ISO 639 Code: map

ISO 639-2:  map
English: Austronesian (Other)
French: malayo-polynésiennes, autres langues

The code map is classified in ISO 639 as a collective language code. It encompasses all the related languages that comprise the members of a single genetic subgroup (excluding those that have a more specific code).

It is mapped to the following subgroup in the Ethnologue's genetic classification system:

The code map excludes all the languages that are covered by the more specific ISO codes that fall within the above genetic subgroup. These include the following codes:

ace  Achinese
ban  Balinese
btk  Batak (Indonesia)
bug  Buginese
cmc  Chamic languages  [plus individual codes for languages within the Chamic subgroup]
cha  Chamorro
chk  Chuukese
day  Dayak
fij  Fijian
gay  Gayo
gil  Gilbertese
gor  Gorontalo
haw  Hawaiian
iba  Iban
ind  Indonesian
jav  Javanese
kos  Kosraean
mad  Madurese
mak  Makasar
mlg  Malagasy
may  Malay
mdr  Mandar
mao  Maori
mah  Marshall
min  Minangkabau
nau  Nauru
nia  Nias
niu  Niuean
pau  Palauan
phi  Philippine (Other)  [plus individual codes for languages within the Philippine subgroup]
pon  Pohnpeian
rap  Rapanui
rar  Rarotongan
smo  Samoan
sas  Sasak
sun  Sundanese
tah  Tahitian
tet  Tetum
tkl  Tokelau
ton  Tonga (Tonga Islands)
tvl  Tuvalu
yap  Yapese

The code thus encompasses the following 1038 languages from the Ethnologue:

'ARE'ARE

[ALU] Solomon Islands. 17,300 (1998 SIL).  Alternate names: AREARE. Dialects: 'ARE'ARE, MARAU (MARAU SOUND). Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Southeast Solomonic, Malaita-San Cristobal, Malaita, Southern. More information.

'AUHELAWA

[KUD] Papua New Guinea. 1,200(1998 SIL).  Alternate names: NUAKATA, KURADA, 'URADA. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Papuan Tip, Nuclear, Suauic. More information.

ABAI SUNGAI

[ABF] Malaysia (Sabah). 500 (1982 SIL).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Borneo, Northwest, Sabahan, Paitanic. More information.

ABUNG

[ABL] Indonesia (Sumatra). 500,000 (1976 D. Walker).  Dialects: JABUNG, MENGGALA (NORTHEAST LAMPUNG), KOTA BUMI (NORTHWEST LAMPUNG). Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sundic, Lampungic, Abung. More information.

ADABE

[ADB] Timor Lorosae. 1,000 (?) in ethnic group (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Alternate names: ATAURA, ATAURU, ATAURO, RAKLU-UN, RAKLU UN. Dialects: MUNASELI PANDAI. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Unclassified. More information.

ADONARA

[ADA] Indonesia (Nusa Tenggara).   Alternate names: NUSA TADON, WAIWERANG, VAIVERANG, SAGU. Dialects: WEST ADONARA, EAST ADONARA, EAST SOLOR. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Central Malayo-Polynesian, Timor, Flores-Lembata. More information.

ADZERA

[AZR] Papua New Guinea. 20,675 (1988 Holzknecht), including 367 Ngariawan (1978 McElhanon), 497 Sarasira (1988 Holzknecht), 990 Sukurum (1990).  Alternate names: AZERA, ATZERA, ACIRA. Dialects: YARUS, AMARI, AZERA, NGAROWAPUM, TSUMANGGORUN, GURUF-NGARIAWANG (NGARIAWAN), SARASIRA (SIRASIRA), SUKURUM. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Huon Gulf, Markham, Upper, Adzera. More information.

AHE

[AHE] Indonesia (Kalimantan). 30,000 (1990 UBS).  Alternate names: AHE DAYAK, DAYAK AHE. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Borneo, Land Dayak.

AIKLEP

[MWG] Papua New Guinea. 3,697 (1991 SIL).  Alternate names: MOEWEHAFEN, EKLEP, AGERLEP, LOKO. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Ngero-Vitiaz, Vitiaz, Southwest New Britain, Arawe-Pasismanua, Arawe, West Arawe. More information.

AJIË

[AJI] New Caledonia. 5,000 (1982 SIL).  Alternate names: HOUAILOU, WAILU, WAI, ANJIE. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, New Caledonian, Southern, South, Wailic. More information.

AKEI

[TSR] Vanuatu. 650 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Alternate names: TASIRIKI. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, North and Central Vanuatu, Northeast Vanuatu-Banks Islands, West Santo. More information.

AKOLET

[AKT] Papua New Guinea. 954 (1982 SIL).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Ngero-Vitiaz, Vitiaz, Southwest New Britain, Arawe-Pasismanua, Arawe, East Arawe. More information.

ALOR

[AOL] Indonesia (Nusa Tenggara). 25,000 (1997 Grimes, Therik, Grimes, Jacob).  Alternate names: ALORESE. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Central Malayo-Polynesian, Timor, Flores-Lembata. More information.

ALUNE

[ALP] Indonesia (Maluku). 13,000 to 15,000 (1987 SIL).  Alternate names: SAPALEWA, PATASIWA ALFOEREN. Dialects: KAIRATU, CENTRAL WEST ALUNE (NINIARI-PIRU-RIRING-LUMOLI), SOUTH ALUNE (RAMBATU-MANUSSA-RUMBERU), NORTH COASTAL ALUNE (NIKULKAN-MURNATEN-WAKOLO), CENTRAL EAST ALUNE (BURIAH-WETH-LATURAKE). Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Central Malayo-Polynesian, Central Maluku, East, Seram, Nunusaku, Three Rivers, Amalumute, Northwest Seram, Ulat Inai. More information.

AMAHAI

[AMQ] Indonesia (Maluku). 50 speakers (1987 SIL).  Alternate names: AMAHEI. Dialects: MAKARIKI, RUTAH, SOAHUKU. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Central Malayo-Polynesian, Central Maluku, East, Seram, Nunusaku, Piru Bay, East, Seram Straits, Uliase, Hatuhaha, Elpaputi. More information.

AMARA

[AIE] Papua New Guinea. 200 (1998 SIL).  Alternate names: LONGA, BIBLING. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Ngero-Vitiaz, Vitiaz, Southwest New Britain, Amara. More information.

AMARASI

[AAZ] Indonesia (Nusa Tenggara). 50,000 (1997 C. Grimes, Therik, B.D. Grimes, Jacob).  Alternate names: TIMOR AMARASI. Dialects: AMARASI BARAT (WEST AMARASI), AMARASI TIMUR (EAST AMARASI). Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Central Malayo-Polynesian, Timor, Nuclear Timor, West. More information.

AMBA

[UTP] Solomon Islands. 485 (1998 SIL).  Alternate names: ABA, NEMBAO, UTUPUA. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, Eastern Outer Islands, Utupua. More information.

AMBAE, EAST

[OMB] Vanuatu. 5,000 (1991 UBS).  Alternate names: OMBA, OBA, AOBA, WALURIGI, NORTHEAST AOBA, NORTHEAST AMBAE. Dialects: LOMBAHA (LOBAHA), LONGANA, LOLOKARO (LOLOKARA, LOLSIWOI). Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, North and Central Vanuatu, Northeast Vanuatu-Banks Islands, East Vanuatu. More information.

AMBAE, WEST

[NND] Vanuatu. 4,500 (1983 SIL).  Alternate names: OPA. Dialects: WALAHA, NDUINDUI (DUINDUI). Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, North and Central Vanuatu, Northeast Vanuatu-Banks Islands, East Vanuatu. More information.

AMBAI

[AMK] Indonesia (Irian Jaya). 9,000 to 10,000 (1991 SIL).  Alternate names: AMBAI-MENAWI. Dialects: RANDAWAYA, AMBAI (WADAPI-LAUT), MANAWI. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, South Halmahera-West New Guinea, West New Guinea, Cenderawasih Bay, Yapen, Central-Western. More information.

AMBELAU

[AMV] Indonesia (Maluku). 5,700 (1989 C. Grimes SIL 1989).  Alternate names: AMBLAU. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Central Malayo-Polynesian, Central Maluku, Ambelau. More information.

AMBLONG

[ALM] Vanuatu. 150 (1983 SIL).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, North and Central Vanuatu, Northeast Vanuatu-Banks Islands, West Santo. More information.

AMBRYM, NORTH

[MMG] Vanuatu. 2,850 (1983 SIL).  Dialects: MAGAM, OLAL. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, North and Central Vanuatu, Northeast Vanuatu-Banks Islands, East Vanuatu. More information.

AMBRYM, SOUTHEAST

[TVK] Vanuatu. 1,800 (1983 SIL).  Dialects: TAVEAK (TAVIAK), ENDU, TOAK, PENAPO. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, North and Central Vanuatu, Northeast Vanuatu-Banks Islands, East Vanuatu. More information.

AMIS

[ALV] Taiwan. 130,000 (1986 Virginia Fey TEAM).  Alternate names: AMI, AMIA, PAGCAH, PANGTSAH, BAKURUT, LAM-SI-HOAN, MARAN, SABARI, TANAH. Dialects: CENTRAL AMIS (HAIAN AMI, HSIUKULAN AMI), TAVALONG-VATAAN (KWANGFU, KUANGFU), SOUTHERN AMIS (PEINAN, HENGCH'UN AMIS, TAITUNG), CHENGKUNG-KWANGSHAN, NORTHERN AMIS (NANSHI AMIS). Classification: Austronesian, Formosan, Paiwanic. More information.

AMIS, NATAORAN

[AIS] Taiwan.   Dialects: SAKIZAYA (SAKIRAY). Classification: Austronesian, Formosan, Paiwanic. More information.

AMPANANG

[APG] Indonesia (Kalimantan). 30,000 (?) (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Borneo, Barito, Mahakam.

ANAKALANGU

[AKG] Indonesia (Nusa Tenggara). 14,000 in the ethnic group (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Alternate names: ANAKALANG. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Central Malayo-Polynesian, Bima-Sumba. More information.

ANDIO

[BZB] Indonesia (Sulawesi). 1,700 (1991 R. Busenitz SIL).  Alternate names: MASAMA, ANDIO'O, IMBAO'O, 'BOBONGKO'. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sulawesi, Central Sulawesi, Eastern. More information.

ANDRA-HUS

[ANX] Papua New Guinea. 810 (1977 Lincoln).  Alternate names: AHUS, HA'US. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Admiralty Islands, Eastern, Manus, East. More information.

ANEITYUM

[ATY] Vanuatu. 600 (1983 SIL).  Alternate names: ANEITEUM, ANEITEUMESE, ANEJOM. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, South Vanuatu, Aneityum. More information.

ANSUS

[AND] Indonesia (Irian Jaya). 4,600 (1987 SIL).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, South Halmahera-West New Guinea, West New Guinea, Cenderawasih Bay, Yapen, Central-Western. More information.

ANUKI

[AUI] Papua New Guinea. 542 (census).  Alternate names: GABOBORA. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Papuan Tip, Nuclear, North Papuan Mainland-D'Entrecasteaux, Anuki. More information.

ANUS

[AUQ] Indonesia (Irian Jaya). 100 (1975 SIL).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Sarmi-Jayapura Bay, Sarmi.

ANUTA

[AUD] Solomon Islands. 360 (1998 SIL).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, Central Pacific, East Fijian-Polynesian, Polynesian, Nuclear, Samoic-Outlier, Futunic. More information.

AOHENG

[PNI] Indonesia (Kalimantan). 2,630 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Alternate names: PENIHING. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Borneo, Kayan-Murik, Muller-Schwaner 'Punan.'

AORE

[AOR] Vanuatu. 1 (1982 SIL).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, North and Central Vanuatu, Northeast Vanuatu-Banks Islands, West Santo. More information.

APALIK

[PLI] Papua New Guinea. 374 (1979 census).  Alternate names: PALIK, AMBUL. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Ngero-Vitiaz, Vitiaz, Southwest New Britain, Arawe-Pasismanua, Arawe, West Arawe. More information.

APMA

[APP] Vanuatu. 4,500 (1983 SIL).  Alternate names: CENTRAL RAGA. Dialects: BWATNAPNI, LOLTONG, MELSISI, SURU-BO, SURU-MARANI. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, North and Central Vanuatu, Northeast Vanuatu-Banks Islands, East Vanuatu. More information.

APUTAI

[APX] Indonesia (Maluku). 150 (1990 Hinton SIL).  Alternate names: ILPUTIH, OPOTAI, TUTUNOHAN. Dialects: WELEMUR. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Central Malayo-Polynesian, Timor, Southwest Maluku, Wetar. More information.

ARAKI

[AKR] Vanuatu. 105 (1983 SIL).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, North and Central Vanuatu, Northeast Vanuatu-Banks Islands, West Santo.

ARALLE-TABULAHAN

[ATQ] Indonesia (Sulawesi). 12,000 (1984 SIL).  Dialects: ARALLE, TABULAHAN, MAMBI. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sulawesi, South Sulawesi, Northern, Pitu Ulunna Salu. More information.

ARE

[MWC] Papua New Guinea. 1,231 (1973 SIL).  Alternate names: MUKAWA. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Papuan Tip, Nuclear, North Papuan Mainland-D'Entrecasteaux, Are-Taupota, Are. More information.

ARGUNI

[AGF] Indonesia (Irian Jaya). 200 (1977 Voegelin and Voegelin).  Alternate names: ARGOENI. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Central Malayo-Polynesian, North Bomberai.

ARHÂ

[ARN] New Caledonia. 250 (1974 census).  Alternate names: ARA. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, New Caledonian, Southern, South, Wailic. More information.

ARHÖ

[AOK] New Caledonia. 10 to 100 (1982 SIL).  Alternate names: ARO. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, New Caledonian, Southern, South, Wailic. More information.

ARIBWATSA

[LAZ] Papua New Guinea.   Alternate names: LAE, LAHE. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Huon Gulf, Markham, Lower, Busu. More information.

ARIBWAUNG

[YLU] Papua New Guinea. 1,000 (1994 Eckerman LBT).  Alternate names: ARIBWAUNGG, YALU, JALOC. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Huon Gulf, Markham, Lower, Busu. More information.

ARIFAMA-MINIAFIA

[AAI] Papua New Guinea. 2,147 (1977 Wurm).  Alternate names: MINIAFIA-ARIFAMA. Dialects: ARIFAMA, MINIAFIA. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Papuan Tip, Nuclear, North Papuan Mainland-D'Entrecasteaux, Are-Taupota, Are. More information.

AROP-LOKEP

[APR] Papua New Guinea. 2,200 (1991 SIL).  Alternate names: SIASI, SIASSI, TOLOKIWA, MOROMIRANGA, LUKEP. Dialects: AROP (POONO), LOKEP (LUKEP, LOKEWE). Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Ngero-Vitiaz, Vitiaz, Korap. More information.

AROP-SISSANO

[APS] Papua New Guinea. 1,150 (1998).  Alternate names: AROP. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Schouten, Siau. More information.

AROSI

[AIA] Solomon Islands. 4,600 (1998 SIL).  Dialects: WANGO, AROSI. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Southeast Solomonic, Malaita-San Cristobal, San Cristobal. More information.

AS

[ASZ] Indonesia (Irian Jaya). 250 (1988 SIL).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, South Halmahera-West New Guinea, West New Guinea, Cenderawasih Bay, Raja Ampat. More information.

ASILULU

[ASL] Indonesia (Maluku). 8,756 (1987 SIL).  Dialects: ASILULU, URENG, NEGERI LIMA (LIMA, HENALIMA). Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Central Malayo-Polynesian, Central Maluku, East, Seram, Nunusaku, Piru Bay, West, Asilulu. More information.

ASUMBOA

[AUA] Solomon Islands. 75 (1998 SIL).  Alternate names: ASUMBUA, ASUMUO. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, Eastern Outer Islands, Utupua. More information.

ATAYAL

[TAY] Taiwan. 63,000 speakers (1993 Johnstone), 78,957 in ethnic group (1989 govt. figure).  Alternate names: TAYAL, TYAL, TAIYAL, ATAIYAL, ATTAYAL, TAIJYAL, BONOTSEK, SHABOGALA, TAKONAN, TANGAO, YUKAN. Dialects: SQOLEQ (SQULIQ), TS'OLE' (CI'ULI). Classification: Austronesian, Formosan, Atayalic. More information.

ATONI

[TMR] Indonesia (Nusa Tenggara). 586,000 in West Timor (1997 Grimes, Therik, Grimes, Jacob). Population total both countries 600,000. Alternate names: UAB METO, METO, UAB ATONI PAH METO, UAB PAH METO, TIMOR, TIMORESE, TIMOL, TIMOREESCH, TIMOREEZEN, DAWAN, TIMOR DAWAN, RAWAN, ORANG GUNUNG. Dialects: AMFOAN-FATULE'U-AMABI (AMFOAN, AMFUANG, FATULE'U, AMABI), AMANUBAN-AMANATUN (AMANUBAN, AMANUBANG, AMANATUN), MOLLO-MIOMAFO (MOLLO, MIOMAFO), BIBOKI-INSANA (BIBOKI, INSANAO), AMBENU (AMBENO, VAIKENU, VAIKINO, BAIKENU, BIKENU, BIQUENO), KUSA-MANLEA (KUSA, MANLEA). Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Central Malayo-Polynesian, Timor, Nuclear Timor, West. More information.

AULUA

[AUL] Vanuatu. 300 (1983 SIL).  Alternate names: AULUA BAY. Dialects: ONESSO, BOINELANG. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, North and Central Vanuatu, Northeast Vanuatu-Banks Islands, Malekula Coastal. More information.

AUSTRAL

[AUT] French Polynesia. 8,000 (1987), 5% of the population.  Alternate names: TUBUAI-RURUTU. Dialects: RAIVAVAE, RIMATARA, RURUTU, TUBUAI. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, Central Pacific, East Fijian-Polynesian, Polynesian, Nuclear, East, Central, Tahitic. More information.

AVAU

[AVB] Papua New Guinea. 6,000 (1982 SIL).  Alternate names: AWAU. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Ngero-Vitiaz, Vitiaz, Southwest New Britain, Arawe-Pasismanua, Arawe, East Arawe. More information.

AWAD BING

[BCU] Papua New Guinea. 700 (1991 SIL).  Alternate names: BILIAU, SENGAM, BING. Dialects: BILIAU, YAMAI, SUIT, GALEG. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Ngero-Vitiaz, Vitiaz, Bel, Astrolabe. More information.

AXAMB

[AHB] Vanuatu. 525 (1983 SIL).  Alternate names: AHAMB. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, North and Central Vanuatu, Northeast Vanuatu-Banks Islands, Malekula Coastal. More information.

BABAR, NORTH

[BCD] Indonesia (Maluku). 1,500 (1989 Taber SIL) in 6 villages.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Central Malayo-Polynesian, Babar, North. More information.

BABAR, SOUTHEAST

[VBB] Indonesia (Maluku). 3,325 (1989 Taber SIL).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Central Malayo-Polynesian, Babar, South, Masela-South Babar. More information.

BABATANA

[BAQ] Solomon Islands. 6,150 (1998 SIL).  Alternate names: MBAMBATANA, EAST CHOISEUL. Dialects: BABATANA, SENGAN (SENGGA, SISINGGA, SENGA), KUBORO (KUMBORO), KATAZI, LÖMAUMBI, AVASÖ. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Meso Melanesian, New Ireland, South New Ireland-Northwest Solomonic, Choiseul. More information.

BABUZA

[BZG] Taiwan. A few speakers (1987 I. Dyen).  Alternate names: BABUSA, FAVORLANG, FAVORLANGSCH, JABORLANG, POAVOSA. Dialects: POAVOSA. Classification: Austronesian, Formosan, Paiwanic. More information.

BADA

[BHZ] Indonesia (Sulawesi). 10,000 (1991 R. Hanna SIL).  Alternate names: BADA', TOBADA'. Dialects: BADA, AKO. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sulawesi, Central Sulawesi, West Central, Kaili-Pamona, Pamona. More information.

BADUI

[BAC] Indonesia (Java and Bali). 5,000 (1989).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sundic, Sundanese. More information.

BAEGGU

[BVD] Solomon Islands. 5,700 (1998 SIL).  Alternate names: BAEGU, MBAENGGU. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Southeast Solomonic, Malaita-San Cristobal, Malaita, Northern. More information.

BAELELEA

[BVC] Solomon Islands. 10,700 (1998 SIL).  Alternate names: MBAELELEA. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Southeast Solomonic, Malaita-San Cristobal, Malaita, Northern. More information.

BAETORA

[BTR] Vanuatu. 540 (1983 SIL).  Dialects: NASAWA, TALISE, NAROVOROVO. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, North and Central Vanuatu, Northeast Vanuatu-Banks Islands, East Vanuatu. More information.

BAHAU

[BHV] Indonesia (Kalimantan). 3,200 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Borneo, Kayan-Murik, Kayan.

BAHONSUAI

[BSU] Indonesia (Sulawesi). 200 (1991 D. Mead SIL).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sulawesi, Central Sulawesi, West Central, Bungku-Mori-Tolaki, Mori. More information.

BAKI

[BKI] Vanuatu. 200 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Alternate names: BURUMBA, PAKI. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, North and Central Vanuatu, Northeast Vanuatu-Banks Islands, Epi, Lamenu-Baki, Baki-Bierebo. More information.

BAKUMPAI

[BKR] Indonesia (Kalimantan). 40,000 or more (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Alternate names: BARA-JIDA. Dialects: BAKUMPAI, MENGKATIP (MANGKATIP, OLOH MENGKATIP). Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Borneo, Barito, West, South. More information.

BALAESAN

[BLS] Indonesia (Sulawesi). 4,000 (1979 Barr).  Alternate names: BALAESANG, BALAISANG, PAJO. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sulawesi, Central Sulawesi, West Central, Balaesan. More information.

BALANTAK

[BLZ] Indonesia (Sulawesi). 25,000 (1991 Busenitz SIL).  Alternate names: KOSIAN. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sulawesi, Central Sulawesi, Eastern. More information.

BALAU

[BUG] Malaysia (Sarawak). 5,000 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Alternate names: BALA'U. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sundic, Malayic, Malayic-Dayak, Ibanic. More information.

BALUAN-PAM

[BLQ] Papua New Guinea. 1,000 (1982 SIL).  Dialects: BALUAN, PAM. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Admiralty Islands, Eastern, Southeast Islands. More information.

