Ethnologue: Language Family Index

Indo-European

Indo-European (425)
Albanian (4)
Gheg (1)
ALBANIAN, GHEG [ALS] (Yugoslavia)
Tosk (3)
ALBANIAN, ARBËRESHË [AAE] (Italy)
ALBANIAN, ARVANITIKA [AAT] (Greece)
ALBANIAN, TOSK [ALN] (Albania)
Armenian (2)
ARMENIAN [ARM] (Armenia)
LOMAVREN [RMI] (Armenia)
Baltic (2)
LATVIAN [LAT] (Latvia)
LITHUANIAN [LIT] (Lithuania)
Celtic (7)
Insular (7)
Brythonic (3)
BRETON [BRT] (France)
CORNISH [CRN] (United Kingdom)
WELSH [WLS] (United Kingdom)
Goidelic (4)
GAELIC, IRISH [GLI] (Ireland)
GAELIC, SCOTS [GLS] (United Kingdom)
MANX [MJD] (United Kingdom)
SHELTA [STH] (Ireland)
Germanic (37)
East (1)
GOTHIC [GOF] (Ukraine)
North (10)
East Scandinavian (5)
DANISH [DNS] (Denmark)
JUTISH [JUT] (Denmark)
SWEDISH [SWD] (Sweden)
TRAVELLER DANISH [RMD] (Denmark)
TRAVELLER SWEDISH [RMU] (Sweden)
Transitional Scandinavian (1)
NORWEGIAN, BOKMAL [NRR] (Norway)
West Scandinavian (4)
FAROESE [FAE] (Denmark)
ICELANDIC [ICE] (Iceland)
NORWEGIAN, NYNORSK [NRN] (Norway)
TRAVELLER NORWEGIAN [RMG] (Norway)
West (26)
Continental (20)
High (15)
BAVARIAN [BAR] (Austria)
CIMBRIAN [CIM] (Italy)
FRANKISH [FRK] (Germany)
GERMAN, COLONIA TOVAR [GCT] (Venezuela)
GERMAN, HUTTERITE [GEH] (Canada)
GERMAN, PENNSYLVANIA [PDC] (USA)
GERMAN, STANDARD [GER] (Germany)
LUXEMBOURGEOIS [LUX] (Luxembourg)
MAINFRÄNKISCH [VMF] (Germany)
MÓCHENO [QMO] (Italy)
SCHWYZERDÜTSCH [GSW] (Switzerland)
SWABIAN [SWG] (Germany)
WALSER [WAE] (Italy)
YENICHE [YEC] (Germany)
YIDDISH [YDD] (Israel)
Low (5)
Dutch (2)
AFRIKAANS [AFK] (South Africa)
DUTCH [DUT] (Netherlands)
GERMAN, LOW [GEP] (Germany)
PLAUTDIETSCH [GRN] (Canada)
SAXON, LOW [SXN] (Germany)
North Sea (6)
English (3)
ANGLOROMANI [RME] (United Kingdom)
ENGLISH [ENG] (United Kingdom)
SCOTS [SCO] (United Kingdom)
Frisian (3)
FRISIAN, EASTERN [FRS] (Germany)
FRISIAN, NORTHERN [FRR] (Germany)
FRISIAN, WESTERN [FRI] (Netherlands)
Greek (6)
Attic (5)
GREEK, ANCIENT [GKO] (Greece)
GREEK [GRK] (Greece)
PONTIC [PNT] (Greece)
ROMANO-GREEK [RGE] (Greece)
YEVANIC [YEJ] (Israel)
Doric (1)
TSAKONIAN [TSD] (Greece)
Indo-Iranian (302)
Indo-Aryan (219)
Central zone (68)
Bhil (16)
BARELI [BGD] (India)
BAURIA [BGE] (India)
BHILALA [BHI] (India)
BHILI [BHB] (India)
BHILORI [BQI] (India)
CHODRI [CDI] (India)
DHODIA [DHO] (India)
DUBLA [DUB] (India)
GAMIT [GBL] (India)
GIRASIA, ADIWASI [GAS] (India)
GIRASIA, RAJPUT [GRA] (India)
MAWCHI [MKE] (India)
PARDHI [PCL] (India)
PATELIA [PTL] (India)
PAURI [PWR] (India)
WAGDI [WBR] (India)
Dom (1)
DOMARI [RMT] (Iran)
Gujarati (7)
GUJARATI [GJR] (India)
KOLI, KACHI [GJK] (Pakistan)
KOLI, PARKARI [KVX] (Pakistan)
