Languages of Tanzania

See Tanzania language map..

United Republic of Tanzania. Jamhuri ya Mwungano wa Tanzania. Formerly German East Africa, Tanganyika. National or official language: Swahili. 32,102,000 (1998 UN). Some population figures updated from 1957 census. Literacy rate 80% to 85%. Also includes Konkani, Panjabi, Urdu, Chinese, people from Europe 70,000, Rwanda 25,000, Mozambique. Information mainly from F. Huntingford 1953; B. Taylor 1962; R. Willis 1966; W. Whiteley 1969; E. Polomé and C. Hill 1980; F. Rottland 1981; D. Nurse 1982; G. Dimmendaal 1989. Christian, Muslim, traditional religion. Blind population 40,000 (1982 WCE). Deaf institutions: 7. Data accuracy estimate: A2, B. The number of languages listed for Tanzania is 137. Of those, 135 are living languages and 2 are extinct. Diversity index 0.95.

Spoken living languages

ARABIC, OMANI SPOKEN

[ACX] 195,000 in Tanzania (1993 Johnstone).   Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic. 
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ARABIC, STANDARD

[ABV]   Middle East, north Africa. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic. 
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ARAMANIK

[AAM]    Alternate names: LARAMANIK, 'NDOROBO', 'DOROBO'.  Classification: Nilo-Saharan, Eastern Sudanic, Nilotic, Southern, Kalenjin, Nandi-Markweta, Nandi. 
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ASU

[ASA] 400,000 (1993 Johnstone).  Northeastern, Kilimanjaro Region, Pare Mountains, Mwanga and Same districts. Alternate names: CHIASU, CHASU, ATHU, CASU, PARE.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, G, Shambala (G.20). 
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BEMBA

[BEM] 28,600 in Tanzania (1987).   Alternate names: CHIBEMBA, ICHIBEMBA, WEMBA, CHIWEMBA.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, M, Bemba (M.40). 
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BEMBE

[BMB]   Lake Tanganyika coast, fishing villages from the Burundi border south to the southern border of the Kigoma region. Alternate names: IBEMBE, BEEMBE, EBEMBE.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, D, Bembe (D.50). 
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BENA

[BEZ] 568,000 (1993 Johnstone).  Southwest central. Alternate names: EKIBENA.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, G, Bena-Kinga (G.60). 
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BENDE

[BDP] 20,000 (1987).  Southwest and west of Konongo. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, F, Tongwe (F.10). 
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BONDEI

[BOU] 80,000 (1987).  Usambara Mountains, northeastern, inland from Tanga. Alternate names: KIBONDEI, BONDE.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, G, Shambala (G.20). 
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BUNGU

[WUN] 36,000 (1987).  Chunya District of Mbeya Region. Alternate names: WUNGU.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, F, Sukuma-Nyamwezi (F.20). 
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BURUNGE

[BDS] 31,000 (1987).  Central Province, Kondoa District, southeast of the Rangi, Goima, Chambalo, and Mirambu villages. Alternate names: BULUNGE, MBULUGWE.  Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Cushitic, South. 
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CHAGGA

[KAF] 400,000 (1995).  Northeastern slopes of Mt. Kilimanjaro, Mt. Meru, and Moshi area. Alternate names: KICHAGA, CHAGA, DSCHAGGA, KISHAKA, DJAGA.  Dialects: KIHAI (MERU), KIBOMBO, SHIRA, MKUU, KENI, KIBOSHO, KILEMA, MAMBA, MASHATI, URU, SIHA.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, E, Chaga (E.30). 
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CUTCHI-SWAHILI

[CCL]   Dar es Salaam, Dodoma, Mwanza, Arusha. Alternate names: ASIAN SWAHILI.  Classification: Creole, Swahili based. 
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DATOOGA

[TCC] 150,000 to 200,000 (1993 SIL), including 28,000 Taturu (1987), 76,000 Barabaig (1987), a few thousand Gisamjanga (1982 F. Rottland), 370 Tsimajeega (1967 cenus), 740 Rootigaanga (1967 census), 4,099 Bianjiida (1948 census).  Singida and Mbulu regions. The Barabaig are mainly in the northern volcanic highlands near Mt. Hanang. Alternate names: DATOGA, DATOG, TATOGA, TATOG, TATURU, 'MANGATI'.  Dialects: BAJUTA, GISAMJANGA (KISAMAJENG, GISAMJANG), BARABAYIIGA (BARABAIG, BARABAIK, BARBAIG), TSIMAJEEGA (ISIMIJEEGA), ROOTIGAANGA (ROTIGENGA), BURAADIIGA (BURADIGA), BIANJIIDA (UTATU).  Classification: Nilo-Saharan, Eastern Sudanic, Nilotic, Southern, Tatoga. 
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DHAISO

