. Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, South, South Arabian. Spoken by the Mahra and Bil Haf. Many in Yemen are Arabic mother tongue speakers. Muslim. Bible portions 1902. Survey needed.
SOMALI [SOM] 290,000 in Yemen (1993); 8,334,000 in all countries. Mainly in camps near Aden. Also in Somalia, Ethiopia, Djibouti, Kenya, UAE. Afro-Asiatic, Cushitic, East, Somali. Muslim. Bible 1979. NT 1972-1976. Bible portions 1915-1935.
SOQOTRI (SOKOTRI, SUQUTRI, SOCOTRI) [SQT] 70,000 (1990 census). Soqotra and <Abd al-Kuri islands in the Gulf of Aden. Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, South, South Arabian. Dialects: <ABD-EL-KURI (<ABD AL-KURI), SOUTH SOQOTRI, NORTH SOQOTRI. North Soqotri includes North Central and Northwest Central (highland) Soqotri. Mostly monolingual in Soqotri. Women are forbidden to leave the islands, so there are no Soqotri communities on the mainland. Muslim. Bible portions 1902.
Part of the Ethnologue, 13th Edition, Barbara F. Grimes, Editor.
Copyright © 1996, Summer Institute of Linguistics, Inc. All rights reserved.
If you have questions, comments, or updates on the Ethnologue, go to the Feedback page.
[Asia | Areas | Ethnologue Home | SIL Home]