Languages of Papua New Guinea

See Papua New Guinea language map..

National or official languages: Hiri Motu, Tok Pisin, English. 4,600,000 (1998 UN), 78% Papuan, 20% Melanesian. 600 islands. Literacy rate 32% to 43%. Also includes Chinese, people from the Philippines, India. Information mainly from J.C. Anceaux 1961; A. Healey 1964; K. Franklin 1968; G. Sankoff 1968; J.A. Z'Graggen 1969, 1971, 1975; K. McElhanon 1970, 1978; B. Hooley 1971; ----- and K. McElhanon 1970; R.D. Shaw 1973, 1981; S. Wurm and S. Hattori 1981; M. Ross 1988; L. Carrington 1996; SIL 1971-1999. Christian, traditional religion, cargo cult, Baha'i. Blind population 12,500. Data accuracy estimate: A2. The number of languages listed for Papua New Guinea is 832. Of those, 823 are living languages and 9 are extinct. Diversity index 0.99.

Spoken living languages

'AUHELAWA

[KUD] 1,200(1998 SIL).  Milne Bay Province, Normanby Island, Sehuleya District. Alternate names: NUAKATA, KURADA, 'URADA.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Papuan Tip, Nuclear, Suauic. 
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ABAGA

[ABG] 5 (1994 SIL). Ethnic group: 1,200 (1975 SIL).  Eastern Highlands Province, Goroka District. Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, Huon-Finisterre, Finisterre, Abaga.  Nearly extinct.
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ABASAKUR

[ABW] 761 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Madang Province. Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Madang-Adelbert Range, Adelbert Range, Pihom-Isumrud-Mugil, Pihom, Omosan. 
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ABAU

[AAU] 4,545 (1981 Wurm and Hattori) in 28 villages.  Sandaun Province, Green River District, Sepik and Green rivers. Not in Irian Jaya, Indonesia. Alternate names: GREEN RIVER.  Classification: Sepik-Ramu, Sepik, Upper Sepik, Abau. 
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ABU

[ADO] 2,400 (1986 PBT).  Madang Province, East Sepik Province, Ramu River. Alternate names: ADJORA, ADJORIA, AZAO.  Classification: Sepik-Ramu, Ramu, Ramu Proper, Grass, Grass Proper. 
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ADZERA

[AZR] 20,675 (1988 Holzknecht), including 367 Ngariawan (1978 McElhanon), 497 Sarasira (1988 Holzknecht), 990 Sukurum (1990).  Morobe Province, Markham Valley, Kaiapit District, Leron River. Alternate names: AZERA, ATZERA, ACIRA.  Dialects: YARUS, AMARI, AZERA, NGAROWAPUM, TSUMANGGORUN, GURUF-NGARIAWANG (NGARIAWAN), SARASIRA (SIRASIRA), SUKURUM.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Huon Gulf, Markham, Upper, Adzera. 
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AEKYOM

[AWI] 8,000 (1987 UBS).  Western Province, Kiunga area. Alternate names: AWIN, AIWIN, AKIUM, WEST AWIN.  Dialects: NORTH AWIN, SOUTH AWIN, EAST AWIN.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, Central and South New Guinea-Kutubuan, Central and South New Guinea, Awin-Pare. 
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AGARABI

[AGD] 20,000 (1998 SIL).  Eastern Highlands Province, Kainantu District. Alternate names: AGARABE, BARE.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, East New Guinea Highlands, Eastern, Gadsup-Auyana-Awa. 
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AGI

[AIF] 700 (1993 SIL).  Sandaun Province. Classification: Torricelli, Wapei-Palei, Palei. 

AGOB

[KIT] 3,500 (1990 SIL).  Western Province, along the Pahoturi River and southern coast. Alternate names: DABU.  Dialects: AGOB, ENDE, KAWAM.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Trans-Fly-Bulaka River, Trans-Fly, Pahoturi. 
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AIKLEP

[MWG] 3,697 (1991 SIL).  West New Britain Province, southwest coast and inland, A Viklo Island near Kandrian. Alternate names: MOEWEHAFEN, EKLEP, AGERLEP, LOKO.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Ngero-Vitiaz, Vitiaz, Southwest New Britain, Arawe-Pasismanua, Arawe, West Arawe. 
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AIKU

[MZF] 750 to 900 (1990 SIL).  Sandaun Province, Maimai Namblo Division, Wemil village, and more in West Palei Division. Alternate names: MINENDON, MENANDON, MALEK.  Classification: Torricelli, Wapei-Palei, Palei. 

AIMELE

[AIL] 500 (1981 Shaw).  Southwest corner of Southern Highlands Province around Mt. Bosavi; Western Province around Lake Campbell. Most have moved to Wawoi Falls area of Western Province. Alternate names: KWARE.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, Central and South New Guinea-Kutubuan, Central and South New Guinea, Bosavi. 

AINBAI

[AIC] 110 to 250 (1993 SIL).  Sandaun Province, Vanimo District, south of Bewani station. 2 villages. Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Northern, Border, Bewani. 
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AIOME

[AKI] 751 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Madang Province, 70 miles west of Madang city, scattered houses. Alternate names: AYOM.  Classification: Sepik-Ramu, Ramu, Ramu Proper, Annaberg, Aian. 
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AION

[AEW] 857 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  East Sepik Province. Classification: Sepik-Ramu, Ramu, Ramu Proper, Grass, Grass Proper. 

AK

[AKQ] 83 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Sandaun Province. Classification: Sepik-Ramu, Sepik, Yellow River. 
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AKOLET

[AKT] 954 (1982 SIL).  West New Britain Province, southwest coast, including Pililo, Kambun, and Sauren. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Ngero-Vitiaz, Vitiaz, Southwest New Britain, Arawe-Pasismanua, Arawe, East Arawe. 
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AKOYE

[MIW] 800 (1998 SIL).  Gulf Province, Kaberofe District, valleys between the Nabo Range and the Albert Mountains, Lohiki River. The largest group is living in a settlement in Kerema. Alternate names: AKOINKAKE, LOHIKI, OBI, MAI-HEA-RI, MAIHIRI, ANGOYA, AKOYI.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, Angan, Angan Proper. 
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AKRUKAY

[AFI] 191 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Madang Province. Classification: Sepik-Ramu, Ramu, Ramu Proper, Goam, Tamolan. 

ALAMBLAK

[AMP] 1,500 (1987 SIL).  9 villages (900 speakers) on Middle Karawari and Wagupmeri rivers. Another dialect has 4 villages (400 speakers) near Kuvanmas Lake. East Sepik Province, Angoram District. Dialects: KUVENMAS, KARAWARI.  Classification: Sepik-Ramu, Sepik, Sepik Hill, Alamblak. 
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ALATIL

[ALX] 125 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Sandaun Province. Alternate names: ARU, ERU.  Classification: Torricelli, Wapei-Palei, Palei. 

ALEKANO

[GAH] 25,000 (1999 E. Deibler SIL).  Eastern Highlands Province, Goroka District, centered around the town of Goroka. Alternate names: GAHUKU, GAFUKU, GAHUKU-GAMA.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, East New Guinea Highlands, East-Central, Gahuku-Benabena. 
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AMA

[AMM] 475 (1990 census).  East Sepik Province, Ambunti District, Waniap Creek, south of the Sepik River, south of Namia. Villages: Ama (Wopolu I, Wopolu II (Nokonufa), Kauvia (Kawiya), Yonuwai; all on hills rising from the swamp. Alternate names: SAWIYANU.  Classification: Left May. 
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AMAIMON

[ALI] 366 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Madang Province. Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Madang-Adelbert Range, Adelbert Range, Pihom-Isumrud-Mugil, Pihom, Amaimon. 

AMAL

[AAD] 388 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Sandaun Province, on Wagana River, near the confluence with Wanibe Creek. Alternate names: ALAI.  Classification: Sepik-Ramu, Sepik, Upper Sepik, Iwam. 

AMANAB

[AMN] 4,000 (1982 SIL).  Sandaun Province, Amanab District. Not in Irian Jaya. Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Northern, Border, Waris. 
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AMARA

[AIE] 200 (1998 SIL).  West New Britain Province, northwest coast. Alternate names: LONGA, BIBLING.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Ngero-Vitiaz, Vitiaz, Southwest New Britain, Amara. 
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AMBULAS

[ABT] 44,000 (1991 SIL), including 27,000 in Wosera (1991 SIL), 9,000 in Maprik (1991 SIL), 8,000 in Wingei (1991 SIL).  East Sepik Province, Maprik District. Alternate names: ABULAS, ABELAM.  Dialects: MAPRIK, WINGEI, WOSERA-KAMU, WOSERA-MAMU.  Classification: Sepik-Ramu, Sepik, Middle Sepik, Ndu. 
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AMELE

[AMI] 5,300 (1987 SIL).  Madang Province, Madang District, in the hills up from Astrolabe Bay, between the Gum and Gogol rivers. 40 hamlets. Alternate names: AMALE.  Dialects: HUAR, JAGAHALA, HAIJA.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Madang-Adelbert Range, Madang, Mabuso, Gum. 
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AMPEELI-WOJOKESO

[APZ] 2,388 (1980 census).  Morobe Province, Kaiapit, Lae-Wamba, and Menyamya districts. Alternate names: AMPALE, AMPELE, AMBARI, SAFEYOKA.  Dialects: AIEWOMBA, WAJAKES (WOJOKESO).  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, Angan, Angan Proper. 
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AMTO

[AMT] 230 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Sandaun Province, Amanab District and Rocky Peak District, south of the Upper Sepik River, toward the headwaters of the Left May River on the Samaia River. Villages: Amto, Habiyon (Sernion). Alternate names: KI, SIWAI, SIAWI, SIAFLI.  Dialects: AMTO, SIAWI.  Classification: Amto-Musan. 
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ANAM

[PDA] 684 (1990 census).  Madang Province, villages around Josephstaal. Alternate names: PONDOMA.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Madang-Adelbert Range, Adelbert Range, Josephstaal-Wanang, Josephstaal, Pomoikan. 
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ANAMGURA

[IMI] 1,253 (1990 census).  Madang Province, northwest of Josephstaal. Alternate names: IKUNDUN, MINDIVI.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Madang-Adelbert Range, Adelbert Range, Josephstaal-Wanang, Josephstaal, Pomoikan. 

ANDARUM

[AOD] 1,084 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Madang Province. Classification: Sepik-Ramu, Ramu, Ramu Proper, Goam, Ataitan. 
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ANDRA-HUS

[ANX] 810 (1977 Lincoln).  Manus Province, Andra and Hus islands. Alternate names: AHUS, HA'US.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Admiralty Islands, Eastern, Manus, East. 
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ANEM

[ANZ] 500 to 600 (1991 SIL).  West New Britain Province, northwest coast and inland. Alternate names: KARAIAI.  Classification: East Papuan, Yele-Solomons-New Britain, New Britain, Anem. 
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ANEME WAKE

[ABY] 650 (1990 SIL).  Oro Province, Afore District, both sides of Owen Stanley Range, Central Province; north from Ianu along Foasi and Domara creeks. Alternate names: ABIE, ABIA.  Dialects: MORI, BUNIABURA, AUWAKA, JARI, DOMA.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Eastern, Central and Southeastern, Yareban. 
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ANGAATIHA

[AGM] 1,200 (1991 SIL).  Morobe Province, Menyamya District. Alternate names: LANGIMAR, ANGATAHA, ANGAATIYA, ANGAATAHA.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, Angan. 
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ANGAL

[AGE] 10,000 (1971 ACTNM).  Southern Highlands Province, Mendi area, north into Mendi Valley, west into Lai Valley, east bank, west of Mt. Glouwe. Alternate names: EAST ANGAL, MENDI.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, East New Guinea Highlands, West-Central, Angal-Kewa. 
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ANGAL ENEN

[AOE] 22,000 (1995 UBS).  Southern Highlands Province, 10 to 12 km. south of Nipa, north of the Erave River, east of Lake Kutubu, west of Lai Valley. Alternate names: SOUTH ANGAL HENENG, SOUTH MENDI, NEMBI.  Dialects: MEGI.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, East New Guinea Highlands, West-Central, Angal-Kewa. 
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ANGAL HENENG

[AKH] 40,000 (1994 V. Schlatter SPIM).  Southern Highlands Province, south of Margarima and Kandep, north of Lake Butubu, west of the Lai Valley. Alternate names: AUGU, WEST MENDI, WEST ANGAL HENENG, AGARAR, WAGE, KATINJA.  Dialects: WAOLA (WALA), AUGU, NIPA.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, East New Guinea Highlands, West-Central, Angal-Kewa. 
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ANGOR

[AGG] 1,266 including 836 in Nai, 430 in Samanai(1990 census).  Sandaun Province, Amanab District. 11 villages. Alternate names: WATAPOR, SENAGI, ANGGOR.  Dialects: NAI (CENTRAL ANGOR), SAMANAI (SOUTHERN ANGOR).  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Senagi. 
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ANGORAM

[AOG] 6,200 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  East Sepik Province, along lower Sepik River, Angoram District. Alternate names: PONDO, TJIMUNDO, OLEM.  Classification: Sepik-Ramu, Nor-Pondo, Pondo. 
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ANJAM

[BOJ] 1,300 (1986 SIL).  Madang Province, Astrolabe Bay District. Alternate names: BOGATI, BOM, BOGAJIM, BOGADJIM, LALOK.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Madang-Adelbert Range, Madang, Rai Coast, Mindjim. 
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ANKAVE

[AAK] 1,600 (1987 SIL).  Gulf Province, Kerema District, in the valleys of the Mbwei and Swanson rivers. Alternate names: ANGAVE.  Dialects: SAWUVE, WIYAGWA, WUNAVAI, MIYATNU, ANKAI, BU'U.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, Angan, Angan Proper. 
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ANOR

[ANJ] 574 (1975 Z'Graggen).  Madang Province. Classification: Sepik-Ramu, Ramu, Ramu Proper, Annaberg, Aian. 

ANUKI

[AUI] 542 (census).  North coast, Cape Vogel, Milne Bay Province. Alternate names: GABOBORA.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Papuan Tip, Nuclear, North Papuan Mainland-D'Entrecasteaux, Anuki. 
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AP MA

[KBX] 7,000 (1990 UBS).  Angoram District, East Sepik Province. Alternate names: KAMBOT, AP MA BOTIN, BOTIN.  Dialects: KAMBARAMBA.  Classification: Sepik-Ramu, Ramu, Ramu Proper, Grass, Grass Proper. 
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APALI

[ENA] 600 (1992 M. Wade PBT).  Madang Province, upper Ramu River area, Aiome District. Alternate names: EMERUM, APAL.  Dialects: AKI, ACI.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Madang-Adelbert Range, Adelbert Range, Josephstaal-Wanang, Wanang, Emuan. 
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APALIK

[PLI] 374 (1979 census).  West New Britain Province, southwest coast and inland. Alternate names: PALIK, AMBUL.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Ngero-Vitiaz, Vitiaz, Southwest New Britain, Arawe-Pasismanua, Arawe, West Arawe. 
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APOS

[APO] 500 (1996 SIL).  East Sepik Province, extending beyond the western boundary of Maprik District; Makru-Klaplei Division, Nuku District. Alternate names: KWANGA, GAWANGA, WOMSAK.  Dialects: TAU, BONGOMAISI (BONGAMAISE).  Classification: Sepik-Ramu, Sepik, Middle Sepik, Nukuma. 
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ARAFUNDI

[ARF] 733 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  East Sepik Province, on the Arafundi River. Alternate names: ALFENDIO.  Dialects: MEAKAMBUT.  Classification: Sepik-Ramu, Ramu, Ramu Proper, Arafundi. 
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ARAMMBA

[STK] 900 (1998 SIL).  Western Province, Morehead Subprovince, southwest of Suki. Alternate names: ARAMBA, SERKISETAVI, UPPER MOREHEAD, SERKI.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Trans-Fly-Bulaka River, Trans-Fly, Morehead and Upper Maro Rivers, Tonda. 
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ARAPESH, BUMBITA

[AON] 4,000 (1994 R. Conrad SIL) in 13 villages (1986 PBT).  East Sepik Province, Maprik District, Torricelli Mountains, south of Wom. Alternate names: WERI.  Dialects: BONAHOI, URITA, TIMINGIR, WERIL, WERIR.  Classification: Torricelli, Kombio-Arapesh, Arapesh. 
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ARAWUM

[AWM] 75 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Madang Province. Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Madang-Adelbert Range, Madang, Rai Coast, Kabenau. 
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ARE

[MWC] 1,231 (1973 SIL).  Milne Bay Province, tip of Cape Vogel. Alternate names: MUKAWA.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Papuan Tip, Nuclear, North Papuan Mainland-D'Entrecasteaux, Are-Taupota, Are. 
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ARI

[AAC] 80 to 100 (1976 G. Reesink SIL).  Ari and Serea villages, Aramia River area, Western Province. Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, Gogodala-Suki, Gogodala. 
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ARIBWAUNG

[YLU] 1,000 (1994 Eckerman LBT).  Morobe Province, lower Markham Valley, Yalu village. Alternate names: ARIBWAUNGG, YALU, JALOC.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Huon Gulf, Markham, Lower, Busu. 
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ARIFAMA-MINIAFIA

[AAI] 2,147 (1977 Wurm).  Four locations along the coast of Cape Nelson and Collingwood Bay, Oro Province, Tufi District. 20 to 25 villages. Alternate names: MINIAFIA-ARIFAMA.  Dialects: ARIFAMA, MINIAFIA.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Papuan Tip, Nuclear, North Papuan Mainland-D'Entrecasteaux, Are-Taupota, Are. 
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AROP-LOKEP

[APR] 2,200 (1991 SIL).  3 islands in the Siassi chain in the Vitiaz Strait. Arop dialect on Long Island, Madang Province, Saidor District. Lokep dialect on Tolokiwa Island and the north tip of Umboi Island, Morobe Province, Siassi District. Alternate names: SIASI, SIASSI, TOLOKIWA, MOROMIRANGA, LUKEP.  Dialects: AROP (POONO), LOKEP (LUKEP, LOKEWE).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Ngero-Vitiaz, Vitiaz, Korap. 
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AROP-SISSANO

[APS] 1,150 (1998).  Sandaun Province, Aitape District, Arop village. Alternate names: AROP.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Schouten, Siau. 
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ARUAMU

[MSY] 8,000 (1990 UBS).  Madang Province, west of Bogia. Alternate names: MIKAREW, ARIAWIAI, MAKARUP, MAKARUB, MIKARUP, MIKAREW-ARIAW.  Classification: Sepik-Ramu, Ramu, Ramu Proper, Ruboni, Misegian. 
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ARUEK

[AUR] 614 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Sandaun Province, north of Kombio. Alternate names: DJANG.  Classification: Torricelli, Kombio-Arapesh, Kombio. 

ARUOP

[LSR] 700 (1991 SIL).  Sandaun Province, 6 villages. Alternate names: LAUISARANGA, LAU'U.  Classification: Torricelli, Wapei-Palei, Palei. 
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ASARO'O

[MTV] 672 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Madang Province, southeast of Saidor. At least 4 villages. Alternate names: MORAFA.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, Huon-Finisterre, Finisterre, Warup. 
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ASAS

[ASD] 333 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Madang Province. Alternate names: KOW.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Madang-Adelbert Range, Madang, Rai Coast, Evapia. 
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ASAT

[ASX] 1,047 (1980 census).  Madang Province, Rai Coast District, east of Saidor. Alternate names: MURATAIK.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, Huon-Finisterre, Finisterre, Warup. 
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ATEMBLE

[ATE] 65 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Madang Province. Alternate names: ATEMPLE-APRIS, ATEMPLE.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Madang-Adelbert Range, Adelbert Range, Josephstaal-Wanang, Wanang, Atan. 

ATURU

[AUP] 220 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Western Province, Sumogi Island in Fly Estuary, Adulu, Lewada, and Suame villages. Alternate names: ATURA, ADULU, MAKAEYAM.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Trans-Fly-Bulaka River, Trans-Fly, Tirio. 
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AU

[AVT] 5,000 (1991 SIL).  Sandaun Province, Lumi District, 19 villages in the foothills of the Torricelli Mountains. Classification: Torricelli, Wapei-Palei, Wapei. 
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AUNALEI

[AUN] 2,206 (1981 Wurm and Hattori). 40% live north of the mountains, 60% south.  Sandaun Province. Lumi and Aitape districts, Toricelli Mts. 11 villages. Alternate names: ONELE, ONE, ONI.  Dialects: NORTH AUNALEI, CENTRAL AUNALEI, SOUTH AUNALEI.  Classification: Torricelli, West Wapei. 
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AUWE

[SMF] 400 (1993 SIL).  Sandaun Province, Amanab District, Simog and Watape villages. Alternate names: SIMOG.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Northern, Border, Waris. 
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AVAU

[AVB] 6,000 (1982 SIL).  West New Britain Province, southwest, inland from Gasmata. Alternate names: AWAU.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Ngero-Vitiaz, Vitiaz, Southwest New Britain, Arawe-Pasismanua, Arawe, East Arawe. 
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AWA

[AWB] 1,789 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Okapa and Kainantu districts, Eastern Highlands Province. Alternate names: MOBUTA.  Dialects: TAUNA, ILAKIA, NORTHEAST AWA, SOUTH AWA.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, East New Guinea Highlands, Eastern, Gadsup-Auyana-Awa. 
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AWAD BING

[BCU] 700 (1991 SIL).  Madang Province, 7 villages west of Saidor, Astrolabe Bay area. Alternate names: BILIAU, SENGAM, BING.  Dialects: BILIAU, YAMAI, SUIT, GALEG.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Ngero-Vitiaz, Vitiaz, Bel, Astrolabe. 
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AWAR

[AYA] 572 (1975 Z'Graggen).  Madang Province. Dialects: AWAR, NUBIA.  Classification: Sepik-Ramu, Ramu, Ramu Proper, Ruboni, Ottilien. 

AWARA

[AWX] 1,627 (1994 govt. figure).  Morobe Province, Lae District, near the Wantoat. Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, Huon-Finisterre, Finisterre, Wantoat. 
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AWIYAANA

[AUY] 6,500 (1975 SIL).  Kainantu, Okapa districts, Eastern Highlands Province. 15 villages. Alternate names: AUYANA.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, East New Guinea Highlands, Eastern, Gadsup-Auyana-Awa. 
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AWTUW

[KMN] 394 (1979 census).  Sandaun Province. Alternate names: KAMNUM, AUTU.  Classification: Sepik-Ramu, Sepik, Ram. 
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AWUN

[AWW] 384 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Sandaun Province, east of Namia. Alternate names: AWON.  Classification: Sepik-Ramu, Sepik, Yellow River. 
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BAGUPI

[BPI] 58 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Madang Province. Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Madang-Adelbert Range, Madang, Mabuso, Hanseman. 
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BAHINEMO

[BJH] 550 (1998 NTM).  East Sepik Province, Ambunti District, Hunstein Range, south of the Sepik River. 4 villages. Alternate names: BAHENEMO, GAHOM, WOGU, YIGAI, INARU.  Classification: Sepik-Ramu, Sepik, Sepik Hill, Bahinemo. 
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BAIBAI

[BBF] 271 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Sandaun Province, Amanab District. Classification: Kwomtari-Baibai, Baibai. 

BAIMAK

[BMX] 441 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Madang Province, 20 miles west of Madang city. Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Madang-Adelbert Range, Madang, Mabuso, Hanseman. 
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BAINAPI

[PIK] 400 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Western Province, villages of Makapa, Pikiwa, and Bamustu, via Balimo. Alternate names: PIKIWA, DIBIASU, TURUMASA.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, Central and South New Guinea-Kutubuan, Central and South New Guinea, Bosavi. 
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BALUAN-PAM

[BLQ] 1,000 (1982 SIL).  Manus Province, Baluan and Pam islands. Dialects: BALUAN, PAM.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Admiralty Islands, Eastern, Southeast Islands. 
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BAMU

[BCF] 5,000 (1998 SIL).  Western Province from the mouth of the Bamu River to 50 miles upriver. Alternate names: BAMU KIWAI.  Dialects: GAMA, LOWER BAMU, SISIAME, UPPER BAMU (MIDDLE BAMU), NUHIRO.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Trans-Fly-Bulaka River, Trans-Fly, Kiwaian. 
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BANARO

[BYZ] 2,484 (1991 SIL).  Madang and East Sepik provinces. 2 villages. Alternate names: BANAR, BANARA.  Classification: Sepik-Ramu, Ramu, Ramu Proper, Grass, Banaro. 
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BANONI

[BCM] 1,000 (1977 Lincoln).  North Solomons Province, southwestern Bougainville. Alternate names: TSUNARI.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Meso Melanesian, New Ireland, South New Ireland-Northwest Solomonic, Piva-Banoni. 
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BARAI

[BCA] 2,000 (1998 SIL).  Inland Oro Province, Afore District, on the Managalas Plateau. Birarie dialect is in Umuate, Naokanane, Itokama, Madokoro villages. Namiae dialect is in Kuae, Kokoro, Tahama, Sorefuna, Ubuvara villages. Dialects: BIRARIE, NAMIAE.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Eastern, Central and Southeastern, Koiarian, Baraic. 
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BARAMU

[BMZ] 478 (1979 census).  Western Province, Baramula and Tirio villages. Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Trans-Fly-Bulaka River, Trans-Fly, Tirio. 
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BARGAM

[MLP] 3,500 to 4,000 (1987 M. Hepner).  Madang Province, Madang District, north coast just opposite Karkar Island. Alternate names: MUGIL, BUNU, SAKER.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Madang-Adelbert Range, Adelbert Range, Pihom-Isumrud-Mugil, Mugil. 
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BARIAI

[BCH] 1,380 (1998 SIL).  West New Britain Province, east of Cape Gloucester, northwest coast. Alternate names: KABANA.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Ngero-Vitiaz, Ngero, Bariai. 
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BARIJI

[BJC] 256 (1973 SIL).  Oro Province, on the south bank of the Bariji River. Alternate names: AGA BEREHO.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Eastern, Central and Southeastern, Yareban. 
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BARIM

[BBV] 450 (1991 SIL).  Morobe Province, 4 villages on mainland near Wasu and 3 on southwestern Umboi Island. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Ngero-Vitiaz, Vitiaz, Korap. 
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BAROK

[BJK] 2,116 (1985 AIL).  New Ireland, south central, east and west coasts. 15 villages. Alternate names: KOMALU, KANAPIT, KULUBI, KOLUBE, KANALU.  Dialects: USEN, BAROK.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Meso Melanesian, New Ireland, Madak. 
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BARUGA

[BBB] 1,500 (1998 SIL) including about 600 Tapota Baruga, 400 to 500 Mado, 400 Bareji Baruga (1998 SIL), and 119 Doghoro (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Oro Province, Tufi District, in the Musa and Bariji (Bareji) River flood plains. The Gaina, Bariji and Yareba border them to the south. The Okeina dialect of Ewage-Notu, Ambe Tofo, Korafe-Mokorua, Miniafia-Arifama, Ubir, and Maisin border them to the east. Dyke Ackland Bay is to the north. Dialects: BAREJI, BARUGA, MADO (BARUGA), TAPOTA BARUGA, DOGHORO (DOGORO).  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Eastern, Binanderean, Binanderean Proper. 
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BARUYA

[BYR] 6,600 (1990 census).  Eastern Highlands Province, Marawaka District. Alternate names: BARUA, YIPMA.  Dialects: WANTAKIA, BARUYA, GULICHA, USIRAMPIA.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, Angan, Angan Proper. 
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BAU

[BBD] 1,789 (1975 Z'Graggen).  Madang Province. Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Madang-Adelbert Range, Madang, Mabuso, Gum. 
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BAUWAKI

[BWK] 398 (1980 census).  Most are at Amau (Mori River), Central Province, extending into Oro Province. Alternate names: BAWAKI.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Eastern, Central and Southeastern, Mailuan. 
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BEAMI

[BEO] 4,200 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Western Province, east of Nomad, extending into Southern Highlands Province. Alternate names: BEDAMINI, BEDAMUNI, MOUGULU.  Dialects: KOMOFIO, NORTH BEAMI.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, Central and South New Guinea-Kutubuan, Central and South New Guinea, Bosavi. 
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BEBELI

[BEK] 1,050 (1982 SIL).  West New Britain Province, Stettin Bay, Cape Hoskins area. Alternate names: BENAULE, BANAULE, KAPORE, BELI.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Ngero-Vitiaz, Vitiaz, Southwest New Britain, Arawe-Pasismanua, Arawe, East Arawe. 
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BELI

[BEY] 1,453 including 1,400 in area and 53 outside (1978 census).  Sandaun Province, west of Mehek. Alternate names: MUKILI, AKUWAGEL, MAKARIM.  Classification: Torricelli, Maimai, Beli. 
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BEMAL

[BMH] 700 (1987 SIL).  Madang Province, Trans-Gogol District. Alternate names: KEIN.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Madang-Adelbert Range, Madang, Mabuso, Kokon. 
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BENABENA

[BEF] 45,000 (1998 NTM).  Eastern Highlands Province, Goroka District. Alternate names: BENA.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, East New Guinea Highlands, East-Central, Gahuku-Benabena. 
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BEPOUR

[BIE] 57 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Madang Province. Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Madang-Adelbert Range, Adelbert Range, Pihom-Isumrud-Mugil, Pihom, Kumilan. 
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BIANGAI

[BIG] 1,400 (1991 SIL).  Morobe Province, Wau District, headwaters of the Bulolo River. 7 villages. Dialects: NGOWIYE, YONGOLEI.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Eastern, Central and Southeastern, Goilalan, Kunimaipa. 
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BIEM

[BMC] 1,455 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  East Sepik Province, Viai, Blupblup, Kadovar, and Bam islands east of Wewak. Alternate names: BAM.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Schouten, Kairiru-Manam, Manam. 
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BIKARU

[BIC] 100 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  East Sepik Province, headwaters of April River. Alternate names: PIKARU, BUGALU.  Classification: Sepik-Ramu, Sepik, Sepik Hill, Sanio. 
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BIKSI

[BDX] 200 in Papua New Guinea (1992 SIL).  South of the Green River, and into Irian Jaya. Alternate names: INISINE, BIAKSI.  Classification: Sepik-Ramu, Sepik, Biksi. 
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BILAKURA

[BQL] 34 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Madang Province. Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Madang-Adelbert Range, Adelbert Range, Pihom-Isumrud-Mugil, Pihom, Numugenan.  Nearly extinct.
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BILBIL

[BRZ] 700 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Madang Province, coast just south of Madang town. Alternate names: BILIBIL.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Ngero-Vitiaz, Vitiaz, Bel, Nuclear Bel, Northern. 
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BILUR

[BXF] 1,447 (1979 census).  East New Britain Province, Gazelle Peninsula, 9 villages southeast of Cape Gazelle. Alternate names: BIRAR.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Meso Melanesian, New Ireland, South New Ireland-Northwest Solomonic. 