[DHS] 5,000 or fewer (1999).  Bwiti and Magati villages at the base of the eastern Usambara Mts. on the northern side, Muheza District, Tanga region. Alternate names: KIDHAISO, DAISO, DAISU, KISEGUJU.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, E, Kikuyu-Kamba (E.20). 
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DIGO

[DIG] 88,000 in Tanzania (1987).  Northeastern coast area around Tanga. Alternate names: KIDIGO, CHIDIGO.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, E, Nyika (E.40), Mijikenda. 
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DOE

[DOE] 24,000 (1987).  North coast, north of the Kwere, south of the Nghwele. Alternate names: DOHE.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, G, Zigula-Zaramo (G.30). 
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ENGLISH

[ENG] Second language speakers in Tanzania: 1,500,000 (1977 Voegelin and Voegelin).   Classification: Indo-European, Germanic, West, English. 
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FIPA

[FIP] 200,000 (1992 UBS). Population total both countries 200,000 or more.  Alternate names: ICHIFIPA, CIFIPA, FIBA.  Dialects: KANDASI, SIWA, KWAFI, YANTILI (PEMBA), KWA, CILE.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, F, Tongwe (F.10). 
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GANDA

[LAP] 9,459 in Tanzania (1957 census).   Alternate names: LUGANDA.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, J, Nyoro-Ganda (J.10). 
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GOGO

[GOG] 1,300,000 (1992 UBS).  Southwest of Dodoma, east of Kimbu, Rift Valley. Alternate names: CHIGOGO.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, G, Gogo (G.10). 
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GOROWA

[GOW] 30,000 (1987) to 50,000 (1999 R. Kiessling).  Mbulu and Kondoa districts, Central Province, Arusha region around Mt. Ufiome, near Babati; Galapo, Gidas, Riroda, and Bereku villages. Alternate names: GOROA, GORWAA, FIOME.  Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Cushitic, South. 
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GUJARATI

[GJR] 250,000 in Tanzania from India, predominantly Gujarati (1993 Johnstone).  Small communities. Classification: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Indo-Aryan, Central zone, Gujarati. 
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GWENO

[GWE]   Around Mt. Kilimanjaro. Alternate names: KIGWENO.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, E, Chaga (E.30). 
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HA

[HAQ] 800,000 (1993 Johnstone).  Northwestern, Kigoma Province. Alternate names: GIHA, KIHA, IKIHA.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, J, Rwanda-Rundi (J.60). 
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HADZA

[HTS] 200 (1987).  Some distance northwest of the Sandawe, southeast of Lake Victoria, Singida, Arusha, and Shinyanga regions, near Lake Eyasi. Alternate names: HATSA, HADZAPI, HADZABI, KINDIGA, 'TINDIGA', WAKINDIGA, KANGEJU.  Classification: Khoisan, Hatsa. 
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HANGAZA

[HAN] 150,000 (1987).  Northwestern, southwest of Bukoba. Alternate names: KIHANGAZA.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, J, Rwanda-Rundi (J.60). 
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HAYA

[HAY] 1,200,000 (1991 UBS).  Northwestern, west of Lake Victoria, Bukoba District of West Lake Province. Alternate names: EKIHAYA, RUHAYA, ZIBA.  Dialects: BUMBIRA, EDANGABO, HAMBA, HANGIRO, MWANI, NYAKISISA, EKIZIBA, YOZA.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, J, Haya-Jita (J.20). 
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HEHE

[HEH] 750,000 (1994 UBS)).  Southeast central, north of Pogolo. Alternate names: KIHEHE.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, G, Bena-Kinga (G.60). 
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HOLOHOLO

[HOO]  Population total both countries 12,500 (1987).  Alternate names: HOROHORO, KALANGA, KIKALANGA.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, D, Lega-Kalanga (D.20). 
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IKIZU

[IKZ] 28,000 (1987).  East of Zanaki and Kerebe. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, E, Kuria (E.10). 
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IKOMA

[NTK] 15,000 (1987).  East of Ikizu, Zanaki, and Kerebe. Alternate names: NATA, IKINATA.  Dialects: ISSENYI (ISENYI, IKISENYI).  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, E, Kuria (E.10). 
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IRAQW

[IRK] 365,000 (1993 Johnstone).  Mbulu District, highlands southwest of Arusha in north. Alternate names: MBULU, MBULUNGE, EROKH, IRAKU.  Dialects: ASA.  Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Cushitic, South. 
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ISANZU