BAMBAM

[PTU] Indonesia (Sulawesi). 22,000 (1988 SIL).  Alternate names: PITU-ULUNNA-SALU. Dialects: BUMAL, BAMBANG (HULU), MEHALA'AN-EASTERN RANTEBULAHAN, WEST RANTEBULAHAN (RANTEBULAWAN), PATTAE (GALUNG), MATANGNGA, ISSILITA', SALU MUKANAM, PAKKAU. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sulawesi, South Sulawesi, Northern, Pitu Ulunna Salu. More information.

BANDA

[BND] Indonesia (Maluku). 3,000 (1987 SIL).  Dialects: ELI, ELAT. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Central Malayo-Polynesian, Central Maluku, East, Banda-Geser. More information.

BANGGAI

[BGZ] Indonesia (Sulawesi). 100,000 (1995 SIL).  Alternate names: AKI. Dialects: EAST BANGGAI, WEST BANGGAI. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sulawesi, Central Sulawesi, Banggai. More information.

BANJAR

[BJN] Indonesia (Kalimantan). 2,100,000 in Indonesia (1993 Johnstone). Population total both countries 3,000,000 (1993 J. Collins). Alternate names: BANJARESE, BANDJARESE, BANJAR MALAY. Dialects: KUALA, HULU. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sundic, Malayic, Malayan, Local Malay. More information.

BANONI

[BCM] Papua New Guinea. 1,000 (1977 Lincoln).  Alternate names: TSUNARI. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Meso Melanesian, New Ireland, South New Ireland-Northwest Solomonic, Piva-Banoni. More information.

BANTIK

[BNQ] Indonesia (Sulawesi). 11,000 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sulawesi, Sangir-Minahasan, Sangiric. More information.

BARAKAI

[BAJ] Indonesia (Maluku). 4,300 (1995 J. Hughes).  Alternate names: WORKAI. Dialects: BARAKAI, MESIANG. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Central Malayo-Polynesian, Aru. More information.

BARAS

[BRS] Indonesia (Sulawesi). 250 or 50 households (1987 SIL).  Alternate names: ENDE. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sulawesi, Central Sulawesi, West Central, Kaili-Pamona, Kaili. More information.

BARIAI

[BCH] Papua New Guinea. 1,380 (1998 SIL).  Alternate names: KABANA. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Ngero-Vitiaz, Ngero, Bariai. More information.

BARIM

[BBV] Papua New Guinea. 450 (1991 SIL).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Ngero-Vitiaz, Vitiaz, Korap. More information.

BAROK

[BJK] Papua New Guinea. 2,116 (1985 AIL).  Alternate names: KOMALU, KANAPIT, KULUBI, KOLUBE, KANALU. Dialects: USEN, BAROK. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Meso Melanesian, New Ireland, Madak. More information.

BASAP

[BDB] Indonesia (Kalimantan). 17,000 (?) (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Dialects: JEMBAYAN, BULUNGAN, BERAU, DUMARING, BINATANG, KARANGAN. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Borneo, Northwest, Rejang-Sajau. More information.

BASAY

[BYQ] Taiwan.   Alternate names: KAWANUWAN, BASAI. Dialects: TROBIAWAN, LINAW-QAUQAUL. Classification: Austronesian, Formosan, Paiwanic. More information.

BATI

[BVT] Indonesia (Maluku). 3,500 (1989 Loski).  Alternate names: GAH. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Central Malayo-Polynesian, Central Maluku, East, Banda-Geser, Geser-Gorom. More information.

BATULEY

[BAY] Indonesia (Maluku). 3,840 excluding Mariri (1995 J. Hughes).  Alternate names: WATULAI, GWATALEY. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Central Malayo-Polynesian, Aru. More information.

BAUKAN

[BNB] Malaysia (Sabah). 1,800 to 2,100 or more (1985 SIL), including 300 or more Tengara.  Alternate names: BAUKAN MURUT. Dialects: BAUKAN (BAOKAN, BOKAN, BOOKAN, BOKEN, BOKUN, BUKUN, BOKON, ULUN-NO-BOKON, ULUN-NO-BOKAN, PINGAS), KOKOROTON MURUT, TENGARA (TUNGARA, TINGARA, TENGGARAQ, TANGARA', TANGGARAQ, KINABATANGAN MURUT). Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Borneo, Northwest, North Sarawakan, Dayic, Murutic, Northern. More information.

BAURO

[BXA] Solomon Islands. 4,620 including 2,475 in Bauro, 1,320 in Haununu, 825 in Rawo (1998 SIL).  Alternate names: MARMAREGHO. Dialects: HAUNUNU (HAUHUNU), BAURO, RAWO (RAVO). Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Southeast Solomonic, Malaita-San Cristobal, San Cristobal. More information.

BEBELI

[BEK] Papua New Guinea. 1,050 (1982 SIL).  Alternate names: BENAULE, BANAULE, KAPORE, BELI. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Ngero-Vitiaz, Vitiaz, Southwest New Britain, Arawe-Pasismanua, Arawe, East Arawe. More information.

BEDOANAS

[BED] Indonesia (Irian Jaya). 250 (1977 Voegelin and Voegelin).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, South Halmahera-West New Guinea, West New Guinea, Bomberai.

BEKATI'

[BAT] Indonesia (Kalimantan). 4,000 (1986 UBS).  Alternate names: BAKATIQ. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Borneo, Land Dayak. More information.

BELAIT

[BEG] Brunei. 700 (1995 P. Martin).  Alternate names: BALAIT JATI, LEMETING, METING. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Borneo, Northwest, North Sarawakan, Berawan-Lower Baram, Lower Baram, Central, A. More information.

BENGGOI

[BGY] Indonesia (Maluku). 350 (1989 Loski and Loski SIL).  Alternate names: BENGOI, KOBI-BENGGOI, UHEI-KACLAKIN, UHEI KACHLAKAN, UHEI-KAHLAKIM, ISAL. Dialects: LESA, BENGGOI, BALAKEO. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Central Malayo-Polynesian, Central Maluku, East, Seram, Manusela-Seti. More information.

BENGKULU

[BKE] Indonesia (Sumatra). 55,000 (1989).  Alternate names: BENKULAN, BENCOOLEN. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sundic, Malayic, Malayan, Local Malay. More information.

BENTONG

[BNU] Indonesia (Sulawesi). 25,000 (1987 SIL).  Alternate names: DENTONG. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sulawesi, South Sulawesi, Makassar. More information.

BENYADU'

[BYD] Indonesia (Kalimantan). 45,000 possibly (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Borneo, Land Dayak.

BERAWAN

[LOD] Malaysia (Sarawak). 870 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Dialects: BATU BLA (BATU BELAH), LONG PATA, LONG JEGAN, WEST BERAWAN, LONG TERAWAN. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Borneo, Northwest, North Sarawakan, Berawan-Lower Baram, Berawan. More information.

BESOA

[BEP] Indonesia (Sulawesi). 3,000 (1991 R. Hanna SIL).  Alternate names: BEHOA. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sulawesi, Central Sulawesi, West Central, Kaili-Pamona, Pamona. More information.

BIAK

[BHW] Indonesia (Irian Jaya). 40,000 native speakers, quite a few thousand second language users (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Alternate names: BIAK-NUMFOR, NOEFOOR, MAFOOR, MEFOOR, NUFOOR, MAFOORSCH, MYFOORSCH. Dialects: ARIOM, BO'O, DWAR, FAIRI, JENURES, KORIM, MANDUSIR, MOFU, OPIF, PADOA, PENASIFU, SAMBERI, SAMPORI (MOKMER), SOR, SORENDIDORI, SUNDEI, WARI, WADIBU, SORIDO, BOSNIK, KORIDO, WARSA, WARDO, KAMER, MAPIA, MIOS NUM, RUMBERPON, MONOARFU, VOGELKOP. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, South Halmahera-West New Guinea, West New Guinea, Cenderawasih Bay, Biakic. More information.

BIATAH

[BTH] Malaysia (Sarawak).  Population total both countries 20,100 (1981 Wurm and Hattori). Alternate names: KUAP, QUOP, BIKUAB, SENTAH. Dialects: SIBURAN, STANG (SITAANG, BISITAANG), TIBIA. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Borneo, Land Dayak. More information.

BIEM

[BMC] Papua New Guinea. 1,455 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Alternate names: BAM. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Schouten, Kairiru-Manam, Manam. More information.

BIEREBO

[BNK] Vanuatu. 450 (1983 SIL).  Alternate names: BONKOVIA-YEVALI. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, North and Central Vanuatu, Northeast Vanuatu-Banks Islands, Epi, Lamenu-Baki, Baki-Bierebo. More information.

BIERIA

[BRJ] Vanuatu. 170 including 100 in Vovo, 70 in Bieria (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Alternate names: BIERI, VOVO, WOWO. Dialects: BIERIA, VOVO (WOWO). Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, North and Central Vanuatu, Northeast Vanuatu-Banks Islands, Epi, Bieria-Maii. More information.

BILBIL

[BRZ] Papua New Guinea. 700 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Alternate names: BILIBIL. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Ngero-Vitiaz, Vitiaz, Bel, Nuclear Bel, Northern. More information.

BILUR

[BXF] Papua New Guinea. 1,447 (1979 census).  Alternate names: BIRAR. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Meso Melanesian, New Ireland, South New Ireland-Northwest Solomonic.

BIMA

[BHP] Indonesia (Nusa Tenggara). 500,000 (1989).  Alternate names: BIMANESE. Dialects: KOLO, SANGAR (SANGGAR), TOLOWERI, BIMA, MBOJO. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Central Malayo-Polynesian, Bima-Sumba. More information.

BINA

[BMN] Papua New Guinea. (2 non-primary speakers left; 1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Papuan Tip, Peripheral, Central Papuan, Oumic, Magoric. More information.

BINTAUNA

[BNE] Indonesia (Sulawesi). 6,000 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sulawesi, Mongondow-Gorontalo, Gorontalic. More information.

BINTULU

[BNY] Malaysia (Sarawak). 4,200 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Borneo, Northwest, North Sarawakan, Bintulu. More information.

BIPI

[BIQ] Papua New Guinea. 1,200 (1990 SIL).  Alternate names: SISI-BIPI. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Admiralty Islands, Eastern, Manus, West. More information.

BIRAO

[BRR] Solomon Islands. 6,650 (1998 SIL).  Alternate names: MBIRAO. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Southeast Solomonic, Gela-Guadalcanal, Guadalcanal.

BISAYA, BRUNEI

[BSB] Brunei. 600 (1984 Dunn).  Alternate names: BISAYAH, BISAYA BUKIT, VISAYAK, BEKIAU, LORANG BUKIT, BASAYA, BESAYA, BISAIA, JILAMA BAWANG, JILAMA SUNGAI, SOUTHERN BISAYA. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Borneo, Northwest, Sabahan, Dusunic, Bisaya, Southern. More information.

BISAYA, SABAH

[BSY] Malaysia (Sabah). 10,000 to 12,000 (1985 SIL).  Alternate names: BASAYA, BESAYA, BISAIA, BISAYAH, JILAMA BAWANG, JILAMA SUNGAI. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Borneo, Northwest, Sabahan, Dusunic, Bisaya. More information.

BISAYA, SARAWAK

[BSD] Malaysia (Sarawak). 7,000 (1984 SIL).  Alternate names: BISAYAH, BISAYA BUKIT, VISAYAK, BEKIAU, LORANG BUKIT. Dialects: LOWER BISAYA, MID BISAYA, UPPER BISAYA. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Borneo, Northwest, Sabahan, Dusunic, Bisaya, Southern. More information.

BLABLANGA

[BLP] Solomon Islands. 760 (1998 SIL).  Alternate names: GEMA, GOI. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Meso Melanesian, New Ireland, South New Ireland-Northwest Solomonic, Santa Isabel, Central. More information.

BOANO

[BZN] Indonesia (Maluku). 3,240 (1982).  Alternate names: BUANO. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Central Malayo-Polynesian, Central Maluku, East, Seram, Nunusaku, Piru Bay, West, Hoamoal, East. More information.

BOBOT

[BTY] Indonesia (Maluku). 4,500 (1989 Loski and Loski SIL).  Alternate names: WERINAMA, HATUMETEN, ATIAHU, AHTIAGO, NTAU. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Central Malayo-Polynesian, Central Maluku, East, Seram, Bobot. More information.

BOHUAI

[RAK] Papua New Guinea. 1,400 (1982 SIL).  Alternate names: PAHAVAI, PELIPOWAI, BOWAI, POHUAI, BOHUAI-TULU, TULU-BOHUAI. Dialects: KELI, BOHUAI, TULU (TULUN, TJUDUN). Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Admiralty Islands, Eastern, Manus, West. More information.

BOLA

[BNP] Papua New Guinea. 7,533 including 6,194 in Bola, 1,339 in Harua (1982 SIL).  Alternate names: BAKOVI, BOLA-BAKOVI. Dialects: HARUA (KARUA, XARUA, GARUA, MAI), BOLA. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Meso Melanesian, Willaumez. More information.

BOLANGO

[BLD] Indonesia (Sulawesi). 20,000 including 5,000 in Bolango, 15,000 in Atinggola (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Alternate names: BULANGA, BULANGA-UKI, DIU. Dialects: BOLANGO, ATINGGOLA. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sulawesi, Mongondow-Gorontalo, Gorontalic. More information.

BOLANO

[BZL] Indonesia (Sulawesi). 2,350 (1990 N.P. Himmelmann).  Alternate names: BOANO, DJIDJA. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sulawesi, Central Sulawesi, West Central, Tomini. More information.

BOLONGAN

[BLJ] Indonesia (Kalimantan). 15,000 (1989).  Alternate names: BULUNGAN. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Borneo, Northwest, North Sarawakan, Dayic, Murutic, Tidong. More information.

BONERATE

[BNA] Indonesia (Sulawesi). 9,500 (1987 T. Friberg SIL).  Dialects: BONERATE, KAROMPA. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sulawesi, Muna-Buton, Tukangbesi-Bonerate. More information.

BONGGO

[BPG] Indonesia (Irian Jaya). 432 (1975 SIL).  Alternate names: ARMOPA, BGU, BOGU, BONGO. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Sarmi-Jayapura Bay, Sarmi.

BOSILEWA

[BOS] Papua New Guinea. 350 (1972 census).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Papuan Tip, Nuclear, North Papuan Mainland-D'Entrecasteaux, Dobu-Duau. More information.

BRUNEI

[KXD] Brunei. 250,000 in Brunei (1984 SIL). Population total both countries 304,000 (1984 SIL). Alternate names: BRUNEI-KADAIAN, ORANG BUKIT. Dialects: BRUNEI MALAY, KEDAYAN (KADAIAN, KADAYAN, KADIAN, KADIEN, KADYAN, KARAYAN, KEDYAN, KEDIEN. KERAYAN), KAMPONG AYER. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sundic, Malayic, Malayan, Local Malay. More information.

BUANG, MANGGA

[MMO] Papua New Guinea. 3,000 (1986 SIL).  Alternate names: MANGA BUANG, KAIDEMUI. Dialects: LAGIS, KWASANG. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Huon Gulf, South, Hote-Buang, Buang. More information.

BUANG, MAPOS

[BZH] Papua New Guinea. 6,666 (1978 McElhanon).  Alternate names: MAPOS, CENTRAL BUANG. Dialects: WAGAU, MAMBUMP, BUWEYEU, WINS, CHIMBULUK, PAPAKENE, MAPOS. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Huon Gulf, South, Hote-Buang, Buang. More information.

BUDIBUD

[BTP] Papua New Guinea. 170 (1972 census).  Alternate names: NADA. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Papuan Tip, Peripheral, Kilivila-Louisiades, Kilivila. More information.

BUDONG-BUDONG

[TGK] Indonesia (Sulawesi). 70 speakers or fewer, 5 households, plus a few individuals (1988).  Alternate names: TANGKOU, TONGKOU. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sulawesi, South Sulawesi, Seko. More information.

BUGAWAC

[BUK] Papua New Guinea. 9,694 (1978 McElhanon).  Alternate names: BUKAWA, BUKAUA, BUKAWAC, KAWA, KAWAC, YOM GAWAC. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Huon Gulf, North. More information.

BUGHOTU

[BGT] Solomon Islands. 3,100 (1998 SIL).  Alternate names: BUGOTO, BUGOTA, BUGOTU, MBUGHOTU, MAHAGA. Dialects: HAGEULU, VULAVA. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Southeast Solomonic, Gela-Guadalcanal, Bughotu. More information.

BUHUTU

[BXH] Papua New Guinea. 1,065 (1972 census).  Alternate names: BOHUTU, BUHULU, YALEBA, SIASIADA. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Papuan Tip, Nuclear, Suauic. More information.

BUKAR SADONG

[SDO] Malaysia (Sarawak).  Population total both countries 34,600 (1981 Wurm and Hattori)). Alternate names: SADONG, BUKA, BUKAR, TEBAKANG, SERIAN, SABUTAN, SEPUTAN, SAPUTAN. Dialects: BUKAR BIDAYUH (BIDAYUH, BIDAYAH), BUKAR SADONG, MENTUH TAPUH. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Borneo, Land Dayak. More information.

BUKAT

[BVK] Indonesia (Kalimantan). 400 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Borneo, Kayan-Murik, Muller-Schwaner 'Punan.'

BUKITAN

[BKN] Malaysia (Sarawak).  Population total both countries 410 (1981 Wurm and Hattori). Alternate names: BAKITAN, BAKATAN, BEKETAN, MANGKETTAN, MANKETA, PAKATAN. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Borneo, Northwest, Melanau-Kajang, Kajang. More information.

BULI

[BZQ] Indonesia (Maluku). 1,800 to 2,000 (1983 C. Grimes SIL).  Dialects: BULI, WAYAMLI (WAJAMLI, JAWANLI). Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, South Halmahera-West New Guinea, South Halmahera, Southeast. More information.

BULU

[BJL] Papua New Guinea. 566 (1982 SIL).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Meso Melanesian, Willaumez. More information.

BUNAMA

[BDD] Papua New Guinea. 4,000 (1993 SIL).  Dialects: BUNAMA, BARABARA, SAWATUPWA, LOMITAWA, SIPUPU, WEYOKO, MEUDANA, KEROROGEA, KUMALAHU, KASIKASI, SAWABWALA. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Papuan Tip, Nuclear, North Papuan Mainland-D'Entrecasteaux, Dobu-Duau. More information.

BUNGKU

[BKZ] Indonesia (Sulawesi). 21,500 (1995 SIL), including 100 Routa, 16,400 Bungku, 2,500 Torete, 1,000 Tulambatu, 800 Landawe, 650 Waia (1991 D. Mead SIL).  Alternate names: NAHINE. Dialects: BUNGKU, ROUTA, TULAMBATU, TORETE (TO RETE), LANDAWE, WAIA. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sulawesi, Central Sulawesi, West Central, Bungku-Mori-Tolaki, Bungku. More information.

BUNUN

[BNN] Taiwan. 34,000 speakers (1993 Johnstone), 38,267 in ethnic group (1989 govt. figure).  Alternate names: BUNTI, VONUN, BUNAN, BUBUKUN, VUNUM, VUNUN, VUNUNG, BUNUM. Dialects: RANDAI, TONDAI, SHIBUKUN (SIBUKUN, SIBUKAUN, SIBUCOON, SIVUKUN), NORTH BUNUN (TAKITUDU, TAKETODO, TAKEBAKHA, TAKIBAKHA), CENTRAL BUNUN (TAKBANUAO, TAKIVATAN, TAKEVATAN), SOUTH BUNUN (ISHBUKUN), TAKOPULAN. Classification: Austronesian, Formosan, Paiwanic. More information.

BUOL

[BLF] Indonesia (Sulawesi). 75,000 (1989).  Alternate names: BUAL, BWO'OL, DIA. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sulawesi, Mongondow-Gorontalo, Gorontalic. More information.

BURMBAR

[VRT] Vanuatu. 525 (1983 SIL).  Alternate names: VARTAVO, BANAN BAY. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, North and Central Vanuatu, Northeast Vanuatu-Banks Islands, Malekula Coastal. More information.

BURU

[MHS] Indonesia (Maluku). 32,980 including 6,622 Wae Sama, 9,600 Masarete, 14,258 Rana, 500 Fogi, and 2,000 in Ambon (1989 C. Grimes SIL). Population total both countries 33,000. Alternate names: BOEROE, BURUESE. Dialects: MASARETE (SOUTH BURU), WAE SAMA (WAESAMA), CENTRAL BURU (RANA, WAE GEREN, WAE KABO), FOGI (LI EMTEBAN, TOMAHU). Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Central Malayo-Polynesian, Central Maluku, Buru. More information.

BURUSU

[BQR] Indonesia (Kalimantan). 6,000 (?) (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Borneo, Northwest, Rejang-Sajau.

BUSAMI

[BSM] Indonesia (Irian Jaya). 700 (1993 R. Doriot UFM).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, South Halmahera-West New Guinea, West New Guinea, Cenderawasih Bay, Yapen, Central-Western. More information.

BUSHI

[BUC] Madagascar. 767,000 in Madagascar (1995). Population total both countries 806,200. Alternate names: SHIBUSHI, KIBUSHI, KIBUKI, SHIBUSHI SHIMAWORE, SAKALAVA, ANTALAOTRA. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Borneo, Barito, East, Malagasy. More information.

BUSOA

[BUP] Indonesia (Sulawesi). 500 (1991 René van den Berg SIL).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sulawesi, Muna-Buton, Muna. More information.

BUTMAS-TUR

[BNR] Vanuatu. 525 (1983 SIL).  Alternate names: ATI. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, North and Central Vanuatu, East Santo, South.

BWAIDOKA

[BWD] Papua New Guinea. 6,000 (1994 SIL).  Alternate names: BWAIDOGA. Dialects: MATAITAI, WAGIFA, KILIA, LAUWELA, BWAIDOGA. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Papuan Tip, Nuclear, North Papuan Mainland-D'Entrecasteaux, Bwaidoga. More information.

BWANABWANA

[TTE] Papua New Guinea. 2,015 (1994 SIL).  Alternate names: TUBETUBE. Dialects: WALE (WARI, WARE), KWALAIWA. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Papuan Tip, Nuclear, Suauic. More information.