KOLI, THARADARI [KXQ] (Pakistan)
KOLI, WADIYARA [KXP] (Pakistan)
SAURASHTRA [SAZ] (India)
VASAVI [VAS] (India)
Khandesi (2)
DHANKI [DHN] (India)
KHANDESI [KHN] (India)
Panjabi (2)
MAJHI [MJH] (India)
PANJABI, EASTERN [PNJ] (India)
Rajasthani (14)
Marwari (5)
AJMERI [AJM] (India)
DHATKI [MKI] (Pakistan)
MARWARI, NORTHERN [MRI] (Pakistan)
MARWARI, SOUTHERN [MQH] (Pakistan)
MARWARI [MKD] (India)
Unclassified (9)
BAGRI [BGQ] (India)
BHOYARI [BHY] (India)
GADE LOHAR [GDA] (India)
GUJARI [GJU] (India)
HARAUTI [HOJ] (India)
LAMANI [LMN] (India)
MALVI [MUP] (India)
NIMADI [NOE] (India)
SONDWARI [SCM] (India)
Romani (7)
Balkan (1)
ROMANI, BALKAN [RMN] (Yugoslavia)
Northern (5)
British (1)
ROMANI, WELSH [RMW] (United Kingdom)
Nordic (1)
ROMANI, KALO FINNISH [RMF] (Finland)
ROMANI, BALTIC [ROM] (Poland)
ROMANI, CARPATHIAN [RMC] (Czech Republic)
ROMANI, SINTE [RMO] (Yugoslavia)
Vlax (1)
ROMANI, VLACH [RMY] (Romania)
Unclassified (7)
BHATNERI [BHN] (India)
KEER [KKE] (India)
PARYA [PAQ] (Tajikistan)
SAHARIA [SRX] (India)
SONHA [SOI] (Nepal)
THARU, DANG [THL] (Nepal)
THARU, KATHORIYA [TKT] (Nepal)
Western Hindi (11)
Bundeli (2)
BUNDELI [BNS] (India)
LODHI [LBM] (India)
Hindustani (2)
HINDI [HND] (India)
URDU [URD] (Pakistan)
Unclassified (7)
BRAJ BHASHA [BFS] (India)
CHAMARI [CDG] (India)
GOWLI [GOK] (India)
HARYANVI [BGC] (India)
HINDI, FIJIAN [HIF] (Fiji)
KANAUJI [BJJ] (India)
SANSI [SSI] (Pakistan)
DOMAAKI [DMK] (Pakistan)
East Central zone (7)
AWADHI [AWD] (India)
BAGHELI [BFY] (India)
BAIGA [BFV] (India)
BINJHWARI [BGG] (India)
CHHATTISGARHI [HNE] (India)
DHANWAR [DHA] (India)
OJHI [OJH] (India)
Eastern zone (47)
Bengali-Assamese (16)
ASSAMESE [ASM] (India)
BENGALI [BNG] (Bangladesh)
CHAKMA [CCP] (India)
HAJONG [HAJ] (India)
HALBI [HLB] (India)
KAWARI [KFV] (India)
KAYORT [KYV] (Nepal)
KHARIA THAR [KSY] (India)
KISHANGANJIA [KFW] (India)
KOCH [KXS] (India)
MAL PAHARIA [MKB] (India)
MIRGAN [QMK] (India)
NAHARI [NHH] (India)
RAJBANGSI [RJB] (Nepal)
SYLHETTI [SYL] (Bangladesh)
TANGCHANGYA [TNV] (Bangladesh)
Bihari (12)
ANGA [ANP] (India)
BHOJPURI [BHJ] (India)
GAWARI [GBO] (India)
HINDI, CARIBBEAN [HNS] (Surinam)
MAGAHI [MQM] (India)
MAITHILI, DEHATI [MTR] (India)
MAITHILI [MKP] (India)
MAJHI [MJZ] (Nepal)
MUSASA [SMM] (Nepal)
SADRI [SCK] (India)
SADRI [SDR] (Bangladesh)
TAMARIA [TDB] (India)
Oriya (11)
BAGATA [BFX] (India)
BHATRI [BGW] (India)
BHUIYA [BHC] (India)
BHUNJIA [BHU] (India)
BODO PARJA [BDV] (India)
JAGANNATHI [JAG] (India)
JHARIA [JHA] (India)
KUPIA [KEY] (India)
MALI [MKA] (India)
ORIYA, ADIVASI [ORT] (India)
ORIYA [ORY] (India)
Unclassified (8)
BOTE-MAJHI [BMJ] (Nepal)