[ISN] 32,400 (1987).  Iramba District of Singida Region. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, Unclassified. 
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JIJI

[JIJ] 12,000 (1987).  In Kigoma, Ujiji. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, Unclassified. 
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JITA

[JIT] 217,000 (1987).  Southeastern shore of Lake Victoria, between the Zanaki and Kerebe. Alternate names: ECHIJITA, ECIJITA.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, J, Haya-Jita (J.20). 
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KABWA

[CWA]   North central. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, E, Kuria (E.10). 
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KACHCHI

[KFR]   Cities. Alternate names: CUTCHI, KACCHI, KACHI, KATCHI.  Classification: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Indo-Aryan, Northwestern zone, Sindhi. 
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KAGULU

[KKI] 217,000 (1987).  East central, east of Dodoma. Alternate names: CHIKAGULU, KAGURU, NORTHERN SAGARA, KININGO, WETUMBA, SOLWA, MANGAHERI.  Dialects: MEGI.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, G, Gogo (G.10). 
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KAHE

[HKA] 2,700 (1987).  Northeastern slopes of Mt. Kilimanjaro. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, E, Chaga (E.30). 
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KAMI

[KCU] 10,000 to 20,000 (1998 PBT).  About 30 km. north and northeast of Morogoro, on and south of the main road to Dar es Salaam, and on for about 20 km. The farthest village is about 60 km. south of this road. Alternate names: KIKAMI.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, G, Zigula-Zaramo (G.30). 
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KARA

[REG] 86,000 (1987).  Southeastern shore of Lake Victoria, between the Zanaki and Kerebe, on the Ukerewe, and islands. A few in Mwanza. Alternate names: REGI.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, J, Haya-Jita (J.20). 
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KEREBE

[KED] 100,000 (1987).  Northwestern Ukerewe Island, southern Lake Victoria, Kibara. North of Sukuma, across Speke Gulf. Alternate names: EKIKEREBE, KEREWE.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, J, Haya-Jita (J.20). 
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KIMBU

[KIV] 78,000 (1987).  Southwest and west of the Konongo, south and southeast of the Nyamwezi; Chunya District, southern Highlands Province, Manyoni District, Central Province; 23% in traditional area. Alternate names: KIKIMBU, IKIBUNGU, YANZI.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, F, Sukuma-Nyamwezi (F.20). 
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KINGA

[KIX] 65,000 (1987).  Livingston Mountains, northeastern shore of Lake Malawi. Alternate names: KIKINGA, EKIKINGA.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, G, Bena-Kinga (G.60). 
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KISANKASA

[KQH] 4,670 (1987).   Alternate names: 'NDOROBO', 'DOROBO'.  Classification: Nilo-Saharan, Eastern Sudanic, Nilotic, Southern, Kalenjin, Nandi-Markweta, Nandi. 
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KISI

[KIZ] 13,000 (1987).  Southwest, north shore of Lake Malawi. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, G, Bena-Kinga (G.60). 
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KONONGO

[KCZ] 51,000 (1987).  South of the Nyamwezi, across the Ugalla River, in the northwest corner of Mpanda District, Western Province; 25% live in the tribal area. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, F, Sukuma-Nyamwezi (F.20). 
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KURIA

[KUJ] 213,000 in Tanzania (1987). Population total both countries 348,000.  Alternate names: IKIKURIA, IGIKURIA, TENDE, KURYA, KURYE.  Dialects: KIROBA, SIMBITI, SWETA.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, E, Kuria (E.10). 
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KUTU

[KDC] 45,000 (1987).  South Morogodo and southeast Kilosa districts, Eastern Region. Alternate names: KIKUTU, KHUTU, ZIRAHA, QWADZA, NG'OMVIA.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, G, Zigula-Zaramo (G.30). 
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KWAVI

[CKG] 7,378 (1957 census).   Alternate names: PARAKUYO.  Classification: Unclassified. 
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KWAYA

[KYA] 102,000 (1987).  Southeastern shore of Lake Victoria, between the Zanaki and Kerebe. Dialects: RURI.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, J, Haya-Jita (J.20). 
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KWERE

[CWE] 98,000 (1987).  Western Bagamoyo District, northwest Kisarawe District, eastern Morogoro District, Eastern Region. Many live among the Zalamo and Ruguru. Alternate names: KAKWERE, KWELE, NG'WERE.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, G, Zigula-Zaramo (G.30). 
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LAMBYA

[LAI] 40,000 in Tanzania (1987). Population total both countries 81,000.  Alternate names: ICHILAMBYA, LAMBIA, LAMBWA, RAMBIA, IRAMBA.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, N, Tumbuka (N.20). 