BWATOO

[BWA] New Caledonia. 300 (1982 SIL).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, New Caledonian, Northern, North, Hmwaveke. More information.

CAAC

[MSQ] New Caledonia. 750 (1982 SIL).  Alternate names: MOENEBENG. Dialects: POUÉBO (PWEBO), LA CONCEPTION (ST. LOUIS). Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, New Caledonian, Northern, Extreme Northern.

CAMPALAGIAN

[CML] Indonesia (Sulawesi). 30,000 (1986 K. Stromme SIL).  Alternate names: TALLUMPANUAE, TJAMPALAGIAN, TASING. Dialects: CAMPALAGIAN, BUKU. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sulawesi, South Sulawesi, Bugis. More information.

CAROLINIAN

[CAL] Northern Mariana Islands. 3,000 (1990 census).  Alternate names: SAIPAN CAROLINIAN, SOUTHERN CAROLINIAN. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, Micronesian, Micronesian Proper, Ponapeic-Trukic, Trukic. More information.

CEMUHÎ

[CAM] New Caledonia. 2,500 (1982 SIL).  Alternate names: CAMUHI, CAMUKI, TYAMUHI, WAGAP. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, New Caledonian, Northern, Central. More information.

CHEKE HOLO

[MRN] Solomon Islands. 9,860 (1998 SIL). 57% of the population of Santa Isabel Island.  Alternate names: A'ARA, KUBONITU, HOLO. Dialects: MARINGE (MARINGHE), HOGRANO (HOGIRANO). Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Meso Melanesian, New Ireland, South New Ireland-Northwest Solomonic, Santa Isabel, East. More information.

CIA-CIA

[CIA] Indonesia (Sulawesi). 15,000 (1986 SIL).  Alternate names: SOUTH BUTON, SOUTHERN BUTUNG, BUTON, BUTUNG, BUTONESE, BOETONEEZEN. Dialects: KAESABU, SAMPOLAWA (MAMBULU-LAPORO), WABULA, MASIRI. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sulawesi, Muna-Buton, Buton. More information.

DAI

[DIJ] Indonesia (Maluku). 808 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Central Malayo-Polynesian, Babar, North. More information.

DAKAKA

[BPA] Vanuatu. 600 (1983 SIL).  Alternate names: BAIAP, SOUTH AMBRYM. Dialects: SESIVI. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, North and Central Vanuatu, Northeast Vanuatu-Banks Islands, East Vanuatu. More information.

DAKKA

[DKK] Indonesia (Sulawesi). 1,500 (1986 SIL).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sulawesi, South Sulawesi, Northern, Pitu Ulunna Salu. More information.

DAMAR, EAST

[DMR] Indonesia (Maluku). 2,800 (1990 SIL).  Alternate names: SOUTH DAMAR. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Central Malayo-Polynesian, Timor, Southwest Maluku, East Damar. More information.

DAMAR, WEST

[DRN] Indonesia (Maluku). 800 (1987 SIL).  Alternate names: NORTH DAMAR. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Central Malayo-Polynesian, West Damar. More information.

DAMBI

[DAC] Papua New Guinea. 445 (1979 census).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Huon Gulf, South, Hote-Buang, Buang, Mumeng. More information.

DAMPAL

[DMP] Indonesia (Sulawesi). Fewer than 100 in the ethnic group (1990 N.P. Himmelmann).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sulawesi, Central Sulawesi, West Central, Tomini. More information.

DAMPELASA

[DMS] Indonesia (Sulawesi). 13,000 (1991 D. Andersen SIL).  Alternate names: DIAN, DAMPELAS. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sulawesi, Central Sulawesi, West Central, Tomini. More information.

DARO-MATU

[DRO] Malaysia (Sarawak). 7,600 including 4,800 Matu, 2,800 Daro (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Dialects: DARO, MATU. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Borneo, Northwest, Melanau-Kajang, Melanau. More information.

DAWAWA

[DWW] Papua New Guinea. 2,500 (1994 SIL).  Alternate names: DAWANA. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Papuan Tip, Nuclear, North Papuan Mainland-D'Entrecasteaux, Kakabai. More information.

DAWERA-DAWELOOR

[DDW] Indonesia (Maluku). 1,500 or fewer (1989 Taber SIL).  Alternate names: DAVELOR. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Central Malayo-Polynesian, Babar, North. More information.

DAYAK, LAND

[DYK] Indonesia (Kalimantan). 57,619 (1981).  Dialects: KARAGAN (KARANGAN), SIDIN (SIDING, SINDING), MERATEI (MERETEI), SAU (SAUH, BIRATAK), SERMAH (BIONAH), BERANG, SABUNGO, SANTAN, GURGO, SINAN, SUMPO, BUDANOH, SERING, GUGU, MATAN, TEMILA, BEHE, IPOH, MANYUKAI (MENJUKE, MENYUKAI, MANYUKE, MANUKAI), PUNAN (BUNAN, MURANG PUNAN, PENYABUNG PUNAN, BUSANG, DJULOI), KATI, BETA. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Borneo, Land Dayak. More information.

DEHU

[DEU] New Caledonia. 15,000 (1991 UBS).  Alternate names: DE'U, DREHU, LIFOU, LIFU. Dialects: LOSI, WETE. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, Loyalty Islands. More information.

DENGALU

[DEA] Papua New Guinea. 140 (1978 McElhanon).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Huon Gulf, South, Hote-Buang, Buang, Mumeng. More information.

DIODIO

[DDI] Papua New Guinea. 1,200 (1972 census).  Dialects: IAUIAULA, UTALO, AWALE, CENTRAL DIODIO. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Papuan Tip, Nuclear, North Papuan Mainland-D'Entrecasteaux, Bwaidoga. More information.

DIXON REEF

[DIX] Vanuatu. 50 (1982 SIL).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, North and Central Vanuatu, Malekula Interior, Small Nambas.

DJONGKANG

[DJO] Indonesia (Kalimantan). 45,000 possibly (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Borneo, Land Dayak.

DOBEL

[KVO] Indonesia (Maluku). 7,000 (1995 J. Hughes).  Alternate names: KOBRO'OR, KOBROOR, DOIBEL. Dialects: INLAND DOBEL, SOUTHEAST DOBEL, NORTHEAST DOBEL. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Central Malayo-Polynesian, Aru. More information.

DOBU

[DOB] Papua New Guinea. 10,000 (1998 SIL). Lingua franca for 100,000 (1987 SIL).  Dialects: GALUBWA, SANAROA, UBUIA, CENTRAL DOBU, LOBODA (ROBODA, DAWADA-SIAUSI). Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Papuan Tip, Nuclear, North Papuan Mainland-D'Entrecasteaux, Dobu-Duau. More information.

DOGA

[DGG] Papua New Guinea. 200 (1975 SIL).  Alternate names: MAGABARA. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Papuan Tip, Nuclear, North Papuan Mainland-D'Entrecasteaux, Are-Taupota, Are. More information.

DOHOI

[OTD] Indonesia (Kalimantan). 80,000 (?) (1981 Wurm and Hattori) including 2,700 Ulu Ai.'  Alternate names: OT DANUM, UUT DANUM, UUD DANUM. Dialects: OT BALAWAN, OT BANU'U, OT MURUNG 1 (MURUNG 1, PUNAN RATAH), OT OLANG, OT TUHUP, SARAWAI (MELAWI), DOHOI, ULU AI' (DA'AN). Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Borneo, Barito, West, North. More information.

DONDO

[DOK] Indonesia (Sulawesi). 15,000 or fewer (1991 D. Andersen SIL).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sulawesi, Central Sulawesi, West Central, Tomini. More information.

DORI'O

[DOR] Solomon Islands. 1,485 (1998 SIL).  Alternate names: KWAREKWAREO. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Southeast Solomonic, Malaita-San Cristobal, Malaita, Southern. More information.

DOURA

[DON] Papua New Guinea. 800 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Papuan Tip, Peripheral, Central Papuan, West Central Papuan, Nuclear. More information.

DUANO'

[DUP] Malaysia (Peninsular). 1,922 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Alternate names: ORANG KUALA, DESIN DOLA'. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sundic, Malayic, Malayan, Para-Malay.

DUAU

[DUA] Papua New Guinea. 3,550 (1991 SIL).  Dialects: MWALUKWASIA, SOMWADINA, GULEGULEU (GURAGUREU), DAWADA, SIAUSI. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Papuan Tip, Nuclear, North Papuan Mainland-D'Entrecasteaux, Dobu-Duau. More information.

DUKE

[NKE] Solomon Islands. 2,500 (1998 SIL).  Alternate names: NDUKE, NDUGHORE, KOLOMBANGARA. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Meso Melanesian, New Ireland, South New Ireland-Northwest Solomonic, New Georgia, West. More information.

DUMBEA

[DUF] New Caledonia. 1,400 (1982 SIL).  Alternate names: NDUMBEA, NAA DUBEA, DUBEA, DRUBEA. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, New Caledonian, Southern, Extreme Southern. More information.

DUMPAS

[DMV] Malaysia (Sabah). 500 to 1,000 (1985 SIL).  Alternate names: DOOMPAS. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Borneo, Northwest, Sabahan, Dusunic, Unclassified. More information.

DURI

[MVP] Indonesia (Sulawesi). 95,000 including 90,000 in Enrekang District (1991 SIL).  Alternate names: MASENREMPULU, MASSENREMPULU. Dialects: CAKKE, KALOSI. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sulawesi, South Sulawesi, Northern, Masenrempulu. More information.

DUSNER

[DSN] Indonesia (Irian Jaya). 6 (1978 SIL).  Alternate names: DUSNIR. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, South Halmahera-West New Guinea, West New Guinea, Cenderawasih Bay, Biakic. More information.

DUSUN DEYAH

[DUN] Indonesia (Kalimantan). 20,000 (?) (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Alternate names: DEAH, DEJAH. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Borneo, Barito, East, Central-South, Central.

DUSUN MALANG

[DUQ] Indonesia (Kalimantan). 10,000 (?) (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Borneo, Barito, East, Central-South, South. More information.

DUSUN WITU

[DUW] Indonesia (Kalimantan). 25,000 (?) (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Borneo, Barito, East, Central-South, South. More information.

DUSUN, CENTRAL

[DTP] Malaysia (Sabah). 140,500 (1991 SIL), including 50,000 Ranau (1989 UBS), 70,000 Bundu (1990 UBS), 500 (?) Kuala Monsok Dusun (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Alternate names: DUSUN, DUSAN, DUSUM, DUSUR, KADAYAN, KEDAYAN, KADASAN, CENTRAL KADAZAN. Dialects: DUSUN SINULIHAN (SINULIHAN), KADAZAN-TAGARO (TAGARO), KIUNDU, PAHU', SOKID, TINDAL, MENGGATAL (KIULU, TELIPOK), RANAU, BUNDU (TAGINAMBUR), BEAUFORT, LUBA, KUALA MONSOK DUSUN. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Borneo, Northwest, Sabahan, Dusunic, Dusun, Central. More information.

DUSUN, SUGUT

[KZS] Malaysia (Sabah). 8,000 to 9,000 (1985 SIL).  Alternate names: DUSUN, SUGUT, SUGUT KADAZAN, KADAYAN, TANGGAL, TILAU-ILAU. Dialects: TINAGAS, TALANTANG. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Borneo, Northwest, Sabahan, Dusunic, Dusun, Central. More information.

DUSUN, TAMBUNAN

[KZT] Malaysia (Sabah).   Alternate names: TAMBUNAN. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Borneo, Northwest, Sabahan, Dusunic, Dusun, Central. More information.

DUSUN, TEMPASUK

[TDU] Malaysia (Sabah). 6,000 (?) (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Alternate names: TINDAL, KEDAMAIAN DUSUN, TAMPASUK, TAMPASSUK, TAMPASOK, TEMPASOK. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Borneo, Northwest, Sabahan, Dusunic, Dusun, Central. More information.

DUWET

[GVE] Papua New Guinea. 398 (1988 Holzknecht).  Alternate names: GUWET, GUWOT, WAING. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Huon Gulf, Markham, Lower, Busu.

EFATE, NORTH

[LLP] Vanuatu. 3,000 (1983 SIL).  Dialects: NGUNA (GUNA, TONGOA, NGUNESE), BUNINGA, SESAKE, EMAU, PAUNANGIS, LIVARA. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, North and Central Vanuatu, Northeast Vanuatu-Banks Islands, Central Vanuatu. More information.

EFATE, SOUTH

[ERK] Vanuatu. 3,750 (1983 SIL).  Alternate names: FATE, ERAKOR, SOUTHERN EFATE. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, North and Central Vanuatu, Northeast Vanuatu-Banks Islands, Central Vanuatu. More information.

ELPAPUTIH

[ELP] Indonesia (Maluku).   Alternate names: ELPAPUTI. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Central Malayo-Polynesian, Central Maluku, East, Seram, Nunusaku, Piru Bay, East, Seram Straits, Uliase, Hatuhaha, Elpaputi. More information.

ELU

[ELU] Papua New Guinea. 216 (1983 SIL).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Admiralty Islands, Eastern, Manus, East. More information.

EMAE

[MMW] Vanuatu. 200 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Alternate names: EMWAE, MAE, MWAE, EMAI, MAI. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, Central Pacific, East Fijian-Polynesian, Polynesian, Nuclear, Samoic-Outlier, Futunic. More information.

EMBALOH

[EMB] Indonesia (Kalimantan). 10,000 (1991 NTM).  Alternate names: MBALOH, MALOH, MALO, MEMALOH, MATOH, PARI, PALIN, SANGAU, SANGGAU. Dialects: KALIS (KALIS MALOH, KALIS DAYAK). Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sundic, Mbaloh. More information.

EMPLAWAS

[EMW] Indonesia (Maluku). 250 (1989 Taber SIL).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Central Malayo-Polynesian, Babar, South, Southwest Babar. More information.

ENDE

[END] Indonesia (Nusa Tenggara). 87,000 including 78,000 Ende, 9,000 Nga'o (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Alternate names: ENDEH. Dialects: ENDE (ENDEH, JA'O, DJAU), NGA'O (NGAO, WEST ENDE). Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Central Malayo-Polynesian, Bima-Sumba, Ende-Lio. More information.

ENGGANO

[ENO] Indonesia (Sumatra). 1,000 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Alternate names: ENGGANESE. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sundic, Sumatra, Enggano. More information.

ENIM

[ENI] Indonesia (Sumatra). 70,000 (1989).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sundic, Malayic, Malayan, Local Malay. More information.

ENREKANG

[PTT] Indonesia (Sulawesi). 50,000 (1991 SIL).  Alternate names: ENDEKAN, ENDEKAN TIMUR. Dialects: ENREKANG, RANGA, PATTINJO (LETTA-BATULAPPA-KASSA). Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sulawesi, South Sulawesi, Northern, Masenrempulu. More information.

ERE

[TWP] Papua New Guinea. 1,030 (1980 census).  Alternate names: NANE, E. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Admiralty Islands, Eastern, Manus, East. More information.

EROKWANAS

[ERW] Indonesia (Irian Jaya). 250 (1977 Voegelin and Voegelin).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, South Halmahera-West New Guinea, West New Guinea, Bomberai.

ETON

[ETN] Vanuatu. 500 (1989 census).  Alternate names: EPWAU, EASTERN EFATE. Dialects: ETON, PANG PANG. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, North and Central Vanuatu, Northeast Vanuatu-Banks Islands, Central Vanuatu. More information.

FAGANI

[FAF] Solomon Islands. 500 including 166 in each dialect (1998 SIL).  Alternate names: FAGHANI. Dialects: FAGANI, RIHU'A, AGUFI. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Southeast Solomonic, Malaita-San Cristobal, San Cristobal. More information.

FATALEKA

[FAR] Solomon Islands. 5,700 (1998 SIL).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Southeast Solomonic, Malaita-San Cristobal, Malaita, Northern. More information.

FIJIAN, WESTERN

[WYY] Fiji. 57,000 including 38,500 in Waya (Waya and Ba-Navosa), 18,500 in Nadroga (1977 Lincoln).  Alternate names: FIJI, NADROGA, NADRONGA. Dialects: NUCLEAR WESTERN FIJIAN (NADROGAA, TUBANIWAI, BAARAVI), WAYA (NAKOROBOYA, NOIKORO, MAGODRO). Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, Central Pacific, West Fijian-Rotuman, West Fijian.

FORDATA

[FRD] Indonesia (Maluku). 50,000 including 25,000 in the language area, 25,000 throughout Indonesia (1995 SIL).  Alternate names: LARAT, VAI TNEBAR. Dialects: FODATA-LARAT I, FORDATA-LARAT II, MOLO-MARU, SEIRA (SERA). Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Central Malayo-Polynesian, Southeast Maluku, Kei-Tanimbar, Kei-Fordata. More information.

FORTSENAL

[FRT] Vanuatu. 150 (1983 SIL).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, North and Central Vanuatu, Northeast Vanuatu-Banks Islands, West Santo. More information.

FUTUNA, EAST

[FUD] Wallis and Futuna. 3,600 on Futuna (1987), 31.9% of the population. Population total both countries 8,000 (1991 UBS). Alternate names: FUTUNIAN. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, Central Pacific, East Fijian-Polynesian, Polynesian, Nuclear, Samoic-Outlier, Futunic. More information.

FUTUNA-ANIWA

[FUT] Vanuatu. 600 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Alternate names: WEST FUTUNA-ANIWA, ERRONAN. Dialects: WEST FUTUNA (FOTUNA), ANIWA (ANEWA). Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, Central Pacific, East Fijian-Polynesian, Polynesian, Nuclear, Samoic-Outlier, Futunic. More information.

FWÂI

[FWA] New Caledonia. 1,000 (1982 SIL).  Alternate names: POAI, YENGEN, YEHEN. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, New Caledonian, Northern, North, Nemi. More information.

GALEYA

[GAR] Papua New Guinea. 1,876 (1972 Govt. survey).  Alternate names: GAREA. Dialects: WADALEI, GAMETA, URUA, BASIMA, SEBUTUIA, GAREA (GALEYA). Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Papuan Tip, Nuclear, North Papuan Mainland-D'Entrecasteaux, Dobu-Duau. More information.

GALOLI

[GAL] Timor Lorosae. 50,000 (?) in the ethnic group (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Alternate names: GALOLE. Dialects: NA NAHEK, EDI, DADUA, GALOLI, BABA, HAHAK. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Central Malayo-Polynesian, Timor, Nuclear Timor, East. More information.

GANA

[GNQ] Malaysia (Sabah). 2,000 (1985 SIL).  Alternate names: GANAQ, GANA', MINANSUT, KENINGAU DUSUN. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Borneo, Northwest, Sabahan, Dusunic, Dusun. More information.

GANE

[GZN] Indonesia (Maluku). 2,900 (1982 Teljeur).  Alternate names: GANI, GIMAN. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, South Halmahera-West New Guinea, South Halmahera, East Makian-Gane. More information.

GAO

[GGA] Solomon Islands. 700 (1998 SIL).  Alternate names: NGGAO. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Meso Melanesian, New Ireland, South New Ireland-Northwest Solomonic, Santa Isabel, East. More information.

GAPAPAIWA

[PWG] Papua New Guinea. 3,000 including about 1,300 in western dialect, 1,700 in eastern (1998 SIL).  Alternate names: MANAPE, GAPA, PAIWA. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Papuan Tip, Nuclear, North Papuan Mainland-D'Entrecasteaux, Are-Taupota, Are. More information.

GASMATA

[GSA] Papua New Guinea. 200 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Ngero-Vitiaz, Vitiaz, Southwest New Britain, Arawe-Pasismanua, Arawe, East Arawe. More information.

GEBE

[GEI] Indonesia (Maluku). 1,000 to 3,000 in four villages (1983 C. and B. D. Grimes SIL).  Alternate names: GEBI. Dialects: UMERA. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, South Halmahera-West New Guinea, West New Guinea, Cenderawasih Bay, Raja Ampat. More information.

GEDAGED

[GDD] Papua New Guinea. 2,764 (1975 Z'Graggen).  Alternate names: BEL, GRAGED, STAR, STAR-RAGETTA, TIARA, MITEBOG, RAGETTA, RIO, SEK, SZEAK-BAGILI. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Ngero-Vitiaz, Vitiaz, Bel, Nuclear Bel, Northern. More information.

GELA

[NLG] Solomon Islands. 10,000 (1998 SIL).  Alternate names: NGGELA, FLORIDA ISLANDS. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Southeast Solomonic, Gela-Guadalcanal, Gela. More information.

GESER-GOROM

[GES] Indonesia (Maluku). 36,500 (1989 Loski and Loski SIL).  Alternate names: GESER, GESA, GOROM, GORAM, GORAN, GORONG, SERAM, SERAN, SERAN LAUT. Dialects: GORAM LAUT, MINA MINA GORONG, KELIMURI. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Central Malayo-Polynesian, Central Maluku, East, Banda-Geser, Geser-Gorom. More information.

GETMATA

[GET] Papua New Guinea.   Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Ngero-Vitiaz, Vitiaz, Southwest New Britain, Arawe-Pasismanua, Pasismanua. More information.

GHANONGGA

[GHN] Solomon Islands. 3,600 (1998 SIL).  Alternate names: GANONGGA, KUBOKOTA, KUMBOKOTA. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Meso Melanesian, New Ireland, South New Ireland-Northwest Solomonic, New Georgia, West. More information.

GHARI

[GRI] Solomon Islands. 10,045 including 5,180 Ghari, 800 Gae, 1,240 Geri, 1,740 Ndi, 400 Nginia, 685 Tandai-Nggaria (1998 SIL).  Alternate names: GARI, TANGARARE, SUGHU, WEST GUADALCANAL. Dialects: GAE (NGGAE), GERI (NGGERI), NDI (VATURANGA), NGINIA, TANDAI-NGGARIA (TANAGHAI), GHARI. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Southeast Solomonic, Gela-Guadalcanal, Guadalcanal. More information.

GHAYAVI

[BMK] Papua New Guinea. 1,757 (1979 census).  Alternate names: GALAVI, BOIANAKI, BOANAKI, BOINAKI, BOANAI. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Papuan Tip, Nuclear, North Papuan Mainland-D'Entrecasteaux, Are-Taupota, Are. More information.

GIMI

[GIP] Papua New Guinea. 3,697 (1982 SIL).  Alternate names: LOKO. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Ngero-Vitiaz, Vitiaz, Southwest New Britain, Arawe-Pasismanua, Arawe, West Arawe. More information.