DEGARU [DGR] (India)
THARU, BUKSA [TKB] (India)
THARU, CHITWAN [THE] (Nepal)
THARU, DEOKRI [THG] (Nepal)
THARU, MAHOTARI [THN] (Nepal)
THARU, RANA THAKUR [THR] (Nepal)
THARU, SAPTARI [THQ] (Nepal)
Northern zone (18)
Eastern Pahari (1)
NEPALI [NEP] (Nepal)
Garhwali (2)
GARHWALI [GBM] (India)
TEHRI [THB] (India)
Kumauni (1)
KUMAUNI [KFY] (India)
Unclassified (1)
PALPA [PLP] (Nepal)
Western Pahari (13)
BHADRAWAHI [BHD] (India)
BHATTIYALI [BHT] (India)
BILASPURI [KFS] (India)
CHAMBEALI [CDH] (India)
CHURAHI [CDJ] (India)
DOGRI-KANGRI [DOJ] (India)
GADDI [GBK] (India)
JAUNSARI [JNS] (India)
MANDEALI [MJL] (India)
PAHARI, KULLU [KFX] (India)
PAHARI, MAHASU [BFZ] (India)
PAHARI-POTWARI [PHR] (Pakistan)
PANGI [PGG] (India)
Northwestern zone (39)
Dardic (27)
Chitral (2)
KALASHA [KLS] (Pakistan)
KHOWAR [KHW] (Pakistan)
Kashmiri (2)
KASHMIRI [KSH] (India)
KISHTWARI [KGA] (India)
Kohistani (9)
BATERI [BTV] (Pakistan)
CHILISSO [CLH] (Pakistan)
GOWRO [GWF] (Pakistan)
KALAMI [GWC] (Pakistan)
KALKOTI [XKA] (Pakistan)
KOHISTANI, INDUS [MVY] (Pakistan)
TIRAHI [TRA] (Afghanistan)
TORWALI [TRW] (Pakistan)
WOTAPURI-KATARQALAI [WSV] (Afghanistan)
Kunar (8)
Pashayi (4)
PASHAYI, NORTHEAST [AEE] (Afghanistan)
PASHAYI, NORTHWEST [GLH] (Afghanistan)
PASHAYI, SOUTHEAST [DRA] (Afghanistan)
PASHAYI, SOUTHWEST [PSH] (Afghanistan)
DAMELI [DML] (Pakistan)
GAWAR-BATI [GWT] (Afghanistan)
GRANGALI [NLI] (Afghanistan)
SHUMASHTI [SMS] (Afghanistan)
Shina (6)
BROKSKAT [BKK] (India)
PHALURA [PHL] (Pakistan)
SAVI [SDG] (Afghanistan)
SHINA, KOHISTANI [PLK] (Pakistan)
SHINA [SCL] (Pakistan)
USHOJO [USH] (Pakistan)
Lahnda (7)
BAHAWALPURI [BGB] (India)
HINDKO, NORTHERN [HNO] (Pakistan)
HINDKO, SOUTHERN [HIN] (Pakistan)
KHETRANI [QKT] (Pakistan)
PANJABI, MIRPUR [PMU] (India)
PANJABI, WESTERN [PNB] (Pakistan)
SARAIKI [SKR] (Pakistan)
Sindhi (5)
JADGALI [JAV] (Pakistan)
KACHCHI [KFR] (India)
LASI [LSS] (Pakistan)
SINDHI BHIL [SBN] (Pakistan)
SINDHI [SND] (Pakistan)
Nuristani (6)
ASHKUN [ASK] (Afghanistan)
KAMVIRI [QMV] (Afghanistan)
KATI [BSH] (Afghanistan)
PRASUNI [PRN] (Afghanistan)
TREGAMI [TRM] (Afghanistan)
WAIGALI [WBK] (Afghanistan)
Sinhalese-Maldivian (3)
MALDIVIAN [SNM] (Maldives)
SINHALA [SNH] (Sri Lanka)
VEDDAH [VED] (Sri Lanka)
Southern zone (16)
Konkani (10)
KATKARI [KFU] (India)
KONKANI, GOANESE [GOM] (India)
KONKANI [KNK] (India)
KUKNA [KEX] (India)
MANGELAS [MVL] (India)
PHUDAGI [PHD] (India)
SAMVEDI [SMV] (India)
THAKURI [THK] (India)
VADVAL [VAD] (India)
VARLI [VAV] (India)
Unclassified (5)
ARE [AAG] (India)
BHALAY [BHX] (India)
DECCAN [DCC] (India)
GOWLAN [GOJ] (India)
VARHADI-NAGPURI [VAH] (India)