LUO

[LUO] 223,000 in Tanzania (1993 Johnstone).  North central near Kenya border, east of Lake Victoria. Alternate names: DHOLUO, KAVIRONDO.  Classification: Nilo-Saharan, Eastern Sudanic, Nilotic, Western, Luo, Southern, Luo-Acholi, Luo. 
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MAASAI

[MET] 430,000 in Tanzania (1993) including 170,000 Arusa, 30,000 Baraguyu (1987).  North central, on Kenya border, east of Serengeti National Park. The Baraguyu are spread from the Indian Ocean nearly to Malawi. Alternate names: MASAI, MAA, LUMBWA.  Dialects: ENGUTUK-ELOIKOB, ARUSHA (IL-ARUSHA, L-ARUSHA), BARAGUYU, KISONKO.  Classification: Nilo-Saharan, Eastern Sudanic, Nilotic, Eastern, Lotuxo-Teso, Lotuxo-Maa, Ongamo-Maa. 
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MACHAMBE

[JMC] 300,000 (1992 UBS).  Chagga area. Alternate names: MACHAME, KIMASHAMI.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, E, Chaga (E.30). 
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MACHINGA

[MVW] 36,000 (1987).  Along the coast, above the 10th parallel south, close to the Mwera and the Ngindo. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, P, Yao (P.20). 
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MAKHUWA-MEETTO

[MAK] 360,000 in Tanzania (1993).  Extreme southern Tanzania. Alternate names: MAKUA, MAKHUA, IMAKUA, MAKOA, MATO, MAQUOUA, KIMAKUA, MAKUWA.  Dialects: MEDO (METO, EMETO).  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, P, Makua (P.30). 
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MAKONDE

[KDE] 900,000 in Tanzania (1993 Johnstone). Population total both countries 1,260,000.  Alternate names: CHIMAKONDE, CHINIMAKONDE, KONDE, MATAMBWE.  Dialects: MAVIHA.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, P, Yao (P.20). 
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MAKWE

[YMK] 8,000 to 10,000 in Tanzania (1997 SIL).  Southeast Tanzania. Alternate names: KIMAKWE, PALMA.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, G, Swahili (G.40). 
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MALILA

[MGQ] 52,000 (1987).  Southwest near Malawi, south of Safwa, north of Lambya. Alternate names: MALILIA, ISHIMALILIA.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, M, Nyika-Safwa (M.20). 
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MAMBWE-LUNGU

[MGR] 97,000 in Tanzania, including 63,000 Mambwe and 34,000 Rungu (1987).  Mambwe is southwest of Lake Rukwa; Lungu is on the southeast shore. Some in Bemba region. Lungu covers 6,393 square miles. Dialects: MAMBWE (ICHIMAMBWE), RUNGU (LUNGU, CILUNGU).  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, F, Tongwe (F.10). 
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MANDA

[MGS] 18,000 (1987).  Northeast shore of Lake Malawi, western Ruvuma Province. Alternate names: KIMANDA, KINYASA, NYASA.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, N, Manda (N.10). 
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MATENGO

[MGV] 150,000 (1987).  Southwest just northeast of Nyasa. Also possibly in Malawi. Alternate names: CHIMATENGO, KIMATENGO.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, N, Manda (N.10). 
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MATUMBI

[MGW] 72,000 (1978 MARC).  On the banks of the Ruvuma, next to the Makonde and Makhuwa (Polomé and Hill 1980). Alternate names: KIMATUMBI.  Dialects: KUCHI.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, P, Matumbi (P.10). 
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MBUGU

[MHD] 32,000 (1987).  Eastern Province in Usambara. Alternate names: MA'A, MBOUGOU, VAMA'A, WA MAATHI, KIBWYO.  Classification: Mixed Language, Pare-Cushitic. 
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MBUGWE

[MGZ] 24,000 (1999).  Babati District, Arusha Region. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, F, Nyilamba-Langi (F.30). 
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MBUNGA

[MGY] 29,000 (1987).  South central, southeast of the Hehe, north of the Pogolo. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, P, Matumbi (P.10). 
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MEDIAK

[MWX]    Alternate names: NDOROBO, DOROBO.  Classification: Nilo-Saharan, Eastern Sudanic, Nilotic, Southern, Kalenjin, Nandi-Markweta, Nandi. 
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MOCHI

[OLD] 240,000 (1972 Bendor-Samuel).  Northeast corner, Chaga area. Alternate names: MOSHI, KIMOSHI, MOSI.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, E, Chaga (E.30). 
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MOSIRO