BIMIN

[BHL] 2,000 (1991 SIL).  Sandaun Province, Bak-Bimin District, and Western Province. Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, Central and South New Guinea-Kutubuan, Central and South New Guinea, Ok, Mountain. 
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BINAHARI

[BXZ] 764 (1980 census).  Central Province, both sides of a range of hills inland from Cloudy Bay. Dialects: NEME (NEMEA), MA.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Eastern, Central and Southeastern, Mailuan. 
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BINANDERE

[BHG] 6,700 (1991 SIL), including 1,200 in Ambasi (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Oro Province, along the Eia, Gira, Ope, Mambere, and Kumusi rivers, between Zia and Ambasi; a few in Morobe Province. Alternate names: IOMA BINANDERE.  Dialects: AEKA (AIGA), AMBASI (TAIN-DAWARE, DAVARI, DAWARI), BINANDERE.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Eastern, Binanderean, Binanderean Proper. 
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BINE

[ORM] 2,000 (1987 SIL).  Western Province, Daru District, south of Fly River. Alternate names: ORIOMO, PINE.  Dialects: KUNINI, BOZE-GIRINGAREDE, SOGAL, MASINGLE, TÄTE, IRUPI-DRAGELI, SEBE.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Trans-Fly-Bulaka River, Trans-Fly, Eastern Trans-Fly. 
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BINUMARIEN

[BJR] 360 (1990 census).  Eastern Highlands Province, Kainantu District. Alternate names: BINUMARIA, BINAMARIR.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, East New Guinea Highlands, Eastern, Tairora. 
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BIPI

[BIQ] 1,200 (1990 SIL).  Manus Province, west coast, Maso, Matahei, and Salapai villages, Bipi and Sisi islands. Alternate names: SISI-BIPI.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Admiralty Islands, Eastern, Manus, West. 
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BISIS

[BNW] 500 (1986 W. Dye SIL).  East Sepik Province, Hunstein Range, Ambunti District, next to the Bahinemo, between the Lower Salumei River and Chambri Lake. 3 villages. Alternate names: YAMBIYAMBI.  Classification: Sepik-Ramu, Sepik, Sepik Hill, Bahinemo. 
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BISORIO

[BIR] 230 to 280 (1983 SIL), including 50 to 100 Pikaru.  East Sepik Province, headwaters of the Karawari, Wagupmeri, and Korosameri rivers; villages of Bisorio, Iniai, Gadio. Alternate names: INYAI-GADIO-BISORIO, INIAI.  Dialects: PIKARU (BIKARU).  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, East New Guinea Highlands, West-Central, Enga. 
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BITARA

[BIT] 256 (1983 SIL).  East Sepik Province, April River. Several villages. Dialects: APOWASI (KAKIRU).  Classification: Sepik-Ramu, Sepik, Sepik Hill, Bahinemo. 
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BIWAT

[BWM] 1,642 (1975 SIL).  East Sepik Province, lower and middle Yuat River. Alternate names: MUNDUGUMOR, MUNDUGUMA.  Classification: Sepik-Ramu, Ramu, Yuat-Waibuk, Yuat-Maramba, Yuat. 
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BIYOM

[BPM] 379 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Madang Province, southeast of Gende. Alternate names: SASIME.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Madang-Adelbert Range, Adelbert Range, Brahman. 
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BLAFE

[IND] 600 (Wurm and Hattori 1981).  Western Province, west of Nambu language. Indorodoro town is center. Alternate names: TONDA, INDORODORO.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Trans-Fly-Bulaka River, Trans-Fly, Morehead and Upper Maro Rivers, Tonda. 
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BO

[BPW] 85 (1998 NTM).  Sandaun Province, the heart of the western range; Bo, Kobaru, Kaumifi, Nigyama Umarita villages. Western range, close to the border of West Sepik Province, near Right May River, East Sepik Province. Alternate names: PO, SORIMI.  Dialects: KABORU, NIKIYAMA, UMURUTA.  Classification: Left May. 
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BOAZI

[KVG] 2,000 (1990 SIL).  Western Province, Lake Murray District. None now in Irian Jaya (1978 SIL). Alternate names: BOADJI, BWADJI.  Dialects: KUNI, NORTH BOAZI, SOUTH BOAZI.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, Marind, Boazi. 
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BOGAYA

[BOQ] 300 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Western Province, some also in base of northern neck of Southern Highlands Province. Alternate names: POGAYA, BOGAIA.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, Central and South New Guinea-Kutubuan, Central and South New Guinea, Duna-Bogaya. 
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BOHUAI

[RAK] 1,400 (1982 SIL).  Manus Province, Bohuai, Peli Island, Pelipowai. Alternate names: PAHAVAI, PELIPOWAI, BOWAI, POHUAI, BOHUAI-TULU, TULU-BOHUAI.  Dialects: KELI, BOHUAI, TULU (TULUN, TJUDUN).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Admiralty Islands, Eastern, Manus, West. 
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BOIKIN

[BZF] 35,204 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  East Sepik Province, Yangoru District. Alternate names: BOIKEN, NUCUM, YANGORU, YENGORU.  Dialects: WEST BOIKIN, CENTRAL BOIKIN, EAST BOIKIN, MUNJI, HARIPMOR, KWUSAUN, KUNAI, ISLAND BOIKIN.  Classification: Sepik-Ramu, Sepik, Middle Sepik, Ndu. 
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BOLA

[BNP] 7,533 including 6,194 in Bola, 1,339 in Harua (1982 SIL).  West New Britain Province, northeast coast, most of Willaumez Peninsula. Harua is on the east side of Kimbe. Alternate names: BAKOVI, BOLA-BAKOVI.  Dialects: HARUA (KARUA, XARUA, GARUA, MAI), BOLA.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Meso Melanesian, Willaumez. 
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BONGOS

[BXY] 3,000 (1994 SIL).  East Sepik Province, extending beyond the western boundary of Maprik District; Makru-Klaplei Division, Nuku District; Sandaun Province, east of Mehek. 40 villages. Alternate names: BONGOMASI, W'HAUKIA, APEKU, MASALAGA.  Dialects: BONGOS, APEKU.  Classification: Sepik-Ramu, Sepik, Middle Sepik, Nukuma. 
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BONGU

[BPU] 415 (1975 Z'Graggen).  Madang Province, Astrolabe Bay, Rai Coast. Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Madang-Adelbert Range, Madang, Rai Coast, Mindjim. 

BONKIMAN

[BOP] 175 (1991 SIL).  Madang and Morobe provinces. Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, Huon-Finisterre, Finisterre, Yupna. 
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BOREI

[GAI] 2,000 (1990 UBS).  Madang Province, Bogia District. Alternate names: GAMEI, GAMAI, MBOREI, MBORE.  Dialects: BOROI, BOREWAR, BOTBOT.  Classification: Sepik-Ramu, Ramu, Ramu Proper, Ruboni, Ottilien. 
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BOSILEWA

[BOS] 350 (1972 census).  Milne Bay Province, north shore of Fergusson Island. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Papuan Tip, Nuclear, North Papuan Mainland-D'Entrecasteaux, Dobu-Duau. 
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BOSNGUN

[BQS] 717 (1975 Z'Graggen).  Madang Province. Alternate names: BOSMAN.  Classification: Sepik-Ramu, Ramu, Ramu Proper, Ruboni, Ottilien. 
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BRAGAT

[AOF] 400 (1991 SIL).  Sandaun Province, 4 villages. Alternate names: ALAUAGAT, YAUAN.  Classification: Torricelli, Wapei-Palei, Palei. 
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BREM

[BUQ] 498 (1975 Z'Graggen).  Madang Province, including Bunabun village. Alternate names: BAREM, BUNABUN, BUNUBUN, BUBUBUN.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Madang-Adelbert Range, Adelbert Range, Pihom-Isumrud-Mugil, Isumrud, Mabuan. 
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BRERI

[BRQ] 1,100 (1986 PBT).  Madang Province, lower Ramu Valley, 80 miles west of Madang City. Alternate names: KUANGA.  Classification: Sepik-Ramu, Ramu, Ramu Proper, Goam, Tamolan. 
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BUANG, MANGGA

[MMO] 3,000 (1986 SIL).  Morobe Province, mid-upper Snake River area, Mumeng District. Alternate names: MANGA BUANG, KAIDEMUI.  Dialects: LAGIS, KWASANG.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Huon Gulf, South, Hote-Buang, Buang. 
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BUANG, MAPOS

[BZH] 6,666 (1978 McElhanon).  Morobe Province, upper Snake River area, Mumeng District. 10 villages. Alternate names: MAPOS, CENTRAL BUANG.  Dialects: WAGAU, MAMBUMP, BUWEYEU, WINS, CHIMBULUK, PAPAKENE, MAPOS.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Huon Gulf, South, Hote-Buang, Buang. 
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BUDIBUD

[BTP] 170 (1972 census).  Milne Bay Province, Lachlan Islands, 50 miles east of Woodlark Island. Alternate names: NADA.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Papuan Tip, Peripheral, Kilivila-Louisiades, Kilivila. 
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BUGAWAC

[BUK] 9,694 (1978 McElhanon).  Morobe Province, coast of Huon Gulf. Alternate names: BUKAWA, BUKAUA, BUKAWAC, KAWA, KAWAC, YOM GAWAC.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Huon Gulf, North. 
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BUHUTU

[BXH] 1,065 (1972 census).  Eastern tip of Papua, Sagarai Valley, Milne Bay Province, Alotau District. Alternate names: BOHUTU, BUHULU, YALEBA, SIASIADA.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Papuan Tip, Nuclear, Suauic. 
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BUIN

[BUO] 25,000 to 28,000 (1996 SIL).  Southern North Solomons Province, Buin District. Alternate names: TELEI, TEREI, RUGARA.  Classification: East Papuan, Bougainville, East, Buin. 
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BUKIYIP

[APE] 14,000 (1998 SIL) including 8,000 Coastal Arapesh (1998 R. Conrad SIL).  East Sepik Province, west Yangoru District, Torricelli Mountains. Alternate names: BUKIYÚP, MOUNTAIN ARAPESH.  Dialects: COASTAL ARAPESH, BUKIYIP (MOUNTAIN ARAPESH).  Classification: Torricelli, Kombio-Arapesh, Arapesh. 
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BULGEBI

[BMP] 52 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Madang Province, 10 miles southeast of Saidor. Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, Huon-Finisterre, Finisterre, Warup. 
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BULU

[BJL] 566 (1982 SIL).  West New Britain Province, Willaumez Peninsula. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Meso Melanesian, Willaumez. 
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BUN

[BUV] 194 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  East Sepik Province. Classification: Sepik-Ramu, Ramu, Yuat-Waibuk, Yuat-Maramba, Yuat. 
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BUNA

[BVN] 500 to 1,000 (1994 SIL).  East Sepik Province, Angoram District. Dialects: KASMIN, MASAN.  Classification: Torricelli, Marienberg. 
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BUNAMA

[BDD] 4,000 (1993 SIL).  Milne Bay Province, southern Normanby Island, Esa'ala District. Dialects: BUNAMA, BARABARA, SAWATUPWA, LOMITAWA, SIPUPU, WEYOKO, MEUDANA, KEROROGEA, KUMALAHU, KASIKASI, SAWABWALA.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Papuan Tip, Nuclear, North Papuan Mainland-D'Entrecasteaux, Dobu-Duau. 
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BUNGAIN

[BUT] 2,451 (1975 SIL).  East Sepik Province. Yaugiba is one village. Classification: Torricelli, Marienberg. 
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BURUI

[BRY] 150 (1975 SIL).  East Sepik Province, Ambunti District. Classification: Sepik-Ramu, Sepik, Middle Sepik, Ndu. 
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BURUM-MINDIK

[BMU] 7,000 including 4,500 in Somba, 2,500 in Siawari (1989 SIL).  Morobe Province, Finschhafen District, 30 villages in Central Huon Peninsula, south of Cromwell Range, Burum River valley and some western slopes of Kuat River. (Burum and Kuat are tributaries of the main Mongi River.) Many live in towns, 1,000 in Lae. 3 airstrips: Ogeramnang, Mindik, Nomanene. Alternate names: BULUM, BURUM, MINDIK, SOMBA-SIAWARI.  Dialects: SOMBA, SIAWARI.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, Huon-Finisterre, Huon, Western. 
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BUSA

[BHF] 307 (1994 SIL).  Sandaun Province, Amanab District, north of Upper Sepik River, west of Namia. 3 villages. Yare is north and east, Abau is south and west, Biaka is northwest. Classification: Language Isolate. 
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BWAIDOKA

[BWD] 6,000 (1994 SIL).  Milne Bay Province, southeast tip of Goodenough Island and west Fergusson Island, Bolubolu District. Alternate names: BWAIDOGA.  Dialects: MATAITAI, WAGIFA, KILIA, LAUWELA, BWAIDOGA.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Papuan Tip, Nuclear, North Papuan Mainland-D'Entrecasteaux, Bwaidoga. 
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BWANABWANA

[TTE] 2,015 (1994 SIL).  Milne Bay Province, Bwanabwana District, Engineer Islands, Laseinie Islands, Ware Island, Kitai Island and southeast peninsula of Basilaki Island. Alternate names: TUBETUBE.  Dialects: WALE (WARI, WARE), KWALAIWA.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Papuan Tip, Nuclear, Suauic. 
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CHAMBRI

[CAN] 1,700 (1991).  East Sepik Province, marsh dwellers east and north of Sepik Hill area, southeastern shore and island in Chambri Lake. 3 villages. Alternate names: TSHAMBERI, TCHAMBULI.  Classification: Sepik-Ramu, Nor-Pondo, Pondo. 
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CHANGRIWA

[CGA] 498 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  East Sepik Province. Classification: Sepik-Ramu, Ramu, Yuat-Waibuk, Yuat-Maramba, Yuat. 
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CHENAPIAN

[CJN] 187 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  East Sepik Province, on the Sepik River west of Wogamusin. 1 village. Alternate names: TSENAP, ZENAP, CHENAP.  Classification: Sepik-Ramu, Sepik, Upper Sepik, Wogamusin. 
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CHUAVE

[CJV] 23,107 (1981 Wurm and Hattori), including 4,290 Sua (1962 Wurm).  Simbu Province, Chuave District. Alternate names: TJUAVE.  Dialects: ELIMBARI, KEBAI, GOMIA, CHUAVE, SUA.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, East New Guinea Highlands, Central, Chimbu. 
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DADIBI

[MPS] 10,000 (1988 SIL).  Southern Simbu Province, Karimui District, eastern corner of Southern Highlands Province. 28 villages. Alternate names: DARIBI, KARIMUI.  Dialects: ERAVE.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Teberan-Pawaian, Teberan. 
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DAGA

[DGZ] 6,000 (1991 SIL).  Milne Bay Province, Rabaraba District, and Central Province, Abau District. Alternate names: DIMUGA, NAWP.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Eastern, Central and Southeastern, Dagan. 
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DAMBI

[DAC] 445 (1979 census).  Morobe Province, Mumeng District. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Huon Gulf, South, Hote-Buang, Buang, Mumeng. 
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DANARU

[DNR] 115 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Madang Province. Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Madang-Adelbert Range, Madang, Rai Coast, Peka. 
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DANO

[ASO] 30,000 (1987 SIL).  Eastern Highlands Province, Goroka District. Alternate names: UPPER ASARO, ASARO.  Dialects: UPPER ASARO, LUNUBE MADO, BOHENA, AMAIZUHO, KONGI.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, East New Guinea Highlands, East-Central, Gahuku-Benabena. 
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DAONDA

[DND] 200 (1993 SIL).  Sandaun Province, Amanab District near Imonda. Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Northern, Border, Waris. 
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DAWAWA

[DWW] 2,500 (1994 SIL).  West and inland from Wedau in Milne Bay Province, Rabaraba District. Alternate names: DAWANA.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Papuan Tip, Nuclear, North Papuan Mainland-D'Entrecasteaux, Kakabai. 
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DEDUA

[DED] 5,000 (1991 SIL).  Morobe Province, Sialum District, headwaters of the Masaweng and Tewae rivers, south of Mt. Besenona. Dialects: DZEIGOC, FANIC.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, Huon-Finisterre, Huon, Eastern. 
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DEGENAN

[DGE] 358 (1975 Z'Graggen).  Madang Province. Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, Huon-Finisterre, Finisterre, Warup. 
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DENGALU

[DEA] 140 (1978 McElhanon).  Morobe Province. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Huon Gulf, South, Hote-Buang, Buang, Mumeng. 
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DIA

[DIA] 1,880 (1973 Laycock).  Sandaun Province. Alternate names: ALU, METRU, GALU.  Classification: Torricelli, Wapei-Palei, Wapei. 

DIMIR

[DMC] 1,700 (1986 PBT).  Madang Province. Alternate names: BOSKIEN, BOSIKEN.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Madang-Adelbert Range, Adelbert Range, Pihom-Isumrud-Mugil, Isumrud, Dimir. 

DIODIO

[DDI] 1,200 (1972 census).  Milne Bay Province, west coast of Goodenough Island. Dialects: IAUIAULA, UTALO, AWALE, CENTRAL DIODIO.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Papuan Tip, Nuclear, North Papuan Mainland-D'Entrecasteaux, Bwaidoga. 
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DOBU

[DOB] 10,000 (1998 SIL). Lingua franca for 100,000 (1987 SIL).  Milne Bay Province, Esa'ala District, Sanaroa, Dobu, and parts of Fergusson and Normanby islands. 500 villages. Dialects: GALUBWA, SANAROA, UBUIA, CENTRAL DOBU, LOBODA (ROBODA, DAWADA-SIAUSI).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Papuan Tip, Nuclear, North Papuan Mainland-D'Entrecasteaux, Dobu-Duau. 
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DOGA

[DGG] 200 (1975 SIL).  Milne Bay Province, north coast of Cape Vogel. Alternate names: MAGABARA.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Papuan Tip, Nuclear, North Papuan Mainland-D'Entrecasteaux, Are-Taupota, Are. 
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DOM

[DOA] 12,000 (1994 NTM).  Simbu Province, mainly south of the Wahgi River from Kundiawa west of the Sinasina area. Dialects: ERA.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, East New Guinea Highlands, Central, Chimbu. 
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DOMU

[DOF] 593 (1979 census).  Central Province, coast east of Cape Rodney and inland. Alternate names: DOM.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Eastern, Central and Southeastern, Mailuan. 
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DOMUNG

[DEV] 2,000 (1991 SIL).  Tapen, Madang Province. Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, Huon-Finisterre, Finisterre, Yupna. 

DOROMU

[KQC] 1,200 (1993 SIL).  Central Province, south of Mt. Obree, west of Mt. Brown. Alternate names: DORAM.  Dialects: KOKILA, KORIKO, KOKI (DOROMU).  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Eastern, Central and Southeastern, Manubaran. 
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DOSO

[DOL] 700 (1973 D. Shaw).  Western Province, Aramia River and Wawoi Falls areas, near the Kamula. Classification: Unclassified. 
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DOURA

[DON] 800 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Central Province, around Galley Reach. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Papuan Tip, Peripheral, Central Papuan, West Central Papuan, Nuclear. 
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DUAU

[DUA] 3,550 (1991 SIL).  Milne Bay Province, Sawabwala, Normanby islands. Dialects: MWALUKWASIA, SOMWADINA, GULEGULEU (GURAGUREU), DAWADA, SIAUSI.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Papuan Tip, Nuclear, North Papuan Mainland-D'Entrecasteaux, Dobu-Duau. 
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DUDUELA

[DUK] 469 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Madang Province. Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Madang-Adelbert Range, Madang, Rai Coast, Nuru. 
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DUMPU

[WTF] 261 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Madang Province, two villages: Bebei and Dumpu. Alternate names: WATIFA, WATIWA.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Madang-Adelbert Range, Madang, Rai Coast, Evapia. 
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DUMUN

[DUI] 42 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Madang Province. Alternate names: BAI.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Madang-Adelbert Range, Madang, Rai Coast, Yaganon. 
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DUNA

[DUC] 11,000 (1991 SIL).  Southern Highlands Province, Lake Kopiago and Koroba districts, some in Western Highlands Province. Alternate names: YUNA.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, Central and South New Guinea-Kutubuan, Central and South New Guinea, Duna-Bogaya. 
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DUWET

[GVE] 398 (1988 Holzknecht).  Morobe Province, Busu River area. Alternate names: GUWET, GUWOT, WAING.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Huon Gulf, Markham, Lower, Busu. 