GITUA

[GIL] Papua New Guinea. 483 (1978 McElhanon).  Alternate names: GITOA, KELANA. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Ngero-Vitiaz, Ngero, Tuam.

GONE DAU

[GOO] Fiji. 500 (1977 Lincoln).  Alternate names: GONEDAU. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, Central Pacific, East Fijian-Polynesian, East Fijian. More information.

GORAKOR

[GOC] Papua New Guinea. 2,741 (1979 census).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Huon Gulf, South, Hote-Buang, Buang, Mumeng. More information.

GORAP

[GOQ] Indonesia (Maluku). 1,000 (1992 SIL).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Unclassified. More information.

GULA'ALAA

[GMB] Solomon Islands. 1,600 (1998 SIL).  Alternate names: KWAI, NGONGOSILA. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Southeast Solomonic, Malaita-San Cristobal, Malaita, Northern. More information.

GUMAWANA

[GVS] Papua New Guinea. 367 (1996 census).  Alternate names: GUMASI, DOMDOM. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Papuan Tip, Nuclear, North Papuan Mainland-D'Entrecasteaux, Gumawana. More information.

GURAMALUM

[GRZ] Papua New Guinea. 3 or 4 speakers (1987 SIL).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Meso Melanesian, New Ireland, South New Ireland-Northwest Solomonic, Patpatar-Tolai. More information.

GWEDA

[GRW] Papua New Guinea. 10 to 20 (1998 SIL).  Alternate names: GARUWAHI. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Papuan Tip, Nuclear, North Papuan Mainland-D'Entrecasteaux, Are-Taupota, Taupota. More information.

HABU

[HBU] Timor Lorosae. 1,000 (?) in the ethnic group (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Central Malayo-Polynesian, Timor, Nuclear Timor, Waima'a. More information.

HAEKE

[AEK] New Caledonia. 100 or fewer (1982 SIL).  Alternate names: AEKE, 'AEKE. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, New Caledonian, Haekic. More information.

HAHON

[HAH] Papua New Guinea. 1,300 (1977 Lincoln).  Alternate names: HANON. Dialects: KURUR, RATSUA, ARAVIA. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Meso Melanesian, New Ireland, South New Ireland-Northwest Solomonic, Nehan-North Bougainville, Saposa-Tinputz. More information.

HAIGWAI

[HGW] Papua New Guinea. 942 (1990 census).  Alternate names: NAURA, KAPULIKA. Dialects: NAURA, KAPULIKA. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Papuan Tip, Nuclear, North Papuan Mainland-D'Entrecasteaux, Are-Taupota, Taupota. More information.

HAKÖ

[HAO] Papua New Guinea. 5,000 (1982 SIL).  Alternate names: HAKU. Dialects: LONTES. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Meso Melanesian, New Ireland, South New Ireland-Northwest Solomonic, Nehan-North Bougainville, Buka, Halia. More information.

HALIA

[HLA] Papua New Guinea. 20,000 or more (1994 J. Allen SIL).  Alternate names: TASI. Dialects: HANAHAN, HANGAN, TOULOUN (TULON, TULUN), SELAU. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Meso Melanesian, New Ireland, South New Ireland-Northwest Solomonic, Nehan-North Bougainville, Buka, Halia. More information.

HANO

[LML] Vanuatu. 7,000 (1991 UBS).  Alternate names: RAGA, LAMALANGA, NORTH RAGA, VUNMARAMA, QATVENUA, BWATVENUA. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, North and Central Vanuatu, Northeast Vanuatu-Banks Islands, East Vanuatu. More information.

HARUKU

[HRK] Indonesia (Maluku). 18,219 (1989 SIL).  Dialects: HULALIU, PELAUW, KAILOLO, ROHOMONI. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Central Malayo-Polynesian, Central Maluku, East, Seram, Nunusaku, Piru Bay. More information.

HAVEKE

[AVE] New Caledonia. 300 (1982 SIL).  Alternate names: AVEKE, 'AVEKE. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, New Caledonian, Northern. More information.

HELONG

[HEG] Indonesia (Nusa Tenggara). 14,000 (1997 Grimes, Therik, Grimes, Jacob).  Alternate names: HELON, SEMAU, KUPANG. Dialects: HELONG PULAU (ISLAND HELONG), HELONG DARAT (LAND HELONG). Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Central Malayo-Polynesian, Timor, Helong. More information.

HERMIT

[LLF] Papua New Guinea.   Alternate names: AGOMES, LUF, MARON. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Admiralty Islands, Eastern, Manus, West. More information.

HITU

[HIT] Indonesia (Maluku). 15,965 (1987 SIL).  Dialects: WAKAL, MORELA, MAMALA, HITU, HILA. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Central Malayo-Polynesian, Central Maluku, East, Seram, Nunusaku, Piru Bay, East, Seram Straits, Ambon. More information.

HIW

[HIW] Vanuatu. 120 (1983 SIL).  Alternate names: TORRES, TORRES ISLAND. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, North and Central Vanuatu, Northeast Vanuatu-Banks Islands, East Vanuatu. More information.

HMWAVEKE

[MRK] New Caledonia. 300 (1982 SIL).  Alternate names: 'MOAVEKE, CETA, FAA CETA. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, New Caledonian, Northern, North, Hmwaveke. More information.

HOANYA

[HON] Taiwan.   Alternate names: HOANNYA, KALI. Dialects: LLOA (LOA), ARIKUN, HOANYA. Classification: Austronesian, Formosan, Paiwanic. More information.

HOAVA

[HOA] Solomon Islands. 1,000 (1998 SIL).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Meso Melanesian, New Ireland, South New Ireland-Northwest Solomonic, New Georgia, West. More information.

HORURU

[HRR] Indonesia (Maluku).   Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Central Malayo-Polynesian, Central Maluku, East, Seram, Nunusaku, Three Rivers, Amalumute, Northwest Seram. More information.

HOTE

[HOT] Papua New Guinea. 2,106 including 1,805 Hote and 301 Misim (1983 census).  Alternate names: HO'TEI, HOTEC, MALEI. Dialects: HOTE, MISIM (MUSIM, OMBALEI). Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Huon Gulf, South, Hote-Buang, Hote. More information.

HOTI

[HTI] Indonesia (Maluku). 10 speakers possibly (1987 SIL).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Central Malayo-Polynesian, Central Maluku, East, Seram, East Seram. More information.

HOVONGAN

[HOV] Indonesia (Kalimantan). 1,000 (1991 NTM).  Alternate names: PUNAN BUNGAN. Dialects: HOVONGAN, SEMUKUNG UHENG. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Borneo, Kayan-Murik, Muller-Schwaner 'Punan.' More information.

HUAULU

[HUD] Indonesia (Maluku). 300 (1987 SIL).  Alternate names: ALAKAMAT, BAHASA ASLI. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Central Malayo-Polynesian, Central Maluku, East, Seram, Manusela-Seti. More information.

HUKUMINA

[HUW] Indonesia (Maluku). 1 (1989 C. Grimes SIL).  Alternate names: BAMBAA. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Unclassified. More information.

HULA

[HUL] Papua New Guinea. 3,000 (1987 SIL).  Alternate names: VULAA. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Papuan Tip, Peripheral, Central Papuan, Sinagoro-Keapara. More information.

HULUNG

[HUK] Indonesia (Maluku). 10 or fewer (1991 Y. Taguchi SIL).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Central Malayo-Polynesian, Central Maluku, East, Seram, Nunusaku, Three Rivers, Amalumute, Northwest Seram, Hulung. More information.

IAAI

[IAI] New Caledonia. 2,200 (SIL 1982).  Alternate names: IAI, YAI. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, Loyalty Islands. More information.

IAMALELE

[YML] Papua New Guinea. 2,800 (1987 SIL).  Alternate names: YAMALELE. Dialects: DIDIGAVU, GWABEGWABE, MASIMASI, CENTRAL YAMALELE, SOUTHERN YAMALELE. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Papuan Tip, Nuclear, North Papuan Mainland-D'Entrecasteaux, Bwaidoga. More information.

IDA'AN

[DBJ] Malaysia (Sabah). 6,000 (1987 SIL), including 1,500 Begahak.  Alternate names: ERAANS, BULUD UPI, IDAAN, IDAHAN, IDAN, IDAYAN. Dialects: BEGAK (BEGAHAK, BAGAHAK), SUBPAN (SUPAN, SUNGAI), IDA'AN. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Borneo, Northwest, Sabahan, Ida'an. More information.

IDATÉ

[IDT] Timor Lorosae. 5,000 (?) in ethnic group (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Central Malayo-Polynesian, Timor, Nuclear Timor, East. More information.

IDUNA

[VIV] Papua New Guinea. 6,000 (1984 SIL).  Alternate names: VIVIGANA, VIVIGANI. Dialects: WAIBULA, UFAUFA, IDAKAMENAI, BELEBELE, KALAUNA, GOIALA, UFUFU, CENTRAL VIVIGANI. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Papuan Tip, Nuclear, North Papuan Mainland-D'Entrecasteaux, Bwaidoga. More information.

IFO

[IFF] Vanuatu.   Alternate names: UTAHA. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, South Vanuatu, Erromanga. More information.

ILE APE

[ILA] Indonesia (Nusa Tenggara).   Alternate names: NUSA TADON. Dialects: NORTH ILE APE, SOUTH ILE APE. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Central Malayo-Polynesian, Timor, Flores-Lembata. More information.

ILIUN

[ILU] Indonesia (Maluku). 1,400 or more (1990 Hinton SIL).  Alternate names: HAHUTAU, HAHUTAN, LIMERA, ILMAUMAU, ERAI. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Central Malayo-Polynesian, Timor, Southwest Maluku, Wetar. More information.

IMROING

[IMR] Indonesia (Maluku). 450 (1989 Taber SIL).  Alternate names: IMROIN. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Central Malayo-Polynesian, Babar, South, Southwest Babar. More information.

IRARUTU

[IRH] Indonesia (Irian Jaya). 4,000 (1987 SIL).  Alternate names: IRAHUTU, IRUTU, KASIRA, ARGUNI BAY, KAITERO. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Unclassified. More information.

IRESIM

[IRE] Indonesia (Irian Jaya). 100 (1977 Lincoln).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, South Halmahera-West New Guinea, West New Guinea, Cenderawasih Bay, Iresim.

IWAL

[KBM] Papua New Guinea. 1,500 (1987 SIL).  Alternate names: KAIWA. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Huon Gulf, South, Kaiwa. More information.

JAGOI

[SNE] Malaysia (Sarawak). 19,000 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Alternate names: SARAWAK DAYAK, JAGGOI, BAU-JAGOI. Dialects: GROGO (GROGOH), STENGGANG JAGOI, KROKONG, GUMBANG, SERAMBAU (SERAMBU, SERAMBO), EMPAWA, ASSEM, SINGGE (SINGGAI, SINGGI, SINGGIE, SINGHI, BISINGAI), SUTI, TENGOH, DONGAY, TAUP (TAHUP). Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Borneo, Land Dayak. More information.

JAKUN

[JAK] Malaysia (Peninsular). 9,799 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Alternate names: JAKU'D, JAKUD'N, JAKOON, DJAKUN, ORANG HULU. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sundic, Malayic, Malayan, Aboriginal Malay.

JAVANESE, CARIBBEAN

[JVN] Suriname. 60,000 in Suriname, about 15% of population (1986). Population total both countries 60,000 or more. Alternate names: SURINAME JAVANESE. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sundic, Javanese. More information.

JAVANESE, NEW CALEDONIAN

[JAS] New Caledonia. 6,750 (1987), 4.5% of the population.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sundic, Javanese. More information.

JAWE

[JAZ] New Caledonia. 900 (1982 SIL).  Alternate names: NJAWE, DIAHOUE, OUBATCH, UBACH. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, New Caledonian, Northern, North, Nemi. More information.

KABADI

[KBT] Papua New Guinea. 1,500 (1975 SIL).  Alternate names: GABADI. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Papuan Tip, Peripheral, Central Papuan, West Central Papuan, Gabadi. More information.

KADAI

[KZD] Indonesia (Maluku). 300 to 500 (1982 SIL).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Central Malayo-Polynesian, Central Maluku, Sula, Taliabo. More information.

KADAZAN, COASTAL

[KZJ] Malaysia (Sabah). 60,000 (1986 SIL).  Alternate names: PENAMPANG KADAZAN, PAPAR KADAZAN, MEMBAKUT KADAZAN. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Borneo, Northwest, Sabahan, Dusunic, Dusun. More information.

KADAZAN, KLIAS RIVER

[KQT] Malaysia (Sabah). 1,000 (1984 SIL).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Borneo, Northwest, Sabahan, Dusunic, Dusun. More information.

KADAZAN, LABUK-KINABATANGAN

[DTB] Malaysia (Sabah). 21,000 to 24,000 including 14,000 to 16,000 Labuk (1987 SIL), 7,000 to 8,000 Sungai (1982 SIL).  Alternate names: EASTERN KADAZAN, LABUK KADAZAN, SOGILITAN, TINDAKON, TOMPULUNG. Dialects: MANGKAAK (MANGKAHAK, MANGKOK, MANGKAK), SUKANG, LABUK, LAMAG SUNGAI (SUNGEI). Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Borneo, Northwest, Sabahan, Dusunic, Dusun, Eastern. More information.

KAHAYAN

[XAH] Indonesia (Kalimantan). 45,000 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Alternate names: KAHAIAN, KAHAJAN. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Borneo, Barito, West, South. More information.

KAHUA

[AGW] Solomon Islands. 7,700 including 3,000 Kahua, 4,700 Tawarafa (1998 SIL).  Alternate names: ANGANIWAI, ANGANIWEI, WANONI, NARIHUA. Dialects: TAWARAFA (STAR HARBOUR), SANTA ANA (OWA RAHA), SANTA CATALINA (OWA RIKI), KAHUA. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Southeast Solomonic, Malaita-San Cristobal, San Cristobal. More information.

KAIBOBO

[KZB] Indonesia (Maluku). 500 (1983 Collins and Voorhoeve).  Alternate names: KAIBUBU. Dialects: KAIBOBO, HATUSUA. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Central Malayo-Polynesian, Central Maluku, East, Seram, Nunusaku, Piru Bay, East. More information.

KAIDIPANG

[KZP] Indonesia (Sulawesi). 22,000 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Alternate names: KAIDIPAN, DIO. Dialects: KAIDIPAN, BOLAANG ITANG (BOLANG ITANG). Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sulawesi, Mongondow-Gorontalo, Gorontalic. More information.

KAIEP

[KBW] Papua New Guinea. 300 (1993 SIL).  Alternate names: SAMAP. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Schouten, Kairiru-Manam, Kairiru. More information.

KAILI, DA'A

[KZF] Indonesia (Sulawesi). 55,000 including 35,000 Da'a and Inde together, 20,000 Unde (1979 Barr, Barr, and Salombe). 3,000 to 5,000 Da'a and Inde are in south Sulawesi.  Alternate names: DA'A, BUNGGU. Dialects: DA'A (PEKAWA, PEKAVA, PAKAWA), INDE, UNDE (BANAWA, BANAVA). Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sulawesi, Central Sulawesi, West Central, Kaili-Pamona, Kaili. More information.

KAILI, LEDO

[LEW] Indonesia (Sulawesi). 233,500 including 128,000 Ledo, Doi, Ado, and Edo together, 7,500 Ija and Taa together, 55,000 Rai and Raio together, 43,000 Tara (1979 Barr, Barr, and Salombe). 8,000 to 10,000 are in south Sulawesi.  Alternate names: LEDO, PALU, PALOESCH. Dialects: LEDO (PALU), DOI, ADO, EDO, TADO, TARA (PARIGI), RAI (SINDUE-TAWAILI, TAWAILI-SINDUE), RAIO (KORI), IJA (SIGI), TAA. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sulawesi, Central Sulawesi, West Central, Kaili-Pamona, Kaili. More information.

KAIMBULAWA

[ZKA] Indonesia (Sulawesi). 1,500 (1991 René van den Berg SIL).  Dialects: LANTOI, KAMBE-KAMBERO. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sulawesi, Muna-Buton, Muna. More information.

KAIRIRU

[KXA] Papua New Guinea. 3,507 (1981 R. Wivell).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Schouten, Kairiru-Manam, Kairiru. More information.

KAIRUI-MIDIKI

[KRD] Timor Lorosae. 2,000 (?) in the ethnic group (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Alternate names: CAIRUI, MIDIKI. Dialects: KAIRUI, MIDIKI (MIDIK). Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Central Malayo-Polynesian, Timor, Nuclear Timor, Waima'a. More information.

KAJAMAN

[KAG] Malaysia (Sarawak). 500 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Alternate names: KAYAMAN, KEJAMAN. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Borneo, Northwest, Melanau-Kajang, Kajang. More information.

KAKABAI

[KQF] Papua New Guinea. 816 (1990 census).  Alternate names: IGORA. Dialects: NORTH KAKABAI, SOUTH KAKABAI. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Papuan Tip, Nuclear, North Papuan Mainland-D'Entrecasteaux, Kakabai. More information.

KALABAKAN

[KVE] Malaysia (Sabah). 1,500 to 2,000 (1989 SIL).  Alternate names: KALABAKAN MURUT, TAWAU MURUT, TIDUNG. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Borneo, Northwest, North Sarawakan, Dayic, Murutic, Tidong.

KALAO

[KLY] Indonesia (Sulawesi). 500 (1988 T. Friberg SIL).  Alternate names: KALAOTOA. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sulawesi, Muna-Buton, Kalao. More information.

KALUMPANG

[KLI] Indonesia (Sulawesi). 12,000 (1991 SIL).  Alternate names: MAKKI, MANGKI, MAKI, MA'KI, MANGKIR, GALUMPANG. Dialects: KARATAUN, MABLEI, MANGKI (E'DA), BONE HAU (TA'DA). Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sulawesi, South Sulawesi, Northern, Toraja-Sa'dan. More information.

KAMARIAN

[KZX] Indonesia (Maluku). 10 or fewer out of village population of 6,000 (1987 SIL).  Alternate names: KAMARIANG, SERUAWAN. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Central Malayo-Polynesian, Central Maluku, East, Seram, Nunusaku, Piru Bay, East, Seram Straits, Uliase, Kamarian. More information.

KAMARU

[KGX] Indonesia (Sulawesi). 2,000 (1979 Bhurhanuddin).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sulawesi, Muna-Buton, Buton. More information.

KAMBERA

[SMI] Indonesia (Nusa Tenggara). 200,000 in the ethnic group (1989).  Alternate names: SUMBANESE, EAST SUMBANESE, OOST-SUMBAAS, HUMBA, HILU HUMBA, EAST SUMBA, SUMBA. Dialects: KAMBERA, MELOLO, UMA RATU NGGAI (UMBU RATU NGGAI), LEWA, KANATANG, MANGILI-WAIJELO (WAI JILU, WAIDJELU, RINDI, WAIJELO), SOUTHERN SUMBA. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Central Malayo-Polynesian, Bima-Sumba. More information.

KANAKANABU

[QNB] Taiwan. (160 in 1977; Lincoln).  Alternate names: KANABU, KANAKANAVU. Classification: Austronesian, Formosan, Tsouic, Southern. More information.

KANDAS

[KQW] Papua New Guinea. 480 (1972 Beaumont).  Alternate names: KING. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Meso Melanesian, New Ireland, South New Ireland-Northwest Solomonic, Patpatar-Tolai.

KANGEAN

[KKV] Indonesia (Java and Bali).   Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sundic, Madurese. More information.

KANIET

[KTK] Papua New Guinea.   Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Admiralty Islands, Western. More information.

KANOWIT

[KXN] Malaysia (Sarawak). 170 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Borneo, Northwest, Melanau-Kajang, Melanau. More information.

KAPIN

[TBX] Papua New Guinea. 2,351 (1979 census).  Alternate names: SAMBIO, TAIAK, TAYEK, KATUMENE. Dialects: KAPIN, GARAWA (GAWAWA). Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Huon Gulf, South, Hote-Buang, Buang. More information.

KAPINGAMARANGI

[KPG] Micronesia. 3,000 (1995 SIL), including 1,500 on Kapingamarangi and 1,500 in Porakiet village on Ponape.  Alternate names: KIRINIT. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, Central Pacific, East Fijian-Polynesian, Polynesian, Nuclear, Samoic-Outlier, Ellicean. More information.

KARA

[LEU] Papua New Guinea. 5,000 (1998 SIL).  Alternate names: LEMUSMUS, LEMAKOT. Dialects: EAST KARA, WEST KARA. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Meso Melanesian, New Ireland, Lavongai-Nalik. More information.

KAREY

[KYD] Indonesia (Maluku). 950 (1995 J. Hughes).  Alternate names: KEREI, KREI. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Central Malayo-Polynesian, Aru. More information.

KARORE

[XKX] Papua New Guinea. 500 to 600 (1995 SIL).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Ngero-Vitiaz, Vitiaz, Southwest New Britain, Arawe-Pasismanua, Pasismanua. More information.

KATBOL

[TMB] Vanuatu. 450 (1983 SIL).  Alternate names: TEMBIMBE-KATBOL, TAREMP, TISVEL. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, North and Central Vanuatu, Malekula Interior, Malekula Central.

KATINGAN

[KXG] Indonesia (Kalimantan). 45,000 (?) (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Borneo, Barito, West, South. More information.

KAULONG

[PSS] Papua New Guinea. 3,000 (1991 SIL).  Alternate names: PASISMANUA, KOWLONG. Dialects: KAULONG, EAST INLAND KAULONG. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Ngero-Vitiaz, Vitiaz, Southwest New Britain, Arawe-Pasismanua, Pasismanua. More information.

KAUR

[VKK] Indonesia (Sumatra). 20,000 (1989).  Alternate names: KA'UR, BINTUHAN. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sundic, Malayic, Malayan, Local Malay. More information.

KAVALAN

[CKV] Taiwan. 100 or fewer (1987).  Alternate names: KUWARAWAN, KIWARAWA, KUVARAWAN, KIBALAN, KIWARAW, KUVALAN, KAVARAUAN, KVALAN, SHEKWAN, CABARAN, KABALAN, KABARAN, KAMALAN, KAVANAN, KBALAN. Dialects: KAREOVAN (KAREOWAN). Classification: Austronesian, Formosan, Paiwanic. More information.