[MWY]    Alternate names: NDOROBO, DOROBO.  Classification: Nilo-Saharan, Eastern Sudanic, Nilotic, Southern, Kalenjin, Nandi-Markweta, Nandi. 
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MPOTO

[MPA]  Population total both countries 80,000 (1977 Voegelin and Voegelin).  Alternate names: CHIMPOTO, KINYASA, NYASA.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, N, Manda (N.10). 
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MWANGA

[MWN] 87,000 in Tanzania (1987).  Southwest of Lake Rukwa. Saisi Valley in the northwest to forested plateau in the southeast. Alternate names: CHINAMWANGA, NYAMWANGA, NAMWANGA, KINAMWANGA.  Dialects: TAMBO.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, M, Nyika-Safwa (M.20). 
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MWERA

[MWE] 400,000 (1993 Johnstone).  Southeast, north of Makonde. Alternate names: CHIMWERA, CIMWERA, MWELA.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, P, Yao (P.20). 
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NDALI

[NDH] 150,000 (1987).  South border with Malawi, between Lambya and Nyakyusa. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, M, Nyika-Safwa (M.20). 
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NDAMBA

[NDJ] 55,000 (1987).  South central, northeast of Bena, southeast of Hehe, west of Pogolo, southwest of Mbunga. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, G, Pogoro (G.50). 
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NDENDEULE

[DNE] 79,000 (1987).  Inland, east of the main Ngoni territory south of the 10th parallel. Alternate names: NDENDEULI.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Unclassified. 
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NDENGEREKO

[NDE] 110,000 (1987).  Central coast, south of the Zalamo, north of the Rufiji. Alternate names: KINGENGEREKO, NDENGELEKO.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, P, Matumbi (P.10). 
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NDONDE

[NDS] 33,000 (1987). Population total both countries 33,000.  Alternate names: KIMAWANDA, MAWANDA, NDOMDE.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, P, Yao (P.20). 
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NGASA

[NSG] 200 to 300 speakers out of an ethnic group of 2,500 (1983).  Eastern slopes of Mt. Kilimanjaro. Alternate names: SHAKA, ONGAMO.  Classification: Nilo-Saharan, Eastern Sudanic, Nilotic, Eastern, Lotuxo-Teso, Lotuxo-Maa, Ongamo-Maa. 
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NGHWELE

[NHE]   Coast north of the Doe, east and south of the Zigula. Alternate names: KINGHWELE, NGWELE.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, G, Zigula-Zaramo (G.30). 

NGINDO

[NNQ] 220,000 (1987).  East central, south of the Rufiji, west of the Mwera. Alternate names: KINGINDO, NJINDO.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, P, Matumbi (P.10). 
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NGONI

[NGU] 170,000 in Tanzania (1987). Population total all countries 205,000.  Alternate names: CHINGONI, KINGONI, ANGONI, KISUTU, SUTU.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, N, Manda (N.10). 
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NGULU

[NGP] 132,000 (1987).  Northwest Morogodo District, Eastern Region, western Handeni District, Northern Region, northeast Kilosa District, Eastern Region, Mpwapwa District, Central Region, Ngulu Mts. Alternate names: KINGULU, NGURU, NGUU, WAYOMBA, GEJA.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, G, Zigula-Zaramo (G.30). 
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NGURIMI

[NGQ] 32,000 (1987).  North central border with Kenya, between the Maasai and the Kuria. Alternate names: IKINGURIMI, NGOREME, NGRUIMI, NGURUIMI, DENGURUME.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, E, Kuria (E.10). 
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NILAMBA

[NIM] 440,000 including 50,000 Iambi (1987).  Northwest of Singida, north of the Nyaturu. Alternate names: NYILAMBA, IKINILAMBA, IRAMBA, NILYAMBA, IKINIRAMBA, ILAMBA, NIRAMBA, KINIRAMBA.  Dialects: IAMBI.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, F, Nyilamba-Langi (F.30). 
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NYAKYUSA-NGONDE

[NYY] 750,000 Nyakyusa in Tanzania (1992 UBS). Population total both countries 1,050,000.  Alternate names: IKINYAKYUSA, MOMBE, NGONDE, IKINGONDE, KONDE, NKONDE, NYAKUSA, NYIKYUSA, SOCHILE, SOKILE, SOKILI, KUKWE, NYEKYOSA.  Dialects: NYAKYUSA, KUKWE, MWAMBA (LUNGULU), NGONDE, SELYA (SALYA, SERIA).  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, M, Nyakyusa (M.30). 
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NYAMBO