EDOLO

[ETR] 1,300 (1995 Deiyo Bamo).  Southern Highlands Province, Tari District, and Western Province, Nomad District; southwest of Mt. Sisa. Alternate names: ETORO, EDOLO ADO, ETOLO.  Dialects: EASTERN EDOLO, WESTERN EDOLO.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, Central and South New Guinea-Kutubuan, Central and South New Guinea, Bosavi. 
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EITIEP

[EIT] 394 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  East Sepik Province, southwest of Kombio, and partially in Sandaun Province, across Bongos River. Classification: Torricelli, Kombio-Arapesh, Kombio. 
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EIVO

[EIV] 1,200 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Mountains of south central North Solomons Province. Classification: East Papuan, Bougainville, West, Rotokas. 
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ELEPI

[ELE] 149 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  East Sepik Province, coast around Samap. Alternate names: SAMAP.  Classification: Torricelli, Marienberg. 
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ELKEI

[ELK] 1,590 (1988 SIL).  Sandaun Province. Alternate names: OLKOI.  Classification: Torricelli, Wapei-Palei, Wapei. 
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ELU

[ELU] 216 (1983 SIL).  Manus Province, north coast of Manus Island. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Admiralty Islands, Eastern, Manus, East. 
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ENGA

[ENQ] 164,750 (1981 Wurm and Hattori), including 12,000 in Sau (1990 UBS).  Enga Province. The Maramuni are nomadic, and are in the lower reaches of the central range. Alternate names: CAGA, TSAGA, TCHAGA.  Dialects: KANDEPE, LAYAPO, TAYATO, MAE (MAI, WABAG), MARAMUNI (MALAMUNI), KAINA, KAPONA, SAU (SAU ENGA, WAPI), YANDAPO, LAPALAMA 1, LAPALAMA 2, LAIAGAM, SARI.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, East New Guinea Highlands, West-Central, Enga. 
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ENGLISH

[ENG] 50,000 in Papua New Guinea (1987), 1.5% of the population.   Classification: Indo-European, Germanic, West, English. 
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ERAVE

[KJY] 7,000 (1997 K. Franklin).  Southern Highlands Province. Alternate names: POLE, SOUTH KEWA, KEWA SOUTH.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, East New Guinea Highlands, West-Central, Angal-Kewa. 
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ERE

[TWP] 1,030 (1980 census).  Manus Province, south coast, Drabitou, Lohe, Londru, Metawari, Pau, Piterait, Taui-Undrau, Hatwara, and Loi villages. Alternate names: NANE, E.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Admiralty Islands, Eastern, Manus, East. 
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EWAGE-NOTU

[NOU] 12,900 (1988 SIL).  Oro Province, Popondetta District, on the coast between Bakumbari and Pongani. Alternate names: NOTU, EWAGE.  Dialects: EWAGE-NOTU, YEGA (GONA, OKEINA, OKENA).  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Eastern, Binanderean, Binanderean Proper. 
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FAITA

[FAT] 57 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Madang Province. Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Madang-Adelbert Range, Adelbert Range, Brahman. 
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FAIWOL

[FAI] 4,500 (1987 SIL).  Western Province, Tabubil District, at the headwaters of the Fly and Palmer rivers. Not in Irian Jaya. Alternate names: FAIWOLMIN, FEGOLMIN, UNKIA, KAUWOL, KAWOL, KAVWOL.  Dialects: WOPKEIMIN, ANKIYAKMIN.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, Central and South New Guinea-Kutubuan, Central and South New Guinea, Ok, Mountain. 
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FAS

[FAS] 1,600 or more (1988 W. Baron SIL).  Sandaun Province, Amanab and Aitape districts. Alternate names: BEMBI.  Dialects: EASTERN FAS, WESTERN FAS.  Classification: Kwomtari-Baibai, Kwomtari. 
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FASU

[FAA] 1,200 including 750 Fasu, 300 Namuni, 150 Some (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Southern Highlands Province, Nipa District. Alternate names: NAMOME.  Dialects: SOME, KAIBU (KAIPU), NAMOME (NAMUMI, NAMUNI).  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, Central and South New Guinea-Kutubuan, Kutubuan, West. 
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FEMBE

[AGL] 350 (1986 SIL).  Western Province, Upper Strickland River. Alternate names: SINALE, AGALA.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, Central and South New Guinea-Kutubuan, Central and South New Guinea, East Strickland. 
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FINUNGWA

[FAG] 469 (1978 McElhanon).  Morobe Province. Alternate names: FINUNGWAN.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, Huon-Finisterre, Finisterre, Erap. 
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FIWAGA

[FIW] 300 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Southern Highlands Province, northeast of Tama. Alternate names: FIMAGA, FIWAGE.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, Central and South New Guinea-Kutubuan, Kutubuan, East. 
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FOI

[FOI] 2,800 (1980 UBS).  Southern Highlands Province, east and south of Lake Kutubu and Mubi River. Alternate names: FOE, MUBI RIVER.  Dialects: IFIGI, KAFA, KUTUBU, MUBI.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, Central and South New Guinea-Kutubuan, Kutubuan, East. 
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FOLOPA

[PPO] 3,000 (1985 SIL).  Gulf Province, Baimuru District, Kerabi Valley; also in Southern Highlands Province. 20 villages. Alternate names: PODOPA, POLOPA, PODOBA, FORABA.  Dialects: RO (KEAI, WORUGL), BARA (HARAHUI, HARAHU), SESA (MAMISA, SONGU, IBUKAIRU), KEWAH, TEBERA, AUREI, WARAGA, PUPITAU, BORO, SURI, SILIGI, SOPESE, KEBA-WOPASALI.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Teberan-Pawaian, Teberan. 
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FORAK

[FRO] 163 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Madang Province, Saidor District, Mamgak village, 5 miles west and inland from Seure on the coast. Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, Huon-Finisterre, Finisterre, Warup. 
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FORE

[FOR] 17,000 (1991 SIL).  Eastern Highlands Province, Okapa District. Dialects: PAMUSA (SOUTH FORE), NORTH CENTRAL FORE.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, East New Guinea Highlands, East-Central, Fore. 
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FUYUG

[FUY] 18,000 (1994 SIL).  Central Province, Goilala District, Owen Stanley Range. Alternate names: FUYUGE, FUYUGHE, MAFUFU.  Dialects: CENTRAL UDAB, NORTHEAST FUYUG, NORTH-SOUTH UDAB, WEST FUYUG.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Eastern, Central and Southeastern, Goilalan. 
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GABUTAMON

[GAV] 302 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Madang Province, 10 miles west southwest of Gali. Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, Huon-Finisterre, Finisterre, Yupna. 
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GADSUP

[GAJ] 10,000 (1996 SIL).  Eastern Highlands Province, Kainantu District. Dialects: OYANA (OIYANA), GADSUP.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, East New Guinea Highlands, Eastern, Gadsup-Auyana-Awa. 
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GAIKUNDI

[GBF] 700 (1975 SIL).  East Sepik Province, Ambunti District, Sepik Plains south of Maprik. Alternate names: GAIKUNTI.  Classification: Sepik-Ramu, Sepik, Middle Sepik, Ndu. 
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GAINA

[GCN] 1,130 including 1,000 in Bareji, 130 in Gaina (1971 Dutton).  Oro Province, next to the Baruga, the villages around Iwuji. Dialects: BAREJI (BAREDJI), GAINA.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Eastern, Binanderean, Binanderean Proper. 
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GAL

[GAP] 224 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Madang Province, on the Gogol River. Alternate names: BAIMAK, WEIM.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Madang-Adelbert Range, Madang, Mabuso, Hanseman. 

GALEYA

[GAR] 1,876 (1972 Govt. survey).  Milne Bay Province, northeast coast, Fergusson Island. Alternate names: GAREA.  Dialects: WADALEI, GAMETA, URUA, BASIMA, SEBUTUIA, GAREA (GALEYA).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Papuan Tip, Nuclear, North Papuan Mainland-D'Entrecasteaux, Dobu-Duau. 
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GANGLAU

[GGL] 154 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Madang Province. Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Madang-Adelbert Range, Madang, Rai Coast, Yaganon. 
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GANTS

[GAO] 1,884 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Madang Province. Alternate names: GAJ.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, East New Guinea Highlands, Kalam, Gants. 

GAPAPAIWA

[PWG] 3,000 including about 1,300 in western dialect, 1,700 in eastern (1998 SIL).  Milne Bay Province, Makamaka District, south coast of Cape Vogel and inland along the Ruaba River. Alternate names: MANAPE, GAPA, PAIWA.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Papuan Tip, Nuclear, North Papuan Mainland-D'Entrecasteaux, Are-Taupota, Are. 
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GARUS

[GYB] 1,394 (1980 census).  Madang Province, Astrolabe Bay. Alternate names: ATE, EM, KURUPI.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Madang-Adelbert Range, Madang, Mabuso, Hanseman. 
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GASMATA

[GSA] 200 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  West New Britain Province, southwest coast. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Ngero-Vitiaz, Vitiaz, Southwest New Britain, Arawe-Pasismanua, Arawe, East Arawe. 
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GEDAGED

[GDD] 2,764 (1975 Z'Graggen).  Madang Province; Sek, Yabob, Karkar, and Bagabag islands, Astrolabe Bay, and coastal villages around Madang. Alternate names: BEL, GRAGED, STAR, STAR-RAGETTA, TIARA, MITEBOG, RAGETTA, RIO, SEK, SZEAK-BAGILI.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Ngero-Vitiaz, Vitiaz, Bel, Nuclear Bel, Northern. 
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GENDE

[GAF] 8,000 (1987 SIL).  Madang Province, Bundi District near Bundi. Alternate names: BUNDI, GENE, GENDEKA.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, East New Guinea Highlands, East-Central, Gende. 
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GETMATA

[GET]   West New Britain Province, Kandrian District. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Ngero-Vitiaz, Vitiaz, Southwest New Britain, Arawe-Pasismanua, Pasismanua. 
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GHAYAVI

[BMK] 1,757 (1979 census).  Milne Bay Province, Alotau District, Weraura Local Government Area, north coast along Goodenough Bay from Uga in the west to Wadobuna in the east, including Rabaraba. Alternate names: GALAVI, BOIANAKI, BOANAKI, BOINAKI, BOANAI.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Papuan Tip, Nuclear, North Papuan Mainland-D'Entrecasteaux, Are-Taupota, Are. 
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GIDRA

[GDR] 1,800 (1976 SIL).  Western Province, eastern third of area between Fly Delta, estuary, and south coast. Alternate names: ORIOMO, JIBU, WIPI.  Dialects: DOROGORI, ABAM, PEAWA, UME, KURU, ZIM, WONIE, IAMEGA, GAMAEWE, PODARI, WIPIM, KAPAL, RUAL, GUIAM, YUTA.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Trans-Fly-Bulaka River, Trans-Fly, Eastern Trans-Fly. 
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GIMI

[GIP] 3,697 (1982 SIL).  West New Britain Province, southwest coast and inland, Johanna River to Anu River. Alternate names: LOKO.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Ngero-Vitiaz, Vitiaz, Southwest New Britain, Arawe-Pasismanua, Arawe, West Arawe. 
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GIMI

[GIM] 22,463 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Eastern Highlands Province, Okapa District. Dialects: EAST GIMI, WEST GIMI (GOUNO).  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, East New Guinea Highlands, East-Central, Fore. 
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GINUMAN

[GNM] 775 (1971 Dutton).  Milne Bay Province, Mt. Simpson to coast at Naraka. Alternate names: DIME.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Eastern, Central and Southeastern, Dagan. 
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GIRA

[GRG] 500 (1987 census).  Madang Province. Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, Huon-Finisterre, Finisterre, Gusap-Mot. 

GIRAWA

[BBR] 4,003 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Madang Province, Ramu District. Alternate names: BEGASIN, BEGESIN, BAGASIN.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Madang-Adelbert Range, Madang, Mabuso, Kokon. 
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GITUA

[GIL] 483 (1978 McElhanon).  Morobe Province, north coast of Huon Peninsula. Alternate names: GITOA, KELANA.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Ngero-Vitiaz, Ngero, Tuam. 

GIZRA

[TOF] 1,100 (1998 SIL).  Western Province, South Fly Area, north-northeast of the Torres Strait island of Saibai, villages of Kulalae, Ngomtono, Barnap, Kupere, and Waidoro. Dialects: WESTERN GIZRA, WAIDORO.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Trans-Fly-Bulaka River, Trans-Fly, Eastern Trans-Fly. 
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GNAU

[GNU] 980 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Sandaun Province, Namblo Census Division, northwest of Maimai. Classification: Torricelli, Wapei-Palei, Wapei. 

GOBASI

[GOI] 1,100 (1993 ECP).  Western Province. Dialects: GOBASI (BIBO), HONIBO, OIBAE (OIBA).  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, Central and South New Guinea-Kutubuan, Central and South New Guinea, East Strickland. 
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GOGODALA

[GOH] 10,000 (1991 UBS).  Western Province, north bank of Fly River, Aramia River. 301 villages. Alternate names: GOGODARA.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, Gogodala-Suki, Gogodala. 
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GOLIN

[GVF] 51,105 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Simbu Province, Gumine District. Alternate names: GOLLUM, GUMINE.  Dialects: YURI, KIA (KIARI), GOLIN, KERI, MARIGL.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, East New Guinea Highlands, Central, Chimbu. 
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GORAKOR

[GOC] 2,741 (1979 census).  Morobe Province, Mumeng District, including Yanta. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Huon Gulf, South, Hote-Buang, Buang, Mumeng. 
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GOROVU

[GRQ] 50 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  East Sepik Province, Bangapela village, Ramu River. Alternate names: GOROVA, YERANI.  Classification: Sepik-Ramu, Ramu, Ramu Proper, Grass, Grass Proper.  Nearly extinct.
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GUHU-SAMANE

[GHS] 6,289 (1978 McElhanon).  Morobe Province, Lae District, and a few in Oro Province, from Kanoma and Sidema villages northward. Alternate names: PAIAWA, TAHARI, MURI, BIA, MID-WARIA.  Dialects: SEKARE.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Eastern, Binanderean, Guhu-Samane. 
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GUIARAK

[GKA] 131 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Madang Province, 10 to 15 miles west of Seure. Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, Huon-Finisterre, Finisterre, Warup. 
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GUMALU

[GMU] 271 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Madang Province. Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Madang-Adelbert Range, Madang, Mabuso, Gum. 
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GUMAWANA

[GVS] 367 (1996 census).  Milne Bay Province, Esa'ala District, Amphlett Islands; a group of about 25 islands north of Fergusson. 7 villages. Alternate names: GUMASI, DOMDOM.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Papuan Tip, Nuclear, North Papuan Mainland-D'Entrecasteaux, Gumawana. 
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GUNTAI

[GNT] 168 (1980 census).  Western Province, Morehead District. Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Trans-Fly-Bulaka River, Trans-Fly, Morehead and Upper Maro Rivers, Tonda. 

GURAMALUM

[GRZ] 3 or 4 speakers (1987 SIL).  New Ireland Province. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Meso Melanesian, New Ireland, South New Ireland-Northwest Solomonic, Patpatar-Tolai.  Nearly extinct.
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GURIASO

[GRX] 350 (1993 SIL).  Sandaun Province, Amanab District. Classification: Kwomtari-Baibai, Kwomtari. 
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GUSAN

[GSN] 794 (1980 census).  Morobe Province. Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, Huon-Finisterre, Finisterre, Erap. 

GWAHATIKE

[DAH] 1,200 (1995 SIL).  Madang Province, Saidor District, several villages south of Saidor. Alternate names: GWATIKE, DAHATING.  Dialects: GWAHATIKE, GWAHAMERE, GORA, GWAPTI.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, Huon-Finisterre, Finisterre, Warup. 
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GWEDA

[GRW] 10 to 20 (1998 SIL).  Milne Bay Province, Alotau District, Maramatana Local Council Area, Garuwahi village. Alternate names: GARUWAHI.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Papuan Tip, Nuclear, North Papuan Mainland-D'Entrecasteaux, Are-Taupota, Taupota.  Nearly extinct.
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HAHON

[HAH] 1,300 (1977 Lincoln).  Northwest North Solomons Province. Alternate names: HANON.  Dialects: KURUR, RATSUA, ARAVIA.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Meso Melanesian, New Ireland, South New Ireland-Northwest Solomonic, Nehan-North Bougainville, Saposa-Tinputz. 
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HAIGWAI

[HGW] 942 (1990 census).  Milne Bay Province, Alotau District, Huhu Local Government Area, inland from the head of Milne Bay between Hagita and Waigani estates and the mountains to the west. Alternate names: NAURA, KAPULIKA.  Dialects: NAURA, KAPULIKA.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Papuan Tip, Nuclear, North Papuan Mainland-D'Entrecasteaux, Are-Taupota, Taupota. 
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HAKÖ

[HAO] 5,000 (1982 SIL).  North Solomons Province, North Bougainville District, northeastern Buka Island. Alternate names: HAKU.  Dialects: LONTES.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Meso Melanesian, New Ireland, South New Ireland-Northwest Solomonic, Nehan-North Bougainville, Buka, Halia. 
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HALIA

[HLA] 20,000 or more (1994 J. Allen SIL).  North Solomons Province, North Bougainville District, northeastern Buka Island. Alternate names: TASI.  Dialects: HANAHAN, HANGAN, TOULOUN (TULON, TULUN), SELAU.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Meso Melanesian, New Ireland, South New Ireland-Northwest Solomonic, Nehan-North Bougainville, Buka, Halia. 
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HAMTAI

[HMT] 45,000 (1998 Tom Palmer).  Gulf Province, Kukipi District, along the Tauri River inland east to the Ladedamu River; Morobe Province, Lae District, Kodama Range into Bulolo-Watut divide, across to Mt. Grosse and north to Mt. Taylor. Alternate names: HAMDAY, KAPAU, KAMEA, WATUT, 'KUKUKUKU'.  Dialects: WENTA, HOWI, PMASA'A, HAMTAI, KAINTIBA.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, Angan, Angan Proper. 
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HANGA HUNDI

[WOS] 6,008 (1983 SIL).  East Sepik Province, Pagwi District. 16 villages. Alternate names: KWASENGEN, WEST WOSERA.  Classification: Sepik-Ramu, Sepik, Middle Sepik, Ndu. 
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HARUAI

[TMD] 1,000 speakers (1988 B. Comrie).  Madang Province, southwest corner, southwest Mid-Ramu (Simbai) District, western Schrader Range, west of the Kobon. Alternate names: HARWAY, WAIBUK, WIYAW, WIYAU, WOVAN, TAMAN.  Dialects: NORTH WAIBUK (HAMIL), CENTRAL WAIBUK (MAMBAR), SOUTH WAIBUK (ARAMA).  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, East New Guinea Highlands, Piawi. 
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HEWA

[HAM] 2,147 (1986 P. Vollrath SIL), including 290 in Yoliapi (1982 SIL).  Southern Highlands Province, Koroba District; Enga Province, Lagaip District; Sandaun Province, Telefomin District. Lagaip River area, in the mountains north of Duna and Ipili. Alternate names: SISIMIN.  Dialects: UPPER LAGAIP, CENTRAL LAGAIP, LOWER LAGAIP, NORTH HEWA.  Classification: Sepik-Ramu, Sepik, Sepik Hill, Sanio. 
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HINIHON

[HIH] 1,100 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Madang Province, north central. Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Madang-Adelbert Range, Adelbert Range, Pihom-Isumrud-Mugil, Pihom, Tiboran. 
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HOTE

[HOT] 2,106 including 1,805 Hote and 301 Misim (1983 census).  Morobe Province, Lae District, Francisco River area. Alternate names: HO'TEI, HOTEC, MALEI.  Dialects: HOTE, MISIM (MUSIM, OMBALEI).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Huon Gulf, South, Hote-Buang, Hote. 
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HULA

[HUL] 3,000 (1987 SIL).  Central Province, Hood Peninsula. Alternate names: VULAA.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Papuan Tip, Peripheral, Central Papuan, Sinagoro-Keapara. 
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HULI

[HUI] 70,000 (1991 UBS).  Southern Highlands Province around Tari, and southern fringe of Enga Province. Alternate names: HULI-HULIDANA, HURI.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, East New Guinea Highlands, West-Central, Huli. 
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HUMENE

[HUF] 438 (1966 census).  Central Province, lower edge of Sogeri Plateau and adjacent plain between Gaire and Kapakapa villages. Manugoro is principal village. Dialects: LAGUME (LAKUME, MANUKOLU), HUMENE.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Eastern, Central and Southeastern, Kwalean. 
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IAMALELE

[YML] 2,800 (1987 SIL).  Milne Bay Province, Bwaidoka District, west Fergusson Island. Alternate names: YAMALELE.  Dialects: DIDIGAVU, GWABEGWABE, MASIMASI, CENTRAL YAMALELE, SOUTHERN YAMALELE.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Papuan Tip, Nuclear, North Papuan Mainland-D'Entrecasteaux, Bwaidoga. 
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IATMUL

[IAN] 12,000 (1986 SIL).  East Sepik Province, Ambunti and Angoram districts, Sepik River villages from Tambunum to Japandai, Kundungay area. Alternate names: BIG SEPIK, NGEPMA KWUNDI, GEPMA KWUDI, GEPMA KWUNDI.  Dialects: NYAURA, PALIMBEI.  Classification: Sepik-Ramu, Sepik, Middle Sepik, Ndu. 
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IDI

[IDI] 2,000 (1990 census).  Western Province, northwest of Agöb, east of Nambu language. Alternate names: TA:ME, DIMSISI, DIMISI, DIBLAEG.  Dialects: TAME, IDI.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Trans-Fly-Bulaka River, Trans-Fly, Pahoturi. 
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IDUNA

[VIV] 6,000 (1984 SIL).  Milne Bay Province, north coast, Goodenough Island, Esa'ala District. Alternate names: VIVIGANA, VIVIGANI.  Dialects: WAIBULA, UFAUFA, IDAKAMENAI, BELEBELE, KALAUNA, GOIALA, UFUFU, CENTRAL VIVIGANI.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Papuan Tip, Nuclear, North Papuan Mainland-D'Entrecasteaux, Bwaidoga. 
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IGANA

[IGG] 114 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Madang Province, west of Josephstaal. Classification: Sepik-Ramu, Ramu, Ramu Proper, Goam, Tamolan. 
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IGOM

[IGM] 1,082 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Madang Province, west of Tanggu. Classification: Sepik-Ramu, Ramu, Ramu Proper, Goam, Ataitan. 
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IKOBI-MENA

[MEB] 650 (1977 R. Lloyd SIL), including 350 Ikobi, 300 Mena (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Gulf Province, south of Kibirowi Island, around upper Omati River and around Middle Turama River. Alternate names: KOPO-MONIA, KASERE, WAILEMI, MENI, IKOBI KAIRI.  Dialects: MENI, MENA, PIMURU, GORAU, UTABI.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Turama-Kikorian, Turama-Omatian. 
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IMBONGU

[IMO] 16,000 (1985 SIL).  Southern Highlands Province, Ialibu District. Alternate names: IMBO UNGU, IBO UGU, IMBONGGO, AWA, AUA, AU, IMBO UNGO.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, East New Guinea Highlands, Central, Hagen, Kaugel. 
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IMONDA

[IMN] 250 (1994 SIL).  Sandaun Province, Amanab District, near Imonda airstrip. Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Northern, Border, Waris. 
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INAPANG

[MZU] 1,611 (1990 census).  Madang Province, Josephstaal Subdistrict. Alternate names: MIDSIVINDI.  Classification: Sepik-Ramu, Ramu, Ramu Proper, Goam, Tamolan. 

INOKE-YATE

[INO] 10,000 (1993 SIL).  Eastern Highlands Province, Okapa District. Alternate names: INOKE, YATE.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, East New Guinea Highlands, East-Central, Kamano-Yagaria. 
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IPIKO

[IPK] 200 (1977 SIL).  Gulf Province, 5 miles up Pie River beyond Baimuri, villages of Ipiko and Pahemuba. Alternate names: IPIKOI, HIGA, EPAI.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Inland Gulf, Ipiko. 
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IPILI

[IPI] 7,764 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Enga Province around Porgera patrol post. Alternate names: IPILI-PAIELA, IPILI-PAYALA.  Dialects: TIPININI.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, East New Guinea Highlands, West-Central, Enga. 
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ISABI

[ISA] 280 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Madang Province. Alternate names: MARUHIA.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Madang-Adelbert Range, Adelbert Range, Brahman. 
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ISEBE

[IGO] 913 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Madang Province, northern bank of Gum River, west of Madang Town. Alternate names: BALAHAIM.  Dialects: ISEBE, URUKUN, MIRKUK.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Madang-Adelbert Range, Madang, Mabuso, Gum. 
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ITERI

[ITR] 450 to 500 (1998 NTM).  East Sepik Province. Alternate names: ALOWIEMINO.  Classification: Left May. 
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ITUTANG

[ITU] 220 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  East Sepik Province. Classification: Sepik-Ramu, Ramu, Ramu Proper, Goam, Tamolan. 
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IWAL

[KBM] 1,500 (1987 SIL).  Morobe Province, Lae District, between Wau and Salamaua. Alternate names: KAIWA.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Huon Gulf, South, Kaiwa. 
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IWAM

[IWM] 3,000 (1998 NTM).  East Sepik Province, Ambunti District. Alternate names: MAY RIVER.  Classification: Sepik-Ramu, Sepik, Upper Sepik, Iwam. 
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IWAM, SEPIK

[IWS] 2,500 (1987 SIL).  East Sepik Province, Ambunti District. Villages along the Sepik River, and on lagoons north and south of the River. Alternate names: YAWENIAN.  Classification: Sepik-Ramu, Sepik, Upper Sepik, Iwam. 
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JILIM

[JIL] 409 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Madang Province. Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Madang-Adelbert Range, Madang, Rai Coast, Nuru. 
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JIMAJIMA

[JMA] 542 (1971 Dutton).  Milne Bay Province, along the coast east of Moi Bay almost to Midino, and along the Ruaba River. Alternate names: DIMA.  Dialects: WEST COASTAL JIMAJIMA, EAST INLAND JIMAJIMA.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Eastern, Central and Southeastern, Dagan. 
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KABADI

[KBT] 1,500 (1975 SIL).  Central Province, north of Galley Reach. Alternate names: GABADI.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Papuan Tip, Peripheral, Central Papuan, West Central Papuan, Gabadi. 
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KAIAN

[KCT] 322 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Madang Province. Alternate names: KAYAN.  Classification: Sepik-Ramu, Ramu, Ramu Proper, Ruboni, Ottilien. 

KAIEP

[KBW] 300 (1993 SIL).  East Sepik Province, coast around Taul at Kaiep. Alternate names: SAMAP.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Schouten, Kairiru-Manam, Kairiru. 
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KAIRAK

[CKR] 750 (1988 SIL).  East New Britain Province, Gazelle Peninsula. Classification: East Papuan, Yele-Solomons-New Britain, New Britain, Baining-Taulil. 
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KAIRIRU

[KXA] 3,507 (1981 R. Wivell).  East Sepik Province, Wewak District, Kairiru, Yuo, Karesau Islands, several coastal villages on the mainland between Cape Karawop and Cape Samein, and northern and western Mushu Island. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Schouten, Kairiru-Manam, Kairiru. 
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KAKABAI

[KQF] 816 (1990 census).  Milne Bay Province, Alotau District, Weraura and Suau Local Government Areas, inland villages, eastern tip of Papua. Alternate names: IGORA.  Dialects: NORTH KAKABAI, SOUTH KAKABAI.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Papuan Tip, Nuclear, North Papuan Mainland-D'Entrecasteaux, Kakabai. 
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KAKI AE

[TBD] 310 (1993 SIL).  Gulf Province, southeast of Kerema. Alternate names: TATE, RAEPA TATI, TATI, LORABADA, LOU.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Eleman, Tate. 
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KALAM

[KMH] 15,000 (1991 SIL).  Madang Province, Ramu District, and in Western Highlands Province, Hagen District, along the north side of the Jimi River into the Kaironk Valley. Alternate names: AFORO, KARAM.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, East New Guinea Highlands, Kalam, Kalam-Kobon. 
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KALOU

[YWA] 820 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Sandaun Province, northwest of Hauna in the Sepik Iwam area. Alternate names: YAWA.  Classification: Sepik-Ramu, Sepik, Tama. 
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KALULI

[BCO] 2,500 (1994 Grosh SIL).  Southern Highlands Province, extending into Western Province, on the northern and western slopes of Mt. Bosavi. Alternate names: BOSAVI.  Dialects: OLOGO, KALULI, WALULU, KUGENESI.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, Central and South New Guinea-Kutubuan, Central and South New Guinea, Bosavi. 
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KAMANO

[KBQ] 70,000 (1994 SIL).  Eastern Highlands Province, Kainantu and Henganofi districts. Alternate names: KAMANO-KAFE.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, East New Guinea Highlands, East-Central, Kamano-Yagaria. 
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KAMASA

[KLP] 20 (1978 McElhanon).  Morobe Province, in part of the Katsiong census unit. Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, Angan, Angan Proper.  Nearly extinct.
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KAMASAU

[KMS] 790 (1990 census).  East Sepik Province, Wewak District. Segi is in Kamasau, Tring, and Wau villages, Hagi in Kenyari, Ghini in Yibab, Wandomi, and Wobu. Alternate names: WAND TUAN.  Dialects: HAGI, SEGI, GHINI.  Classification: Torricelli, Marienberg. 
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KAMBAIRA

[KYY] 135 (1971 Wurm).  Eastern Highlands Province, Kainantu District. Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, East New Guinea Highlands, Eastern, Kambaira. 
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KAMBERATARO

[KBV] 687 in Papua New Guinea.  Sandaun Province, Amanab District, both sides of the Faringi River. Alternate names: DERA, DRA, MANGGUAR, KOMBERATORO, KAMBERATORO.  Dialects: NORTH KAMBERATARO, SOUTH KAMBERATARO, MENGAU, LIHEN, DUKA-EKOR.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Senagi. 
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KAMULA

[KHM] 800 (1998 SIL).  Villages of Wasapea, Aramia River area, and villages of Keseki and Somokopa, Wawoi Falls area, Western Province. Alternate names: KAMURA, WAWOI.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, Central and South New Guinea-Kutubuan, Central and South New Guinea, Awin-Pare. 
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KANASI

[SOQ] 2,200 (1998 SIL).  Milne Bay Province, Rabaraba District, on both sides of the main range river valleys from Mt. Thomson. Alternate names: SONA.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Eastern, Central and Southeastern, Dagan. 
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KANDAS

[KQW] 480 (1972 Beaumont).  New Ireland Province, southwest coast, Watpi, King, and Kait villages. Alternate names: KING.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Meso Melanesian, New Ireland, South New Ireland-Northwest Solomonic, Patpatar-Tolai. 