Southern zone, (1)
IKRANI [IKR] (India)
Southern zone (16)
MARATHI [MRT] (India)
Unclassified (13)
CHIK-BARIK [CKB] (India)
DARAI [DRY] (Nepal)
DHANWAR [DHW] (Nepal)
KANJARI [KFT] (India)
KUMHALI [KRA] (Nepal)
MINA [MYI] (India)
OD [ODK] (Pakistan)
PALI [PLL] (India)
RELI [REI] (India)
TIPPERA [TPE] (Bangladesh)
USUI [USI] (Bangladesh)
VAAGRI BOOLI [VAA] (India)
VAGHRI [VGR] (Pakistan)
SANSKRIT [SKT] (India)
Iranian (81)
Eastern (14)
Northeastern (2)
OSETIN [OSE] (Georgia)
YAGNOBI [YAI] (Tajikistan)
Southeastern (12)
Pamir (7)
Shugni-Yazgulami (3)
SARIKOLI [SRH] (China)
SHUGHNI [SGH] (Tajikistan)
YAZGULYAM [YAH] (Tajikistan)
MUNJI [MNJ] (Afghanistan)
SANGLECHI-ISHKASHIMI [SGL] (Tajikistan)
WAKHI [WBL] (Pakistan)
YIDGHA [YDG] (Pakistan)
Pashto (5)
PASHTO, CENTRAL [PST] (Pakistan)
PASHTO, EASTERN [PBU] (Pakistan)
PASHTO, SOUTHERN [PBQ] (Pakistan)
PASHTO, WESTERN [PBT] (Afghanistan)
WANECI [WNE] (Pakistan)
Unclassified (1)
TANGSHEWI [TNF] (Afghanistan)
Western (66)
Northwestern (50)
Baluchi (5)
BALOCHI, EASTERN [BGP] (Pakistan)
BALOCHI, SOUTHERN [BCC] (Pakistan)
BALOCHI, WESTERN [BGN] (Pakistan)
BASHKARDI [BSG] (Iran)
KOROSHI [KTL] (Iran)
Caspian (4)
GILAKI [GLK] (Iran)
MAZANDERANI [MZN] (Iran)
RASHTI [RSH] (Iran)
SHAHMIRZADI [SRZ] (Iran)
Central Iran (9)
ASHTIANI [ATN] (Iran)
GABRI [GBZ] (Iran)
GAZI [GZI] (Iran)
KHUNSARI [KFM] (Iran)
NATANZI [NTZ] (Iran)
NAYINI [NYQ] (Iran)
SIVANDI [SIY] (Iran)
SOI [SOJ] (Iran)
VAFSI [VAF] (Iran)
Kurdish (6)
BEHDINI [BDF] (Iraq)
HERKI [HEK] (Iraq)
KURDI [KDB] (Iraq)
KURMANJI [KUR] (Turkey)
SHIKAKI [SHF] (Iraq)
SURCHI [SUP] (Iraq)
Ormuri-Parachi (2)
ORMURI [ORU] (Pakistan)
PARACHI [PRC] (Afghanistan)
Semnani (4)
LASGERDI [LSA] (Iran)
SANGISARI [SGR] (Iran)
SEMNANI [SMJ] (Iran)
SORKHEI [SQO] (Iran)
Talysh (16)
ALVIRI-VIDARI [AVD] (Iran)
ESHTEHARDI [ESH] (Iran)
GOZARKHANI [GOZ] (Iran)
HARZANI [HRZ] (Iran)
KABATEI [XKP] (Iran)
KAJALI [XKJ] (Iran)
KARINGANI [KGN] (Iran)
KHOINI [XKC] (Iran)
KORESH-E ROSTAM [OKH] (Iran)
MARAGHEI [VMH] (Iran)
RAZAJERDI [RAT] (Iran)
RUDBARI [RDB] (Iran)
SHAHRUDI [SHM] (Iran)
TAKESTANI [TKS] (Iran)
TALYSH [TLY] (Azerbaijan)
TAROMI, UPPER [TIB] (Iran)
Zaza-Gorani (4)
BAJELAN [BJM] (Iraq)
DIMLI [ZZZ] (Turkey)
HAWRAMI [HAC] (Iraq)
KIRMANJKI [QKV] (Turkey)
Southwestern (16)
Fars (2)
FARS [FAC] (Iran)
LARI [LRL] (Iran)
Luri (2)
KUMZARI [ZUM] (Oman)
LURI [LRI] (Iran)
Persian (10)
AIMAQ [AIQ] (Afghanistan)
BUKHARIC [BHH] (Israel)
DARWAZI [DRW] (Afghanistan)
DEHWARI [DEH] (Pakistan)
DZHIDI [DZH] (Israel)
FARSI, EASTERN [PRS] (Afghanistan)
FARSI, WESTERN [PES] (Iran)
HAZARAGI [HAZ] (Afghanistan)
PAHLAVANI [PHV] (Afghanistan)