[NYM] 7,000 (1987).  Northwest corner, Uganda border, west of Lake Victoria, Karagwe District. Alternate names: EKINYAMBO, KARAGWE, RUKARAGWE, URURAGWE, RAGWE, RUNYAMBO, KINYAMBO.  Dialects: YAKAHANGA.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, J, Haya-Jita (J.20). 
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NYAMWEZI

[NYZ] 926,000 (1993 Johnstone) or 4.2% of population (1971 Whiteley). 73% are in the traditional area.  Northwest central, between Lake Victoria and Lake Rukwa. Alternate names: KINYAMWEZI, KINYAMWESI, NYAMWESI, NAMWEZI.  Dialects: NYANYEMBE, TAKAMA (GARAGANZA), MWERI (SUMBWA, KONONGO, KIYA).  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, F, Sukuma-Nyamwezi (F.20). 
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NYANJA

[NYJ] A few in Tanzania.   Alternate names: CINYANJA, CHEWA.  Dialects: CHICHEWA (CHEWA, CEWA), PETA (CIPETA, CHIPETA, MALAWI, MARAVI, MARAVE), CHINGONI (NGONI), MANGANJA (WAGANGA), NYASA, CHIKUNDA.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, N, Nyanja (N.30). 
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NYATURU

[RIM] 556,000 (1993 Johnstone).  North central, south of Singida, west of the Wembere River. Alternate names: TURU, KINYATURU, RIMI, LIMI, KIRIMI, REMI, KIREMI, KEREMI, WANYATURU, WALIMI.  Dialects: GIRWANA (RIMI), CHAHI, GINYAMUNYINGANYI.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, F, Nyilamba-Langi (F.30). 
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NYIHA

[NIH] 306,000 in Tanzania (1987). Population total both countries 626,000.  Alternate names: ISHINYIHA, SHINYIHA, NYIKA, NYIXA.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, M, Nyika-Safwa (M.20). 
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PANGWA

[PBR] 177,000 (1987).  Northeast shore of Lake Malawi. Alternate names: EKIPANGWA.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, G, Bena-Kinga (G.60). 
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PIMBWE

[PIW] 29,000 (1987).  Rift Valley to the northwest of Lake Rukwa. Alternate names: ICHIPIMBWE, CIPIMBWE.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, F, Tongwe (F.10). 
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POGOLO

[POY] 185,000 (1987).  South central, south of the Mbunga, east of the Ndamba. Alternate names: CHIPOGOLO, POGORO, POGORA, CHIPOGORO, POGOLU.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, G, Pogoro (G.50). 
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RANGI

[LAG] 310,000 (1993 Johnstone), including some ethnic Burunge and Wasi (in Kolo and Mnenya) who are Rangi mother tongue speakers.  West of the Maasai, northeast of the Sandawe. One community in Dodoma, and others in Mwanza and Dar es Salaam. Alternate names: KILANGI, IRANGI, LANGI.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, F, Nyilamba-Langi (F.30). 
More information.

ROMBO

[ROF]   Chaga area, eastern area. Alternate names: USSERI.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, E, Chaga (E.30). 
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RUFIJI

[RUI] 200,000 (1987).  Central coast, south of the Ndengereko, north of the Matumbi. Alternate names: RUIHI, KIRUIHI, FIJI.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, P, Matumbi (P.10). 
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RUGURU

[RUF] 520,000 (1993 Johnstone).  Morogodo, Bagamoyo, and Kilosa districts, Eastern Region, Luguru Mts., and Dar-es-Salaam. Alternate names: LUGURU, LUGULU, IKIRUGURU, GURU.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, G, Zigula-Zaramo (G.30). 
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RUNDI

[RUD] 150,000 refugees in Tanzania (1993 Johnstone).  Burundi border, north of the Shubi. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, J, Rwanda-Rundi (J.60). 
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RUNGI

[RUR] 166,000 (1987).  Southeast shore of Lake Tanganyika. Alternate names: IRUNGI.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, Unclassified. 