KANDAWO

[GAM] 5,000 (1994 SIL).  Western Highlands Province, Hagen District in the upper Jimi headwaters, on the slopes of Mt. Wilhelm. Alternate names: NARAKE.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, East New Guinea Highlands, Central, Jimi. 
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KANINGRA

[KNR] 327 (2 villages).  East Sepik Province, Blackwater River just south of Kuvanmas Lake. Alternate names: KANINGARA.  Classification: Sepik-Ramu, Sepik, Sepik Hill, Alamblak. 
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KANITE

[KMU] 8,000 (1991 SIL).  Eastern Highlands Province, Okapa District. Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, East New Guinea Highlands, East-Central, Kamano-Yagaria. 
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KANUM, SOTA

[KRZ]   Western Province, southwestern half of area between Fly River and coast. Alternate names: ENKELEMBU.  Dialects: NORTH KANUM (SOTA), SOUTH KANUM, CENTRAL KANUM (BRONGA, BERONK).  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Trans-Fly-Bulaka River, Trans-Fly, Morehead and Upper Maro Rivers, Tonda. 
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KAPIN

[TBX] 2,351 (1979 census).  Morobe Province, Mumeng District, Bulolo District, 5 villages in the hills southwest of Mumeng, and settlements in Wau and Lae. Alternate names: SAMBIO, TAIAK, TAYEK, KATUMENE.  Dialects: KAPIN, GARAWA (GAWAWA).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Huon Gulf, South, Hote-Buang, Buang. 
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KAPRIMAN

[DJU] 1,450 in 6 villages (1986 PBT).  East Sepik Province, Blackwater River and Korosameri River. Alternate names: WASARE, MUGUMUTE.  Dialects: KAPRIMAN, KARAMBIT.  Classification: Sepik-Ramu, Sepik, Sepik Hill, Bahinemo. 
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KARA

[LEU] 5,000 (1998 SIL).  New Ireland Province, northern New Ireland District. Alternate names: LEMUSMUS, LEMAKOT.  Dialects: EAST KARA, WEST KARA.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Meso Melanesian, New Ireland, Lavongai-Nalik. 
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KARAWA

[QKR] 463 (1991 SIL).  Sandaun Province. Alternate names: BULAWA.  Classification: Sepik-Ramu, Sepik, Ram. 
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KARE

[KMF] 384 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Madang Province. Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Madang-Adelbert Range, Madang, Mabuso, Kare. 
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KARKAR-YURI

[YUJ] 1,142 (1994 SIL).  Sandaun Province, Amanab District, along the Irian Jaya border. Alternate names: YURI, KARKAR.  Dialects: NORTH CENTRAL YURI, AUIA-TARAUWI, USARI.  Classification: Language Isolate. 
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KARORE

[XKX] 500 to 600 (1995 SIL).  West New Britain Province, Kandrian District. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Ngero-Vitiaz, Vitiaz, Southwest New Britain, Arawe-Pasismanua, Pasismanua. 
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KASUA

[KHS] 600 in 6 villages (1990 SIL).  Southern Highlands Province, east and south of Mt. Bosavi, and Western Province. Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, Central and South New Guinea-Kutubuan, Central and South New Guinea, Bosavi. 

KÂTE

[KMG] 6,125 (1978 McElhanon).  Morobe Province, Finschhafen District. Alternate names: KAI, KÂTE DONG.  Dialects: MAGOBINENG (BAMOTA), WAMORA (WAMOLA), WEMO, PAREC, WANA.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, Huon-Finisterre, Huon, Eastern. 
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KAULONG

[PSS] 3,000 (1991 SIL).  West New Britain Province, Kandrian District, southwest hinterland. Alternate names: PASISMANUA, KOWLONG.  Dialects: KAULONG, EAST INLAND KAULONG.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Ngero-Vitiaz, Vitiaz, Southwest New Britain, Arawe-Pasismanua, Pasismanua. 
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KAWACHA

[KCB] 30 (1978 McElhanon).  Morobe Province, east of Ampale, in part of the Katsiong census unit. Alternate names: KAWATSA.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, Angan, Angan Proper.  Nearly extinct.
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KELA

[KCL] 2,145 (1980 census).  Morobe Province, southern coast of Huon Gulf, between Salamaua and Kui, Paiawa River. 10 villages. Alternate names: GELA, KELANA, LAUKANU.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Huon Gulf, North. 
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KELE

[SBC] 600 (1982 SIL).  Manus Province, south coast inland, Buyang, Droia, Kawaliap, Koruniat, Tingau. Alternate names: GELE'.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Admiralty Islands, Eastern, Manus, East. 
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KENATI

[GAT] 950 (1990 census).  Eastern Highlands Province, Wonenara District. All 3 villages are within ten miles of Wonenara. Alternate names: KENATHI, GANATI, AZIANA.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, East New Guinea Highlands, Kenati. 
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KEOPARA

[KHZ] 16,423 (1975 SIL).  Central Province, coast from east of Hood Peninsula to Lalaura west of Cape Rodney. 3 villages. Alternate names: KEAPARA, KEREPUNU.  Dialects: BABAGA, KALO, KEOPARA, AROMA (ARONA, ALOMA, GALOMA), MAOPA, WANIGELA, KAPARI, LALAURA.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Papuan Tip, Peripheral, Central Papuan, Sinagoro-Keapara. 
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KEREAKA

[KJX] 1,000 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  North Solomons Province, northwest Bougainville Island, south of Rapoisi. Alternate names: KERIAKA.  Classification: East Papuan, Bougainville, West, Keriaka. 
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KEREWO

[KXZ] 2,200 (1975 Wurm).  Gulf Province, west bank of Omati River, east and inland to Samoa village. Alternate names: KEREWA, KEREWA-GOARI.  Dialects: GIBARIO (GOARIBARI).  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Trans-Fly-Bulaka River, Trans-Fly, Kiwaian. 
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KESAWAI

[QKE] 538 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Madang Province. Alternate names: NAMUYA.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Madang-Adelbert Range, Madang, Rai Coast, Evapia. 
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KEURU

[QQK] 4,523 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Gulf Province, from the mouth of the Purari River east to the Bairu River. Alternate names: KEURO, BELEPA, HAURA, HAURA HAELA.  Dialects: AHEAVE.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Eleman, Eleman Proper, Western. 

KEWA, EAST

[KJS] 35,000 (1997 K. Franklin SIL).  Southern Highlands Province, Ialibu and Kagua districts. Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, East New Guinea Highlands, West-Central, Angal-Kewa. 
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KEWA, WEST

[KEW] 35,000 (1997 K. Franklin SIL).  Southern Highlands Province, Kagua and Mendi districts. Alternate names: PASUMA.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, East New Guinea Highlands, West-Central, Angal-Kewa. 
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KEYAGANA

[KYG] 12,284 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Okapa and Henganofi districts, Eastern Highlands Province. Alternate names: KEIGANA, KEIAGANA, KE'YAGANA.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, East New Guinea Highlands, East-Central, Kamano-Yagaria. 
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KHEHEK

[TLX] 1,600 (1991 SIL).  Manus Province, Soparibeu District. Ndrehet, Levei, and Bucho villages; Ndrehet is the center. Alternate names: LEVEI-DREHET, LEVEI-NDREHET.  Dialects: LEVEI (LEBEI, LEBEJ), DREHET (KHEHEK, CHEHEK, CHECHEK), BUCHO.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Admiralty Islands, Eastern, Manus, West. 
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KIBIRI

[PRM] 1,100 (1977 SIL).  Gulf Province, Kikori District, near Aird Hills, on several tributaries of Kikori River, villages of Tipeowo, Doibo, Paile, Babaguina, Ero, and Wowa. Alternate names: POROME, POLOME.  Dialects: AIRD HILLS (KIBIRI), POROME.  Classification: Language Isolate. 
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KILIVILA

[KIJ] 22,000 (1991 UBS).  Milne Bay Province, Trobriand Islands. Alternate names: KIRIWINA.  Dialects: KITAVA, VAKUTA, SINAKETA.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Papuan Tip, Peripheral, Kilivila-Louisiades, Kilivila. 
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KILMERI

[KIH] 2,231 (1991 SIL).  Sandaun Province, Vanimo District near Ossima. 15 villages. Alternate names: KILMERA.  Dialects: WESTERN KILMERI (ISI), EASTERN KILMERI (OSSIMA).  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Northern, Border, Bewani. 
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KINALAKNA

[KCO] 219 (1978 McElhanon).  Morobe Province. Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, Huon-Finisterre, Huon, Western. 

KIRE

[GEB] 2,000 (1986 PBT).  Madang Province, lower Ramu, around Garati village. Alternate names: GIRE, GIRI, KIRE-PUIRE.  Classification: Sepik-Ramu, Ramu, Ramu Proper, Ruboni, Misegian. 
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KIS

[KIS] 216 (1977 Lincoln).  East Sepik Province, 10 to 20 miles south southeast of Samap, inland from the coast. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Schouten, Kairiru-Manam, Manam. 

KIWAI, NORTHEAST

[KIW] 4,400 including 1,300 in Kope, 700 in Gibaio, 1,700 in Urama, 700 in Arigibi (1986 Foley).  Gulf Province. Alternate names: GIBAIO.  Dialects: GIBAIO, KOPE (GOPE, ERA RIVER), URAMA, ARIGIBI (ANIGIBI).  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Trans-Fly-Bulaka River, Trans-Fly, Kiwaian. 
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KIWAI, SOUTHERN

[KJD] 9,700 (1975 Wurm), including 3,800 in Coast, 1,000 in Daru, 4,500 in Island Kiwai, 400 in Doumori.  Western Province, Fly River Delta. Dialects: DOUMORI, COAST KIWAI, SOUTHERN COAST KIWAI, DARU KIWAI, EASTERN KIWAI, ISLAND KIWAI.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Trans-Fly-Bulaka River, Trans-Fly, Kiwaian. 
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KOBON

[KPW] 6,000 (1991 SIL).  Madang Province, Middle Ramu District, and Western Highlands Province on Kaironk River in lower Jimi River area north of Mt. Hagen. Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, East New Guinea Highlands, Kalam, Kalam-Kobon. 
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KOGUMAN

[QKG] 943 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Madang Province. Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Madang-Adelbert Range, Adelbert Range, Pihom-Isumrud-Mugil, Pihom, Omosan. 
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KOIALI, MOUNTAIN

[KPX] 1,700 (1975 SIL).  Central Province, Port Moresby District, north of Koita, Koiari, and Barai. One village is Efogi. Alternate names: MOUNTAIN KOIARI.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Eastern, Central and Southeastern, Koiarian, Koiaric. 
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KOIARI, GRASS

[KBK] 1,800 (1973 SIL).  Central Province, east of Port Moresby and to coast. Alternate names: KOIARI.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Eastern, Central and Southeastern, Koiarian, Koiaric. 
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KOITABU

[KQI] 3,000 (1989 SIL).  Central Province, around Port Moresby. Alternate names: KOITA.  Dialects: WEST KOITA, EAST KOITA.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Eastern, Central and Southeastern, Koiarian, Koiaric. 
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KOIWAT

[KXT] 450 (1975 SIL).  East Sepik Province, Ambunti District. Classification: Sepik-Ramu, Sepik, Middle Sepik, Ndu. 

KOL

[KOL] 4,000 (1991 SIL), including 1,300 Sui, Kol (1987).  East New Britain Province, Pomio District, Open Bay to the waterfall. Most are on the south side of the Island. Alternate names: KOLE, KOLA.  Dialects: SUI, KOL (NAKGAKTAI).  Classification: East Papuan, Yele-Solomons-New Britain, New Britain. 
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KOLOM

[KLM] 209 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Madang Province. Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Madang-Adelbert Range, Madang, Rai Coast, Kabenau. 

KOLUAWAWA

[KLX] 900 (1998 SIL).  Milne Bay Province, northwest tip of Fergusson Island. Alternate names: KALOKALO, KOLUWA.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Papuan Tip, Nuclear, North Papuan Mainland-D'Entrecasteaux, Bwaidoga. 
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KOMBA

[KPF] 12,235 (1978 McElhanon).  Morobe Province, Kabwum District. Dialects: EAST KOMBA, CENTRAL KOMBA, WEST CENTRAL KOMBA, BORDER KOMBA, WEST KOMBA.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, Huon-Finisterre, Huon, Western. 
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KOMBIO

[KOK] 2,545 (1980 census).  East Sepik Province, Dreikikir District, Torricelli Mts. 31 villages. Alternate names: ENDANGEN.  Dialects: NORTH KOMBIO (AKWUN), WEST-CENTRAL KOMBIO (WAPUKUAMP), SOUTH KOMBIO (YANIMOI).  Classification: Torricelli, Kombio-Arapesh, Kombio. 
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KOMINIMUNG

[QKM] 328 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Madang Province. Classification: Sepik-Ramu, Ramu, Ramu Proper, Goam, Tamolan. 
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KOMUTU

[KLT] 510 (1978 McElhanon).  Morobe Province, lower Timbe River valley. Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, Huon-Finisterre, Finisterre, Uruwa. 

KONAI

[KXW] 600 (1991 SIL).  Western Province, west side of Upper Strickland River. Alternate names: MIRAPMIN.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, Central and South New Guinea-Kutubuan, Central and South New Guinea, East Strickland. 
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KONOMALA

[KOA] 800 (1985 SIL).  New Ireland Province, southeastern coast. 8 villages. Dialects: LAKET, KONOMALA.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Meso Melanesian, New Ireland, South New Ireland-Northwest Solomonic, Patpatar-Tolai. 
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KOPAR

[QKO] 229 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  East Sepik Province. Classification: Sepik-Ramu, Nor-Pondo, Nor. 
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KORAFE

[KPR] 2,800 to 3,000 (1997 J. Farr SIL).  Oro Province, Tufi District, on the headlands (fiord system) of Cape Nelson. Alternate names: KORAPE, KORAFI, KWARAFE, KAILIKAILI.  Dialects: KORAFE, MOKORUA (YEGA, YEGHA).  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Eastern, Binanderean, Binanderean Proper. 
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KORAK

[KOZ] 205 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Madang Province. Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Madang-Adelbert Range, Adelbert Range, Pihom-Isumrud-Mugil, Isumrud, Kowan. 

KORO

[KXR] 400 (1983 SIL).  Manus Province. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Admiralty Islands, Eastern, Manus, East. 
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KOROMIRA

[KQJ] 1,562 including 1,448 Koromira and 114 Koianu (1990 C. Hurd SIL).  North Solomons Province, Kieta District, central mountains and southeast coast. Dialects: KOROMIRA, KOIANU.  Classification: East Papuan, Bougainville, East, Nasioi. 
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KOSENA

[KZE] 2,000 (1987 SIL).  Eastern Highlands Province, Kainantu and Okapa districts. Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, East New Guinea Highlands, Eastern, Gadsup-Auyana-Awa. 
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KOSORONG

[KSR] 2,000 (1998 SIL).  Morobe Province, Finschhafen District, 5 villages and 5 hamlets in the central Huon Peninsula between the Kuat and Burum rivers, south of Mindik airstrip. Burum and Kuat are tributaries of the Mongi River. Many live in Lae and other towns. Alternate names: NAAMA.  Dialects: KOSORONG, YANGEBORONG.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, Huon-Finisterre, Huon, Eastern. 
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KOVAI

[KQB] 4,500 (1991 SIL).  Morobe Province, Siassi District, Umboi or Rooke Island, 12 villages. Alternate names: UMBOI, KOBAI, KOWAI.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, Huon-Finisterre, Huon, Kovai. 
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KOVE

[KVC] 6,750 (1994 SIL).  West New Britain Province, northwest coast. 24 villages, most on small islands off the coast. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Ngero-Vitiaz, Ngero, Bariai. 
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KOWAKI

[QKK] 31 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Madang Province. Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Madang-Adelbert Range, Adelbert Range, Pihom-Isumrud-Mugil, Pihom, Tiboran. 
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KRISA

[KRO] 400 (1993 SIL).  Sandaun Province near coast. Classification: Sko, Krisa. 
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KUANUA

[KSD] 61,000 (1991 SIL), 80,000 including second language speakers (1985 UBS).  East New Britain Province, Rabaul District, Gazelle Peninsula. Alternate names: TOLAI, GUNANTUNA, TINATA TUNA, TUNA, BLANCHE BAY, NEW BRITAIN LANGUAGE.  Dialects: VUNADIDIR, RAPITOK, RALUANA, VANUMAMI, LIVUAN, MATUPIT, KOKOPO, KABAKADA, NODUP, KININANGGUNAN, RAKUNEI, REBAR, WATOM, MASAWA.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Meso Melanesian, New Ireland, South New Ireland-Northwest Solomonic, Patpatar-Tolai. 
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KUBE

[KGF] 6,000 (1987 SIL).  Morobe Province, Dindiu District, at the eastern headwaters of the Mongi River, on the eastern slopes of the lower Kua River valley and Foris River Valley. Alternate names: MONGI, HUBE.  Dialects: KURUNGTUFU, YOANGEN (YOANGGENG).  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, Huon-Finisterre, Huon, Eastern. 
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KUBO

[JKO] 1,000.  Western Province, Lake Murray District, northern half of Upper Strickland Census District, east of Strickland River, north of the Samo. Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, Central and South New Guinea-Kutubuan, Central and South New Guinea, East Strickland. 
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KUMALU

[KSL] 2,583 (1979 census).  Morobe Province, Mumeng District. Alternate names: KUMARA.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Huon Gulf, South, Hote-Buang, Buang, Mumeng. 
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KUMAN

[KUE] 80,000 (1994 SIL).  Simbu Province, northern third, overlapping into Minj Subprovince of Western Highlands Province. Alternate names: CHIMBU, SIMBU.  Dialects: KUMAN, NAGANE (GENAGANE, GENOGANE).  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, East New Guinea Highlands, Central, Chimbu. 
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KUMUKIO

[KUO] 552 (1978 McElhanon).  Morobe Province. Alternate names: KUMOKIO.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, Huon-Finisterre, Huon, Western. 

KUNI

[KSE] 4,500 (1993 SIL).  Central Province, Kairuku and southwest Goilala districts, towards Port Moresby, south of Mekeo. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Papuan Tip, Peripheral, Central Papuan, West Central Papuan, Nuclear. 
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KUNIMAIPA

[KUP] 11,000 (1991 SIL), including 1,429 in Morobe Province (1978 McElhanon).  Central Province, northern Goilala District; Morobe Province, Wau District. Dialects: KARUAMA, KATE (HATE), GAJILI (GAJILA, GAZILI, HAZILI).  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Eastern, Central and Southeastern, Goilalan, Kunimaipa. 
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KUNJA

[PEP] 223 (1980 census).  Western Province, extreme southwest. Alternate names: LOWER MOREHEAD, THUNDAI-KANZA, PEREMKA.  Dialects: GAMBADI, SEMARIJI.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Trans-Fly-Bulaka River, Trans-Fly, Morehead and Upper Maro Rivers, Tonda. 
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KUOT

[KTO] 2,300 (1996 census).  New Ireland Province, northwest coast. 9 villages. Alternate names: KUAT, PANARAS.  Classification: East Papuan, Yele-Solomons-New Britain, New Britain, Kuot. 
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KURTI

[KTM] 2,600 (1990 census).  Manus Province, north central coast. Alternate names: KURUTI, KURUTI-PARE, NDRUGUL.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Admiralty Islands, Eastern, Manus, East. 
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KWATO

[KOP] 778 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Madang Province. Alternate names: WAUPE.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Madang-Adelbert Range, Madang, Rai Coast, Nuru. 
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KWOMA

[KMO] 2,865 in about 12 villages (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  East Sepik Province, Ambunti District, along the Sepik River, along the Sanchi River. Alternate names: WASHKUK.  Dialects: KWOMA (WASHKUK), NUKUMA.  Classification: Sepik-Ramu, Sepik, Middle Sepik, Nukuma. 
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KWOMTARI

[KWO] 600 (1998 SIL).  Sandaun Province, Amanab District, north of Namia. 6 villages. Dialects: WEST CENTRAL KWOMTARI, EKOS-YENABI-MARAGIN.  Classification: Kwomtari-Baibai, Kwomtari. 
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KYAKA

[KYC] 15,368 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Enga Province. Alternate names: BAIYER, ENGA-KYAKA.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, East New Guinea Highlands, West-Central, Enga. 
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KYENELE

[KQL] 1,000 (1986 UBS).  East Sepik Province, Giling village, Yuat River. Alternate names: KEÑELE, KEYELE, KENEN BIRANG, KYENYING-BARANG, KENYING BULANG, MIYAK.  Classification: Sepik-Ramu, Ramu, Yuat-Waibuk, Yuat-Maramba, Yuat. 
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LABEL

[LBB] 144 (1979 census).  New Ireland Province, southwest coast, Nasko and Tampakar villages. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Meso Melanesian, New Ireland, South New Ireland-Northwest Solomonic, Patpatar-Tolai. 

LABU

[LBU] 1,600 including 800 in Labu-Butu (1989 SIL).  Morobe Province, coast near the mouth of the Markham River. 3 communities: Labu-Butu, Labu-Miti, and Labu-Tali. Alternate names: LABU', LABO, HAPA.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Huon Gulf, Markham, Lower, Labu. 
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LAEKO-LIBUAT

[LKL] 538 including 518 in area and 20 outside (1978 census).  Sandaun Province, Torricelli Mts., west of Mehek. Alternate names: LAEKO, LAEKO-LIMBUAT.  Classification: Torricelli, Maimai, Laeko-Libuat. 
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LAK

[SJR] 1,800 (1991 SIL).  Southern New Ireland Province, Namatanai District. Alternate names: SIAR, LAMBOM, LAMASSA.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Meso Melanesian, New Ireland, South New Ireland-Northwest Solomonic, Patpatar-Tolai. 
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LAMOGAI

[LMG] 3,653 (1980 Johnston).  West New Britain Province, northwest interior, and 2 regions on the south coast. Alternate names: MULAKAINO, AKIURU.  Dialects: IBANGA (IVANGA), PULIE-RAUTO (RAUTO, ROTO), LOMOGAI, MUSEN, PARET.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Ngero-Vitiaz, Vitiaz, Southwest New Britain, Bibling. 
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LANGAM

[LNM] 254 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  East Sepik Province. Classification: Sepik-Ramu, Ramu, Yuat-Waibuk, Mongol-Langam. 
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LANTANAI

[LNI] 300 (1990 C. Hurd SIL).  North Solomons Province, Kieta District, Piruneu' village. Classification: East Papuan, Bougainville, East, Nasioi. 
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LAUA

[LUF] 1 speaker (1987 SIL).  Central Province, north and west of Laua. Alternate names: LABU.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Eastern, Central and Southeastern, Mailuan.  Nearly extinct.
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LAVATBURA-LAMUSONG

[LBV] 1,308 (1972 Beaumont).  New Ireland Province, central. Alternate names: LAMASONG.  Dialects: UGANA, KONTU, LAVATBURA, LAMUSONG (LAMASONG).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Meso Melanesian, New Ireland, Madak. 

LEIPON

[LEK] 650 (1977 Lincoln).  Manus Province, Lolo village, Hauwai, Ndrilo, and Pityilu islands. Alternate names: PITILU, PITYILU.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Admiralty Islands, Eastern, Manus, East. 
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LELE

[UGA] 1,300 (1982 SIL).  Manus Province, Manus Island. Alternate names: LELE HAI, HAI, USIAI, MOANUS, MANUS, ELU-KARA.  Dialects: SABON.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Admiralty Islands, Eastern, Manus, East. 
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LEMBENA

[LEQ] 1,500 (1994 SIL).  Enga Province, northeast corner, and into East Sepik Province. 10 villages. Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, East New Guinea Highlands, West-Central, Enga. 
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LEMIO

[LEI] 175 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Madang Province, several villages on coast near Saidor. Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Madang-Adelbert Range, Madang, Rai Coast, Kabenau. 

LENKAU

[LER] 250 (1982 SIL).  Manus Province, southwest Rambutyo Island. 1 village only. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Admiralty Islands, Eastern, Southeast Islands. 
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LESING-GELIMI

[LET] 929 (1982 SIL).  Eastern end of West New Britain Province, south coast, Kaskas Island and Amio village (Lesing dialect), Atui Island and Paronga village (Gelimi dialect). Alternate names: LESING-ATUI, ATUI.  Dialects: LESING, GELIMI.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Ngero-Vitiaz, Vitiaz, Southwest New Britain, Arawe-Pasismanua, Arawe, East Arawe. 
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LEWADA-DEWARA

[LWD] 450 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Western Province, southern bank and hinterland of Fly Estuary, east of Tirio, and on Sumogi Island around Dewala. Alternate names: LEWADA, DEWALA-LEWADA.  Dialects: BALAMULA (MATARU), DEWALA, LEWADA.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Trans-Fly-Bulaka River, Trans-Fly, Tirio. 
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LIHIR

[LIH] 6,000 (1985 SIL).  New Ireland Province, Lihir Island and 3 smaller islands. Alternate names: LIR.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Meso Melanesian, New Ireland, Tabar. 
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LIKUM

[LIB] 100 (1977 Lincoln).  Manus Province. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Admiralty Islands, Eastern, Manus, West. 
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LILAU

[LLL] 449 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Madang Province, Bogia District. Alternate names: NGAIMBOM.  Classification: Torricelli, Monumbo. 