TAJIKI [PET] (Tajikistan)
Tati (2)
JUDEO-TAT [TAT] (Israel)
TAT, MUSLIM [TTT] (Azerbaijan)
Unclassified (2)
BADESHI [BDZ] (Pakistan)
LUWATI [LUV] (Oman)
Italic (47)
Latino-Faliscan (1)
LATIN [LTN] (Vatican State)
Romance (46)
Eastern (4)
North (2)
ROMANIAN, ISTRO [RUO] (Croatia)
ROMANIAN [RUM] (Romania)
South (2)
ROMANIAN, MACEDO [RUP] (Greece)
ROMANIAN, MEGLENO [RUQ] (Greece)
Italo-Western (37)
Italo-Romance (9)
DALMATIAN [DLM] (Croatia)
EMILIANO-ROMAGNOLO [EML] (Italy)
FRIULIAN [FRL] (Italy)
ISTRIOT [IST] (Croatia)
ITALIAN [ITN] (Italy)
JUDEO-ITALIAN [ITK] (Italy)
NEAPOLITAN-CALABRESE [NPL] (Italy)
SICILIAN [SCN] (Italy)
VENETIAN [VEC] (Italy)
Western (28)
Gallo-Romance (9)
Ligurian (1)
LIGURIAN [LIJ] (Italy)
Lombard (1)
LOMBARD [LMO] (Italy)
North (4)
FRANCO-PROVENÇAL [FRA] (France)
FRENCH, CAJUN [FRC] (USA)
FRENCH [FRN] (France)
ZARPHATIC [ZRP] (France)
Piemontese (1)
PIEMONTESE [PMS] (Italy)
Rheto-Romance (2)
LADIN [LLD] (Italy)
RHETO-ROMANCE [RHE] (Switzerland)
Ibero-Romance (19)
North (18)
Central (8)
ARAGONESE [AXX] (Spain)
ASTURIAN [AUB] (Spain)
CALÓ [RMR] (Spain)
EXTREMADURAN [EXT] (Spain)
LADINO [SPJ] (Israel)
MIRANDESA [MWL] (Portugal)
SPANISH, LORETO-UCAYALI [SPQ] (Peru)
SPANISH [SPN] (Spain)
Eastern (7)
AUVERGNAT [AUV] (France)
CATALAN-VALENCIAN-BALEAR [CLN] (Spain)
GASCON [GSC] (France)
LANGUEDOCIEN [LNC] (France)
LIMOUSIN [LMS] (France)
PROVENÇAL [PRV] (France)
SHUADIT [SDT] (France)
Western (3)
FALA [FAX] (Spain)
GALICIAN [GLN] (Spain)
PORTUGUESE [POR] (Portugal)
South (1)
MOZARABIC [MXI] (Spain)
Southern (5)
Corsican (1)
CORSICAN [COI] (France)
Sardinian (4)
SARDINIAN, CAMPIDANESE [SRO] (Italy)
SARDINIAN, GALLURESE [SDN] (Italy)
SARDINIAN, LOGUDORESE [SRD] (Italy)
SARDINIAN, SASSARESE [SDC] (Italy)
Slavic (18)
East (4)
BELORUSSIAN [RUW] (Belarus)
RUSSIAN [RUS] (Russia, Europe)
RUSYN [RUE] (Ukraine)
UKRAINIAN [UKR] (Ukraine)
South (6)
Eastern (3)
BULGARIAN [BLG] (Bulgaria)
MACEDONIAN [MKJ] (Macedonia)
SLAVONIC, OLD CHURCH [SLN] (Russia, Europe)
Western (3)
ROMANO-SERBIAN [RSB] (Yugoslavia)
SERBO-CROATIAN [SRC] (Yugoslavia)
SLOVENIAN [SLV] (Slovenia)
West (8)
Czech-Slovak (3)
CZECH [CZC] (Czech Republic)
KNAANIC [CZK] (Czech Republic)
SLOVAK [SLO] (Slovakia)
Lechitic (3)
KASHUBIAN [CSB] (Poland)
POLABIAN [POX] (Germany)
POLISH [PQL] (Poland)
Sorbian (2)
SORBIAN, LOWER [WEE] (Germany)
SORBIAN, UPPER [WEN] (Germany)

Part of the Ethnologue Language Family Index, Joseph E. Grimes and Barbara F. Grimes, Editors.
Copyright © 1996, Summer Institute of Linguistics, Inc. All rights reserved.

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