RUNGWA

[RNW] 18,000 (1987).  South of the Konongo. Alternate names: ICHIRUNGWA, RUNGA, LUNGWA.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, F, Tongwe (F.10). 
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RWA

[RWK] 90,000 (1987).  Northeastern border. Alternate names: RWO, KIRWO, MERU.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, E, Chaga (E.30). 
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RWANDA

[RUA] 88,000 in Tanzania (1987).  Northwest, bordering Rwanda. Alternate names: RUNYARWANDA, RUANA.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, J, Rwanda-Rundi (J.60). 
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SAFWA

[SBK] 158,000 (1987).  Mbeya and Poroto mountain ranges in the Mbeya, Chunya, and Mbozi districts of Mbeya Region. Alternate names: ISHISAFWA, CISAFWA.  Dialects: GURUKA, MBWILA, POROTO, SONGWE.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, M, Nyika-Safwa (M.20). 
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SAGALA

[SBM] 79,000 (1987).  South Kilosa District, Eastern Region, southwest Mpwapwa District, Central Region, northeast Iringa District, southern Highlands Region, north Ulanga District, Southern Region. Alternate names: KISAGALA, SOUTHERN KISAGALA, KISAGARA, SAGARA.  Dialects: ITUMBA, KONDOA (SOLWE), KWENY, NKWIFIYA (KWIFA, KWIVA).  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, G, Zigula-Zaramo (G.30). 
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SANDAWE

[SBR] 70,000 (1987).  Between the Bubu and Mponde rivers, Kondoa District. Alternate names: SANDAUI, SANDAWI, SANDWE.  Classification: Khoisan, Sandawe. 
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SANGU

[SBP] 75,000 (1987).  Southwestern, southeast of the Kimbu, north of the Safwa. Alternate names: SANGO, ESHISANGO, RORI.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, G, Bena-Kinga (G.60). 
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SEGEJU

[SEG] 7,000 or fewer speakers out of an ethnic group of 15,000 (1999).  Narrow strip of the northeast coast between Tanga and the Kenya border, Muheza District, Tanga region. Alternate names: KISEGEJU, SAGEJU, SENGEJU.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, E, Nyika (E.40), Mijikenda. 
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SHAMBALA

[KSB] 550,000 (1993 Johnstone).  Northeastern, Usambara Mountains, Tanga Province. Alternate names: KISHAMBALA, KISHAMBAA, KISAMBAA, SAMBAA, SHAMBAA, SAMBALA, SAMBARA, SCHAMBALA.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, G, Shambala (G.20). 
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SHUBI

[SUJ] 153,000 (1987).  Northwest of Sumbwa, near Lake Victoria. Alternate names: SUBI, URUSHUBI, SINJA.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, J, Rwanda-Rundi (J.60). 
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SIZAKI

[SZK] 82,000 (1987).  Near Zanaki, northeast of Kerebe, near the southeast shore of Lake Victoria. Alternate names: SHASHI, SASI.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, E, Kuria (E.10). 
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SUBA

[SUH] 30,000 in Tanzania (1987).  North central, south of Luo. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, E, Kuria (E.10). 
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SUKUMA

[SUA] 5,000,000 (1993 Johnstone) or 12.6% of population (1971 Whiteley).  Northwest, between Lake Victoria and Lake Rukwa, Shinyanga to Serengeti Plain (Kiya); also Mwanza (Gwe). A small percentage in cities; 88% in the traditional area. Alternate names: KISUKUMA.  Dialects: KIYA, GWE (KIGWE).  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, F, Sukuma-Nyamwezi (F.20). 
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SUMBWA

[SUW] 191,000 (1987).  Bukombe District of Shinyanga Region. Alternate names: KISUMBWA.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, F, Sukuma-Nyamwezi (F.20). 
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SWAHILI

[SWA] 313,200 monolinguals or 1.8%, 93.4% bilinguals in Tanzania (1982 Polomé). Population total all countries 5,000,000 first language speakers (1989 Holm); 30,000,000 second language users (1989 Holm).  Alternate names: KISWAHILI, KISUAHELI.  Dialects: MRIMA, UNGUJA (KIUNGUJA, ZANZIBAR), PEMBA, MGAO.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, G, Swahili (G.40). 
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TAVETA

[TVS]   Northeastern, around Taveta in adjacent areas of Tanzania and Kenya. Alternate names: KITUBETA, TUBETA, KITAVETA.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, G, Shambala (G.20). 
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TEMI

[SOZ] 20,000 (1995 SIL).  North central near the Kenya border, Maasai area, 2 to 4 hours by car from the Wasso-Loliondo area, on unimproved roads. 7 villages: Sale, Mdito, Samunge, Digodigo, Kisangiro, Mugholo, Oldonyo Sambu (Kura). Alternate names: SONJO, SONYO, WASONJO, WATEMI.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, E, Kuria (E.10). 
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TONGWE

[TNY] 22,000 (1987).  East shore of Lake Tanganyika, south of the Vinza and Kogoma town, sharing some villages with the WaBembe. Alternate names: KITONGWE.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, F, Tongwe (F.10). 
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TUMBUKA