LONIU

[LOS] 460 (1977 Lincoln).  Manus Province, Lolak and Loniu villages, south coast of Los Negros Island. Alternate names: LONIO, NDROKU.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Admiralty Islands, Eastern, Manus, Mokoreng-Loniu. 
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LOTE

[UVL] 4,200 (1982 SIL).  East New Britain Province, Pomio District, southeast coast and inland near Cape Dampier. Alternate names: UVOL.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Ngero-Vitiaz, Vitiaz, Mengen. 
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LOU

[LOJ] 1,000 (1994 SIL).  Manus Province, Lou Island. Dialects: REI.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Admiralty Islands, Eastern, Southeast Islands. 
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LUKEP

[LOA] 591 (1980 census).  Morobe Province, Tolokiwa and north tip of Umboi Island. Alternate names: SIASI, SIASSI, TOLOKIWA, LOKEP.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Ngero-Vitiaz, Vitiaz, Korap. 
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LUSI

[KHL] 2,000 (1994 SIL).  West New Britain Province, northwest coast. Alternate names: KALIAI.  Dialects: KALIAI.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Ngero-Vitiaz, Ngero, Bariai. 
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MADAK

[MMX] 3,000 (1985 UBS).  New Ireland Province, Central New Ireland District. Alternate names: MANDAK, LELET.  Dialects: DANU, KATINGAN, LELET, MESI, MALOM.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Meso Melanesian, New Ireland, Madak. 
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MAGORI

[MDR] 200 (1971 Dutton).  Central Province, eastern end of Table Bay, lower reaches of Bailebo-Tavenei River. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Papuan Tip, Peripheral, Central Papuan, Oumic, Magoric. 
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MAIA

[SKS] 2,500 (1987 SIL).  Madang Province, Bogia District, on the mainland south of Manam Island. Alternate names: SAKI, PILA, SUARO, TURUTAP, YAKIBA, MAYA, BANAR.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Madang-Adelbert Range, Adelbert Range, Pihom-Isumrud-Mugil, Pihom, Kaukombaran. 
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MAIADOM

[MZZ] 716 (1998 census).  Milne Bay Province, Bwaidoka District, East Fergusson Island. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Papuan Tip, Nuclear, North Papuan Mainland-D'Entrecasteaux, Bwaidoga. 
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MAIANI

[TNH] 2,496 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Madang Province, Bogia District. Alternate names: TANI, BANARA, WAGIMUDA, MIANI SOUTH.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Madang-Adelbert Range, Adelbert Range, Pihom-Isumrud-Mugil, Pihom, Kaukombaran. 
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MAILU

[MGU] 6,000 (1980 UBS).  Central Province, south coast, Gadaisu to Baramata, Table Bay and Toulon Island. Alternate names: MAGI.  Dialects: DOMARA, DARAVA, ASIAORO, DEREBAI, ISLAND, GEAGEA, BOREBO, ILAI, BAIBARA.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Eastern, Central and Southeastern, Mailuan. 
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MAISIN

[MBQ] 3,000 (1996 John Barker).  Oro Province, villages along coast of Collingwood Bay and Kosirava swamp. Alternate names: MAISAN.  Dialects: KOSIRAVA, MAISIN.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Papuan Tip, Nuclear, Maisin. 
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MAIWA

[MTI] 1,400 (1998 SIL).  Milne Bay Province, Rabaraba District, on the northern slopes and foothills of the Meneao Range eastward from the Mt. Tantam Valley of the Ruaba River; it reaches the coast of Moi Bin Bay, extending into Oro Province. Dialects: MAIWA, OREN, MANIGARA, GAIREN, GWARETA.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Eastern, Central and Southeastern, Dagan. 
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MAIWALA

[MUM] 1,294 (1990 census).  Milne Bay Province, Alotau District, Huhu Local Government Area, at the head of Milne Bay. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Papuan Tip, Nuclear, North Papuan Mainland-D'Entrecasteaux, Are-Taupota, Taupota. 
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MAKOLKOL

[ZMH] 7 (1988 SIL).  East New Britain Province, Gazelle Peninsula. Classification: East Papuan, Yele-Solomons-New Britain, New Britain, Baining-Taulil.  Nearly extinct.
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MALA

[PED] 769 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Madang Province, Bogia District. Alternate names: MALALA, PAY, PAI, ALAM, BANARA, DAGOI, HATZFELDHAFEN, DAGUI.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Madang-Adelbert Range, Adelbert Range, Pihom-Isumrud-Mugil, Pihom, Kaukombaran. 
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MALALAMAI

[MMT] 341 (1977 Lincoln).  Madang Province, Rai coast east and west of Saidor; Malalamai and Bonga villages. Alternate names: BONGA.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Ngero-Vitiaz, Ngero, Bariai. 

MALAS

[MKR] 220 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Madang Province near Tokain. Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Madang-Adelbert Range, Adelbert Range, Pihom-Isumrud-Mugil, Isumrud, Mabuan. 

MALASANGA

[MQZ] 435 (1991 SIL).  Morobe Province, north coast, two villages: Malasanga and Singorakai. Dialects: MALASANGA, SINGORAKAI.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Ngero-Vitiaz, Vitiaz, Korap. 
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MALE

[MDC] 393 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Madang Province, coast south of Bom. Alternate names: KOLIKU.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Madang-Adelbert Range, Madang, Rai Coast, Mindjim. 
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MALEU-KILENGE

[MGL] 5,000 (1991 SIL), including 440 Kilenge (M. Ross 1988).  West New Britain Province, Talasea District, western tip. Alternate names: IDNE.  Dialects: MALEU, KILENGE (KAITAROLEA).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Ngero-Vitiaz, Vitiaz, Kilenge-Maleu. 
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MALI

[GCC] 2,200 (1988 SIL).  East New Britain Province, eastern Gazelle Peninsula. Alternate names: GAKTAI.  Classification: East Papuan, Yele-Solomons-New Britain, New Britain, Baining-Taulil. 
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MALINGUAT

[SIC] 9,000 (1986 PBT).  East Sepik Province, Maprik District, Sepik Plains south of Maprik. Alternate names: TSHWOSH, TSHUOSH, KWARUWIKWUNDI, SEPIK PLAINS.  Dialects: KOIWAT, BURUI, CHIMBIAN, CENTRAL SAWOS, EASTERN SAWOS.  Classification: Sepik-Ramu, Sepik, Middle Sepik, Ndu. 
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MALOL

[MBK] 3,330.  Sandaun Province, around Malol village. Alternate names: MALON, MALOLO.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Schouten, Siau. 
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MAMAA

[MHF] 198 in one village (1978 McElhanon).  Morobe Province. Alternate names: MAMA.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, Huon-Finisterre, Finisterre, Erap. 

MAMUSI

[KDF] 6,000 (1985 SIL).  East New Britain Province, southeast coast, inland on the Melkoi and Torlu rivers. Inland villages are up to 40 km. from the coast. Alternate names: KAKUNA.  Dialects: MAMUSI, MELKOI (KAKUNA).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Ngero-Vitiaz, Vitiaz, Mengen. 
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MANAGALASI

[MCQ] 5,000 (1982 SIL).  Oro Province, Popondetta District, southeast of the Omie. Alternate names: MANAGULASI.  Dialects: MUATURAINA, CHIMONA, DEA, AKABAFA, NAMI, MESARI, AVERI, AFORE, MINJORI, OKO, WAKUE, NUMBA, JIMUNI, KARIRA.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Eastern, Central and Southeastern, Koiarian, Baraic. 
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MANAM

[MVA] 7,000 (1998 SIL).  Manam and Boesa islands, Madang Province, Bogia District, and in Sepa and Wanami on the adjacent mainland. Alternate names: MANUM.  Dialects: WANAMI.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Schouten, Kairiru-Manam, Manam. 
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MANAMBU

[MLE] 2,058 in 3 villages (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  East Sepik Province, Ambunti Subprovince, villages along the Sepik River. Classification: Sepik-Ramu, Sepik, Middle Sepik, Ndu. 
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MANDARA

[TBF] 2,500 (1985 SIL).  New Ireland Province, Simberi, Tatau, Tabar and one other island. Alternate names: MADARA, TABAR.  Dialects: SIMBERI, TATAU, TABAR.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Meso Melanesian, New Ireland, Lavongai-Nalik. 

MANDI

[TUA] 162 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  East Sepik Province, coast about 15 miles southeast of Wewak. Alternate names: IMANDI.  Classification: Torricelli, Marienberg. 

MANDOBO

[KZH]   Western Province, east of Fly River around Maporoan and Kwem. Alternate names: 'KAETI', KWEM.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, Central and South New Guinea-Kutubuan, Central and South New Guinea, Awyu-Dumut, Dumut. 
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MANEM

[JET] 500 in Papua New Guinea (1993 SIL). Population total both countries 900.  Alternate names: YETI, JETI, WEMBI, SKOFRO.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Northern, Border, Waris. 
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MANGSENG

[MBH] 2,500 (1998 L. Milligan SIL).  West New Britain and East New Britain provinces, area south of Commodore Bay (north coast, West New Britain), through to Montagu Harbor (south coast of East New Britain) on the east and through to Fulleborn Harbor (south coast of West New Britain) on the west. Alternate names: MANGSING, MASEGI, MASEKI.  Dialects: UMUA, MARAPU.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Ngero-Vitiaz, Vitiaz, Southwest New Britain, Arawe-Pasismanua, Arawe. 
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MAPE

[MLH] 5,117 (1978 McElhanon).  Morobe Province along the Mape River. Dialects: NAGA, MAPE, NIGAC, FUKAC.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, Huon-Finisterre, Huon, Eastern. 
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MAPENA

[MNM] 274 (1973 SIL).  Milne Bay Province, around Mt. Gwoira. Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Eastern, Central and Southeastern, Dagan. 
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MARAMBA

[MYD] 300 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  East Sepik Province. Classification: Sepik-Ramu, Ramu, Yuat-Waibuk, Yuat-Maramba, Maramba. 

MARI

[HOB] 806 (1988 Holzknecht).  Madang Province, upper Ramu River. 4 villages. Alternate names: HOP.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Huon Gulf, Markham, Upper, Mountain. 
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MARI

[MBX] 120 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  East Sepik Province, near Mari Lake and on Salumei River. Classification: Sepik-Ramu, Sepik, Sepik Hill, Bahinemo. 
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MARI

[MXW] 84 (1980 census).  Western Province, south coast near Tais, and inland about 10 miles. 1 village. Alternate names: DORRO.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Trans-Fly-Bulaka River, Trans-Fly, Morehead and Upper Maro Rivers, Nambu. 
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MARIA

[MDS] 870 (1980 census).  Central Province, Marshall Lagoon to Mt. Brown; a remote area. Alternate names: MANUBARA.  Dialects: DIDIGARU, MARIA, GEBI, OIBU, AMOTA, IMILA, UDERI.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Eastern, Central and Southeastern, Manubaran. 
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MARIK

[DAD] 3,500 (1998 SIL).  Madang Province, Madang District, inland around Gogol River. 10 villages. Alternate names: DAMI, HAM.  Dialects: NORTHERN MARIK, WESTERN MARIK, SOUTHERN MARIK.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Ngero-Vitiaz, Vitiaz, Bel, Nuclear Bel, Southern. 
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MARING

[MBW] 11,000 (1998 SIL).  Western Highlands Province, Hagen District. A small number are over the Bismarck Range in Madang Province. 18 villages. Alternate names: MARENG, YOADABE-WATOARE.  Dialects: CENTRAL MARING, EASTERN MARING, TIMBUNKI, TSUWENKI, KARAMBA, KAMBEGL.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, East New Guinea Highlands, Central, Jimi. 
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MATEPI

[MQE] 238 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Madang Province. Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Madang-Adelbert Range, Madang, Mabuso, Hanseman. 
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MATO

[NIU] 575 (1998 SIL).  Morobe Province, north coast of Huon Peninsula, near Morobe-Madang provincial border, Uruwa River plain 38 km. west of Wasu, 20 km. north of Sapmanga, approximately 55 km. southeast of Saidor. Alternate names: NENAYA, NENGAYA, NINEIA.  Dialects: BONEA, NANAYA.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Ngero-Vitiaz, Vitiaz, Roinji-Nenaya. 
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MATUKAR

[MJK] 219 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Madang Province, 40 miles north of Madang town around Matukar. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Ngero-Vitiaz, Vitiaz, Bel, Nuclear Bel, Northern. 
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MAUWAKE

[MHL] 2,000 (1987 SIL).  Madang Province, Bogia District, east of Malala High School. Alternate names: ULINGAN, MAWAKE.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Madang-Adelbert Range, Adelbert Range, Pihom-Isumrud-Mugil, Pihom, Kumilan. 
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MAWAK

[MJJ] 31 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Madang Province, southwest of Mauwake. Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Madang-Adelbert Range, Adelbert Range, Pihom-Isumrud-Mugil, Pihom, Tiboran. 
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MAWAN

[MCZ] 269 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Madang Province, Gogol River area. Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Madang-Adelbert Range, Madang, Mabuso, Hanseman. 

MBO-UNG

[MUX] 23,000 (1985 SIL), including 5,000 Miyemu (1990 UBS).  Western Highlands Province, Hagen District. Some also in Tambul and Lower Kaugel districts. Alternate names: TEMBALO, BO-UNG, MBOUNG.  Dialects: MIYEMU (MIYEM), MARA-GOMU, TEMBALO (TEMBAGLO).  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, East New Guinea Highlands, Central, Hagen, Kaugel. 
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MBULA

[MNA] 2,500 (1991 Bugenhagen SIL).  Morobe Province, Siassi District, 6 villages on eastern Umboi Island, 1 village on Sakar Island. Alternate names: MANGAP-MBULA, MANGAABA, MANGAAWA, MANGAAVA, MANGAP. KAIMANGA.  Dialects: MBULA (CENTRAL MBULA), NORTHERN MBULA, GAURU, SAKAR.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Ngero-Vitiaz, Vitiaz, Mangap-Mbula. 
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MEBU

[MJN] 319 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Madang Province, 10 to 20 miles southwest of Saidor. Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, Huon-Finisterre, Finisterre, Yupna. 
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MEDEBUR

[MJM] 429 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Madang Province, coast just north of Sikor at Medebur. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Schouten, Kairiru-Manam, Manam. 
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MEHEK

[NUX] 6,300 or more (1994 SIL).  Sandaun Province, Nuku District, Makru-Klaplei area, lower foothills of Torricelli Mts., southeast of Siliput. 9 large villages. Alternate names: NUKU, ME'EK, DRIAFLEISUMA, INDINOGOSIMA.  Classification: Sepik-Ramu, Sepik, Tama. 
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MEKEO

[MEK] 18,000 to 20,000 (1998 SIL).  Central Province, Kaiyuku District, inland, bounded on the west by the Waima, on the east by the Kuni and Kunimaipa. Extends into Gulf Province. Alternate names: MEKEO-KOVIO.  Dialects: EAST MEKEO, WEST MEKEO, NORTH MEKEO, NORTHWEST MEKEO (KOVIO).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Papuan Tip, Peripheral, Central Papuan, West Central Papuan, Nuclear. 
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MEKMEK

[MVK] 1,036 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  East Sepik Province. Classification: Sepik-Ramu, Ramu, Yuat-Waibuk, Yuat-Maramba, Yuat. 
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MELPA

[MED] 130,000 (1991 SIL).  Western Highlands Province, Hagen District. Alternate names: MEDLPA, HAGEN.  Dialects: TEMBAGLA.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, East New Guinea Highlands, Central, Hagen. 
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MENDE

[SIM] 7,600 (1996 SIL).  Sandaun Province, Nuku District, east of Mehek. Alternate names: SEIM, TAU, KUBIWAT.  Classification: Sepik-Ramu, Sepik, Middle Sepik, Nukuma. 
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MENGEN

[MEE] 8,400 (1982 SIL).  East New Britain Province, Pomio District, Jacquinot Bay and inland. 20 villages. Alternate names: POENG.  Dialects: NORTH COAST MENGEN (MAENG), SOUTH COAST MENGEN (POENG).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Ngero-Vitiaz, Vitiaz, Mengen. 
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MENYA

[MCR] 20,000 (1998 SIL).  Morobe Province, Menyamya District, from the Papua border north along the Tauri River and its tributaries. Alternate names: MENYE, MENYAMA.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, Angan, Angan Proper. 
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MERAMERA

[MXM] 2,000 (1995 SIL).  West New Britain Province, Bialla District, northwest coast. Alternate names: UBILI, MELAMELA.  Dialects: LOLOBAO.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Meso Melanesian, Willaumez. 
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MESE~

[MCI] 4,000 (1997 census).  Morobe Province, Lae District, Boana Subdistrict, interior north of Lae. 14 villages: Samanzing, Biliman, Tusulu, Hobu, Zezegi, Momolili, Zitare, Malapipi, Kwamu, Busu, Nomenga, Zitale-Ogaw, Tuzing, Kaisia. Sambuen is a border community with both Nabak and Mese~ speakers. Alternate names: MESEM, MOMOLILI, MOMALILI.  Dialects: WEST-CENTRAL MESE~, EAST MESE~, MOMOLILI, ZEZAGI.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, Huon-Finisterre, Huon, Western. 
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MIAN

[MPT] 2,200 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Sandaun Province, Telefomin District, north part of the Fak (Hak) and Aki River valleys, headwaters of the August River and upper May River. Villages: Nenebil, Suganga, Blimo, and Wagarabai. Alternate names: MIANMIN.  Dialects: UPPER AUGUST RIVER, USAGE, MIANMIN.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, Central and South New Guinea-Kutubuan, Central and South New Guinea, Ok, Mountain. 
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MIANI

[PLA] 1,500 (1987 SIL).  Madang Province, Bogia District, inland. Alternate names: BONAPUTA-MOPU, TANI, MIANI NORTH.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Madang-Adelbert Range, Adelbert Range, Pihom-Isumrud-Mugil, Pihom, Kaukombaran. 
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MIGABAC

[MPP] 1,300 (1990 SIL).  Morobe Province, Masaweng River area. 5 villages divided among 3 dialects: Hudewa and Waringai; Ago; Butengka and Kapawa. Alternate names: MIGABA'.  Dialects: NORTH MIGABAC, SOUTH MIGABAC, CENTRAL MIGABAC.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, Huon-Finisterre, Huon, Eastern. 
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MINANIBAI

[MCV] 300 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Ikobi Kairi and Goaribari Census Districts, near the mouth of the Omati River, Gulf Province. Alternate names: PEPEHA, EME-EME, HEI.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Inland Gulf, Minanibai. 
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MINAVEHA

[MVN] 1,600 (1994 SIL).  Milne Bay Province, Bolubolu District, southwest tip of Fergusson Island near Mapamoiwa station. Alternate names: MINAVEGA, KUKUYA.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Papuan Tip, Nuclear, North Papuan Mainland-D'Entrecasteaux, Are-Taupota, Taupota. 
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MINDIRI

[MPN] 93 in one village (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Madang Province, along the Rai Coast west of Saidor. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Ngero-Vitiaz, Vitiaz, Bel, Astrolabe. 
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MINIGIR

[VMG] 373 (1979 census).  East New Britain Province, Gazelle Peninsula, Lungalunga village on Ataliklikun Bay. Alternate names: LUNGALUNGA.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Meso Melanesian, New Ireland, South New Ireland-Northwest Solomonic, Mono-Uruava. 

MISIMA-PANEATI

[MPX] 14,000 (1994 SIL).  Milne Bay Province, Misima District, Misima Island, Panaieti and all the islands of the Calvados Chain to (not including) Panawina, Alcester, Ole, and Tewatewan islands, and Bowagis on Woodlark Island. 22 villages. Alternate names: PANAIETI, PANAEATI, PANEYATE, PANEATE, PANAYETI.  Dialects: NASIKWABW (TOKUNU), TEWATEWA.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Papuan Tip, Peripheral, Kilivila-Louisiades, Misima. 
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MIU

[MPO] 500 (1998 NTM).  West New Britain Province, Gimi Rauto District, southwest interior. Alternate names: MYU.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Ngero-Vitiaz, Vitiaz, Southwest New Britain, Arawe-Pasismanua, Pasismanua. 
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MOERE

[MVQ] 56 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Madang Province. Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Madang-Adelbert Range, Adelbert Range, Pihom-Isumrud-Mugil, Pihom, Kumilan. 
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MOIKODI

[DOI] 571 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Oro Province, north slopes of Owen Stanley Range around Mt. Brown down to Komi west of Foasi Creek. Alternate names: DORIRI.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Eastern, Central and Southeastern, Yareban. 
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MOKERANG

[MFT] 200 (?) (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Manus Province, north Los Negros Island and Ndrilo Island. Alternate names: MOKARENG, MOKORENG.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Admiralty Islands, Eastern, Manus, Mokoreng-Loniu. 
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MOLIMA

[MOX] 3,186 (1972 census) including 416 in Fagululu, 600 in Salakahadi.  Milne Bay Province, 'Esa'ala District, West Fergusson Island, inland villages of the Salakahadi and Ebadidi areas, central west coast (Fagululu) and central south coast (Molima). Alternate names: EBADIDI, SALAKAHADI, MORIMA.  Dialects: TALA'AI, AI'ALU, TOSILA'AI.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Papuan Tip, Nuclear, North Papuan Mainland-D'Entrecasteaux, Bwaidoga. 
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MOMARE

[MSZ] 500 to 800 (1990 SIL).  Morobe Province, north of Masaweng River. Alternate names: MOMALE, MOMOLE.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, Huon-Finisterre, Huon, Eastern. 
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MONDROPOLON

[MLY] 300 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Manus Province, north central coast, Manus Island. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Admiralty Islands, Eastern, Manus, West. 
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MONGOL

[MGT] 338 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  East Sepik Province. Classification: Sepik-Ramu, Ramu, Yuat-Waibuk, Mongol-Langam. 
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MONUMBO

[MXK] 459 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Madang Province, Bogia District. Classification: Torricelli, Monumbo. 

MORAWA

[MZE] 755 (1973 SIL).  Central Province, south coast around Cloudy Bay. Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Eastern, Central and Southeastern, Mailuan. 
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MORESADA

[MSX] 197 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Madang Province. Alternate names: MURISAPA, MURUSAPA-SAREWA.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Madang-Adelbert Range, Adelbert Range, Josephstaal-Wanang, Josephstaal, Pomoikan. 

MORIGI

[MDB] 700 (1975 Wurm).  Gulf Province, Lower Turama Census Division. Alternate names: MORIGI ISLAND, WARIADAI, TURAMA RIVER KIWAI, DABURA.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Trans-Fly-Bulaka River, Trans-Fly, Kiwaian. 
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MOSIMO

[MQV] 58 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Madang Province. Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Madang-Adelbert Range, Madang, Mabuso, Hanseman. 
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MOTU

[MEU] 14,000 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Central Province, in and around Port Moresby, villages along the coast from Manumanu, Galley Reach, to GabaGaba(Kapakapa). Alternate names: TRUE MOTU, PURE MOTU.  Dialects: WESTERN MOTU, EASTERN MOTU.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Papuan Tip, Peripheral, Central Papuan, Sinagoro-Keapara. 
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MOTU, HIRI

[POM] Interethnic second language speakers: 120,000 (1989 J. Holm). Very few mother tongue speakers (T. Dutton 1992).  Central Province, in and around Port Moresby area, also throughout Oro, Central, Gulf, and part of Milne Bay provinces, some in Western Province. Alternate names: POLICE MOTU, PIDGIN MOTU, HIRI.  Dialects: AUSTRONESIAN HIRI MOTU, PAPUAN HIRI MOTU.  Classification: Pidgin, Motu based. 
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MOUK-ARIA

[MWH] 626 (1982 SIL).  West New Britain Province, southeast coast to northwest coast, Kandrian District. Alternate names: ARIA-MOUK.  Dialects: MOUK (MOK), TOURAI.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Ngero-Vitiaz, Vitiaz, Southwest New Britain, Bibling. 
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MUDUAPA

[WIV] 8,800 (1991 SIL).  West New Britain Province, Talasea District, Vitu and Mudua islands off the northwest coast. Alternate names: VITU, WITU.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Meso Melanesian, Bali-Vitu. 
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MUFIAN

[AOJ] 11,000 (1998 SIL), including 6,000 Filifita (1999 SIL).  East Sepik Province, Maprik District, Torricelli Mountains, west of Maprik. 36 villages. Alternate names: SOUTHERN ARAPESH, MUHIANG, MUHIAN.  Dialects: SUPARI, BALIF, FILIFITA (ILAHITA), IWAM-NAGALEMB.  Classification: Torricelli, Kombio-Arapesh, Arapesh. 
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MUM

[KQA] 3,286 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Madang Province. Alternate names: KATIATI.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Madang-Adelbert Range, Adelbert Range, Josephstaal-Wanang, Josephstaal, Sikan. 
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MUMENG

[MZI] 4,584 including 2,210 Mumeng, 2,154 Yanta (1980 census), 220 Latep (1978 McElhanon). 9,186 in entire dialect chain (1995 SIL).  Morobe Province, Mumeng District. Dialects: MUMENG, YANTA, LATEP.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Huon Gulf, South, Hote-Buang, Buang, Mumeng. 
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MUNIT

[MTC] 345 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Madang Province, Trans-Gogol District. Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Madang-Adelbert Range, Madang, Mabuso, Kokon. 
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MUNIWARA

[MWB] 826 (1975).  East Sepik Province, about 20 miles south southeast of Wewak. Alternate names: MAMBE, TUMARA, TUMARU.  Classification: Torricelli, Marienberg. 

MUNKIP

[MPV] 137 (1978 McElhanon).  Morobe Province. Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, Huon-Finisterre, Finisterre, Erap. 

MURIK

[MTF] 1,476 (1977 SIL).  East Sepik Province, Angoram District, on the coast west of the mouth of the Sepik River. Alternate names: NOR, NOR-MURIK LAKES.  Classification: Sepik-Ramu, Nor-Pondo, Nor. 
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MURUPI

[MQW] 301 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Madang Province. Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Madang-Adelbert Range, Madang, Mabuso, Hanseman. 
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MUSAK

[MMQ] 355 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Madang Province, west of Astrolabe Bay on the Ramu River. Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Madang-Adelbert Range, Adelbert Range, Josephstaal-Wanang, Wanang, Emuan. 

MUSAN

[MMP] 75 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Sandaun Province, village east of Amto. Alternate names: MUSIAN, MUSA.  Classification: Amto-Musan. 
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MUSAR

[MMI] 684 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Madang Province, inland, west of Tokain. Alternate names: AREGEREK.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Madang-Adelbert Range, Adelbert Range, Pihom-Isumrud-Mugil, Pihom, Tiboran. 
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MUSOM

[MSU] 264 (1989 Holzknecht).  Morobe Province, tributary of the Busu River. Alternate names: MISATIK.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Huon Gulf, Markham, Lower, Busu. 
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MUSSAU-EMIRA

[EMI] 4,200 to 5,000 (1992 SIL).  New Ireland Province, St. Matthias Islands (Mussau and Emira), 150 km. northwest of Kavieng. About 1/3 of the people live outside the language area, the majority in Kavieng. Alternate names: EMIRA-MUSSAU, MUSAU-EMIRA.  Dialects: EMIRA, WESTERN MUSSAU, SOUTHERN MUSSAU, EASTERN MUSSAU.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, St. Matthias. 
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MUTU

[TUC] 3,000 (1998 Bugenhagen SIL).  Morobe Province, 6 villages on the 6 Siassi Islands south of Umboi Island: Mandok, Malai, Aronai, Tuam, Mutu Malau, and Aramot, and Yam village on Umboi Island. Alternate names: TUAM-MUTU, TUAM, TUOM.  Dialects: MUTU, TUAM, MALAI.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Ngero-Vitiaz, Ngero, Tuam. 
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MUTUM

[MCC] 400 (1975 Wurm).  Western Province, southern bank and hinterland of Fly River. Alternate names: PASWAM, DUDI.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Trans-Fly-Bulaka River, Trans-Fly, Tirio. 
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MUYUW

[MYW] 6,000 including 1,000 to 1,200 Iwa (1998 church figures).  Milne Bay Province, Losuia District, Woodlark Island. Alternate names: MUYU, MUYUA, MURUA, MURUWA, MUYUWA.  Dialects: YANABA, LOUGAW (GAWA), WAMWAN, NAWYEM, IWA.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Papuan Tip, Peripheral, Kilivila-Louisiades, Kilivila. 
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MWATEBU

[MWA] 166 (1972 census).  Milne Bay Province, Normanby Island, north central coast, one village. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Papuan Tip, Nuclear, North Papuan Mainland-D'Entrecasteaux, Dobu-Duau. 
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NAASIOI

[NAS] 10,000 (1990 SIL).  North Solomons Province, Kieta District, central mountains and southeast coast. Alternate names: NASIOI, KIETA, KIETA TALK, AUNGE.  Dialects: NAASIOI, KONGARA, ORAMI (GUAVA), PAKIA-SIDERONSI.  Classification: East Papuan, Bougainville, East, Nasioi. 
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NABAK

[NAF] 16,000 (1994 SIL).  Morobe Province, Lae District, eastern headwaters of the Busu River. 52 villages and 30 settlements. Alternate names: NABA, WAIN.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, Huon-Finisterre, Huon, Western. 
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NABI

[MTY] 564 (1994 SIL).  Sandaun Province. 3 villages. Alternate names: MITANG, METAN, NAMBIEB W&H 1981.  Classification: Torricelli, Wapei-Palei, Palei. 
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NAFI

[SRF] 157 (1988 Holzknecht).  Morobe Province, Busu River. Alternate names: SIRAK.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Huon Gulf, Markham, Lower, Busu. 