KAWE

[KGB] Indonesia (Irian Jaya). 300 (1978 SIL).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, South Halmahera-West New Guinea, West New Guinea, Cenderawasih Bay, Raja Ampat. More information.

KAYAN MAHAKAM

[XAY] Indonesia (Kalimantan). 1,300 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Borneo, Kayan-Murik, Kayan. More information.

KAYAN, BARAM

[KYS] Malaysia (Sarawak). 4,150 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Alternate names: BARAM KAJAN. Dialects: LONG ATIP, LONG AKAHSEMUKA. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Borneo, Kayan-Murik, Kayan. More information.

KAYAN, BUSANG

[BFG] Indonesia (Kalimantan). 3,000 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Alternate names: KAJAN, KAJANG, BUSANG. Dialects: MAHAKAM BUSANG, BELAYAN, LONG BLEH. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Borneo, Kayan-Murik, Kayan. More information.

KAYAN, KAYAN RIVER

[XKN] Indonesia (Kalimantan). 2,000 (?) (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Alternate names: KAYAN RIVER KAJAN, KAJANG. Dialects: UMA LAKAN, KAYANIYUT KAYAN. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Borneo, Kayan-Murik, Kayan.

KAYAN, MENDALAM

[XKD] Indonesia (Kalimantan). 1,500 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Alternate names: MENDALAM KAJAN. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Borneo, Kayan-Murik, Kayan.

KAYAN, MURIK

[MXR] Malaysia (Sarawak). 1,120 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Dialects: LONG BANYUQ (BANYUQ), LONG SEMIANG (SEMIANG). Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Borneo, Kayan-Murik, Murik. More information.

KAYAN, REJANG

[REE] Malaysia (Sarawak). 3,030 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Alternate names: REJANG KAJAN. Dialects: MA'AGING, LONG BADAN, UMA DARO, LONG KEHOBO (UMA POH), UMA JUMAN, LONG MURUN, LONG GENG, LEMENA, LISUM. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Borneo, Kayan-Murik, Kayan. More information.

KAYAN, WAHAU

[WHU] Indonesia (Kalimantan). 500 (?) (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Alternate names: WAHAU KAJAN. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Borneo, Kayan-Murik, Kayan.

KAYELI

[KZL] Indonesia (Maluku). 3 speakers out of 800 in the ethnic group (1995). Not used for 3 decades by the speakers (1989 C. Grimes SIL).  Alternate names: KAJELI, CAJELI, CAELI, GAELI. Dialects: KAYELI, LELIALI (LILIALI), LUMAETE (LUMAITI, MUMAITE, LUMARA). Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Central Malayo-Polynesian, Central Maluku, East, Seram, Nunusaku, Kayeli. More information.

KAYU AGUNG

[VKY] Indonesia (Sumatra). 45,000 (1989).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sundic, Malayic, Malayan, Local Malay. More information.

KAYUPULAU

[KZU] Indonesia (Irian Jaya). 573 (1978 SIL).  Alternate names: KAJUPULAU. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Sarmi-Jayapura Bay, Jayapura Bay. More information.

KE'O

[XXK] Indonesia (Nusa Tenggara). 50,000 (1993 Forth).  Alternate names: NAGE-KEO. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Central Malayo-Polynesian, Bima-Sumba, Ende-Lio. More information.

KEDANG

[KSX] Indonesia (Nusa Tenggara). 30,000 (1997 N. Johnston).  Alternate names: DANG, KDANG, KÉDANG, KEDANGESE. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Central Malayo-Polynesian, Timor, Flores-Lembata. More information.

KEI

[KEI] Indonesia (Maluku). 86,000 (1990 SIL).  Alternate names: EVAV, KAI. Dialects: KEI KECIL, KEI BESAR, TAYANDO, TANIMBAR KEI (ATNEBAR), TA'AM. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Central Malayo-Polynesian, Southeast Maluku, Kei-Tanimbar, Kei-Fordata. More information.

KELA

[KCL] Papua New Guinea. 2,145 (1980 census).  Alternate names: GELA, KELANA, LAUKANU. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Huon Gulf, North. More information.

KELABIT

[KZI] Malaysia (Sarawak).  Population total both countries 1,650 (1981 Wurm and Hattori). Alternate names: KALABIT, KERABIT. Dialects: BRUNG, LIBBUNG, LEPU POTONG, BARIO, LON BANGAG. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Borneo, Northwest, North Sarawakan, Dayic, Kelabitic. More information.

KELE

[SBC] Papua New Guinea. 600 (1982 SIL).  Alternate names: GELE'. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Admiralty Islands, Eastern, Manus, East. More information.

KEMAK

[KEM] Timor Lorosae. 50,000 in the ethnic group (1981 Wurm and Hattori) or more. Population total both countries 50,000. Alternate names: EMA. Dialects: NOGO (NOGO-NOGO), KEMAK. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Central Malayo-Polynesian, Timor, Nuclear Timor, East. More information.

KEMBAYAN

[XEM] Indonesia (Kalimantan). 45,000 possibly (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Borneo, Land Dayak.

KENDAYAN

[KNX] Indonesia (Kalimantan). 150,000 (?) (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Alternate names: BAICIT, KENDAYAN-AMBAWANG, KENDAYAN DAYAK. Dialects: AMBAWANG, KENDAYAN. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sundic, Malayic, Malayic-Dayak. More information.

KENINGAU MURUT

[KXI] Malaysia (Sabah). 4,000 to 5,200 (1982 SIL), including 1,000 to 1,200 Dusun Murut (1985 SIL). 34,282 all Murut in Sabah (1980 census).  Alternate names: CENTRAL MURUT. Dialects: NABAY (NABAI, NEBEE, DABAY, DABAI, RABAY, RABAI), AMBUAL, DUSUN MURUT. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Borneo, Northwest, North Sarawakan, Dayic, Murutic, Murut. More information.

KENINJAL

[KNL] Indonesia (Kalimantan). 35,000 (1990 UBS).  Alternate names: KANINJAL DAYAK, DAYAK KANINJAL, KANINJAL. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sundic, Malayic, Malayic-Dayak.

KENYAH, BAHAU RIVER

[BWV] Indonesia (Kalimantan). 1,500 (?) (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Alternate names: BAHAU RIVER KENYA. Dialects: LONG ATAU, LONG BENA, LONG PUYUNGAN. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Borneo, Northwest, North Sarawakan, Kenyah, Main Kenyah.

KENYAH, BAKUNG

[BOC] Indonesia (Kalimantan).  Population total both countries 2,000 (1981 Wurm and Hattori). Alternate names: BAKUNG, BAKUNG KENYA, BAKONG. Dialects: BOH BAKUNG, OGA BAKUNG, KAYAN RIVER BAKUNG. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Borneo, Northwest, North Sarawakan, Kenyah. More information.

KENYAH, KAYAN RIVER

[KNH] Indonesia (Kalimantan). 6,000 (?) (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Alternate names: KAYAN RIVER KENYA, KENYA, KENJA, KENYAH, KINJIN, KINDJIN, KEHJA. Dialects: LOWER KAYAN KENYAH, LONGBIA, KAYANIYUT KENYAH, LONG NAWAN, LONG KELAWIT. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Borneo, Northwest, North Sarawakan, Kenyah, Main Kenyah. More information.

KENYAH, KELINYAU

[XKL] Indonesia (Kalimantan). 1,200 (?) (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Alternate names: KELINYAU, KELINJAU, KENJA, KENYAH, KENYA, KINJIN, KINDJIN, KEHJA. Dialects: UMA BEM, UMA TAU, LEPO' KULIT, UMA JALAM. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Borneo, Northwest, North Sarawakan, Kenyah, Main Kenyah.

KENYAH, MAHAKAM

[XKM] Indonesia (Kalimantan). 7,000 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Alternate names: MAHAKAM KENYA, KENYA, KENJA, KENYAH, KINJIN, KINDJIN, KEHJA. Dialects: MAHAKAM KENYAH, BOH. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Borneo, Northwest, North Sarawakan, Kenyah, Main Kenyah.

KENYAH, SEBOB

[SIB] Malaysia (Sarawak). 1,730 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Alternate names: SIBOP, SEBOP, SEBOB, SABUP, SAMBUP. Dialects: TINJAR SIBOP, LIRONG, LONG POKUN, BAH MALEI (BA MALI), LONG ATUN, LONG EKANG (LONG IKANG), LONG LUYANG. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Borneo, Northwest, North Sarawakan, Kenyah, Sebob. More information.

KENYAH, TUTOH

[TTW] Malaysia (Sarawak). 600 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Alternate names: TUTOH KENYA. Dialects: LONG WAT, LONG LABID, LUGAT. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Borneo, Northwest, North Sarawakan, Kenyah. More information.

KENYAH, UPPER BARAM

[UBM] Malaysia (Sarawak).  Population total both countries 2,660 (1981 Wurm and Hattori). Alternate names: UPPER BARAM KENJA, KENJA, KENYAH, KINJIN, KINDJIN, KANYAY. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Borneo, Northwest, North Sarawakan, Kenyah, Main Kenyah. More information.

KENYAH, WAHAU

[WHK] Indonesia (Kalimantan). 1,000 (?) (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Alternate names: WAHAU KENYA. Dialects: UMA TIMAI. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Borneo, Northwest, North Sarawakan, Kenyah.

KENYAH, WESTERN

[XKY] Malaysia (Sarawak). 1,250 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Alternate names: WESTERN KENYA, KENJA, KINJIN, KINDJIN, KANYAY. Dialects: LONG BANGAN, KEMENA PENAN, KAKUS PENAN, UMA BAKAH (LONG BULAN), LUNAN. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Borneo, Northwest, North Sarawakan, Kenyah, Main Kenyah. More information.

KEOPARA

[KHZ] Papua New Guinea. 16,423 (1975 SIL).  Alternate names: KEAPARA, KEREPUNU. Dialects: BABAGA, KALO, KEOPARA, AROMA (ARONA, ALOMA, GALOMA), MAOPA, WANIGELA, KAPARI, LALAURA. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Papuan Tip, Peripheral, Central Papuan, Sinagoro-Keapara. More information.

KEPO'

[KUK] Indonesia (Nusa Tenggara).   Alternate names: KEPOQ. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Central Malayo-Polynesian, Bima-Sumba. More information.

KEREHO-UHENG

[XKE] Indonesia (Kalimantan). 200 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Alternate names: PUNAN KERIAU. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Borneo, Kayan-Murik, Muller-Schwaner 'Punan.'

KERINCI

[KVR] Indonesia (Sumatra). 300,000 (1989).  Alternate names: KERINCHI, KERINTJI, KINCHAI. Dialects: ULU, MAMAQ, AKIT, TALANG, SAKEI. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sundic, Malayic, Malayan, Local Malay. More information.

KETANGALAN

[KAE] Taiwan.   Alternate names: KETAGALAN, TANGALAN. Classification: Austronesian, Formosan, Paiwanic. More information.

KHEHEK

[TLX] Papua New Guinea. 1,600 (1991 SIL).  Alternate names: LEVEI-DREHET, LEVEI-NDREHET. Dialects: LEVEI (LEBEI, LEBEJ), DREHET (KHEHEK, CHEHEK, CHECHEK), BUCHO. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Admiralty Islands, Eastern, Manus, West. More information.

KILIVILA

[KIJ] Papua New Guinea. 22,000 (1991 UBS).  Alternate names: KIRIWINA. Dialects: KITAVA, VAKUTA, SINAKETA. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Papuan Tip, Peripheral, Kilivila-Louisiades, Kilivila. More information.

KIMARAGANG

[KQR] Malaysia (Sabah). 10,000 (1987 SIL), including 6,000 Tandek, 2,000 Sonsogon.  Alternate names: KIMARAGAN, KIMARAGANGAN, MARAGANG, MARIGANG. Dialects: TANDEK (GARO), PITAS KIMARAGANG, SANDAYO, SONSOGON. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Borneo, Northwest, Sabahan, Dusunic, Dusun. More information.

KINABATANGAN, UPPER

[DMG] Malaysia (Sabah). 5,300 to 6,400 (1987 SIL), including 500 Dusun Segama and 800 to 900 Sinabu' (1985 SIL).  Dialects: KALABUAN (KOLOBUAN), MAKIANG, DUSUN SEGAMA (SAGA-I, SOGHAI, SEGAI), SINABU' (SINABU). Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Borneo, Northwest, Sabahan, Paitanic, Upper Kinabatangan. More information.

KIOKO

[UES] Indonesia (Sulawesi). 1,000 (1991 René van den Berg SIL).  Dialects: KIOKO, KAMBOWA. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sulawesi, Muna-Buton, Muna. More information.

KIPUT

[KYI] Malaysia (Sarawak). 2,460 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Dialects: LONG KIPUT, LONG TUTOH (KUALA TUTOH), LEMITING. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Borneo, Northwest, North Sarawakan, Berawan-Lower Baram, Lower Baram, Central, A. More information.

KIS

[KIS] Papua New Guinea. 216 (1977 Lincoln).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Schouten, Kairiru-Manam, Manam.

KISAR

[KJE] Indonesia (Maluku). 20,000 (1995 SIL).  Alternate names: MEHER, YOTOWAWA. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Central Malayo-Polynesian, Timor, Southwest Maluku, Kisar-Roma. More information.

KOBA

[KPD] Indonesia (Maluku). 520 (1995 SIL).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Central Malayo-Polynesian, Aru. More information.

KODEOHA

[VKO] Indonesia (Sulawesi). 1,500 (1991 D. Mead SIL).  Alternate names: KONDEHA. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sulawesi, Central Sulawesi, West Central, Bungku-Mori-Tolaki, Tolaki. More information.

KODI

[KOD] Indonesia (Nusa Tenggara). 40,000 (1987 UBS).  Alternate names: KUDI. Dialects: KODI BOKOL, KODI BANGEDO, NGGARO (NGGAURA). Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Central Malayo-Polynesian, Bima-Sumba. More information.

KOKOTA

[KKK] Solomon Islands. 1,020 (1998 SIL).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Meso Melanesian, New Ireland, South New Ireland-Northwest Solomonic, Santa Isabel, Central. More information.

KOLA

[KVV] Indonesia (Maluku). 7,700 (1995 J. Hughes).  Alternate names: WARILAU, KULAHA, MARLASI. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Central Malayo-Polynesian, Aru. More information.

KOLUAWAWA

[KLX] Papua New Guinea. 900 (1998 SIL).  Alternate names: KALOKALO, KOLUWA. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Papuan Tip, Nuclear, North Papuan Mainland-D'Entrecasteaux, Bwaidoga. More information.

KOMERING

[KGE] Indonesia (Sumatra). 700,000 (1989) including 20,000 in Jakarta (1992).  Alternate names: KOMERIN, NJO. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sundic, Lampungic, Pesisir. More information.

KOMODO

[KVH] Indonesia (Nusa Tenggara).   Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Central Malayo-Polynesian, Bima-Sumba. More information.

KOMPANE

[KVP] Indonesia (Maluku). 330 (1995 J. Hughes).  Alternate names: KOMFANA, KONGAMPANI. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Central Malayo-Polynesian, Aru. More information.

KONJO, COASTAL

[KJC] Indonesia (Sulawesi). 125,000 including 50,000 Kajang, 10,000 Tiro (1991 SIL).  Alternate names: KONDJO, TIRO. Dialects: KONJO PESISIR (ARA, BIRA), TANA TOA (TANA TOWA, BLACK KONJO, KAJANG, KADJANG), BANTAENG (BONTHAIN). Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sulawesi, South Sulawesi, Makassar. More information.

KONJO, HIGHLAND

[KJK] Indonesia (Sulawesi). 150,000 (1991 SIL).  Alternate names: KONJO PEGUNUNGAN, KONYO. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sulawesi, South Sulawesi, Makassar. More information.

KONOMALA

[KOA] Papua New Guinea. 800 (1985 SIL).  Dialects: LAKET, KONOMALA. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Meso Melanesian, New Ireland, South New Ireland-Northwest Solomonic, Patpatar-Tolai. More information.

KORO

[KXR] Papua New Guinea. 400 (1983 SIL).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Admiralty Islands, Eastern, Manus, East. More information.

KORO

[KRF] Vanuatu. 105 (1983 SIL).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, North and Central Vanuatu, Northeast Vanuatu-Banks Islands, East Vanuatu.

KORONI

[XKQ] Indonesia (Sulawesi). 500 (1991 D. Mead SIL).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sulawesi, Central Sulawesi, West Central, Bungku-Mori-Tolaki, Bungku. More information.

KOTA MARUDU TALANTANG

[GRM] Malaysia (Sabah). 800 to 1,000 (1985 SIL).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Borneo, Northwest, Sabahan, Dusunic, Dusun. More information.

KOTA MARUDU TINAGAS

[KTR] Malaysia (Sabah). 1,250 (1985 SIL).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Borneo, Northwest, Sabahan, Dusunic, Dusun, Central. More information.

KOVE

[KVC] Papua New Guinea. 6,750 (1994 SIL).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Ngero-Vitiaz, Ngero, Bariai. More information.

KOWIAI

[KWH] Indonesia (Irian Jaya). 600 (1984 SIL).  Alternate names: KOIWAI, KAIWAI, KUIWAI, AIDUMA, KAYUMERAH, KAJUMERAH. Dialects: ADI, NAMATOTA (NAMATOTE). Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Central Malayo-Polynesian, South Bomberai. More information.

KRUI

[KRQ] Indonesia (Sumatra). 20,000 to 30,000 (GEKISUS 1985).  Alternate names: KROE, KRU'I, WESTERN LAMPUNG, NJO. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sundic, Lampungic, Pesisir. More information.

KUANUA

[KSD] Papua New Guinea. 61,000 (1991 SIL), 80,000 including second language speakers (1985 UBS).  Alternate names: TOLAI, GUNANTUNA, TINATA TUNA, TUNA, BLANCHE BAY, NEW BRITAIN LANGUAGE. Dialects: VUNADIDIR, RAPITOK, RALUANA, VANUMAMI, LIVUAN, MATUPIT, KOKOPO, KABAKADA, NODUP, KININANGGUNAN, RAKUNEI, REBAR, WATOM, MASAWA. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Meso Melanesian, New Ireland, South New Ireland-Northwest Solomonic, Patpatar-Tolai. More information.

KUBU

[KVB] Indonesia (Sumatra). 10,000 (1989).  Dialects: LALANG, BAJAT, ULU LAKO, TUNGKAL, TUNGKAL ILIR, DAWAS, SUPAT, DJAMBI, RIDAN, NOMADIC KUBU. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sundic, Malayic, Malayan, Local Malay. More information.

KUIJAU

[DKR] Malaysia (Sabah). 5,000 to 6,000 (1985 SIL).  Alternate names: KIJAU, KUJAU, KWIJAU, MINANSUT, KULIOW, KUIYOW, KURIYO, KOIJOE, MENINDAL, TINDAL, MENINDAQ, TIDUNG, HILL DUSUN. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Borneo, Northwest, Sabahan, Dusunic, Dusun. More information.

KULISUSU

[VKL] Indonesia (Sulawesi). 22,000 (1995 SIL).  Alternate names: KALISUSU, KOLINSUSU, KOLENSUSU. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sulawesi, Central Sulawesi, West Central, Bungku-Mori-Tolaki, Bungku. More information.

KULUN

[KNG] Taiwan.   Alternate names: KULON. Classification: Austronesian, Formosan, Paiwanic. More information.

KUMAK

[NEE] New Caledonia. 900 (1982 SIL).  Alternate names: KOUMAC, FWA-GOUMAK. Dialects: KUMAK, NENEMA (NELEMA). Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, New Caledonian, Northern, Extreme Northern. More information.

KUMALU

[KSL] Papua New Guinea. 2,583 (1979 census).  Alternate names: KUMARA. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Huon Gulf, South, Hote-Buang, Buang, Mumeng. More information.

KUMBEWAHA

[XKS] Indonesia (Sulawesi). 250 (1993 Mark Donohue).  Alternate names: 'UMBEWAHA. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sulawesi, Muna-Buton, Buton, Lasilimu-Kumbewaha. More information.

KUNI

[KSE] Papua New Guinea. 4,500 (1993 SIL).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Papuan Tip, Peripheral, Central Papuan, West Central Papuan, Nuclear. More information.

KUR

[KUV] Indonesia (Maluku). 2,000 to 3,000 possibly (1985 J. Hughes SIL).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Central Malayo-Polynesian, Teor-Kur. More information.

KURI

[NBN] Indonesia (Irian Jaya). 500 (1982 SIL).  Alternate names: MODAN, NABI. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Unclassified. More information.

KURTI

[KTM] Papua New Guinea. 2,600 (1990 census).  Alternate names: KURUTI, KURUTI-PARE, NDRUGUL. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Admiralty Islands, Eastern, Manus, East. More information.

KURUDU

[KJR] Indonesia (Irian Jaya). 2,180 (1993 R. Doriot UFM).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, South Halmahera-West New Guinea, West New Guinea, Cenderawasih Bay, Yapen, East. More information.

KUSAGHE

[KSG] Solomon Islands. 2,020 (1998 SIL).  Alternate names: KUSAGE. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Meso Melanesian, New Ireland, South New Ireland-Northwest Solomonic, New Georgia, West. More information.

KWAIO

[KWD] Solomon Islands. 16,700 (1998 SIL).  Alternate names: KOIO. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Southeast Solomonic, Malaita-San Cristobal, Malaita, Northern. More information.

KWAMERA

[TNK] Vanuatu. 2,500 (1989 SIL).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, South Vanuatu, Tanna. More information.

KWANDANG

[KJW] Indonesia (Sulawesi).   Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sulawesi, Mongondow-Gorontalo, Gorontalic. More information.

KWARA'AE

[KWF] Solomon Islands. 33,600 (1998 SIL).  Alternate names: FIU. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Southeast Solomonic, Malaita-San Cristobal, Malaita, Northern. More information.

LABEL

[LBB] Papua New Guinea. 144 (1979 census).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Meso Melanesian, New Ireland, South New Ireland-Northwest Solomonic, Patpatar-Tolai.

LABO

[MWI] Vanuatu. 350 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Alternate names: MEWUN, MEAUN, NIDE. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, North and Central Vanuatu, Malekula Interior, Labo. More information.

LABU

[LBU] Papua New Guinea. 1,600 including 800 in Labu-Butu (1989 SIL).  Alternate names: LABU', LABO, HAPA. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Huon Gulf, Markham, Lower, Labu. More information.