[TUW] 1,000,000 in Tanzania.   Alternate names: TUMBOKA, CHITUMBUKA, TAMBOKA, TAMBUKA, TIMBUKA, TOMBUCAS.  Dialects: CHITUMBUKA, CHIKAMANGA (HENGA), CHIPOKA, YOMBE, SENGA, FUNGWE, WENYA, HEWE (HEWA), NENYA, NTHALI.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, N, Tumbuka (N.20). 
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VIDUNDA

[VID] 32,000 (1987).  East central, east of the Hehe, west of the Kutu. Alternate names: CHIVIDUNDA, KIVIDUNDA, NDUNDA.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, G, Zigula-Zaramo (G.30). 
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VINZA

[VIN] 10,000 (1987).  West of the Nyamwezi, north of the Tongwe. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, J, Rwanda-Rundi (J.60). 
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VUNJO

[VUN] 300,000 (1992 UBS).  Chagga area, central variety. Alternate names: KIVUNJO, WUNJO, KIWUNJO, MARANGU.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, E, Chaga (E.30). 
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WANDA

[WBH] 24,000 (1987).  Mbozi District, Mbeya Region; Sumbawanga District, Rukwa Region. Alternate names: ICHIWANDA, WANDIA.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, M, Nyika-Safwa (M.20). 
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WANJI

[WBI] 60,000 (1987).  South, west of the Bena, south of the Sangu, north of the Kinga. Alternate names: KIVWANJI.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, G, Bena-Kinga (G.60). 
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WARE

[WRE]    Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, E, Kuria (E.10). 

WASI

[WBJ] 10,000 (1989 Martin Mous).  Kondoa District, Central Province, in the Rangi chiefdom, Kolo, Ee-Dinu, and Tlawi villages. Alternate names: ALAGWASE, ALAGWA, ALAWA, CHASI, UWASSI, ASI.  Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Cushitic, South. 
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YAO

[YAO] 400,000 in Tanzania (1993 Johnstone).  South central, east of Lake Malawi, Mozambique border area. Also possibly in Zimbabwe. Alternate names: CHIYAO, ACHAWA, ADSAWA, AJAWA, AYAWA, AYO, DJAO, HAJAO, HIAO, HYAO, JAO, VEIAO, WAJAO.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, P, Yao (P.20). 
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ZALAMO

[ZAJ] A few speakers (1991 Brenzinger, Heine, and Sommer). Ethnic group had 173,518 (1959 Bryan).  East central coast, Kisarawe District, between Bagamoyo and Dar es Salaam. Alternate names: ZARAMO, KIZARAMO, DZALAMO, ZARAMU, SARAMO, MYAGATWA.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, G, Zigula-Zaramo (G.30). 
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ZANAKI

[ZAK] 62,000 (1987).  Slightly inland, southeast shore, Lake Victoria above Speke Gulf. Alternate names: IKIZANAKI.  Dialects: NDALI, SIORA, GIRANGO.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, E, Kuria (E.10). 
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ZIGULA

[ZIW] 355,000 (1993 Johnstone).  Northeastern, Maasai Steppe, Tanga and Coast Provinces. Alternate names: ZIGUA, ZIGWA, KIZIGULA, ZEGUHA, ZIGOUA, ZEGURA, SEGUHA, WAZEGUA, WAYOMBO.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, G, Zigula-Zaramo (G.30). 
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ZINZA

[JIN] 138,000 (1987).  Southwest shore of Lake Victoria and neighboring islands. Alternate names: ECHIJINJA, ECHIDZINDZA, ECIZINZA, DZINDA, JINJA, ZINJA.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, J, Haya-Jita (J.20). 
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ZYOBA

[ZYO]   Most in Tanzania, near Lake Tanganyika. Also spoken in DRC. Alternate names: ZOBA.  Dialects: VIRA, MASANZE.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, D, Lega-Kalanga (D.20). 

Extinct languages

AASÁX

[AAS]   Northern Tanzania near the Maasai. Alternate names: ASAX, ASÁ, ASAK.  Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Cushitic, South. 
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KW'ADZA

[WKA]   Mbulu District. Alternate names: QWADZA.  Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Cushitic, South. 
More information.

Deaf sign languages

TANZANIAN SIGN LANGUAGE

[TZA]    Classification: Deaf sign language. 
More information.



This web edition of the Ethnologue contains all the content of the print edition and may be cited as:
Grimes, Barbara F. (ed.), 2000. Ethnologue: Languages of the World, Fourteenth edition. Dallas, Texas: SIL International. Online version: http://www.ethnologue.com/14.

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