NAGOVISI

[NCO] 5,000 (1975 SIL).  North Solomons Province, Buin District. Alternate names: SIBBE, NAGOVIS.  Classification: East Papuan, Bougainville, East, Nasioi. 
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NAHU

[NCA] 6,000 (1991 SIL).  Madang Province, Nahu and Rawa districts, bordering the east of the Rawa area. Alternate names: NAHO, NABU.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, Huon-Finisterre, Finisterre, Gusap-Mot. 
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NAI

[BIO] 600 (1991 SIL).  Sandaun Province, Amanab District, adjacent to and southeast of the Angor language. 3 large villages. Alternate names: BIAKA, AMINI.  Classification: Kwomtari-Baibai, Baibai. 
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NAKAMA

[NIB] 983 (1980 census).  Morobe Province, 6 villages in rugged terrain west and northwest of Boana of the south side of Saruwaged Range. Dialects: NORTH NAKAMA, SOUTH NAKAMA.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, Huon-Finisterre, Finisterre, Erap. 
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NAKANAI

[NAK] 13,000 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  West New Britain Province, Hoskins District, northwest coast. 42 villages. Alternate names: NAKONAI.  Dialects: LOSA (LOSO, AUKA), BILEKI (LAKALAI, MUKU, MAMUGA), VERE (VELE, TAROBI), UBAE (BABATA), MAUTUTU.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Meso Melanesian, Willaumez. 
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NAKE

[NBK] 173 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Madang Province, northwest of Madang. Alternate names: ALE.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Madang-Adelbert Range, Madang, Mabuso, Hanseman. 

NAKWI

[NAX] 250 to 300 (1998 NTM).  East Sepik Province, south of Ama language. Villages; Nakwi-Amasu, Augot (Mumupra, Sari), Tiki, Uwau. Classification: Left May. 
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NALI

[NSS] 1,800 (1982 SIL).  Manus Province, southeast Manus Island, and southwest coast, northwest of Titan. Alternate names: YIRU.  Dialects: OKRO.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Admiralty Islands, Eastern, Manus, East. 
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NALIK

[NAL] 5,138 (1990 census).  New Ireland Province, north central, 14 villages from 70 to 115 km. from Kavieng on the east coast, and 3 villages on the west coast. Some in urban areas. Alternate names: LUGAGON, FESOA, FESSOA.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Meso Melanesian, New Ireland, Lavongai-Nalik. 
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NAMBU

[NCM] 2,000 (1987 UBS), including 25 in Iauga.  Western Province, Morehead River. Alternate names: NAMBO, ARUFE.  Dialects: IAUGA (PARB), TAIS.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Trans-Fly-Bulaka River, Trans-Fly, Morehead and Upper Maro Rivers, Nambu. 
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NAMIA

[NNM] 3,500 (1990 census).  Sandaun Province (19 villages), Yellow River District, Panewai village, East Sepik Province (1 village). Areas are called Edwaki, Ameni, Wiyari, Lawo, Pabei, Iwane. Alternate names: NAMIE, YELLOW RIVER, NEMIA, EDAWAPI.  Classification: Sepik-Ramu, Sepik, Yellow River. 
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NANKINA

[NNK] 2,500 (1991 SIL).  Madang Province, Saidor District, in the upper Nankina River valley. Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, Huon-Finisterre, Finisterre, Yupna. 
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NARA

[NRZ] 7,627 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Central Province, between Kuni and Roro, just inland from the coast and south of Yule Island. Alternate names: LALA, NALA, 'ALA'ALA, POKAU.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Papuan Tip, Peripheral, Central Papuan, West Central Papuan, Nuclear. 
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NARAK

[NAC] 5,000 (1990 UBS).  Western Highlands Province, Hagen District, middle Jimi near Tabibuga. Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, East New Guinea Highlands, Central, Jimi. 
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NAUNA

[NCN] 130 (1977 Lincoln).  Manus Province, Nauna Island. 1 village. Alternate names: NAUNE.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Admiralty Islands, Eastern, Southeast Islands. 
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NAWARU

[NWR] 190 (1990 SIL).  Oro Province, around upper Musa River valley. Alternate names: SIRIO.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Eastern, Central and Southeastern, Yareban. 
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NEHAN

[NSN] 7,000 (1995 SIL).  North Solomons Province, Nissan Island. Alternate names: NISSAN, NIHAN.  Dialects: NEHAN, PINIPEL (PINIPIN).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Meso Melanesian, New Ireland, South New Ireland-Northwest Solomonic, Nehan-North Bougainville, Nehan. 
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NEK

[NIF] 1,500 (1991 SIL).  Morobe Province, Nawaeb District, 5 villages in rugged terrain north of Boana on the south side of the Saruwaged Range. Dialects: EAST NEK, WEST NEK.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, Huon-Finisterre, Finisterre, Erap. 
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NEKGINI

[NKG] 430 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Madang Province, west of Mot River. Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, Huon-Finisterre, Finisterre, Gusap-Mot. 
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NEKO

[NEJ] 315 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Madang Province, coast near Biliau. Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, Huon-Finisterre, Finisterre, Gusap-Mot. 
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NEND

[ANH] 2,000 (1991 UBS).  Madang Province, between the Ramu and Sogeram rivers, around Pasinkap village. Alternate names: NENT, ANGAUA.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Madang-Adelbert Range, Adelbert Range, Josephstaal-Wanang, Wanang, Atan. 
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NETE

[NET] 1,000 possibly (1982 SIL).  East Sepik Province, adjoining the Hewa area. 3 villages. Alternate names: INIAI, MALAMAUDA.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, East New Guinea Highlands, West-Central, Enga. 
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NGAING

[NNF] 3,000 (1994 SIL).  Madang Province, 15 villages, foothills from coast to Finisterre Range, southwest of Saidor. Alternate names: SOR, MAILANG.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, Huon-Finisterre, Finisterre, Gusap-Mot. 
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NGALA

[NUD] 136 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  East Sepik Province, one village in Ambunti District. Alternate names: KARA, SOGAP, SWAGUP.  Classification: Sepik-Ramu, Sepik, Middle Sepik, Ndu. 
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NGALUM

[SZB] 8,000 in Papua New Guinea (1981).  Sandaun Province. Dialects: NGALUM, APMISIBIL, SIBIL.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, Central and South New Guinea-Kutubuan, Central and South New Guinea, Ok, Mountain. 
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NII

[NII] 12,000 (1991 SIL).  Western Highlands Province, Hagen District. Alternate names: EK NII.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, East New Guinea Highlands, Central, Wahgi. 
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NIKSEK

[GBE] 300 (1988 Conrad and Dye).  East Sepik Province, at the headwaters of the eastern branch of the Leonhard Schultze and upper Niksek (April) rivers. 200 are at a new settlement at Niksek airport. Also at Sumwari, and a few in 2 other villages. Alternate names: MEIYARI, SUMWARI.  Dialects: GABIANO (KABIANO), MEIYARI ('PAKA'), SETIALI.  Classification: Sepik-Ramu, Sepik, Sepik Hill, Sanio. 
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NIMI

[NIS] 1,381 (1980 census).  Morobe Province, upper Erap River, south of the Saruwaged Range. Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, Huon-Finisterre, Finisterre, Erap. 
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NIMO

[NIW] 350 (1998 NTM).  East Sepik Province, southeast of Ama language. Villages; Nimo (Boyemo), Wasuai, Didipas (including Uburu site), Yuwaitri (moved from Aimi site to Wanawo site), Fowiom, Uwawi, Wamwiu, Binuto, Arakau. Alternate names: NIMO-WASAWAI.  Classification: Left May. 
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NIMOA

[NMW] 1,100 (census).  Milne Bay Province, Misima District, group of islands just west of Sud-Est. Alternate names: NIMOWA.  Dialects: PANAWINA, SABARI, PANATINANI, WESTERN POINT.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Papuan Tip, Peripheral, Kilivila-Louisiades, Nimoa-Sudest. 
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NINGERA

[NBY] 400 (1993 SIL).  Sandaun Province, Vanimo District, east of Vanimo, north of Bewani and Ossima. Alternate names: NAGIRA, NEGIRA, NINGGERA.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Northern, Border, Bewani. 
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NINGGERUM

[NXR] 3,000 in Papua New Guinea. Population total both countries 4,000.  Alternate names: NINGGRUM, NINGGIRUM, NINGERUM, KATIVA, KASIWA, OBGWO, TEDI, TIDI.  Dialects: KASUWA, DAUPKA.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, Central and South New Guinea-Kutubuan, Central and South New Guinea, Ok, Lowland. 
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NINGIL

[NIZ] 523 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Sandaun Province. Classification: Torricelli, Wapei-Palei, Wapei. 
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NOBANOB

[GAW] 2,400 (1991 SIL).  Madang Province, Madang District. Alternate names: BUTELKUD-GUNTABAK, GARUH, NOBONOB, NOBNOB.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Madang-Adelbert Range, Madang, Mabuso, Hanseman. 
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NOMANE

[NOF] 4,645 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Simbu Province. Dialects: NOMANE, KIARI.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, East New Guinea Highlands, Central, Chimbu. 
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NOMU

[NOH] 807 (1978 McElhanon).  Morobe Province, northern coast, Huon Peninsula. Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, Huon-Finisterre, Huon, Western. 
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NOTSI

[NCF] 1,600 (1991 SIL).  New Ireland Province, Central New Ireland District, east coast. Alternate names: NOCHI.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Meso Melanesian, New Ireland, Tabar. 
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NUGURIA

[NUR] 200 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  North Solomons Province, Atolls District, northeast of Bougainville Island, Nukuria Atoll. Alternate names: NUKURIA, NAHOA, FEAD.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, Central Pacific, East Fijian-Polynesian, Polynesian, Nuclear, Samoic-Outlier, Ellicean. 
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NUK

[NOC] 1,009 (1980 census).  Morobe Province, 8 villages in rugged terrain northeast of Boana on the south side of Saruwaged Range. Dialects: NORTH NUK, SOUTH NUK.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, Huon-Finisterre, Finisterre, Erap. 
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NUKUMANU

[NUQ] 200 (1981 D. Tryon).  North Solomons Province, Atolls District, Nukumanu Atoll. Alternate names: TASMAN.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, Central Pacific, East Fijian-Polynesian, Polynesian, Nuclear, Samoic-Outlier, Ellicean. 
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NUMANGGANG

[NOP] 2,274 (1978 McElhanon).  Morobe Province, Lae District. 10 villages. Alternate names: MANGGANG, NUMANGANG, NUMANGAN, BOANA, KAI, NGAIN, SUGU.  Dialects: EAST NUMANGGANG, WEST NUMANGGANG.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, Huon-Finisterre, Finisterre, Erap. 
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NUMBAMI

[SIJ] 270 (1978 McElhanon).  Morobe Province, Lae District, one village on the coast. Alternate names: SIBOMA, SIPOMA.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Huon Gulf, Numbami. 
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NYINDROU

[LID] 4,200 (1998 SIL).  Manus Province, Manus Island. 10 villages. Alternate names: LINDROU, LINDAU, SALIEN, NYADA.  Dialects: BABON.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Admiralty Islands, Eastern, Manus, West. 
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ODOODEE

[KKC] 410 (1998 SIL).  Western Province from south bank of middle Rentoul River past the middle Tomu River to Wawoi Falls. Villages of Tulusi (Hesif), Hasalibi, Wawoi Falls. Alternate names: KALAMO, NOMAD, TOMU, TOMU RIVER, ODODEI.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, Central and South New Guinea-Kutubuan, Central and South New Guinea, East Strickland. 
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OGEA

[ERI] 700 (1995 SIL).  Madang Province, Astrolabe Bay. Alternate names: ERIMA, NURU.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Madang-Adelbert Range, Madang, Rai Coast, Nuru. 
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OKSAPMIN

[OPM] 8,000 (1991 SIL).  Sandaun Province, Telefomin District, bordering on the southwest of the Sepik Hill languages. Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Oksapmin. 
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OLO

[ONG] 12,000 (1987 SIL).  Sandaun Province, Lumi District. 55 villages. Alternate names: ORLEI.  Dialects: PAYI (PAY, NORTH OLO), WAPI (WAPE, SOUTH OLO).  Classification: Torricelli, Wapei-Palei, Wapei. 
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OMATI

[MGX] 800 or more (1977 SIL).  Gulf Province, villages on Omati River: Gihiteri, Iba, Gibidai, Kiberi, Kamairo. Alternate names: MINI.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Turama-Kikorian, Turama-Omatian. 
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ÖMIE

[AOM] 800 (1993 SIL).  Oro Province, Kokoda, Upper Kumusi, and Afore districts, northwest of Managalasi, Mamama River and Upper Kumusi Valley. Alternate names: AOMIE, UPPER MANAGALASI.  Dialects: ASAPA, ZUWADZA, GORA-BOMAHOUJI.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Eastern, Central and Southeastern, Koiarian, Baraic. 
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OMWUNRA-TOQURA

[OMW] 2,000 in Omwunra-Toqura (1990 UBS).  Eastern Highlands Province, Kainantu and Obura districts, south of Kainantu. Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, East New Guinea Highlands, Eastern, Tairora. 
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ONJAB

[ONJ] 160 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Oro Province, Koreat and Naukwate villages. Alternate names: ONJOB.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Eastern, Central and Southeastern, Dagan. 
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ONO

[ONS] 5,500 (1993 SIL).  Morobe Province, Finschhafen District. Dialects: ZIWE, AMUGEN.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, Huon-Finisterre, Huon, Western. 
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ONOBASULU

[ONN] 800 (1998 SIL).  Southern Highlands Province midway between Mt. Sisa and Mt. Bosavi. Alternate names: ONABASULU.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, Central and South New Guinea-Kutubuan, Central and South New Guinea, Bosavi. 
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ONTENU

[ONT] 3,000 (1996 SIL).  Eastern Highlands Province, Kainantu District. Alternate names: ONTENA.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, East New Guinea Highlands, Eastern, Gadsup-Auyana-Awa. 
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OPAO

[OPO] 1,116 (1973 H. A. Brown).  Gulf Province, near Orokolo and Keuru. Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Eleman, Eleman Proper, Western. 
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OROKAIVA

[ORK] 33,300 (1989 SIL) including 4,300 Hunjara (1973 SIL), 2,000 Aeka (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Oro Province, Popondetta District between the Hunjara, Notu, Binandere and Managalasi. 200 villages. Alternate names: ORAKAIVA.  Dialects: KOKODA, HUNJARA, AJEKA, ETIJA (SOSE, SOHE), EHIJA (IHANE, IFANE), HARAVA, AEKA.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Eastern, Binanderean, Binanderean Proper. 
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OROKOLO

[ORO] 13,000 (1977 SIL).  Gulf Province, from mouth of Purari River east to Bairu River. Kerema is a main town. Alternate names: WEST ELEMA, KAIRU-KAURA, HAIRA, KAIPI, VAILALA, BAILALA, MURU, MURO.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Eleman, Eleman Proper, Western. 
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OUNE

[OUE] 1,900 (1990 C. Hurd SIL).  North Solomons Province, Kieta District, central mountains and southeast coast. Alternate names: OUNGE, DAPERA.  Classification: East Papuan, Bougainville, East, Nasioi. 
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OWENIA

[WSR] 349 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Eastern Highlands Province, Obura District. Alternate names: OWENA, OWENDA, WAIJARA, WAISARA.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, East New Guinea Highlands, Eastern, Owenia. 

OWINIGA

[OWI] 330 (1998 NTM).  East Sepik Province, southeast of Nimo language. Villages: Yei, Amu, Inagri, Samo. Alternate names: SAMO, BERO, TAINA.  Classification: Left May. 
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OYA'OYA

[OYY] 367 (1990 census).  Milne Bay Province, Samarai-Murua District, Bwanabwana Local Government Area, southeast tip of the Papuan mainland facing China Strait. Alternate names: KUIARO, SIMAGAHI, DAIOMUNI, LOANI.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Papuan Tip, Nuclear, Suauic. 
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PAGI

[PGI] 2,000 (1993 SIL).  Sandaun Province, Vanimo District, Bewani Subdistrict, 5 villages, east and southeast of the Kilmeri. Alternate names: PAGEI, BEMBI.  Dialects: WESTERN PAGI (BEWANI), EASTERN PAGI (IMBINIS).  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Northern, Border, Bewani. 
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PAHI

[LGT] 578 including 566 in area and 12 elsewhere (1978 census).  Sandaun Province, extending north in Maimai Namblo Division. Alternate names: LUGITAMA, WANSUM, RIAHOMA.  Classification: Sepik-Ramu, Sepik, Tama. 
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PAK-TONG

[PKG] 970 (1977 Lincoln).  Manus Province, Pak and Tong Islands. Alternate names: TONG-PAK.  Dialects: PAK, TONG.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Admiralty Islands, Eastern, Pak-Tong. 
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PANIM

[PNR] 152 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Madang Province just west of Madang city. Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Madang-Adelbert Range, Madang, Mabuso, Gum. 
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PAPAPANA

[PAA] 150 (1977 Lincoln).  North Solomons Province. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Meso Melanesian, New Ireland, South New Ireland-Northwest Solomonic, Nehan-North Bougainville, Papapana. 

PAPI

[PPE] 75 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Sandaun Province, middle Sepik region, one village on the Frieda River. Alternate names: PAUPE.  Classification: Sepik-Ramu, Leonhard Schultze, Papi. 
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PAPITALAI

[PAT] 520 (1977 Lincoln).  Manus Province, Naringel and Papitalai, Los Negros Island. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Admiralty Islands, Eastern, Manus, East. 
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PARAWEN

[PRW] 429 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Madang Province. Alternate names: PARA.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Madang-Adelbert Range, Adelbert Range, Pihom-Isumrud-Mugil, Pihom, Numugenan. 

PARE

[PPT] 2,000 (1990 UBS).  Western Province. Alternate names: PA, AKIUM-PARE.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, Central and South New Guinea-Kutubuan, Central and South New Guinea, Awin-Pare. 
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PASI

[PSI] 600 (1994 SIL).  Sandaun Province, Wan Wan Division, 6 villages. Alternate names: BESI.  Classification: Sepik-Ramu, Sepik, Tama. 
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PATEP

[PTP] 1,700 (1987 SIL). 9,186 in Mumeng dialect chain.  Morobe Province, Mumeng District. Alternate names: PTEP.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Huon Gulf, South, Hote-Buang, Buang, Mumeng. 
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PATPATAR

[GFK] 7,000 (1998 SIL).  New Ireland Province, Namatanai District, south central. Alternate names: GELIK, PATPARI.  Dialects: PALA, SOKIRIK, PATPATAR.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Meso Melanesian, New Ireland, South New Ireland-Northwest Solomonic, Patpatar-Tolai. 
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PAWAIA

[PWA] 4,000 (1991 SIL).  Simbu Province, Karimui District, and Gulf Province, Purari River near Oroi. Some also in Eastern Highlands Province. Alternate names: PAVAIA, SIRA, AURAMA, TUDAHWE, YASA.  Dialects: AURAMA (TUROHA, URI), HAURUHA.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Teberan-Pawaian, Pawaian. 
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PAYNAMAR

[PMR] 150 (1975 Z'Graggen).  Madang Province. Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Madang-Adelbert Range, Adelbert Range, Josephstaal-Wanang, Wanang, Paynamar. 

PEI

[PPQ] 208 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Sandaun Province, middle Sepik region, Hauna and Walio (Leonhard Schultze) River. Alternate names: PAI.  Classification: Sepik-Ramu, Leonhard Schultze, Walio. 
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PELE-ATA

[ATA] 1,900 (1991 SIL).  West New Britain Province, Nakanai District, inland from Bongula Bay. Alternate names: WASI, UASE, UASI, UASILAU, PELEATA.  Dialects: PELE, ATA.  Classification: East Papuan, Yele-Solomons-New Britain, New Britain, Wasi. 
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PENCHAL

[PEK] 550 (1982 SIL).  Manus Province, Rambutyo Island. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Admiralty Islands, Eastern, Southeast Islands. 
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PETATS

[PEX] 2,000 (1975 SIL). 10,000 including second language users (1977 Voegelin and Voegelin).  North Solomons Province, Buka Passage District, Petats, Pororan, and Hitau islands off the west coast of Buka Island. Dialects: HITAU-PORORAN, MATSUNGAN, SUMOUN.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Meso Melanesian, New Ireland, South New Ireland-Northwest Solomonic, Nehan-North Bougainville, Buka. 
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PIAME

[PIN] 100 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Sandaun Province, middle Sepik region, headwaters of the Niksek (April) and Walio (Leonhard Schultz) rivers. Alternate names: BIAMI.  Classification: Sepik-Ramu, Sepik, Sepik Hill, Sanio. 
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PINAI-HAGAHAI

[PNN] 600 (1997 M. Melliger SIL).  Border area of Enga, Madang, Western Highlands, and East Sepik provinces. Alternate names: PINAYE, PINAI, HAGAHAI, WAPI, ARAMO, MIAMIA.  Dialects: LUYA-GINAM-MAMUSI, PINAI.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, East New Guinea Highlands, Piawi. 
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PIU

[PIX] 130 (1970 SIL).  Morobe Province, upper Watut River, one village. Alternate names: SANBIAU, LANZOG, KURUKO.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Huon Gulf, South, Hote-Buang, Buang. 
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PIVA

[TGI] 550 (1977 Lincoln).  North Solomons Province, Piva River. Alternate names: NAGARIGE.  Dialects: AMUN.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Meso Melanesian, New Ireland, South New Ireland-Northwest Solomonic, Piva-Banoni. 

PONAM

[NCC] 420 (1977 Lincoln).  Manus Province, Ponam Island. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Admiralty Islands, Eastern, Manus, East. 
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POUYE

[BYE] 800 (1991 SIL).  Sandaun Province. Alternate names: BOUYE.  Classification: Sepik-Ramu, Sepik, Ram. 
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PSOHOH

[BCL] 1,105 (1982 SIL).  West New Britain Province, southwest coast to northwest. Dialects: BAO, AIGON, SOKHOK (PSOKHOK, PSOKOK, PSOHOH).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Ngero-Vitiaz, Vitiaz, Southwest New Britain, Arawe-Pasismanua, Pasismanua. 
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PUARI

[PUX] 371 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Sandaun Province, coast around Puari. Classification: Sko, Krisa. 
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PULABU

[PUP] 116 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Madang Province. Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Madang-Adelbert Range, Madang, Rai Coast, Kabenau. 
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PURARI

[IAR] 7,000 (1991 UBS).  Gulf Province, between Kapaina Inlet and Orokolo language, Purari River. Alternate names: KORIKI, EVORRA, NAMAU, IAI, MAIPUA.  Dialects: IAI (NAMAU).  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Eleman, Purari. 
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PYU

[PBY] 100 (1978 SIL).  Village of Biake No. 2 on the October River just east of Irian Jaya border. Not in Irian Jaya. Classification: Kwomtari-Baibai, Pyu. 
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QAQET

[BYX] 6,350 (1988 SIL).  East New Britain Province, Rabaul District, Gazelle Peninsula. Alternate names: MAQAQET, KAKAT, MAKAKAT, BAINING.  Classification: East Papuan, Yele-Solomons-New Britain, New Britain, Baining-Taulil. 
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RAMOAAINA

[RAI] 10,000 (1997 local govt. estimate).  East New Britain Province, Kokopo District, Duke of York Islands. Alternate names: DUKE OF YORK, MALU, RAMUAINA.  Dialects: MAKADA, MOLOT (MAIN ISLAND), AALAWA (AALAWAA, ALAWA, MIOKO, ULU, SOUTH ISLANDS).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Meso Melanesian, New Ireland, South New Ireland-Northwest Solomonic, Patpatar-Tolai. 
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RAO

[RAO] 6,000 (1992 UBS).  Madang Province, Keram River area, lower Ramu Valley, 80 miles west of Madang city. Alternate names: ANNABERG, RAO BRERI.  Dialects: LI'O, NDRAMINI'O.  Classification: Sepik-Ramu, Ramu, Ramu Proper, Annaberg, Rao. 
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RAPOISI

[KYX] 3,500 (1998 SIL).  North Solomons Province, northwest Bougainville Island, Kunua District. Most villages are inland. Alternate names: KUNUA, KONUA.  Classification: East Papuan, Bougainville, West. 
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RAPTING

[RAP] 332 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Madang Province. Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Madang-Adelbert Range, Madang, Mabuso, Hanseman. 
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RAWA

[RWO] 11,500 including 7,000 Rawa and 4,500 Karo (1998 SIL).  Madang Province, Upper Ramu District (Rawa dialect), Rai Coast District (Karo dialect). The two dialects are on opposite sides of the Finisterre Range. Alternate names: RAUA, ERAWA, EREWA.  Dialects: RAWA, KARO.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, Huon-Finisterre, Finisterre, Gusap-Mot. 
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RAWO

[RWA] 506 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Sandaun Province coast around Rawo and Leitre. Classification: Sko, Krisa. 
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REMA

[BOW] 68 (1980 census).  Western Province, Morehead District. Not in Irian Jaya. Alternate names: BOTHAR.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Trans-Fly-Bulaka River, Trans-Fly, Morehead and Upper Maro Rivers, Tonda. 
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REMPI

[RMP] 592 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Madang Province. Alternate names: REMPIN, A'E, EREMPI.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Madang-Adelbert Range, Madang, Mabuso, Hanseman. 

RERAU

[REA] 235 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Madang Province. Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Madang-Adelbert Range, Madang, Rai Coast, Nuru. 
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ROCKY PEAK

[ROK] 275 or more (1975 Conrad and Dye). Estimate may be too high (1995).  Sandaun Province, Rocky Peak Mountains, Iwau, Agrame, Uwau, and at least two other villages (possibly Benato). Alternate names: LARO, IYO, YINIBU.  Classification: Left May. 
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ROMKUN

[RMK] 389 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Madang Province. Alternate names: ROMKUIN.  Classification: Sepik-Ramu, Ramu, Ramu Proper, Goam, Tamolan. 