LAGHU

[LGB] Solomon Islands. 5 (1981 D. Tryon).  Alternate names: LAGU, KATOVA. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Meso Melanesian, New Ireland, South New Ireland-Northwest Solomonic, Santa Isabel, West. More information.

LAHA

[LAD] Indonesia (Maluku). 3,894 (1987 SIL).  Alternate names: CENTRAL AMBON. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Central Malayo-Polynesian, Central Maluku, East, Seram, Nunusaku, Piru Bay, East, Seram Straits, Ambon. More information.

LAHANAN

[LHN] Malaysia (Sarawak). 350 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Alternate names: LANUN, LANAN. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Borneo, Northwest, Melanau-Kajang, Kajang. More information.

LAIYOLO

[LJI] Indonesia (Sulawesi). 800 including 250 Laiyolo, 550 Barang-Barang (1997 SIL).  Alternate names: DA'ANG, BARANG-BARANG. Dialects: BARANG-BARANG (LOA, LOA', LOWA), LAIYOLO (LAJOLO, LAYOLO). Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sulawesi, Muna-Buton, Kalao. More information.

LAK

[SJR] Papua New Guinea. 1,800 (1991 SIL).  Alternate names: SIAR, LAMBOM, LAMASSA. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Meso Melanesian, New Ireland, South New Ireland-Northwest Solomonic, Patpatar-Tolai. More information.

LAKALEI

[LKA] Timor Lorosae. 5,000 (?) in ethnic group (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Central Malayo-Polynesian, Timor, Nuclear Timor, East. More information.

LAKONA

[LKN] Vanuatu. 300 (1983 SIL).  Alternate names: LAKON, GAUA, GOG. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, North and Central Vanuatu, Northeast Vanuatu-Banks Islands, East Vanuatu. More information.

LAMAHOLOT

[SLP] Indonesia (Nusa Tenggara). 150,000 (?) (1997 Grimes, Therik, Grimes, Jacob).  Alternate names: SOLOR, SOLORESE. Dialects: WEST LAMAHOLOT (MUHANG, PUKAUNU), LAMAHOLOT (TAKA, LEWOLAGA, ILE MANDIRI, TANJUNG BUNDA, LARANTUKA, RITAEBANG), WEST SOLOR. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Central Malayo-Polynesian, Timor, Flores-Lembata. More information.

LAMALERA

[LMR] Indonesia (Nusa Tenggara).   Alternate names: MULAN, KAWELA, LEBATUKAN. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Central Malayo-Polynesian, Timor, Flores-Lembata. More information.

LAMATUKA

[LMQ] Indonesia (Nusa Tenggara).   Alternate names: LAMATOKA. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Central Malayo-Polynesian, Timor, Flores-Lembata. More information.

LAMBOYA

[LMY] Indonesia (Nusa Tenggara). 25,000 (1997 Grimes, Therik, Grimes, Jacob).  Dialects: LAMBOYA, NGGAURA. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Central Malayo-Polynesian, Bima-Sumba. More information.

LAMENU

[LMU] Vanuatu. 750 (1986 SIL).  Alternate names: LEWO, VARMALI. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, North and Central Vanuatu, Northeast Vanuatu-Banks Islands, Epi, Lamenu-Baki, Lamenu-Lewo. More information.

LAMOGAI

[LMG] Papua New Guinea. 3,653 (1980 Johnston).  Alternate names: MULAKAINO, AKIURU. Dialects: IBANGA (IVANGA), PULIE-RAUTO (RAUTO, ROTO), LOMOGAI, MUSEN, PARET. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Ngero-Vitiaz, Vitiaz, Southwest New Britain, Bibling. More information.

LAMPUNG

[LJP] Indonesia (Sumatra). 1,500,000 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Alternate names: API, LAMPONG. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sundic, Lampungic, Pesisir. More information.

LANGALANGA

[LGL] Solomon Islands. 7,850 (1998 SIL).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Southeast Solomonic, Malaita-San Cristobal, Malaita, Northern. More information.

LARA'

[LRA] Indonesia (Kalimantan).  Population total both countries 12,000 (1981 CBFMS). Alternate names: LURU. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Borneo, Land Dayak. More information.

LAREVAT

[LRV] Vanuatu. 150 (1983 SIL).  Alternate names: LARAVAT. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, North and Central Vanuatu, Malekula Interior, Malekula Central.

LARIKE-WAKASIHU

[ALO] Indonesia (Maluku). 12,557 (1987 SIL).  Dialects: ALLANG, WAKASIHU, LARIKE. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Central Malayo-Polynesian, Central Maluku, East, Seram, Nunusaku, Piru Bay, West, Hoamoal, East. More information.

LASALIMU

[LLM] Indonesia (Sulawesi). 2,000 (1979 Bhurhanuddin).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sulawesi, Muna-Buton, Buton, Lasilimu-Kumbewaha. More information.

LATU

[LTU] Indonesia (Maluku). 2,134 (1982 SIL).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Central Malayo-Polynesian, Central Maluku, East, Seram, Nunusaku, Piru Bay, East, Seram Straits, Uliase, Hatuhaha, Saparua. More information.

LAU

[LLU] Solomon Islands. 16,500 (1998 SIL).  Dialects: SUAFA, LAU, DAI (NDAI). Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Southeast Solomonic, Malaita-San Cristobal, Malaita, Northern. More information.

LAUAN

[LLX] Fiji. 16,000 (1981 P. Geraghty).  Alternate names: LAU. Dialects: LAU, VANUA BALAVU. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, Central Pacific, East Fijian-Polynesian, East Fijian. More information.

LAUJE

[LAW] Indonesia (Sulawesi). 45,000 (1991 D. Andersen SIL).  Alternate names: LAUDJE, TINOMBO, AMPIBABO. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sulawesi, Central Sulawesi, West Central, Tomini. More information.

LAURA

[LUR] Indonesia (Nusa Tenggara). 10,000 (1997 Grimes, Therik, Grimes, Jacob).  Alternate names: LAORA. Dialects: LAURA, MBUKAMBERO (BUKAMBERO). Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Central Malayo-Polynesian, Bima-Sumba. More information.

LAVATBURA-LAMUSONG

[LBV] Papua New Guinea. 1,308 (1972 Beaumont).  Alternate names: LAMASONG. Dialects: UGANA, KONTU, LAVATBURA, LAMUSONG (LAMASONG). Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Meso Melanesian, New Ireland, Madak.

LAWANGAN

[LBX] Indonesia (Kalimantan). 100,000 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Alternate names: LUWANGAN, NORTHEAST BARITO. Dialects: TABUYAN (TABOYAN, TABOJAN, TABOJAN TONGKA), AJUH, BAKOI (LAMPUNG), BANTIAN (BENTIAN), BANUWANG, BAWU, KALI, KARAU (BELOH), LAWA, LOLANG, MANTARAREN, NJUMIT, PURAI, PURUNG, TUWANG, PASIR, BENUA. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Borneo, Barito, East, North. More information.

LEGENYEM

[LCC] Indonesia (Irian Jaya). 300 (?) (1993 R. Doriot UFM).  Alternate names: LAGANYAN. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, South Halmahera-West New Guinea, West New Guinea, Cenderawasih Bay, Raja Ampat.

LEHALI

[TQL] Vanuatu. 150 (1983 SIL).  Alternate names: TEQEL, TEKEL. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, North and Central Vanuatu, Northeast Vanuatu-Banks Islands, East Vanuatu. More information.

LEHALURUP

[URR] Vanuatu. 90 (1983 SIL).  Alternate names: UREPARAPARA, EAST UREPARAPARA. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, North and Central Vanuatu, Northeast Vanuatu-Banks Islands, East Vanuatu. More information.

LEIPON

[LEK] Papua New Guinea. 650 (1977 Lincoln).  Alternate names: PITILU, PITYILU. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Admiralty Islands, Eastern, Manus, East. More information.

LELAK

[LLK] Malaysia (Sarawak). 220 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Dialects: LELAK, DALI. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Borneo, Northwest, North Sarawakan, Berawan-Lower Baram, Lower Baram, Central, B. More information.

LELE

[UGA] Papua New Guinea. 1,300 (1982 SIL).  Alternate names: LELE HAI, HAI, USIAI, MOANUS, MANUS, ELU-KARA. Dialects: SABON. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Admiralty Islands, Eastern, Manus, East. More information.

LELEPA

[LPA] Vanuatu. 400 or more (1989 census).  Alternate names: HAVANNAH HARBOUR. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, North and Central Vanuatu, Northeast Vanuatu-Banks Islands, Central Vanuatu. More information.

LEMATANG

[LMT] Indonesia (Sumatra). 150,000 (1989).  Alternate names: LEMANTANG. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sundic, Malayic, Malayan, Local Malay. More information.

LEMBAK

[LIW] Indonesia (Sumatra). 50,000 (1989).  Alternate names: LINGGAU. Dialects: LEMBAK BLITI (BLITI), LEMBAK SINDANG. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sundic, Malayic, Malayan, Local Malay. More information.

LEMBATA, SOUTH

[LMF] Indonesia (Nusa Tenggara).   Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Central Malayo-Polynesian, Timor, Flores-Lembata. More information.

LEMBATA, WEST

[LMJ] Indonesia (Nusa Tenggara).   Alternate names: MINGAR, LABALEKAN. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Central Malayo-Polynesian, Timor, Flores-Lembata. More information.

LEMOLANG

[LEY] Indonesia (Sulawesi). 2,000 (1995 SIL).  Alternate names: BAEBUNTA. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sulawesi, South Sulawesi, Lemolang. More information.

LENAKEL

[TNL] Vanuatu. 6,500 (1988 SIL).  Dialects: LOANATIT, NERAUYA, ITONGA, IKYOO. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, South Vanuatu, Tanna. More information.

LENGILU

[LGI] Indonesia (Kalimantan). 10 (?) (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Borneo, Northwest, North Sarawakan, Dayic, Kelabitic. More information.

LENGO

[LGR] Solomon Islands. 10,000 including 8,300 Lengo,1,100 Paripao, 600 Ghaimuta (1998 SIL).  Alternate names: RUAVATU, TASEMBOKO. Dialects: AOLA, PARIPAO, GHAIMUTA (GHUA), LENGO. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Southeast Solomonic, Gela-Guadalcanal, Gela. More information.

LENKAU

[LER] Papua New Guinea. 250 (1982 SIL).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Admiralty Islands, Eastern, Southeast Islands. More information.

LESING-GELIMI

[LET] Papua New Guinea. 929 (1982 SIL).  Alternate names: LESING-ATUI, ATUI. Dialects: LESING, GELIMI. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Ngero-Vitiaz, Vitiaz, Southwest New Britain, Arawe-Pasismanua, Arawe, East Arawe. More information.

LETEMBOI

[NMS] Vanuatu. 305 (1983 SIL).  Alternate names: SMALL NAMBAS. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, North and Central Vanuatu, Malekula Interior, Small Nambas.

LETI

[LTI] Indonesia (Maluku). 7,500 (1995 M. Taber).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Central Malayo-Polynesian, Timor, Southwest Maluku, Luang. More information.

LEVUKA

[LVU] Indonesia (Nusa Tenggara).   Alternate names: LEWUKA, LEMBATA, PAINARA, LEWOKUKUN. Dialects: LEVUKA, KALIKASA. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Central Malayo-Polynesian, Timor, Flores-Lembata. More information.

LEWO

[LWW] Vanuatu. 750 (1986 SIL).  Alternate names: VARSU. Dialects: TASIKO, MATE-NUL-FILAKARA. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, North and Central Vanuatu, Northeast Vanuatu-Banks Islands, Epi, Lamenu-Baki, Lamenu-Lewo. More information.

LEWO ELENG

[LWE] Indonesia (Nusa Tenggara).   Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Central Malayo-Polynesian, Timor, Flores-Lembata. More information.

LEWOTOBI

[LWT] Indonesia (Nusa Tenggara).   Alternate names: SOUTHWEST LAMAHOLOT. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Central Malayo-Polynesian, Timor, Flores-Lembata. More information.

LI'O

[LJL] Indonesia (Nusa Tenggara). 130,000 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Alternate names: LIO, AKU, TANAH KUNU, LIONESE. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Central Malayo-Polynesian, Bima-Sumba, Ende-Lio. More information.

LIABUKU

[LIX] Indonesia (Sulawesi). 500 to 1,500 possibly (1991 R. van den Berg SIL).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sulawesi, Muna-Buton, Muna. More information.

LIANA-SETI

[STE] Indonesia (Maluku). 3,000 (1989 Loski and Loski SIL).  Alternate names: LIANA, LIANAN, UHEI KACLAKIN, UHEI KACHLAKAN, UHEI KAHLAKIM, TEULA, LIAMBATA-KOBI. Dialects: 'SETI', WAHAKAIM, KOBI. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Central Malayo-Polynesian, Central Maluku, East, Seram, Manusela-Seti. More information.

LIHIR

[LIH] Papua New Guinea. 6,000 (1985 SIL).  Alternate names: LIR. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Meso Melanesian, New Ireland, Tabar. More information.

LIKI

[LIO] Indonesia (Irian Jaya). 100 (1998 M. Donohue).  Alternate names: MOAR. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Sarmi-Jayapura Bay, Sarmi. More information.

LIKUM

[LIB] Papua New Guinea. 100 (1977 Lincoln).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Admiralty Islands, Eastern, Manus, West. More information.

LIMBOTO

[LJO] Indonesia (Sulawesi).   Alternate names: LIMBOTTO. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sulawesi, Mongondow-Gorontalo, Gorontalic. More information.

LINDU

[KLW] Indonesia (Sulawesi). 2,000 (1990 SIL).  Alternate names: LINDUAN, TADO. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sulawesi, Central Sulawesi, West Central, Kaili-Pamona, Kaili. More information.

LINGARAK

[LGK] Vanuatu. 210 (1983 SIL).  Alternate names: BUSHMAN'S BAY. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, North and Central Vanuatu, Malekula Interior, Malekula Central.

LINTANG

[LNT] Indonesia (Sumatra). 70,000 (1989).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sundic, Malayic, Malayan, Local Malay. More information.

LISABATA-NUNIALI

[LCS] Indonesia (Maluku). 1,830 or more (1982).  Alternate names: LISABATA, NUNIALI, NONIALI. Dialects: LISABATA-TIMUR, NUNIALI, SUKARAJA, KAWA. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Central Malayo-Polynesian, Central Maluku, East, Seram, Nunusaku, Three Rivers, Amalumute, Northwest Seram. More information.

LISELA

[LCL] Indonesia (Maluku). 11,922 (1989 C. Grimes SIL).  Alternate names: BURU, NORTH BURU, LI ENYOROT, LIET ENJOROT, WAYAPO. Dialects: LISELA (LICELA, LICELLA), TAGALISA. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Central Malayo-Polynesian, Central Maluku, Buru. More information.

LITZLITZ

[LTZ] Vanuatu. 330 (1983 SIL).  Alternate names: LITZLITZ-VISELE. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, North and Central Vanuatu, Malekula Interior, Malekula Central.

LOBU, LANAS

[RUU] Malaysia (Sabah). 2,800 including 2,000 in Lobu, 800 in Rumanau (1986 SIL).  Dialects: LOBU, RUMANAU (RUMANAU ALAB, ROMANAU, ROOMARROWS). Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Borneo, Northwest, Sabahan, Paitanic, Upper Kinabatangan. More information.

LOBU, TAMPIAS

[LOW] Malaysia (Sabah). 1,800 (1985 SIL).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Borneo, Northwest, Sabahan, Paitanic, Upper Kinabatangan. More information.

LOLA

[LCD] Indonesia (Maluku). 830 (1995 J. Hughes).  Dialects: LOLA, WARABAL. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Central Malayo-Polynesian, Aru. More information.

LOLAK

[LLQ] Indonesia (Sulawesi).   Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sulawesi, Mongondow-Gorontalo, Gorontalic. More information.

LOM

[MFB] Indonesia (Sumatra). 50 (1981 Wurm and Hattori), or 850 including Bangka Malay (1989 Olaf H. Smedal).  Alternate names: BELOM, MAPOR, MAPORESE. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sundic, Sumatra, Lom. More information.

LOMAIVITI

[LMV] Fiji.   Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, Central Pacific, East Fijian-Polynesian, East Fijian.

LONCONG

[LCE] Indonesia (Sumatra).   Alternate names: LONTJONG, LONCHONG, ORANG LAUT. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sundic, Malayic, Malayan, Local Malay. More information.

LONGGU

[LGU] Solomon Islands. 1,240 (1998 SIL).  Alternate names: LOGU. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Southeast Solomonic, Malaita-San Cristobal, Malaita, Longgu. More information.

LONIU

[LOS] Papua New Guinea. 460 (1977 Lincoln).  Alternate names: LONIO, NDROKU. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Admiralty Islands, Eastern, Manus, Mokoreng-Loniu. More information.

LONWOLWOL

[CRC] Vanuatu. 600 (1983 SIL).  Alternate names: CRAIG COVE, FALI, FANTING. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, North and Central Vanuatu, Northeast Vanuatu-Banks Islands, East Vanuatu. More information.

LORANG

[LRN] Indonesia (Maluku). 325 (1995 J. Hughes).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Central Malayo-Polynesian, Aru. More information.

LOREDIAKARKAR

[LNN] Vanuatu. 50 (1972).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, North and Central Vanuatu, East Santo, South. More information.

LOTE

[UVL] Papua New Guinea. 4,200 (1982 SIL).  Alternate names: UVOL. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Ngero-Vitiaz, Vitiaz, Mengen. More information.

LOTUD

[DTR] Malaysia (Sabah). 5,000 (1985 SIL).  Alternate names: LATOD, LATUD, SUANG LOTUD, TUARAN DUSUN. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Borneo, Northwest, Sabahan, Dusunic, Dusun. More information.

LOU

[LOJ] Papua New Guinea. 1,000 (1994 SIL).  Dialects: REI. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Admiralty Islands, Eastern, Southeast Islands. More information.

LOUN

[LOX] Indonesia (Maluku). Few speakers.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Central Malayo-Polynesian, Central Maluku, East, Seram, Nunusaku, Three Rivers, Amalumute, Northwest Seram, Loun. More information.

LUANG

[LEX] Indonesia (Maluku). 20,000 (1995 Taber).  Alternate names: LETRI LGONA, LITERI LAGONA, LGONA. Dialects: LUANG, WETAN (WETANG), MOA, LAKOR. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Central Malayo-Polynesian, Timor, Southwest Maluku, Luang. More information.

LUBU

[LCF] Indonesia (Sumatra). 30,000 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sundic, Malayic, Malayan, Local Malay. More information.

LUHU

[LCQ] Indonesia (Maluku). 6,500 (1983 Collins and Voorhoeve).  Dialects: LUHU, BATU MERAH, KELANG. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Central Malayo-Polynesian, Central Maluku, East, Seram, Nunusaku, Piru Bay, West, Hoamoal, West. More information.

LUKEP

[LOA] Papua New Guinea. 591 (1980 census).  Alternate names: SIASI, SIASSI, TOLOKIWA, LOKEP. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Ngero-Vitiaz, Vitiaz, Korap. More information.

LUNDAYEH

[LND] Indonesia (Kalimantan). 25,000 in Kalimantan (1987). Population total all countries 38,100. Alternate names: SOUTHERN MURUT, LUN DAYE, LUN DAYAH, LUN DAYA, LUN DAYOH, LUNDAYA. Dialects: LUN DAYE, PAPADI, LUN BAWANG (LONG BAWAN, SARAWAK MURUT). Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Borneo, Northwest, North Sarawakan, Dayic, Kelabitic. More information.

LUNGGA

[LGA] Solomon Islands. 1,350 to 2,000 (1997 A. Zobule).  Alternate names: LUGA, KUMBOKOLA. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Meso Melanesian, New Ireland, South New Ireland-Northwest Solomonic, New Georgia, West. More information.

LUSI

[KHL] Papua New Guinea. 2,000 (1994 SIL).  Alternate names: KALIAI. Dialects: KALIAI. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Ngero-Vitiaz, Ngero, Bariai. More information.

MA'ANYAN

[MHY] Indonesia (Kalimantan). 70,000 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Alternate names: MAANYAK DAYAK, MA'ANJAN, SIANG. Dialects: SAMIHIM (BULUH KUNING), SIHONG (SIONG), DUSUN BALANGAN. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Borneo, Barito, East, Central-South, South. More information.

MA'YA

[SLZ] Indonesia (Irian Jaya). 1,600 (1991 SIL).  Alternate names: SALAWATI, SAMATE, SAILOLOF. Dialects: MA'YA, KAWIT, BANLOL, BATANTA ISLAND. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, South Halmahera-West New Guinea, West New Guinea, Cenderawasih Bay, Raja Ampat.

MABA

[MQA] Indonesia (Maluku). 3,000 to 7,000 (1983 C. and B. D. Grimes SIL).  Alternate names: BITJOLI, BICOLI, INGLI. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, South Halmahera-West New Guinea, South Halmahera, Southeast. More information.

MADAK

[MMX] Papua New Guinea. 3,000 (1985 UBS).  Alternate names: MANDAK, LELET. Dialects: DANU, KATINGAN, LELET, MESI, MALOM. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Meso Melanesian, New Ireland, Madak. More information.

MADANG

[MQD] Malaysia (Sarawak).   Alternate names: BADANG, MEDANG, MALANG, LEPO TAU KENYAH, LEPO TAU KENYA, LEPU TAU. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Borneo, Northwest, North Sarawakan, Kenyah, Sebob. More information.

MADEN

[XMX] Indonesia (Irian Jaya). 400 (?) (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Alternate names: SAPRAN. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, South Halmahera-West New Guinea, West New Guinea, Cenderawasih Bay, Raja Ampat. More information.

MAE

[MME] Vanuatu. 750 including North Small Nambas (1983 SIL).  Dialects: NORTH SMALL NAMBAS. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, North and Central Vanuatu, Northeast Vanuatu-Banks Islands, Malekula Coastal.

MAEWO, CENTRAL

[MWO] Vanuatu. 350 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Alternate names: MAEVO, TANORIKI. Dialects: LOTORA, TANORIKI, PETERARA. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, North and Central Vanuatu, Northeast Vanuatu-Banks Islands, East Vanuatu. More information.

MAFEA

[MKV] Vanuatu. 50 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Alternate names: MAVEA. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, North and Central Vanuatu, Northeast Vanuatu-Banks Islands, West Santo.