RONJI

[ROE] 227 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  2 villages, one each in Madang and Morobe provinces, north coast of Huon Peninsula, 50 km. northwest of Wasu, 30 km. north-northwest of Sapmanga, about 45 km. southeast of Saidor. Alternate names: ROINJI, GALI.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Ngero-Vitiaz, Vitiaz, Roinji-Nenaya. 
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RORO

[RRO] 8,000 (1991 SIL).  Central Province, Bereina District, near Kairuku, shores of Hall Sound, between Yule Island and mainland, 65 miles northwest of Port Moresby. Alternate names: WAIMA.  Dialects: WAIMA (WEST RORO), BEREINA, RORO (EAST RORO), YULE-DELENA.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Papuan Tip, Peripheral, Central Papuan, West Central Papuan, Nuclear. 
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ROTOKAS

[ROO] 4,320 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  North Solomons Province, Central Bougainville District, central mountains. 28 villages. Dialects: PIPIPAIA, AITA, ATSILIMA.  Classification: East Papuan, Bougainville, West, Rotokas. 
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RUMU

[KLQ] 1,000 (1985 UBS).  Gulf Province, Kikori District, north of Kikori on the Kikori, Sirebi, and Tiviri rivers. Alternate names: KAIRI, RUMUWA, DUMU, TUMU, KIBIRI, KAI-IRI.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Turama-Kikorian, Kairi. 
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SAEP

[SPD] 584 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Madang Province, Gowar River area, Rai coast, 75 miles east of Madang. Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Madang-Adelbert Range, Madang, Rai Coast, Yaganon. 
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SAKAM

[SKM] 510 (1978 McElhanon).  Morobe Province. Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, Huon-Finisterre, Finisterre, Uruwa. 
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SALIBA

[SBE] 2,300 to 2,500 (1998 SIL).  Sariba and Rogeia islands, China Strait, Milne Bay Province. Dialects: SALIBA, LOGEYA.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Papuan Tip, Nuclear, Suauic. 
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SALT-YUI

[SLL] 6,500 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Simbu Province, Gumine District. 10 villages. Alternate names: SALT, SALT-IUI, YUI, IUI.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, East New Guinea Highlands, Central, Chimbu. 
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SAMBERIGI

[SSX] 3,125 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Southern Highlands Province, Lake Kutubu District, east of Erave. Alternate names: SAU, SANABERIGI.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, East New Guinea Highlands, West-Central, Angal-Kewa. 
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SAMO

[SMQ] 700 (1973 Shaw).  Western Province, Lake Murray District, southern Upper Strickland Census District, east of the Strickland River, north of Nomad. Alternate names: DABA, NOMAD.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, Central and South New Guinea-Kutubuan, Central and South New Guinea, East Strickland. 
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SAMOSA

[SMO] 94 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Madang Province. Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Madang-Adelbert Range, Madang, Mabuso, Hanseman. 
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SANIYO-HIYEWE

[SNY] 644 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  East Sepik Province, Ambunti District, foothills of the Wogamus River basin. Alternate names: SANIO-HIOWE, SANIO, SANIYO, HIOWE, HIYOWE.  Dialects: MAKABUKY, NAKIAI.  Classification: Sepik-Ramu, Sepik, Sepik Hill, Sanio. 
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SAPOSA

[SPS] 1,400 (1998 SIL).  North Solomons Province, Buka District, chain of islands south of Buka Island off northwest coast of Bougainville. Dialects: TAIOF, SAPOSA (FA SAPOSA).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Meso Melanesian, New Ireland, South New Ireland-Northwest Solomonic, Nehan-North Bougainville, Saposa-Tinputz. 
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SARUGA

[SRP] 129 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Madang Province. Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Madang-Adelbert Range, Madang, Mabuso, Hanseman. 

SAUK

[SKC] 605 (1978 McElhanon).  Morobe Province. Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, Huon-Finisterre, Finisterre, Erap. 

SAUSI

[SSJ] 495 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Madang Province. Alternate names: UYA.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Madang-Adelbert Range, Madang, Rai Coast, Evapia. 
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SEIMAT

[SSG] 1,000 (1992 SIL).  Western Manus Province, on the Ninigo Islands and Anchorite Islands. Alternate names: NINIGO.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Admiralty Islands, Western. 
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SELEPET

[SEL] 7,000 (1988 SIL).  Morobe Province, Kabwum District, valleys of the Pumune and Kiari rivers. Alternate names: SELEPE.  Dialects: NORTH SELEPET, SOUTH SELEPET.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, Huon-Finisterre, Huon, Western. 
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SENE

[SEJ] 10 or fewer (1978 McElhanon).  Morobe Province. Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, Huon-Finisterre, Huon, Eastern.  Nearly extinct.
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SENGO

[SPK] 300 (1975 SIL).  East Sepik Province. Classification: Sepik-Ramu, Sepik, Middle Sepik, Ndu. 
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SENGSENG

[SSZ] 1,500 to 2,000 (1998 NTM).  West New Britain Province, southwest interior. Alternate names: ASENGSENG.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Ngero-Vitiaz, Vitiaz, Southwest New Britain, Arawe-Pasismanua, Pasismanua. 
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SEPA

[SPE] 268 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Madang Province, coast south of Manam Island around Bogia. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Schouten, Kairiru-Manam, Manam. 
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SEPEN

[SPM] 428 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Madang Province. Classification: Sepik-Ramu, Ramu, Ramu Proper, Ruboni, Misegian. 

SERA

[SRY] 432 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Sandaun Province, around Serai, one village. Alternate names: SSIA, SERRA.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Schouten, Siau. 
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SETA

[STF] 155 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Sandaun Province. Classification: Torricelli, West Wapei. 
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SETAMAN

[STM] 200 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Sandaun Province. Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, Central and South New Guinea-Kutubuan, Central and South New Guinea, Ok, Mountain. 

SETI

[SBI] 113 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Sandaun Province. Classification: Torricelli, West Wapei. 
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SEWA BAY

[SEW] 1,516 (1972 census).  Milne Bay Province, center of Normanby Island around Sewa Bay. Alternate names: DUAU PWATA.  Dialects: MIADEBA, BWAKERA, MAIABARE, DARUBIA, SEWATAITAI, SIBONAI, CENTRAL SEWA BAY.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Papuan Tip, Nuclear, North Papuan Mainland-D'Entrecasteaux, Dobu-Duau. 
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SIALUM

[SLW] 642 (1978 McElhanon).  Morobe Province. Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, Huon-Finisterre, Huon, Western. 
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SIANE

[SNP] 27,000 (1994 SIL).  Eastern Highlands Province, Watabung and Unggai census divisions (16,000), Goroka District. Simbu Province, Nambaiyufa Census Division (11,000). Alternate names: SIANI.  Dialects: KOLEPA, YAMOFOWE, KOMONGU, KOMOIGALEKA, KEMANIMOWE, ONA, KETO, LAIYA, FOWE, OLUMBA, LAMBAU, ALANGO, YANDIME, WANDO.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, East New Guinea Highlands, East-Central, Siane. 
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SIHAN

[SNR] 314 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Madang Province. Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Madang-Adelbert Range, Madang, Mabuso, Gum. 
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SILEIBI

[SBQ] 259 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Madang Province. Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Madang-Adelbert Range, Adelbert Range, Josephstaal-Wanang, Josephstaal, Sikan. 
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SILIPUT

[MKC] 263 including 242 in Makru-Klaplei plus 21 elsewhere (1978 census).  Sandaun Province, Seleput village, Makru-Klaplei Division, Nuku District, north of Mehek. Alternate names: MAI, MAIMAI, SOKOROK.  Classification: Torricelli, Maimai, Maimai Proper. 
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SILOPI

[SOT] 140 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Madang Province. Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Madang-Adelbert Range, Madang, Mabuso, Hanseman. 
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SIMBALI

[SMG] 350 (1988 SIL).  East New Britain Province, Gazelle Peninsula. Classification: East Papuan, Yele-Solomons-New Britain, New Britain, Baining-Taulil. 
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SIMBARI

[SMB] 3,036 (1990 census).  Eastern Highlands Province, Marawaka District. Alternate names: CHIMBARI.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, Angan, Angan Proper. 
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SIMEKU

[SMZ] 1,898 including 1,183 Koopei and 715 Mainoki (1980 SIL).  North Solomons Province, Kieta District, central mountains. Mainoki is on the west slope and Koopei on the east slope. Dialects: MAINOKI (MAINOKE), KOOPEI (KOPEI).  Classification: East Papuan, Bougainville, East, Nasioi. 
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SINAGEN

[SIU] 208 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Sandaun Province. Alternate names: GALU, METRU.  Classification: Torricelli, Wapei-Palei, Wapei. 

SINASINA

[SST] 50,079 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Simbu Province. Dialects: TABARE, GUNA.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, East New Guinea Highlands, Central, Chimbu. 
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SINAUGORO

[SNC] 15,000 (1991 SIL).  Central Province, Rigo District, south of Kwikila. Alternate names: SINAGORO.  Dialects: IKOLU, BALAWAIA, SAROA, BABAGARUPU, KWAIBIDA, TABORO, KWAIBO, ALEPA, OMENE, TUBULAMO, IKEGA, BOKU, BUAGA, WIGA, VORA, KUBULI, ORUONE.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Papuan Tip, Peripheral, Central Papuan, Sinagoro-Keapara. 
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SINSAURU

[SNZ] 476 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Madang Province, near Dumpu. Alternate names: KOW.  Dialects: SAIPA.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Madang-Adelbert Range, Madang, Rai Coast, Evapia. 
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SIO

[SIO] 3,500 (1987 SIL).  Morobe Province, Wasu District, mainland near Sio Island. Alternate names: SIGAWA.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Ngero-Vitiaz, Vitiaz, Sio. 
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SIROI

[SSD] 1,200 (1998 SIL).  Madang Province, Saidor District. Kumisanger is one village; not a separate language. Alternate names: SUROI.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Madang-Adelbert Range, Madang, Rai Coast, Kabenau. 
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SISSANO

[SSW] 4,776 (1990 census).  Sandaun Province, Aitape District, around Sissano. Alternate names: SISANO, SINANO, SINAMA.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Schouten, Siau. 
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SIWAI

[SIW] 6,600 including 600 in Baitsi.  North Solomons Province, southeastern. Alternate names: MOTUNA.  Dialects: BAITSI (SIGISIGERO).  Classification: East Papuan, Bougainville, East, Buin. 
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SOLONG

[AAW] 2,200 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  West New Britain Province, southwestern coast. Alternate names: AROVE, ARAWE, PILILO.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Ngero-Vitiaz, Vitiaz, Southwest New Britain, Arawe-Pasismanua, Arawe, West Arawe. 
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SOLOS

[SOL] 3,200 (1977 Lincoln).  North Solomons Province, central and southwest Buka Island. Dialects: SOLOS.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Meso Melanesian, New Ireland, South New Ireland-Northwest Solomonic, Nehan-North Bougainville, Solos. 
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SOM

[SMC] 88 (1978 McElhanon).  Morobe Province. Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, Huon-Finisterre, Finisterre, Uruwa. 

SONGUM

[SNX] 326 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Madang Province, just inland and south of Bongu. Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Madang-Adelbert Range, Madang, Rai Coast, Mindjim. 

SONIA

[SIQ] 300 (1988 Shaw).  Western Province and Southern Highlands Province, 10 to 20 miles west and southwest of Bosavi. Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, Central and South New Guinea-Kutubuan, Central and South New Guinea, Bosavi. 
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SORI-HARENGAN

[SBH] 570 (1977 Lincoln).  Manus Province, Sori is on the northwest coast of Manus Island and on the Sori and Harengan islands off the coast. Dialects: SORI, HARENGAN.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Admiralty Islands, Eastern, Manus, West. 
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SOWANDA

[SOW] 1,000 in Papua New Guinea (1982 SIL). Population total both countries 1,100 (1978 SIL).  Alternate names: WAINA, WINA, WANYA, WANJA.  Dialects: PUNDA-UMEDA (UMADA), WAINA.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Northern, Border, Waris. 
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SUARMIN

[SEO] 188 (1979 census).  Sandaun Province, Telefomin District, a few hamlets on the Kenu River, a tributary of the Om River. Near Duranmin airstrip. Alternate names: DURANMIN, AKIAPMIN.  Classification: Sepik-Ramu, Leonhard Schultze, Papi. 
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SUAU

[SWP] 6,795 (1981 Wurm and Hattori). Lingua franca of 14,000 along part of the south coast.  Milne Bay Province, southeastern extremity of the Papua mainland. Dialects: DAUI (FIFE BAY), SINAKI (GAIDASU, GADAISU), LEILEIAFA, BONA BONA, DAHUNI, SUAU, BONARUA.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Papuan Tip, Nuclear, Suauic. 
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SUDEST

[TGO] 2,000 (1987 SIL).  Milne Bay Province, Yama-Yele District, Tagula Island, west of Rossel Island, at the end of the Calvados chain. Alternate names: TAGULA, SUD-EST, VANGA, VANATINA.  Dialects: RAMBUSO (REWA), EASTERN POINT, PAMELA, GRIFFIN POINT (NINE HILLS, NANHIL), JELEWAGA.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Papuan Tip, Peripheral, Kilivila-Louisiades, Nimoa-Sudest. 
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SUENA

[SUE] 2,272 (1978 McElhanon).  Morobe Province, Lae District, north of Yekora. Alternate names: YEMA, YARAWE, YARAWI.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Eastern, Binanderean, Binanderean Proper. 
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SUGANGA

[SUG] 700 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Sandaun Province, Amanab District. Alternate names: WAGARABAI, NORTH MIANMIN.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, Central and South New Guinea-Kutubuan, Central and South New Guinea, Ok, Mountain. 
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SUKI

[SUI] 2,000 (1990 UBS).  Western Province, Lake Suki. Alternate names: WIRAM.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, Gogodala-Suki, Suki. 
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SULKA

[SLK] 2,500 (1991 SIL).  East New Britain Province, East Pomio District, Wide Bay coast. Classification: East Papuan, Yele-Solomons-New Britain, New Britain, Sulka. 
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SUMARIUP

[SIV] 80 (1993 SIL).  East Sepik Province, Upper Wagupmeri River. 1 village. Alternate names: SOGOBA, LATOMA.  Classification: Sepik-Ramu, Sepik, Sepik Hill, Bahinemo. 
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SUMAU

[SIX] 2,509 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Madang Province, low mountain ranges between the Ramu and Naru rivers. Alternate names: KARI, GARIA, SUMAU-GARIA.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Madang-Adelbert Range, Madang, Rai Coast, Peka. 
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SURSURUNGA

[SGZ] 3,000 (1991 SIL).  South central New Ireland Province, Namatanai District. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Meso Melanesian, New Ireland, South New Ireland-Northwest Solomonic, Patpatar-Tolai. 
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SUSUAMI

[SSU] 15 (1990 Geoff Smith).  Morobe Province, Upper Watut Valley outside Bulolo. Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, Angan.  Nearly extinct.
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TABO

[KNV] 2,000 (1994 T. Schlatter ECP).  Western Province, lower Aramia River villages of Waia, Saiwase, Gau, Alagi, Alikinapi; and Fly River villages of Kenedibi, Ulio, and Waguni-Salau. Alternate names: WAIA, KENEDIBI, KAWAKARUBI, TAKALUBI, TAKARUBI, HIWI, HIBARADAI.  Dialects: ARAMIA RIVER, FLY RIVER.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Trans-Fly-Bulaka River, Trans-Fly, Waia. 
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TABRIAK

[TZX] 1,500 (1991 SIL).  East Sepik Province, near Chambri, lower Karawari River. 9 villages. Alternate names: KARAWARI.  Classification: Sepik-Ramu, Nor-Pondo, Pondo. 
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TAI

[TAW] Fewer than 1,000 (1990 UBS).  Madang Province, southwest, Dundrom village. Alternate names: TAY.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, East New Guinea Highlands, Kalam, Unclassified. 
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TAIAP

[GPN] 89 (1987 Kulick).  East Sepik Province, Gapun village. Alternate names: GAPUN.  Classification: Sepik-Ramu, Gapun. 
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TAINAE

[AGO] 1,000 (1991 SIL).  Gulf Province, Ivori-Swanson District. The main villages are Pio, Famba, and Paiguna. Alternate names: IVORI.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, Angan, Angan Proper. 
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TAIRORA

[TBG] 11,500 (1996 SIL) including 4,000 in Northern Tairora (1990 UBS).  Eastern Highlands Province, Kainantu and Obura districts, south of Kainantu. Dialects: NORTHERN TAIRORA (NANTA, UKAU), VAIRA, VINAATA, VEQAURAA, HAAVIQINRA.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, East New Guinea Highlands, Eastern, Tairora. 
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TAIRUMA

[UAR] 4,000 (1993 SIL).  Gulf Province, Uaripi and several other villages near Toaripi. Alternate names: UARIPI.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Eleman, Eleman Proper, Eastern. 
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TAIS

[TST] 66 (1980 census).  Western Province, south coast near Mari. 1 village. Alternate names: DORRO.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Trans-Fly-Bulaka River, Trans-Fly, Morehead and Upper Maro Rivers, Nambu. 
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TAKIA

[TBC] 20,000 (1998 SIL).  Southern half of Karkar Island, Bagabag Island, and coastal villages Megiar and Serang, Madang Province, Madang District. Dialects: MEGIAR, SERANG.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Ngero-Vitiaz, Vitiaz, Bel, Nuclear Bel, Northern. 
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TAKUU

[NHO] 250 (1981 D. Tryon).  North Solomons Province, Atolls District, northeast of Bougainville, Takuu Atoll, Mortlock village. Alternate names: TAUU, TAKU, TAU, MORTLOCK.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, Central Pacific, East Fijian-Polynesian, Polynesian, Nuclear, Samoic-Outlier, Ellicean. 
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TAMI

[TMY] 1,800 (1995 SIL).  Morobe Province, Tami Islands and mainland villages south of Finschhafen. Dialects: WANAM, TAEMI.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Ngero-Vitiaz, Vitiaz, Tami. 
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TANGGA

[TGG] 5,800 (1990 SIL).  New Ireland Province, Tanga Islands, Anir (Feni) Island, three villages on New Ireland. Alternate names: TANGA.  Dialects: TANGA, ANIR (FENI), MAKET.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Meso Melanesian, New Ireland, South New Ireland-Northwest Solomonic, Patpatar-Tolai. 
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TANGGU

[TGU] 3,000 (1991 SIL).  Madang Province, Bogia District. Alternate names: TANGGUM, TANGU.  Classification: Sepik-Ramu, Ramu, Ramu Proper, Goam, Ataitan. 
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TANGUAT

[TBS] 506 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Madang Province. Classification: Sepik-Ramu, Ramu, Ramu Proper, Goam, Ataitan. 

TAO-SUAMATO

[TSX] 500 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Western Province, northeastern corner, middle and lower Wawoi Rivers and Guavi River, villages of Parieme, Sipsi, Diwami, Kubeai, Warehou, Paueme, Ugu on Aramia River. Alternate names: TAO-SUAME, DAUSAME, TA.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Inland Gulf, Minanibai. 
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TAUADE

[TTD] 11,000 (1991 SIL).  Central Province, Goilala District toward the northeast. Alternate names: TAUATA.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Eastern, Central and Southeastern, Goilalan. 
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TAULIL-BUTAM

[TUH] 826 (1982 SIL).  East New Britain Province, Gazelle Peninsula. Dialects: TAULIL, BUTAM.  Classification: East Papuan, Yele-Solomons-New Britain, New Britain, Baining-Taulil. 
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TAUPOTA

[TPA]   Milne Bay Province, Alotau District, Maramatana Local Government Area, on East Cape facing Goodenough Bay from Wamawamana to Garuwahi including Taupota village. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Papuan Tip, Nuclear, North Papuan Mainland-D'Entrecasteaux, Are-Taupota, Taupota. 
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TAUYA

[TYA] 347 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Madang Province. Alternate names: INAFOSA.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Madang-Adelbert Range, Adelbert Range, Brahman. 
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TAWALA

[TBO] 10,000 (1988 B. Ezard SIL).  Milne Bay Province, Alotau District, from Awaiama to East Cape, north and south shores of Milne Bay, Sideia and Basilaki islands. Alternate names: TAWARA, TAVARA, TAVORA, TAVALA.  Dialects: AWAYAMA (AWAIAMA, AWALAMA), HUHUNA, KEHELALA (KEHERARA, EAST CAPE), LELEHUDI, TAWALA (TAVARA, DIWINAI, DIVINAI), LABE (RABE), YALEBA (WAGAWAGA, GWAWILI, GWAVILI, EALEBA), BOHILAI (BOHIRA'I, BASILAKI), SIDEYA (SIDEIA).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Papuan Tip, Nuclear, North Papuan Mainland-D'Entrecasteaux, Are-Taupota, Taupota. 
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TELEFOL

[TLF] 5,400 (1994 SIL).  Sandaun Province, Telefomin District. Alternate names: TELEFOMIN, TELEFOLMIN, TELEEFOOL.  Dialects: TELEFOL, FERAMIN.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, Central and South New Guinea-Kutubuan, Central and South New Guinea, Ok, Mountain. 
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TENIS

[TNS] 49 (1972 Beaumont).  New Ireland Province, Tench Island. Alternate names: TENCH.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, St. Matthias. 
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TEOP

[TIO] 5,000 (1991 SIL).  North Solomons Province, Tinputz District, northeastern. Dialects: WAINANANA, LOSIARA (RAOSIARA), TAUNITA, MELILUP, PETSPETS.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Meso Melanesian, New Ireland, South New Ireland-Northwest Solomonic, Nehan-North Bougainville, Saposa-Tinputz. 
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TEREBU

[TRB] 150 (?) (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  East Sepik Province, coast southeast of Taul. Alternate names: TEREPU, TURUPU, TURUBU.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Schouten, Kairiru-Manam, Kairiru. 
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TIANG

[TBJ] 791 (1972 Beaumont).  New Ireland Province, northern; also eastern Djaul Island. Alternate names: DJAUL.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Meso Melanesian, New Ireland, Lavongai-Nalik. 
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TIFAL

[TIF] 3,200 (1991 SIL).  Sandaun Province, Telefomin District. Alternate names: TIFALMIN.  Dialects: TIFAL, ASBALMIN.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, Central and South New Guinea-Kutubuan, Central and South New Guinea, Ok, Mountain. 
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TIGAK

[TGC] 6,000 (1991 SIL).  Northern New Ireland Province, Kavieng District, and western Djaul Island. Alternate names: OMO.  Dialects: ISLAND TIGAK, WEST TIGAK, CENTRAL TIGAK, SOUTH TIGAK.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Meso Melanesian, New Ireland, Lavongai-Nalik. 
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TIMBE

[TIM] 11,000 (1991 SIL).  Morobe Province, Kabwum District, Timbe River valley and tributaries. Dialects: CENTRAL TIMBE, NORTH TIMBE, SOUTH TIMBE.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, Huon-Finisterre, Huon, Western. 
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TINPUTZ

[TPZ] 3,900 (1991 SIL).  North Solomons Province, Teop-Tinputz District. Alternate names: VASUII, WASOI, TIMPUTS, VASUI.  Dialects: VASUI, VAVOEHPOA', VAENE', VADO-VAENE', VAPOPEO', VAPOPEO'-RAUSAURA, VADO.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Meso Melanesian, New Ireland, South New Ireland-Northwest Solomonic, Nehan-North Bougainville, Saposa-Tinputz. 
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TIRIO

[TCR] 950 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Western Province, southern bank and hinterland of Fly Estuary. Alternate names: DUDI.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Trans-Fly-Bulaka River, Trans-Fly, Tirio. 
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TITAN

[TTV] 3,850 (1992 SIL), 2,674 in the area.  Manus Province, M'buke, Mouk, and Rambutyo islands. Alternate names: MANUS, MOANUS, TITO, M'BUNAI.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Admiralty Islands, Eastern, Manus, East. 
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TOARIPI

[TPI] 23,000 (1977 SIL).  Gulf Province, Cape Possession to Cape Cupola. Kerema is a main town. Alternate names: MOTUMOTU, EAST ELEMA.  Dialects: KAIPI (MELARIPI), TOARIPI (MORIPI-IOKEA, MOVEAVE), SEPOE.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Eleman, Eleman Proper, Eastern. 
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TOBO

[TBV] 2,230 (1980 census).  Morobe Province, upper Kuat River valley, south of Cromwell Range. Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, Huon-Finisterre, Huon, Western. 
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TOK PISIN

[PDG] 50,000 first language, 2,000,000 second language speakers (1982 SIL).  Mainly in the northern half of the country. Alternate names: PISIN, PIDGIN, NEOMELANESIAN, NEW GUINEA PIDGIN ENGLISH, MELANESIAN ENGLISH.  Classification: Creole, English based, Pacific. 
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TOKANO

[ZUH] 6,000 (1982 SIL).  Eastern Highlands Province, Goroka District. Alternate names: TOKAMA, GAMUSO, ZUHUZUHO, ZUHOZUHO, YUFIYUFA, ZAKA.  Dialects: LOWER ASARO, ZUHUZUHO.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, East New Guinea Highlands, East-Central, Gahuku-Benabena. 
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TOMOIP

[TUM] 700 (1982 SIL).  East New Britain Province, Wide Bay to Waterfall Bay and interior. Alternate names: TUMUIP, TUMIE, TOMOYP, TOMOIVE.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Meso Melanesian, New Ireland, Tomoip. 

TORAU

[TTU] 605 (1963 SIL).  North Solomons Province, southeast coast, north of Kieta. Alternate names: ROROVANA.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Meso Melanesian, New Ireland, South New Ireland-Northwest Solomonic, Mono-Uruava. 
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TORRICELLI

[TEI] 953 in 5 villages (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  East Sepik Province, Maprik District and partially in Sandaun Province, west of Kombio. Alternate names: LOU, ANAMAGI.  Dialects: WEST TORRICELLI, EAST TORRICELLI.  Classification: Torricelli, Kombio-Arapesh, Kombio. 
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TUMA-IRUMU

[IOU] 1,500 (1998 SIL).  Morobe Province, Kaiapot District, Wantoat Sub-district. Alternate names: GUMIA, UPPER IRUMU, TUMA, IRUMU.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, Huon-Finisterre, Finisterre, Wantoat. 
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TUMLEO

[TMQ] 675 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Sandaun Province, Tumleo Island, and coast around Aitape. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Schouten, Siau. 
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TUNGAG

[LCM] 12,000 (1990 SIL).  New Ireland Province, Lamet District, New Hanover Island, Tingwon and Umbukul Islands. Alternate names: TUNGAK, LAVONGAI, LAVANGAI, DANG.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Meso Melanesian, New Ireland, Lavongai-Nalik. 
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TURAKA

[TRH] 35 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Milne Bay Province, 5 miles southwest of Radarada and Ruaba. Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Eastern, Central and Southeastern, Dagan. 
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TUWARI

[TWW] 122 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Sandaun Province, middle Sepik region, upper Walio (Leonhard Schultze) River. A few also near Akiapmin south of the Central Range. Classification: Sepik-Ramu, Leonhard Schultze, Walio. 
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UARE

[KSJ] 1,300 (1996 SIL).  Central Province, Rigo Inland District, on the coast south of Port Moresby, Kemp Welsh and Hunter rivers. Alternate names: KWALE, KWARE.  Dialects: GARIHE (GARIA), UARE (KWALE).  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Eastern, Central and Southeastern, Kwalean. 
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UBIR

[UBR] 2,000 (1993 UBS).  Oro Province, Tufi District, coast of Collingwood Bay on the Kwagila River. Alternate names: UBIRI, KUBIRI.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Papuan Tip, Nuclear, North Papuan Mainland-D'Entrecasteaux, Are-Taupota, Are. 
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UFIM

[UFI] 550 (1978 McElhanon).  Morobe Province. Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, Huon-Finisterre, Finisterre, Gusap-Mot. 

UISAI

[UIS] 2,500 (1991 SIL).  North Solomons Province, southern, Buin District. Classification: East Papuan, Bougainville, East, Buin. 
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UKURIGUMA

[UKG] 134 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Madang Province. Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Madang-Adelbert Range, Adelbert Range, Pihom-Isumrud-Mugil, Pihom, Numugenan. 
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ULAU-SUAIN

[SVB] 1,369 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Sandaun Province, coast around Ulau 1, Ulau 2, and Suain. Alternate names: SUAIN.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Schouten, Siau. 
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UMANAKAINA

[GDN] 2,400 (1987 SIL).  Milne Bay Province, Rabaraba District, on the coast of Goodenough Bay, inland between Mt. Gwoira and Mt. Simpson. Alternate names: GWEDENA, GWEDA, GWEDE, GVEDE, UMANIKAINA.  Dialects: UPPER UGU RIVER, EAST UMANAKAINA.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Eastern, Central and Southeastern, Dagan. 
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UMBU-UNGU

[UMB] 31,000 (1998 SIL), including 9,000 Andelale (1998 SIL), 12,000 Kala (1998 SIL), 10,000 No-Penge (1998 SIL).  Western Highlands Province, Tambul (No-Penge dialect) and Lower Kaugel (Kala dialect) districts, extending into Southern Highlands Province (Andelale dialect). Alternate names: UBU UGU, KAUGEL, KAUIL, GAWIGL, GAWIL, KAKOLI.  Dialects: KALA (MENDO-KALA), NO-PENGE, ANDELALE.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, East New Guinea Highlands, Central, Hagen, Kaugel. 
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UMEDA

[UPI] 300 (1993 SIL).  Sandaun Province, Amanda District, south of Imonda. Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Northern, Border, Bewani. 

UNEAPA

[BBN] 10,000 (1998 SIL).  West New Britain Province, Talasea District, Unea (Bali) Island off the northwest coast. Alternate names: BALI.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Meso Melanesian, Bali-Vitu. 
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UNSERDEUTSCH

[ULN] 100 or fewer fluent speakers including 15 in New Britain, a few in other parts of PNG and the rest in southeastern Queensland, Australia (1981 C. Volker). Population total both countries 100 or fewer.  Alternate names: RABAUL CREOLE GERMAN.  Classification: Creole, German based.  Nearly extinct.
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URA

[URO] 1,900 (1991 SIL).  East New Britain Province, Rabaul District, Gazelle Peninsula. Alternate names: URAMÄT, URAMIT, URAMET, URAMOT, AURAMOT.  Classification: East Papuan, Yele-Solomons-New Britain, New Britain, Baining-Taulil. 
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URAPMIN

[URM] 394 (1979 census).  Sandaun Province, Telefomin District. Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, Central and South New Guinea-Kutubuan, Central and South New Guinea, Ok, Mountain. 
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URAT

[URT] 6,500 or more (1996 Barnes SIL).  East Sepik Province, Dreikikir District, southwest of Wom, south of Kombio. 20 major villages and several hamlets. Dialects: WASEP NAU (NORTH URAT), WUSYEP YEHRE (CENTRAL URAT), WASEP YAM (SOUTH URAT), WUSYEP TEP (EAST URAT).  Classification: Torricelli, Wapei-Palei, Urat. 
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URI

[UVH] 2,500 (1991 SIL).  Morobe Province, Boana District. Alternate names: URII, URI VEHEES, ERAP.  Dialects: EAST URII, WEST URII.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, Huon-Finisterre, Finisterre, Erap. 
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URIGINA

[URG] 1,404 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Madang Province, 30 miles downstream. Alternate names: URIGINAU, ORIGANAU.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Madang-Adelbert Range, Madang, Rai Coast, Peka. 
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URIM

[URI] 3,200 (1991 SIL) in 13 villages (1971 Wurm).  East Sepik Province, Maprik Subdistrict, extending into Sandaun Province, Nuku Subdistrict, southwest of Kombio. 16 villages. Alternate names: KALP.  Dialects: KUKWO, YANGKOLEN.  Classification: Torricelli, Urim. 
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URIMO

[URX] 835 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  East Sepik Province. Alternate names: YAUGIBA.  Classification: Torricelli, Marienberg. 
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USAN

[WNU] 1,400 (1991 SIL).  Madang Province, Madang District. Alternate names: WANUMA.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Madang-Adelbert Range, Adelbert Range, Pihom-Isumrud-Mugil, Pihom, Numugenan. 
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USARUFA

[USA] 1,300 (1996 SIL).  Eastern Highlands Province, Okapa District. Alternate names: USURUFA, UTURUPA.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, East New Guinea Highlands, Eastern, Gadsup-Auyana-Awa. 
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USINO

[URW] 1,630 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Madang Province. Alternate names: KARI, SOP.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Madang-Adelbert Range, Madang, Rai Coast, Peka. 
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UTARMBUNG

[OMO] 480 (1990 census).  Madang Province. Alternate names: OSUM.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Madang-Adelbert Range, Adelbert Range, Josephstaal-Wanang, Josephstaal, Osum. 

UTU

[UTU] 583 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Madang Province. Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Madang-Adelbert Range, Madang, Mabuso, Hanseman. 

UYA

[USU] 93 (1987 SIL).  Madang Province, Trans-Gogol District. Alternate names: USU.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Madang-Adelbert Range, Madang, Rai Coast, Nuru. 
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VALMAN

[VAN] 800 (1993 SIL).  Sandaun Province. Alternate names: KOROKO.  Classification: Torricelli, Wapei-Palei, Wapei. 
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VANIMO

[VAM] 2,200 (1990 SIL).  Sandaun Province, Vanimo District. 3 villages. Not in Irian Jaya. Alternate names: MANIMO, WANIMO, DUSO.  Classification: Sko, Vanimo. 
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VEHES

[VAL] 100 (1978 McElhanon).  Morobe Province, one village near the coast between Salamaua and Lae. Alternate names: BUASI, VEHEES.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Huon Gulf, South, Hote-Buang, Buang. 
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WA'EMA

[WAG]   Milne Bay Province, Alotau District, Huhu Local Government Area, the area from Giligili Estates to Turnbull War Memorial, near the head of Milne Bay north to, but not crossing, the East Cape coastal range. Alternate names: WAIEMA.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Papuan Tip, Nuclear, North Papuan Mainland-D'Entrecasteaux, Are-Taupota, Taupota. 
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WAB

[WAB] 142 (1977 Lincoln).  Madang Province, north coast of Huon Peninsula. 2 villages next to Saidor: Wab and Saui. Alternate names: SOM.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Ngero-Vitiaz, Vitiaz, Bel, Astrolabe. 
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WABUDA

[KMX] 2,000 (1993 SIL).  Western Province, Wabuda Island, and the north bank of the Fly River mouth. Maipani, Tirere, Maduduo, Sagero, Wapi, Gesoa, Dameratamu, and Kabaturi villages. Alternate names: WABUDA KIWAI, WABODA.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Trans-Fly-Bulaka River, Trans-Fly, Kiwaian. 
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WADAGINAM

[WDG] 546 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Madang Province. Alternate names: WADAGINAMB.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Madang-Adelbert Range, Adelbert Range, Josephstaal-Wanang, Josephstaal, Wadaginam. 

WAFFA

[WAJ] 1,000 (1978 McElhanon).  Morobe Province, Kaiapit District, headwaters of Waffa River. Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, East New Guinea Highlands, Eastern, Tairora. 
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WAGAWAGA

[WGW] 1,294 (1990 census).  Milne Bay Province, Alotau District, Huhu Local Government Area, south shore of Milne Bay. Alternate names: BAEAULA, GAMADOUDOU, GIBARA, KILAKILANA.  Dialects: WAGAWAGA (BAEAULA), GAMADOUDOU.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Papuan Tip, Nuclear, Suauic. 
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WAGI

[FAD] 1,500 (1986 M. Leaders SIL).  Madang Province, 7 miles northwest of Madang. 5 villages: Mis, Kamba, Foran, Kauris, and Silibob. Alternate names: FORAN, FURAN, KAMBA, MIS-KEMBA.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Madang-Adelbert Range, Madang, Mabuso, Hanseman. 
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WAHGI

[WAK] 39,000 (1999 SIL).  Western Highlands Province, Minj District, overlapping into Simbu Province, South of the Wahgi River. Alternate names: MID WAHGI.  Dialects: KUP-MINJ (KUMAI), PUKAMIGL-ANDEGABU, KUNJIP, KAMBIA, MID-WAHGI.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, East New Guinea Highlands, Central, Wahgi. 
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WAHGI, NORTH

[WHG] 47,000 (1999 SIL).  Western Highlands Province, Minj District, overlapping into Simbu Province. North Wahgi is on the north side of the Wahgi River, and on both sides of the Sepik-Wahgi Divide. Dialects: BANZ-NONDUGL.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, East New Guinea Highlands, Central, Wahgi. 
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WALIO

[WLA] 142 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  East Sepik Province. Classification: Sepik-Ramu, Leonhard Schultze, Walio. 
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WAMAS

[WMC] 135 in ten villages (1977).  Madang Province. Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Madang-Adelbert Range, Madang, Mabuso, Hanseman. 

WAMPAR

[LBQ] 5,150 (1990).  Morobe Province, lower Markham and Wamped rivers. Alternate names: LAEWOMBA, LAEWAMBA, LAIWOMBA.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Huon Gulf, Markham, Lower, Wampar. 
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WAMPUR

[WAZ] 360 (1990).  Morobe Province, Wanton River. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Huon Gulf, Markham, Upper, Mountain. 
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WAMSAK

[WBD] 5,000 to 7,000 (1993 SIL).  Sandaun Province, north of Middle Sepik River. Alternate names: WOMSAK, SEIM, NIHAMBER, MENDE, SAMBU.  Classification: Sepik-Ramu, Sepik, Middle Sepik, Nukuma. 
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WANAMBRE

[WLN] 489 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Madang Province. Alternate names: VANAMBERE.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Madang-Adelbert Range, Adelbert Range, Pihom-Isumrud-Mugil, Pihom, Tiboran. 

WANAP

[WNP] 1,000 (1994 SIL).  Sandaun Province, north of Mehek, northeast of Siliput. Alternate names: KAYIK.  Classification: Torricelli, Wapei-Palei, Palei. 
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WANIB

[AUK] 1,711 (1987 SIL).  Sandaun Province, Wan Wan Division. Alternate names: ARINUA, ARINWA, ARIMA, HEYO, LOLOPANI, WAN WAN, RURUHIP.  Classification: Torricelli, Maimai, Maimai Proper. 
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WANTOAT

[WNC] 8,201 (1978 McElhanon) including 393 Bam (1978 McElhanon) and 492 Yagawak (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Morobe Province, Kaiapit District, Wantoat, Leron, and Bam rivers. Dialects: WAPU (LERON), CENTRAL WANTOAT, BAM, YAGAWAK (KANDOMIN).  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, Huon-Finisterre, Finisterre, Wantoat. 
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WÁRA

[TCI] 350 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Western Province, near Morehead. Alternate names: ROUKU, WÄRÄ, YUMBAR, UPPER MOREHEAD, KAMINDJO, TJOKWAI, TOKWASA, VARA, ARA.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Trans-Fly-Bulaka River, Trans-Fly, Morehead and Upper Maro Rivers, Tonda. 
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WARAPU

[WRA] 1,602 including 442 nonresidents (1983 census).  Sandaun Province, coast near Sera and Sissano, northwest peninsula of the Sissano lagoon, around Sumo and Ramu towns. Classification: Sko, Krisa. 
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WARIS

[WRS] 2,500 in Papua New Guinea. Population total both countries 4,000.  Alternate names: WALSA.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Northern, Border, Waris. 
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WARUNA

[WRV] 600 or more (1991 SIL).  Western Province, Aramia River area, Waruna village. Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, Gogodala-Suki, Gogodala. 
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WASAMBU

[WSM] 450 (1996 SIL).  East Sepik Province, extending beyond the western boundary of Maprik District; Makru-Klaplei Division, Nuku District; Sandaun Province, east of Mehek. 40 villages. Alternate names: KWANGA, GAWANGA, WOMSAK.  Classification: Sepik-Ramu, Sepik, Middle Sepik, Nukuma. 
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WASEMBO

[GSP] 586 (1980 census).  Morobe Province, west of Ufim. Alternate names: GUSAP, YANKOWAN, BIAPIM.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Madang-Adelbert Range, Adelbert Range, Pihom-Isumrud-Mugil, Pihom, Wasembo. 
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WASKIA

[WSK] 12,000 (1987 SIL).  Madang Province, Madang District, Karkar Island. Alternate names: WOSKIA, VASKIA.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Madang-Adelbert Range, Adelbert Range, Pihom-Isumrud-Mugil, Isumrud, Kowan. 
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WATAKATAUI

[WTK] 350 (1998 NTM).  East Sepik Province, on a branch of the middle Korosameri River. 2 villages. Alternate names: WAXE.  Classification: Sepik-Ramu, Sepik, Sepik Hill, Bahinemo. 
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WATALUMA

[WAT] 190 (1972 census).  Milne Bay Province, two hamlets north of Goodenough Island. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Papuan Tip, Nuclear, North Papuan Mainland-D'Entrecasteaux, Are-Taupota, Are. 
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WATAM

[WAX] 376 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Madang and East Sepik provinces, near the mouth of the Ramu River. Alternate names: MARANGIS.  Classification: Sepik-Ramu, Ramu, Ramu Proper, Ruboni, Ottilien. 

WATUT, MIDDLE

[MPL] 1,350 (1990 SIL).  Morobe Province, Mumeng District, lower Watut Valley, 7 villages. Alternate names: SILISILI, MARALIINAN, MARALINAN, WATUT.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Huon Gulf, Markham, Watut. 
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WATUT, NORTH

[UNA] 465 (1988 Holzknecht).  Morobe Province, Mumeng District, Kaiapit area, Waffa Valley. Alternate names: UNANK, ONANK, UNANGG, WATUT.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Huon Gulf, Markham, Watut. 

WATUT, SOUTH

[MCY] 889 (1988 Holzknecht).  Morobe Province, southern or lower Watut River. 5 villages. Dialects: MARALANGO (MARALANGKO), DANGAL (DANGGAL).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Huon Gulf, Markham, Watut. 
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WEDAU

[WED] 1,942 (1990 census). Lingua franca for another 5,000 (1985 UBS).  Milne Bay Province, Rabaraba District, Weraura Local Government Area, on the mainland from Kuvira Bay to Dogura along the north coast. Alternate names: WEDAUN, WEDAWAN.  Dialects: TOPURA, YAPOA, LAVORA, KWAMANA.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Papuan Tip, Nuclear, North Papuan Mainland-D'Entrecasteaux, Are-Taupota, Taupota. 
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WELIKI

[KLH] 200 (1990 SIL).  Morobe Province, lower Timbe River valley. 2 villages. Alternate names: WELEKI, KARANGI.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, Huon-Finisterre, Finisterre, Uruwa. 
More information.

WERE

[WEI] 291 (1979 census).  Western Province, Dewara (Weredai) village. Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Trans-Fly-Bulaka River, Trans-Fly, Tirio. 
More information.

WERI

[WER] 4,163 (1978 McElhanon).  Morobe Province, Wau District, headwaters of Biaru, Waria, and Ono rivers. Alternate names: WELI, WELE.  Dialects: SIM, BIARU-WARIA, ONO.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Eastern, Central and Southeastern, Goilalan, Kunimaipa. 
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WIAKI

[WII] 561 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Sandaun Province, north of Beli, Laeko-Libuat. Alternate names: WIAKEI.  Classification: Torricelli, Maimai, Wiaki. 

WIRU

[WIU] 15,292 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Southern Highlands Province, Ialibu District. Alternate names: WITU.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, East New Guinea Highlands, Wiru. 
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WOGAMUSIN

[WOG] 700 (1998 SIL).  East Sepik Province, Ambunti District. 4 villages. Alternate names: WONGAMUSIN.  Classification: Sepik-Ramu, Sepik, Upper Sepik, Wogamusin. 
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WOGEO

[WOC] 1,237 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Vokeo and Koil islands, East Sepik Province. Alternate names: UAGEO.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Schouten, Kairiru-Manam, Manam. 
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WOM

[WMO] 1,885 in 5 areas (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  East Sepik Province, east of Wara Sikau, Maprik District. 12 villages, foothills of Torricelli Mts., 22 km. west northwest of Maprik in Dreikikir District, Maprik Province. Alternate names: WAM.  Classification: Torricelli, Kombio-Arapesh, Kombio. 
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WUTUNG

[WUT] 410 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Sandaun Province, Vanimo District, coast bordering Irian Jaya, including Sangke village. Alternate names: UDUNG.  Classification: Sko, Vanimo. 
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WUVULU-AUA

[WUV] 1,000 (1982 SIL).  Western Manus Province, Aua, Durour, Maty, and Wuvulu islands. Alternate names: AUA-VIWULU, VIWULU-AUA.  Dialects: AUA, WUVULU (WUU).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Admiralty Islands, Western. 
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YABEM

[JAE] 2,084 (1978 McElhanon).  Morobe Province, Huon Peninsula, coast near Finschhafen. Alternate names: LAULABU, JABEM, JABIM, YABIM.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Huon Gulf, North. 
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YABEN

[YBM] 702 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Madang Province. Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Madang-Adelbert Range, Adelbert Range, Pihom-Isumrud-Mugil, Pihom, Numugenan. 
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YABONG

[YBO] 370 (1970 SIL).  Madang Province. Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Madang-Adelbert Range, Madang, Rai Coast, Yaganon. 

YAGARIA

[YGR] 21,116 (1982 SIL).  Eastern Highlands Province, Goroka District. Dialects: KAMI-KULAKA, MOVE, OLOGUTI, DAGENAVA, KAMATE, HIRA, HUA (HUVA), KOTOM.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, East New Guinea Highlands, East-Central, Kamano-Yagaria. 
More information.

YAGOMI

[YGM] 137 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Madang Province, Saidor District, Yagomi village, on the coast southeast of Seure. Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, Huon-Finisterre, Finisterre, Warup. 
More information.

YAGWOIA

[YGW] 9,000 (1987 SIL).  Morobe Province, Menyamya District, extending into Gulf Province; Eastern Highlands Province, one section west of the Tauri River, the other north of Menye. Alternate names: KOKWAIYAKWA, YEGHUYE.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, Angan, Angan Proper. 
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YAHANG

[RHP] 1,182 including 1,116 in area and 66 outside (1978 census).  Sandaun Province, west of Mehek. Alternate names: YA'UNK, RURUHIP, RURUHI'IP.  Classification: Torricelli, Maimai, Maimai Proper. 
More information.

YAKAIKEKE

[YKK] 100 (1998 SIL).  Milne Bay Province, Alotau District, Weraura Local Government Area, on Goodenough Bay between Wedau and Radava, Near Manubada at Diruna only. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Papuan Tip, Nuclear, North Papuan Mainland-D'Entrecasteaux, Are-Taupota, Taupota. 
More information.

YAKAMUL

[YKM] 2,118 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Sandaun Province, coast between Paup and Yakamul, and Ali, Seleo, and Angel islands. Alternate names: ALI.  Dialects: ALI, YAKAMUL.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Schouten, Siau. 
More information.

YALE

[NCE] 600 (1991 SIL).  Sandaun Province, Amanab District, west of Namia. Kwomtari is north, Abau is south, Busa is southwest, Biaka is west, Anggor and Amanab are northwest. 6 villages. Alternate names: NAGATMAN, NAGATIMAN, YARË, YADE.  Classification: Language Isolate. 
More information.

YAMAP

[YMP] 670 (1980 census).  Morobe Province, Francisco River area. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Huon Gulf, South, Hote-Buang, Hote. 
More information.

YAMBES

[YMB] 860 in 4 villages (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  East Sepik Province, Maprik District, northwest of Wom, east and southeast of Kombio. Dialects: WEST YAMBES, EAST YAMBES.  Classification: Torricelli, Kombio-Arapesh, Kombio. 
More information.

YANGULAM

[YNL] 180 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Madang Province. Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Madang-Adelbert Range, Madang, Rai Coast, Nuru. 
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YAPUNDA

[YEV] 69 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Sandaun Province. Alternate names: REIWO.  Classification: Torricelli, Wapei-Palei, Wapei. 

YARAWATA

[YRW] 98 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Madang Province. Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Madang-Adelbert Range, Adelbert Range, Pihom-Isumrud-Mugil, Pihom, Numugenan. 
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YAREBA

[YRB] 750 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Oro Province, Popondetta District. Alternate names: MIDDLE MUSA.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Eastern, Central and Southeastern, Yareban. 
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YAU

[YUW] 1,700 (1991 SIL).  Morobe Province, Kabwum District. Villages include Worin, Yawan, Kotet, Mitmit, Mup, Sindamon. Alternate names: URUWA.  Dialects: NORTHERN YAU, HEADWATERS YAU.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, Huon-Finisterre, Finisterre, Uruwa. 
More information.

YAU

[YYU] 165 (1983 census).  Sandaun Province. 1 village. Classification: Torricelli, Wapei-Palei, Wapei. 
More information.

YAUL

[YLA] 814 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  East Sepik Province. Classification: Sepik-Ramu, Ramu, Yuat-Waibuk, Mongol-Langam. 
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YAWEYUHA

[YBY] 2,000 (1991 SIL).  Eastern Highlands Province, Goroka District. Alternate names: YABIYUFA, YAWIYUHA.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, East New Guinea Highlands, East-Central, Siane. 
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YAWIYO

[YBX] 100 (1977 Voegelin and Voegelin).  Sandaun Province, 10 miles east of Duranmin. 3 villages. Alternate names: YABIO.  Classification: Sepik-Ramu, Leonhard Schultze, Walio. 
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YEI

[JEI]   Western Province, south between Fly River and coast, Sirisa village. Alternate names: YEY, JEI, JE.  Dialects: NORTH YEI (BUPUL), SOUTH YEI.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Trans-Fly-Bulaka River, Trans-Fly, Morehead and Upper Maro Rivers, Yey. 
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YEKORA

[YKR] 1,000 (1995 SIL).  Morobe Province, 2 villages near Morobe government station. Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Eastern, Binanderean, Binanderean Proper. 
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YELE

[YLE] 3,750 (1998 Rossel Health Centres estimate).  Milne Bay Province, Misima District, Rossel Island at eastern end of Calvados chain. Alternate names: YELEJONG, ROSSEL, YELA, YELETNYE.  Dialects: DAMINYU, BOU, WULANGA, JINJO, ABALETTI, JARU.  Classification: East Papuan, Yele-Solomons-New Britain, Yele-Solomons, Yele. 
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YELOGU

[YLG] 230 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  East Sepik Province, one village in Ambunti District. Alternate names: KAUNGA, BUIAMANAMBU.  Classification: Sepik-Ramu, Sepik, Middle Sepik, Ndu. 

YERAKAI

[YRA] 390 in 2 villages (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  East Sepik Province, Ambunti District, southeast near government station. Alternate names: YEREKAI.  Classification: Sepik-Ramu, Sepik, Middle Sepik, Yerakai. 
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YESSAN-MAYO

[YSS] 1,500 (1998 SIL).  East Sepik Province, Ambunti District, Sandaun Province, Wan Wan Division, south of Mehek. 10 villages. Alternate names: MAYO-YESAN, MAIO-YESAN, YASYIN, YESAN.  Dialects: YAWU (YAU, YAW, WARASAI), MAYO-YESSAN.  Classification: Sepik-Ramu, Sepik, Tama. 
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YIL

[YLL] 2,476 (1983 census).  Sandaun Province, northwest of Au. 16 villages. Classification: Torricelli, Wapei-Palei, Wapei. 
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YIMAS

[YEE] 350 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  East Sepik Province, near Chambri, Arafundi River, middle Karawari River. Classification: Sepik-Ramu, Nor-Pondo, Pondo. 
More information.

YIS

[YIS] 492 (1983 census).  Sandaun Province. 5 villages. Classification: Torricelli, Wapei-Palei, Wapei. 
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YOIDIK

[YDK] 266 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Madang Province. Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Madang-Adelbert Range, Madang, Mabuso, Hanseman. 

YONGKOM

[YON] 4,000 in Papua New Guinea (1997 SIL). Population total both countries 6,000.  Alternate names: YONGOM, YONGGOM.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, Central and South New Guinea-Kutubuan, Central and South New Guinea, Ok, Lowland. 
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YOPNO

[YUT] 10,000 including 7,000 Yupna (1987 SIL), 820 Kewieng (1981), 1,669 Nokopo (1981), 517 Wandabong (1981).  Madang Province and Morobe Province. Alternate names: YUPNA.  Dialects: KEWIENG, NOKOPO, WANDABONG, ISAN.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, Huon-Finisterre, Finisterre, Yupna. 
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YUBANAKOR

[YUO] 4,800 (1996 SIL).  East Sepik Province, extending beyond the western boundary of Maprik District; Makru-Klaplei Division, Nuku District. Alternate names: DAINA, KWANGA.  Classification: Sepik-Ramu, Sepik, Middle Sepik, Nukuma. 
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ZENAG

[ZEG] 1,818 (1979 census).  Morobe Province, Mumeng District. Alternate names: ZENANG.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Huon Gulf, South, Hote-Buang, Buang, Mumeng. 
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ZIA

[ZIA] 3,943 including 3,000 Zia (1991 SIL), 943 Mawae (1978 McElhanon).  Morobe Province, Lae District near the mouth of the Waria River. Alternate names: TSIA, LOWER WARIA, ZIYA.  Dialects: ZIA, MAWAE.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Eastern, Binanderean, Binanderean Proper. 
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ZIMAKANI

[ZIK] 1,500 (1990 UBS).  Western Province, south end of Lake Murray. Alternate names: BAEGWA, DEA, BAGWA ZIMAKANI.  Dialects: ZIMAKANI, BAGWA (BEGUA, MBEGU), DEA.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Central and Western, Marind, Boazi. 
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Extinct languages

ARIBWATSA

[LAZ]   Morobe Province, lower Wamped River, living in Bukawa villages of Butibum and Kamkumun at Lae. Alternate names: LAE, LAHE.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Huon Gulf, Markham, Lower, Busu. 
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BINA

[BMN] (2 non-primary speakers left; 1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Central Province, north of Baibara. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Papuan Tip, Peripheral, Central Papuan, Oumic, Magoric. 
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HERMIT

[LLF]   Western Manus Province, Luf and Maron islands in Hermit Islands. Alternate names: AGOMES, LUF, MARON.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Admiralty Islands, Eastern, Manus, West. 
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KANIET

[KTK]   Manus Province, Anchorite and Kaniet Islands, western. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Admiralty Islands, Western. 
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KARAMI

[XAR]   Gulf Province, on Western Province border, northeast of Tao-Suamoto. Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Inland Gulf, Minanibai. 
More information.

MULAHA

[MFW]   Central Province, just southeast of Gaile on the coast. Dialects: MULAHA, IAIBU.  Classification: Trans-New Guinea, Main Section, Eastern, Central and Southeastern, Kwalean. 
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OUMA

[OUM]   Central Province, south coast around Labu. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Papuan Tip, Peripheral, Central Papuan, Oumic. 
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URUAVA

[URV]   North Solomons Province, southeastern coast. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Meso Melanesian, New Ireland, South New Ireland-Northwest Solomonic, Mono-Uruava. 
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YOBA

[YOB]   Central Province, north of Magori. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Papuan Tip, Peripheral, Central Papuan, Oumic, Magoric. 
More information.



This web edition of the Ethnologue contains all the content of the print edition and may be cited as:
Grimes, Barbara F. (ed.), 2000. Ethnologue: Languages of the World, Fourteenth edition. Dallas, Texas: SIL International. Online version: http://www.ethnologue.com/14.

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