MAGORI

[MDR] Papua New Guinea. 200 (1971 Dutton).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Papuan Tip, Peripheral, Central Papuan, Oumic, Magoric. More information.

MAIADOM

[MZZ] Papua New Guinea. 716 (1998 census).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Papuan Tip, Nuclear, North Papuan Mainland-D'Entrecasteaux, Bwaidoga. More information.

MAII

[MMM] Vanuatu. 100 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Alternate names: MAE-MORAE, MAFILAU. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, North and Central Vanuatu, Northeast Vanuatu-Banks Islands, Epi, Bieria-Maii. More information.

MAISIN

[MBQ] Papua New Guinea. 3,000 (1996 John Barker).  Alternate names: MAISAN. Dialects: KOSIRAVA, MAISIN. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Papuan Tip, Nuclear, Maisin. More information.

MAIWA

[WMM] Indonesia (Sulawesi). 50,000 (1990 SIL).  Alternate names: MASENREMPULU. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sulawesi, South Sulawesi, Northern, Masenrempulu. More information.

MAIWALA

[MUM] Papua New Guinea. 1,294 (1990 census).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Papuan Tip, Nuclear, North Papuan Mainland-D'Entrecasteaux, Are-Taupota, Taupota. More information.

MAKIAN, EAST

[MKY] Indonesia (Maluku). 20,000 including 18,000 or more in East Makian, 2,000 or more in Kayoa (1983 C. and B. D. Grimes SIL).  Alternate names: MAKIAN TIMUR, MAKIAN DALAM. Dialects: EAST MAKIAN, KAYOA (KAJOA). Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, South Halmahera-West New Guinea, South Halmahera, East Makian-Gane. More information.

MALAGASY, ANTANKARANA

[XMV] Madagascar. 88,000 or .637% of the population (1996).  Alternate names: ANTANKARANA. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Borneo, Barito, East, Malagasy. More information.

MALAGASY, SOUTHERN

[XMU] Madagascar. 2,606,000 or 18.802% of the population (1996).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Borneo, Barito, East, Malagasy. More information.

MALAGASY, TSIMEHETY

[XMW] Madagascar. 1,016,000 or 7.33% of the population (1996).  Alternate names: TSIMIHETY, TSIMIHETRY. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Borneo, Barito, East, Malagasy. More information.

MALALAMAI

[MMT] Papua New Guinea. 341 (1977 Lincoln).  Alternate names: BONGA. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Ngero-Vitiaz, Ngero, Bariai.

MALANGO

[MLN] Solomon Islands. 3,400 (1998 SIL).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Southeast Solomonic, Gela-Guadalcanal, Guadalcanal. More information.

MALASANGA

[MQZ] Papua New Guinea. 435 (1991 SIL).  Dialects: MALASANGA, SINGORAKAI. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Ngero-Vitiaz, Vitiaz, Korap. More information.

MALAY, BACANESE

[BTJ] Indonesia (Maluku). 2,500 mother tongue speakers (1991 H. Shelden SIL). Over 1,000 in Labuha (1987 J. Collins).  Alternate names: BACAN, BATJAN. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sundic, Malayic, Malayan, Local Malay. More information.

MALAY, BERAU

[BVE] Indonesia (Kalimantan). 20,000 (?) (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Alternate names: BERAU, MERAU MALAY. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sundic, Malayic, Malayan, Local Malay. More information.

MALAY, BUKIT

[BVU] Indonesia (Kalimantan). 50,000 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Alternate names: BUKIT, MERATUS. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sundic, Malayic, Malayan, Local Malay. More information.

MALAY, COCOS ISLANDS

[COA] Malaysia (Sabah). 3,000 in Sabah (1975 SIL). Population total both countries 4,000. Alternate names: COCOS, KOKOS, KUKUS. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sundic, Malayic, Malayan, Local Malay. More information.

MALAY, JAMBI

[JAX] Indonesia (Sumatra). 800,000 (1989).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sundic, Malayic, Malayan, Local Malay. More information.

MALAY, KEDAH

[MEO] Thailand.   Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sundic, Malayic, Malayan, Local Malay. More information.

MALAY, KOTA BANGUN KUTAI

[MQG] Indonesia (Kalimantan). 80,000 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sundic, Malayic, Malayan, Local Malay. More information.

MALAY, MENADONESE

[XMM] Indonesia (Sulawesi). Many mother tongue speakers, and millions of second language speakers (1994:411 Prentice).  Alternate names: MANADO MALAY, MANADONESE MALAY, MENADO MALAY, MINAHASAN MALAY. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sundic, Malayic, Malayan, Local Malay. More information.

MALAY, NORTH MOLUCCAN

[MAX] Indonesia (Maluku). A few hundred mother tongue speakers (1987 J. Collins).  Alternate names: TERNATE MALAY. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sundic, Malayic, Malayan, Local Malay. More information.

MALAY, PATTANI

[MFA] Thailand. 3,100,000 including 2,600,000 in southern Thailand, 500,000 in Bangkok and elsewhere (1998).  Alternate names: THAI ISLAM. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sundic, Malayic, Malayan, Local Malay. More information.

MALAY, SABAH

[MSI] Malaysia (Sabah).   Alternate names: BAZAAR MALAY, PASAR MALAY. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sundic, Malayic, Malayan, Local Malay. More information.

MALAY, TENGGARONG KUTAI

[VKT] Indonesia (Kalimantan). 210,000 including 100,000 in Tenggarong, 60,000 in Ancalong, 50,000 in Northern Kutai (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Alternate names: KUTAI, TENGGARONG. Dialects: TENGGARONG KUTAI, ANCALONG KUTAI, NORTHERN KUTAI. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sundic, Malayic, Malayan, Local Malay. More information.

MALAYIC DAYAK

[XDY] Indonesia (Kalimantan). 520,000 including 300 Tapitn, 100,000 (?) Banana', 100,000 (?) Kayung, 200,000 Delang, 10,000 Semitau, 10,000 Suhaid, 20,000 Mentebah-Suruk (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Dialects: TAPITN, BANANA', KAYUNG (KAYONG), DELANG, SEMITAU, SUHAID, MENTEBAH-SURUK. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sundic, Malayic, Malayic-Dayak. More information.

MALEU-KILENGE

[MGL] Papua New Guinea. 5,000 (1991 SIL), including 440 Kilenge (M. Ross 1988).  Alternate names: IDNE. Dialects: MALEU, KILENGE (KAITAROLEA). Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Ngero-Vitiaz, Vitiaz, Kilenge-Maleu. More information.

MALFAXAL

[MLX] Vanuatu. 600 (1983 SIL).  Alternate names: MALVAXAL-TOMAN ISLAND, TAMAN, TOMMAN. Dialects: ORIERH (NA'AHAI). Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, North and Central Vanuatu, Northeast Vanuatu-Banks Islands, Malekula Coastal. More information.

MALIMPUNG

[MLT] Indonesia (Sulawesi). 5,000 (1995 SIL).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sulawesi, South Sulawesi, Northern, Masenrempulu. More information.

MALO

[MLA] Vanuatu. 1,500 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Dialects: AVUNATARI (NORTH MALO), ATARIPOE (SOUTH MALO). Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, North and Central Vanuatu, Northeast Vanuatu-Banks Islands, West Santo. More information.

MALOL

[MBK] Papua New Guinea. 3,330.  Alternate names: MALON, MALOLO. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Schouten, Siau. More information.

MALUA BAY

[MLL] Vanuatu. 300 (1983 SIL).  Alternate names: ESPIEGLE BAY, MIDDLE NAMBAS. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, North and Central Vanuatu, Northeast Vanuatu-Banks Islands, Malekula Coastal. More information.

MAMASA

[MQJ] Indonesia (Sulawesi). 100,000 (1991 SIL).  Dialects: NORTHERN MAMASA, CENTRAL MAMASA, PATTAE' (SOUTHERN MAMASA, PATTA' BINUANG, BINUANG, TAE', BINUANG-PAKI-BATETANGA-ANTEAPI). Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sulawesi, South Sulawesi, Northern, Toraja-Sa'dan. More information.

MAMBAE

[MGM] Timor Lorosae. 80,000 in the ethnic group (1981 Wurm and Hattori). Population total both countries 80,000. Alternate names: MAMBAI, MANBAE. Dialects: DAMATA, LOLEI, MANUA, MAMBAI. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Central Malayo-Polynesian, Timor, Nuclear Timor, East. More information.

MAMBORU

[MVD] Indonesia (Nusa Tenggara). 16,000 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Alternate names: MEMBORO. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Central Malayo-Polynesian, Bima-Sumba. More information.

MAMUJU

[MQX] Indonesia (Sulawesi). 60,000 (1991 SIL) including 50,000 in Mamuju dialect.  Alternate names: MAMUDJU, UDAI, MAMOEDJOE, MAMOEDJOESCH. Dialects: MAMUJU, SUMARE-RANGAS, PADANG, SINYONYOI. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sulawesi, South Sulawesi, Northern, Mamuju. More information.

MAMUSI

[KDF] Papua New Guinea. 6,000 (1985 SIL).  Alternate names: KAKUNA. Dialects: MAMUSI, MELKOI (KAKUNA). Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Ngero-Vitiaz, Vitiaz, Mengen. More information.

MANAM

[MVA] Papua New Guinea. 7,000 (1998 SIL).  Alternate names: MANUM. Dialects: WANAMI. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Schouten, Kairiru-Manam, Manam. More information.

MANDARA

[TBF] Papua New Guinea. 2,500 (1985 SIL).  Alternate names: MADARA, TABAR. Dialects: SIMBERI, TATAU, TABAR. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Meso Melanesian, New Ireland, Lavongai-Nalik.

MANGAREVA

[MRV] French Polynesia. 1,600 (1987), 1% of the population.  Alternate names: MANGAREVAN. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, Central Pacific, East Fijian-Polynesian, Polynesian, Nuclear, East, Central, Marquesic. More information.

MANGGARAI

[MQY] Indonesia (Nusa Tenggara). 500,000 (1989).  Dialects: WESTERN MANGGARAI, CENTRAL MANGGARAI (RUTENG), WEST-CENTRAL MANGGARAI, EASTERN MANGGARAI. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Central Malayo-Polynesian, Bima-Sumba. More information.

MANGOLE

[MQC] Indonesia (Maluku). 4,000 to 7,000 (1983 C. and B. D. Grimes SIL).  Alternate names: MANGOLI, SULA MANGOLI. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Central Malayo-Polynesian, Central Maluku, Sula. More information.

MANGSENG

[MBH] Papua New Guinea. 2,500 (1998 L. Milligan SIL).  Alternate names: MANGSING, MASEGI, MASEKI. Dialects: UMUA, MARAPU. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Ngero-Vitiaz, Vitiaz, Southwest New Britain, Arawe-Pasismanua, Arawe. More information.

MANIPA

[MQP] Indonesia (Maluku). 1,500 (1983 Collins and Voorhoeve).  Alternate names: SOOW HUHELIA. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Central Malayo-Polynesian, Central Maluku, East. More information.

MANOMBAI

[WOO] Indonesia (Maluku). 7,475 (1995 J. Hughes).  Alternate names: MANOBAI, WOKAM, WAMAR. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Central Malayo-Polynesian, Aru. More information.

MANUSELA

[WHA] Indonesia (Maluku). 7,000 (1989 Loskii SIL).  Alternate names: WAHAI, WAHINAMA. Dialects: KANIKEH, HATUOLU, MANEO, SOUTH MANUSELA. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Central Malayo-Polynesian, Central Maluku, East, Seram, Manusela-Seti. More information.

MAPIA

[MPY] Indonesia (Irian Jaya). 1 speaker on Mapia Island.  Alternate names: MAPIAN. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, Micronesian, Micronesian Proper, Ponapeic-Trukic, Trukic. More information.

MARAGUS

[MRS] Vanuatu. 10 (1971 Tryon).  Alternate names: MARAGAUS. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, North and Central Vanuatu, Malekula Interior, Malekula Central. More information.

MARAU

[MVR] Indonesia (Irian Jaya). 1,700 (1987 SIL).  Dialects: WARABORI (NATABUI, WAREMBORI). Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, South Halmahera-West New Guinea, West New Guinea, Cenderawasih Bay, Yapen, Central-Western. More information.

MARI

[HOB] Papua New Guinea. 806 (1988 Holzknecht).  Alternate names: HOP. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Huon Gulf, Markham, Upper, Mountain. More information.

MARIK

[DAD] Papua New Guinea. 3,500 (1998 SIL).  Alternate names: DAMI, HAM. Dialects: NORTHERN MARIK, WESTERN MARIK, SOUTHERN MARIK. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Ngero-Vitiaz, Vitiaz, Bel, Nuclear Bel, Southern. More information.

MARINO

[MRB] Vanuatu. 180 (1983 SIL).  Alternate names: NAONE, NORTH MAEWO. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, North and Central Vanuatu, Northeast Vanuatu-Banks Islands, East Vanuatu.

MARIRI

[MQI] Indonesia (Maluku). 390 (1995 J. Hughes).  Alternate names: MAIRIRI. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Central Malayo-Polynesian, Aru. More information.

MAROVO

[MVO] Solomon Islands. 8,740 (1998 SIL).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Meso Melanesian, New Ireland, South New Ireland-Northwest Solomonic, New Georgia, East. More information.

MARQUESAN, NORTH

[MRQ] French Polynesia. 3,400 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Dialects: HATUTU, NUKU HIVA, UA HUKA, UA POU. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, Central Pacific, East Fijian-Polynesian, Polynesian, Nuclear, East, Central, Marquesic. More information.

MARQUESAN, SOUTH

[QMS] French Polynesia. 2,100 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Dialects: HIVA OA, TAHUTA, FATU HIVA. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, Central Pacific, East Fijian-Polynesian, Polynesian, Nuclear, East, Central, Marquesic. More information.

MASELA, CENTRAL

[MKH] Indonesia (Maluku). 511 (1980 de Jonge).  Alternate names: CENTRAL MARSELA, MARSELA-SOUTH BABAR. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Central Malayo-Polynesian, Babar, South, Masela-South Babar. More information.

MASELA, EAST

[VME] Indonesia (Maluku). 519 (1980 de Jonge).  Alternate names: EAST MARSELA. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Central Malayo-Polynesian, Babar, South, Masela-South Babar. More information.

MASELA, WEST

[MSS] Indonesia (Maluku). 850 (1980 de Jonge).  Alternate names: WEST MARSELA. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Central Malayo-Polynesian, Babar, South, Masela-South Babar. More information.

MASIMASI

[ISM] Indonesia (Irian Jaya). 200 (1973 SIL).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Sarmi-Jayapura Bay, Sarmi.

MASIWANG

[BNF] Indonesia (Maluku). 1,000 (1989 Loski and Loski SIL).  Alternate names: BONFIA. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Central Malayo-Polynesian, Central Maluku, East, Seram, Masiwang. More information.

MASKELYNES

[KLV] Vanuatu. 1,200 (1990 UBS).  Alternate names: KULIVIU, MASKELYNE ISLANDS. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, North and Central Vanuatu, Northeast Vanuatu-Banks Islands, Malekula Coastal. More information.

MATBAT

[XMT] Indonesia (Irian Jaya). 550 (1991 SIL).  Alternate names: ME, BIGA. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, South Halmahera-West New Guinea, West New Guinea, Cenderawasih Bay, Raja Ampat.

MATO

[NIU] Papua New Guinea. 575 (1998 SIL).  Alternate names: NENAYA, NENGAYA, NINEIA. Dialects: BONEA, NANAYA. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Ngero-Vitiaz, Vitiaz, Roinji-Nenaya. More information.

MATUKAR

[MJK] Papua New Guinea. 219 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Ngero-Vitiaz, Vitiaz, Bel, Nuclear Bel, Northern. More information.

MBULA

[MNA] Papua New Guinea. 2,500 (1991 Bugenhagen SIL).  Alternate names: MANGAP-MBULA, MANGAABA, MANGAAWA, MANGAAVA, MANGAP. KAIMANGA. Dialects: MBULA (CENTRAL MBULA), NORTHERN MBULA, GAURU, SAKAR. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Ngero-Vitiaz, Vitiaz, Mangap-Mbula. More information.

MEA

[MEG] New Caledonia. 300 (1982 SIL).  Alternate names: HA MEA, HAMEHA. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, New Caledonian, Southern. More information.

MEDEBUR

[MJM] Papua New Guinea. 429 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Schouten, Kairiru-Manam, Manam. More information.

MEKEO

[MEK] Papua New Guinea. 18,000 to 20,000 (1998 SIL).  Alternate names: MEKEO-KOVIO. Dialects: EAST MEKEO, WEST MEKEO, NORTH MEKEO, NORTHWEST MEKEO (KOVIO). Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Papuan Tip, Peripheral, Central Papuan, West Central Papuan, Nuclear. More information.

MELANAU

[MEL] Malaysia (Sarawak). 25,120. Population total both countries 25,320 (1981 Wurm and Hattori). Alternate names: MILANAU, MILANO, BELANA'U. Dialects: MUKAH-OYA (MUKAH, MUKA, OYA, OYA', OGA), BALINGIAN, BRUIT, DALAT (DALAD), IGAN, SARIKEI, SEGAHAN, PREHAN, SEGALANG, SITENG. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Borneo, Northwest, Melanau-Kajang, Melanau. More information.

MELE-FILA

[MXE] Vanuatu. 2,000 (1980 UBS). Over 1,000 in Mele village on Efate, 500 on Fila Island (1977 Voegelin and Voegelin).  Alternate names: FILA-MELE. Dialects: FILA (EFIRA, FIRA, IFIRA), MELE. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, Central Pacific, East Fijian-Polynesian, Polynesian, Nuclear, Samoic-Outlier, Futunic. More information.

MENGEN

[MEE] Papua New Guinea. 8,400 (1982 SIL).  Alternate names: POENG. Dialects: NORTH COAST MENGEN (MAENG), SOUTH COAST MENGEN (POENG). Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Ngero-Vitiaz, Vitiaz, Mengen. More information.

MENTAWAI

[MWV] Indonesia (Sumatra). 50,000 (1992 UBS).  Alternate names: MENTAWEI, MENTAWI. Dialects: SIMALEGI, SAKALAGAN, SILABU, TAIKAKU, SAUMANGANJA, NORTH SIBERUT, SOUTH SIBERUT, SIPURA, PAGAI. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sundic, Sumatra, Mentawai. More information.

MEOSWAR

[MVX] Indonesia (Irian Jaya). 250 (?) (1993 R. Doriot UFM).  Alternate names: WAR. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, South Halmahera-West New Guinea, West New Guinea, Cenderawasih Bay, Biakic.

MERAMERA

[MXM] Papua New Guinea. 2,000 (1995 SIL).  Alternate names: UBILI, MELAMELA. Dialects: LOLOBAO. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Meso Melanesian, Willaumez. More information.

MEREI

[LMB] Vanuatu. 400 (1997 J. Chung).  Alternate names: LAMETIN. Dialects: WINIV. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, North and Central Vanuatu, Northeast Vanuatu-Banks Islands, West Santo. More information.

MERLAV

[MRM] Vanuatu. 1,350 including 1,200 Merlav, 150 Merig.  Alternate names: MERELAVA, MERLAV-MERIG. Dialects: MWERIG (MERIG), WEST MWERELAWA, MATLIWAG. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, North and Central Vanuatu, Northeast Vanuatu-Banks Islands, East Vanuatu.

MILIKIN

[MIN] Malaysia (Sarawak). 3,500 (1999 Peter Cullip).  Alternate names: MILLIKIN, REMUN. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sundic, Malayic, Malayic-Dayak, Ibanic. More information.

MINAVEHA

[MVN] Papua New Guinea. 1,600 (1994 SIL).  Alternate names: MINAVEGA, KUKUYA. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Papuan Tip, Nuclear, North Papuan Mainland-D'Entrecasteaux, Are-Taupota, Taupota. More information.

MINDIRI

[MPN] Papua New Guinea. 93 in one village (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Ngero-Vitiaz, Vitiaz, Bel, Astrolabe. More information.

MINIGIR

[VMG] Papua New Guinea. 373 (1979 census).  Alternate names: LUNGALUNGA. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Meso Melanesian, New Ireland, South New Ireland-Northwest Solomonic, Mono-Uruava.

MINOKOK

[MQQ] Malaysia (Sabah). 2,000 (?) (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Borneo, Northwest, Sabahan, Dusunic, Dusun, Central. More information.

MISIMA-PANEATI

[MPX] Papua New Guinea. 14,000 (1994 SIL).  Alternate names: PANAIETI, PANAEATI, PANEYATE, PANEATE, PANAYETI. Dialects: NASIKWABW (TOKUNU), TEWATEWA. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Papuan Tip, Peripheral, Kilivila-Louisiades, Misima. More information.

MIU

[MPO] Papua New Guinea. 500 (1998 NTM).  Alternate names: MYU. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Ngero-Vitiaz, Vitiaz, Southwest New Britain, Arawe-Pasismanua, Pasismanua. More information.

MODANG

[MXD] Indonesia (Kalimantan). 15,300 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Dialects: KELINGAN (LONG WAI, LONG WE), LONG GLAT, LONG BENTO', BENEHES, NAHES, LIAH BING. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Borneo, Kayan-Murik, Modang.

MOKEN

[MWT] Myanmar. 7,000 in Myanmar (1993 Johnstone). Population total both countries 7,000 or more. Alternate names: MAWKEN, BASING, SELUNG, SELONG, SALONG, SALON, CHAU KO'. Dialects: DUNG, JA-IT, L'BE. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sundic, Malayic, Moklen. More information.

MOKERANG

[MFT] Papua New Guinea. 200 (?) (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Alternate names: MOKARENG, MOKORENG. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Admiralty Islands, Eastern, Manus, Mokoreng-Loniu. More information.

MOKILESE

[MNO] Micronesia. 1,050 (1979 Bender). Fewer than 500 on Mokil Atoll.  Alternate names: MOKIL, MWOAKILESE, MWOAKILOA. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, Micronesian, Micronesian Proper, Ponapeic-Trukic, Ponapeic. More information.

MOKLEN

[MKM] Thailand. 1,500 or fewer (1984 D. Hogan).  Alternate names: CHAU POK. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sundic, Malayic, Moklen. More information.

MOKSELA

[VMS] Indonesia (Maluku).   Alternate names: MAKSELA, OPSELAN. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Central Malayo-Polynesian, Central Maluku, Buru. More information.

MOLIMA

[MOX] Papua New Guinea. 3,186 (1972 census) including 416 in Fagululu, 600 in Salakahadi.  Alternate names: EBADIDI, SALAKAHADI, MORIMA. Dialects: TALA'AI, AI'ALU, TOSILA'AI. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Papuan Tip, Nuclear, North Papuan Mainland-D'Entrecasteaux, Bwaidoga. More information.

MOMA

[MYL] Indonesia (Sulawesi). 5,500 (1985 D. Barr SIL).  Alternate names: KULAWI. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sulawesi, Central Sulawesi, West Central, Kaili-Pamona, Kaili. More information.

MONDROPOLON

[MLY] Papua New Guinea. 300 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Admiralty Islands, Eastern, Manus, West. More information.

MONGONDOW

[MOG] Indonesia (Sulawesi). 900,000 .5% of the population (1989).  Alternate names: BOLAANG MONGONDOW, MONGONDOU, MINAHASSA. Dialects: LOLAYAN, DUMOGA, PASI. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sulawesi, Mongondow-Gorontalo, Mongondowic. More information.

MONO

[MTE] Solomon Islands. 9,500 (1998 SIL).  Alternate names: ALU, MONO-ALU. Dialects: MONO, ALU (ALO), FAURO. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Meso Melanesian, New Ireland, South New Ireland-Northwest Solomonic, Mono-Uruava. More information.

MOR

[MHZ] Indonesia (Irian Jaya). 700 (1987 SIL).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, South Halmahera-West New Guinea, West New Guinea, Cenderawasih Bay, Mor. More information.

MORI ATAS

[MZQ] Indonesia (Sulawesi). 12,000 to 18,000 (1995 SIL).  Alternate names: WEST MORI, UPPER MORI. Dialects: AIKOA. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sulawesi, Central Sulawesi, West Central, Bungku-Mori-Tolaki, Mori. More information.

MORI BAWAH

[XMZ] Indonesia (Sulawesi). 12,000 to 18,000 (1995 SIL).  Alternate names: EAST MORI, LOWER MORI, NAHINA. Dialects: TAMBE'E, NAHINA, PETASIA, SOROAKO, KARONSIE. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sulawesi, Central Sulawesi, West Central, Bungku-Mori-Tolaki, Mori. More information.

MORONENE

[MQN] Indonesia (Sulawesi). 31,000 including 20,000 in Moronene, 11,000 in Tokotu'a (1991 D. Mead SIL).  Alternate names: MARONENE. Dialects: WITA EA (RUMBIA, POLEANG, MORONENE), TOKOTU'A (KABAENA). Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sulawesi, Central Sulawesi, West Central, Bungku-Mori-Tolaki, Bungku. More information.

MOROUAS

[MRP] Vanuatu. 150 (1983 SIL).  Alternate names: MORUAS. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, North and Central Vanuatu, Northeast Vanuatu-Banks Islands, West Santo. More information.

MORTLOCKESE

[MRL] Micronesia. 5,904 (1989 census), including 1,692 in Upper Mortlock, 1,757 in Mid Mortlock, 2,455 in Lower Mortlock, about 1,000 elsewhere.  Alternate names: MORTLOCK, NOMOI. Dialects: UPPER MORTLOCK, MID MORTLOCK, LOWER MORTLOCK. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, Micronesian, Micronesian Proper, Ponapeic-Trukic, Trukic. More information.

MOSINA

[MSN] Vanuatu. 400 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Alternate names: MOSIN. Dialects: VETUMBOSO, VURES (VURAS, VUREAS, AVREAS). Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, North and Central Vanuatu, Northeast Vanuatu-Banks Islands, East Vanuatu. More information.

MOTA

[MTT] Vanuatu. 450 (1983 SIL).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, North and Central Vanuatu, Northeast Vanuatu-Banks Islands, East Vanuatu. More information.

MOTLAV

[MLV] Vanuatu. 1,275 (1983 SIL).  Alternate names: MOTALAVA. Dialects: VOLOW (VALUVA, VALUWA, VALUGA). Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, North and Central Vanuatu, Northeast Vanuatu-Banks Islands, East Vanuatu.

MOTU

[MEU] Papua New Guinea. 14,000 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Alternate names: TRUE MOTU, PURE MOTU. Dialects: WESTERN MOTU, EASTERN MOTU. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Papuan Tip, Peripheral, Central Papuan, Sinagoro-Keapara. More information.

MOUK-ARIA

[MWH] Papua New Guinea. 626 (1982 SIL).  Alternate names: ARIA-MOUK. Dialects: MOUK (MOK), TOURAI. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Ngero-Vitiaz, Vitiaz, Southwest New Britain, Bibling. More information.

MPOTOVORO

[MVT] Vanuatu. 180 (1983 SIL).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, North and Central Vanuatu, Northeast Vanuatu-Banks Islands, Malekula Coastal.

MUALANG

[MTD] Indonesia (Kalimantan). 10,000 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sundic, Malayic, Malayic-Dayak, Ibanic. More information.

MUDUAPA

[WIV] Papua New Guinea. 8,800 (1991 SIL).  Alternate names: VITU, WITU. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Meso Melanesian, Bali-Vitu. More information.

MUKO-MUKO

[VMO] Indonesia (Sumatra). 30,000 (1989).  Alternate names: MOKOMOKO. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sundic, Malayic, Malayan, Para-Malay. More information.

MUMENG

[MZI] Papua New Guinea. 4,584 including 2,210 Mumeng, 2,154 Yanta (1980 census), 220 Latep (1978 McElhanon). 9,186 in entire dialect chain (1995 SIL).  Dialects: MUMENG, YANTA, LATEP. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Huon Gulf, South, Hote-Buang, Buang, Mumeng. More information.

MUNA

[MYN] Indonesia (Sulawesi). 227,000 (1989 van den Berg), including 600 in Ambon (1985 SIL). 150,000 Standard Muna, 10,000 Tiworo, 7,000 Siompu, 60,000 Gumas (1989 van den Berg).  Alternate names: WUNA, MOUNAN. Dialects: STANDARD MUNA (NORTHERN MUNA), GUMAS (SOUTHERN MUNA), SIOMPU, TIWORO (EASTERN MUNA). Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sulawesi, Muna-Buton, Muna. More information.

MUNGGUI

[MTH] Indonesia (Irian Jaya). 800 (1982 SIL).  Alternate names: NATABUI. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, South Halmahera-West New Guinea, West New Guinea, Cenderawasih Bay, Yapen, Central-Western. More information.

MUSI

[MUI] Indonesia (Sumatra). 150,000 (1989).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sundic, Malayic, Malayan, Local Malay. More information.

MUSOM

[MSU] Papua New Guinea. 264 (1989 Holzknecht).  Alternate names: MISATIK. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Huon Gulf, Markham, Lower, Busu. More information.

MUSSAU-EMIRA

[EMI] Papua New Guinea. 4,200 to 5,000 (1992 SIL).  Alternate names: EMIRA-MUSSAU, MUSAU-EMIRA. Dialects: EMIRA, WESTERN MUSSAU, SOUTHERN MUSSAU, EASTERN MUSSAU. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, St. Matthias. More information.

MUTU

[TUC] Papua New Guinea. 3,000 (1998 Bugenhagen SIL).  Alternate names: TUAM-MUTU, TUAM, TUOM. Dialects: MUTU, TUAM, MALAI. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Ngero-Vitiaz, Ngero, Tuam. More information.

MUYUW

[MYW] Papua New Guinea. 6,000 including 1,000 to 1,200 Iwa (1998 church figures).  Alternate names: MUYU, MUYUA, MURUA, MURUWA, MUYUWA. Dialects: YANABA, LOUGAW (GAWA), WAMWAN, NAWYEM, IWA. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Papuan Tip, Peripheral, Kilivila-Louisiades, Kilivila. More information.

MWATEBU

[MWA] Papua New Guinea. 166 (1972 census).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Papuan Tip, Nuclear, North Papuan Mainland-D'Entrecasteaux, Dobu-Duau. More information.

NAFI

[SRF] Papua New Guinea. 157 (1988 Holzknecht).  Alternate names: SIRAK. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Huon Gulf, Markham, Lower, Busu.

NAGE

[NXE] Indonesia (Nusa Tenggara). 50,000 (1993 Forth).  Alternate names: NAGÉ, NAGE-KEO. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Central Malayo-Polynesian, Bima-Sumba, Ende-Lio.

NAKA'ELA

[NAE] Indonesia (Maluku). 5 (1985 Y. Taguchi SIL).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Central Malayo-Polynesian, Central Maluku, East, Seram, Nunusaku, Three Rivers, Amalumute, Northwest Seram, Ulat Inai. More information.

NAKANAI

[NAK] Papua New Guinea. 13,000 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Alternate names: NAKONAI. Dialects: LOSA (LOSO, AUKA), BILEKI (LAKALAI, MUKU, MAMUGA), VERE (VELE, TAROBI), UBAE (BABATA), MAUTUTU. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Meso Melanesian, Willaumez. More information.

NALI

[NSS] Papua New Guinea. 1,800 (1982 SIL).  Alternate names: YIRU. Dialects: OKRO. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Admiralty Islands, Eastern, Manus, East. More information.

NALIK

[NAL] Papua New Guinea. 5,138 (1990 census).  Alternate names: LUGAGON, FESOA, FESSOA. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Meso Melanesian, New Ireland, Lavongai-Nalik. More information.

NAMAKURA

[NMK] Vanuatu. 2,850 (1983 SIL).  Alternate names: MAKURA. Dialects: TONGOA ISLAND, TONGARIKI ISLAND, BUNINGA, MAKURA (EMWAE ISLAND), MATASO. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, North and Central Vanuatu, Northeast Vanuatu-Banks Islands, Central Vanuatu. More information.

NAMBAS, BIG

[NMB] Vanuatu. 1,800 (1983 SIL).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, North and Central Vanuatu, Malekula Interior, Malekula Central. More information.

NAMONUITO

[NMT] Micronesia. 944 (1989 census).  Alternate names: NAMON WEITE. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, Micronesian, Micronesian Proper, Ponapeic-Trukic, Trukic. More information.

NAMOSI-NAITASIRI-SERUA

[BWB] Fiji.   Alternate names: NAMOSI-NAITAASIRI-SEERUA. Dialects: BATIWAI, TUBAI, NALEA. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, Central Pacific, West Fijian-Rotuman, West Fijian. More information.

NAPU

[NAP] Indonesia (Sulawesi). 6,000 (1995).  Alternate names: PEKUREHUA. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sulawesi, Central Sulawesi, West Central, Kaili-Pamona, Pamona. More information.

NARA

[NRZ] Papua New Guinea. 7,627 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Alternate names: LALA, NALA, 'ALA'ALA, POKAU. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Papuan Tip, Peripheral, Central Papuan, West Central Papuan, Nuclear. More information.

NARANGO

[NRG] Vanuatu. 160 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, North and Central Vanuatu, Northeast Vanuatu-Banks Islands, West Santo. More information.

NAROM

[NRM] Malaysia (Sarawak). 2,420 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Alternate names: NARUM. Dialects: NAROM, MIRI. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Borneo, Northwest, North Sarawakan, Berawan-Lower Baram, Lower Baram, Central, B.

NASARIAN

[NVH] Vanuatu. 20 (1983 SIL).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, North and Central Vanuatu, Malekula Interior, Malekula Central. More information.

NAUETE

[NXA] Timor Lorosae. 1,000 (?) in ethnic group (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Alternate names: NAUHETE, NAUETI, NAUOTE, NAUOTI. Dialects: NAUMIK, OSO MOKO. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Central Malayo-Polynesian, Timor, Nuclear Timor. More information.

NAUNA

[NCN] Papua New Guinea. 130 (1977 Lincoln).  Alternate names: NAUNE. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Admiralty Islands, Eastern, Southeast Islands. More information.

NAVUT

[NSW] Vanuatu. 525 (1983 SIL).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, North and Central Vanuatu, Northeast Vanuatu-Banks Islands, West Santo. More information.

NDAO

[NFA] Indonesia (Nusa Tenggara). 5,000 (1997 Dr. Ayub Ranoh).  Alternate names: NDAONESE, NDAUNDAU, DAO. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Central Malayo-Polynesian, Bima-Sumba. More information.

NEGERI SEMBILAN MALAY

[ZMI] Malaysia (Peninsular). 300,000 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Alternate names: MALAYSIAN MINANGKABAU, ULU MUAR MALAY, ORANG NEGERI. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sundic, Malayic, Malayan, Para-Malay. More information.

NEHAN

[NSN] Papua New Guinea. 7,000 (1995 SIL).  Alternate names: NISSAN, NIHAN. Dialects: NEHAN, PINIPEL (PINIPIN). Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Meso Melanesian, New Ireland, South New Ireland-Northwest Solomonic, Nehan-North Bougainville, Nehan. More information.

NEKU

[NEK] New Caledonia. 200 (1982 SIL).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, New Caledonian, Southern, South, Wailic.

NEMI

[NEM] New Caledonia. 600 (1982 SIL).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, New Caledonian, Northern, North, Nemi. More information.

NENGONE

[NEN] New Caledonia. 6,050 (1982 SIL).  Alternate names: MARÉ, IWATENU. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, Loyalty Islands. More information.

NGAD'A

[NXG] Indonesia (Nusa Tenggara). 60,000 (1995).  Alternate names: NGADHA, NGADA, NAD'A, NGA'DA, BAJAVA, BADJAVA, BAJAWA, ROKKA. Dialects: CENTRAL NGADA, BAJAWA, SOUTH NGADA. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Central Malayo-Polynesian, Bima-Sumba. More information.

NGAD'A, EASTERN

[NEA] Indonesia (Nusa Tenggara). 5,000 (1994).  Alternate names: SOUTHEAST NGADA. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Central Malayo-Polynesian, Bima-Sumba. More information.

NILA

[NIL] Indonesia (Maluku). 1,800 (1989 Taber SIL).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Central Malayo-Polynesian, Timor, Southwest Maluku, Teun-Nila-Serua, Nila-Serua. More information.

NIMOA

[NMW] Papua New Guinea. 1,100 (census).  Alternate names: NIMOWA. Dialects: PANAWINA, SABARI, PANATINANI, WESTERN POINT. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Papuan Tip, Peripheral, Kilivila-Louisiades, Nimoa-Sudest. More information.

NIUAFO'OU

[NUM] Tonga. 690 (1981 Schooling SIL) or more (1992 Besnier).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, Central Pacific, East Fijian-Polynesian, Polynesian, Nuclear, Samoic-Outlier, East Uvean-Niuafo'ou. More information.

NIUATOPUTAPU

[NKP] Tonga. Ethnic group: 1,630 (1981).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, Central Pacific, East Fijian-Polynesian, Polynesian, Nuclear, Samoic-Outlier. More information.

NOKUKU

[NKK] Vanuatu. 160 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Alternate names: NOGUGU. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, North and Central Vanuatu, Northeast Vanuatu-Banks Islands, West Santo. More information.

NOTSI

[NCF] Papua New Guinea. 1,600 (1991 SIL).  Alternate names: NOCHI. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Meso Melanesian, New Ireland, Tabar. More information.

NUAULU, NORTH

[NNI] Indonesia (Maluku). 500 (1990 Bolton SIL).  Alternate names: NUAULU, PATAKAI, FATAKAI. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Central Malayo-Polynesian, Central Maluku, East, Seram, Sawai-Nuaulu. More information.

NUAULU, SOUTH

[NXL] Indonesia (Maluku). 1,500 (1995 Taber).  Alternate names: NUAULU, PATAKAI, FATAKAI. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Central Malayo-Polynesian, Central Maluku, East, Seram, Sawai-Nuaulu. More information.

NUGURIA

[NUR] Papua New Guinea. 200 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Alternate names: NUKURIA, NAHOA, FEAD. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, Central Pacific, East Fijian-Polynesian, Polynesian, Nuclear, Samoic-Outlier, Ellicean. More information.

NUKUMANU

[NUQ] Papua New Guinea. 200 (1981 D. Tryon).  Alternate names: TASMAN. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, Central Pacific, East Fijian-Polynesian, Polynesian, Nuclear, Samoic-Outlier, Ellicean. More information.

NUKUORO

[NKR] Micronesia. 860 (1993 Johnstone) including 125 on Ponape.  Alternate names: NUKORO, NUGUOR. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, Central Pacific, East Fijian-Polynesian, Polynesian, Nuclear, Samoic-Outlier, Ellicean. More information.

NUMBAMI

[SIJ] Papua New Guinea. 270 (1978 McElhanon).  Alternate names: SIBOMA, SIPOMA. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Huon Gulf, Numbami. More information.

NUME

[TGS] Vanuatu. 450 (1983 SIL).  Alternate names: TARASAG, GAUA. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, North and Central Vanuatu, Northeast Vanuatu-Banks Islands, East Vanuatu. More information.

NUMEE

[KDK] New Caledonia. 1,800 (1982 SIL).  Alternate names: NAA NUMEE, KAPONE, TOUAOURU, OUEN, KWENYII, KUNIE, TUAURU, DUAURU, UEN, WEN, NAA-WEE. Dialects: NUMEE (TOUAOURU), OUEN, KWENYII (KUNIE). Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, New Caledonian, Southern, Extreme Southern. More information.

NUSA LAUT

[NUL] Indonesia (Maluku). 10 speakers possibly out of an ethnic group of 2,226 (1989 SIL).  Alternate names: NUSALAUT. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Central Malayo-Polynesian, Central Maluku, East, Seram, Nunusaku, Piru Bay, East, Seram Straits, Uliase, Hatuhaha, Elpaputi. More information.

NYADU

[NXJ] Indonesia (Kalimantan). 9,000.  Alternate names: NJADU, BALANTIANG, BALANTIAN. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Borneo, Land Dayak. More information.

NYÂLAYU

[YLY] New Caledonia. 1,400 (1988).  Dialects: YALAYU, BELEP. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, New Caledonian, Northern, Extreme Northern. More information.

NYINDROU

[LID] Papua New Guinea. 4,200 (1998 SIL).  Alternate names: LINDROU, LINDAU, SALIEN, NYADA. Dialects: BABON. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Admiralty Islands, Eastern, Manus, West. More information.

OGAN

[OGN] Indonesia (Sumatra). 300,000 (1989).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sundic, Malayic, Malayan, Local Malay. More information.

OKOLOD

[KQV] Malaysia (Sarawak). 1,100 to 1,200, including 1,000 in Sarawak, 100 to 200 in Sabah (1987 SIL). Population total both countries 2,000 to 3,500 (1985 SIL). Alternate names: KOLOUR, KOLUR, KOLOD, OKOLOD MURUT. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Borneo, Northwest, North Sarawakan, Dayic, Murutic, Murut. More information.

ONIN

[ONI] Indonesia (Irian Jaya). 600 (1978 SIL).  Dialects: NIKUDA, OGAR, PATIPI, SEPA. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Central Malayo-Polynesian, North Bomberai. More information.

ONTONG JAVA

[LUN] Solomon Islands. 1,800 (1998 SIL).  Alternate names: LUANGIUA, LEUANGIUA, LORD HOWE. Dialects: LUANGIUA, PELAU. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, Central Pacific, East Fijian-Polynesian, Polynesian, Nuclear, Samoic-Outlier, Ellicean. More information.

ORANG KANAQ

[ORN] Malaysia (Peninsular). 34 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sundic, Malayic, Malayan, Aboriginal Malay.

ORANG SELETAR

[ORS] Malaysia (Peninsular).  Population total both countries 541 (1981 Wurm and Hattori). Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sundic, Malayic, Malayan, Aboriginal Malay. More information.

ORMU

[ORZ] Indonesia (Irian Jaya). 600 (1995 SIL).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Sarmi-Jayapura Bay, Jayapura Bay. More information.

OROHA

[ORA] Solomon Islands. 160 (1998 SIL).  Alternate names: MARA MA-SIKI, ORAHA. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Southeast Solomonic, Malaita-San Cristobal, Malaita, Southern. More information.

OROWE

[BPK] New Caledonia. 750 (1982 SIL).  Alternate names: BOEWE. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, New Caledonian, Southern, South, Wailic. More information.

OSING

[OSI] Indonesia (Java and Bali). 200,000 to 500,000 (1981 C. and B. Grimes SIL).  Alternate names: BANYUWANGI. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sundic, Javanese. More information.

OUMA

[OUM] Papua New Guinea.   Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Papuan Tip, Peripheral, Central Papuan, Oumic. More information.

OYA'OYA

[OYY] Papua New Guinea. 367 (1990 census).  Alternate names: KUIARO, SIMAGAHI, DAIOMUNI, LOANI. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Papuan Tip, Nuclear, Suauic. More information.

PÁÁFANG

[PFA] Micronesia. 1,318 (1989 census).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, Micronesian, Micronesian Proper, Ponapeic-Trukic, Trukic. More information.

PAAMA

[PMA] Vanuatu. 6,000 (1996 SIL).  Alternate names: PAAMA-LOPEVI, PAUMA, PAAMESE. Dialects: NORTH PAAMA, SOUTH PAAMA. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, North and Central Vanuatu, Northeast Vanuatu-Banks Islands, East Vanuatu. More information.

PADOE

[PDO] Indonesia (Sulawesi). 6,000 (1991 D. Andersen).  Alternate names: SOUTH MORI, PADOÉ, ALALAO. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sulawesi, Central Sulawesi, West Central, Bungku-Mori-Tolaki, Mori. More information.

PAICÎ

[PRI] New Caledonia. 5,500 (1982 SIL).  Alternate names: PATI, PAACI, CI, PONERIHOUEN. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, New Caledonian, Northern, Central. More information.

PAIWAN

[PWN] Taiwan. 53,000 speakers (1981 Wurm and Hattori), 60,434 in ethnic group (1989 govt. figure).  Alternate names: PAIUAN, PAYOWAN, LI-LI-SHA, SAMOBI, SAMOHAI, SAPREK, TAMARI, KADAS, KALE-WHAN, KAPIANGAN, KATAUSAN, BUTANGLU, STIMUL. Classification: Austronesian, Formosan, Paiwanic. More information.

PAK-TONG

[PKG] Papua New Guinea. 970 (1977 Lincoln).  Alternate names: TONG-PAK. Dialects: PAK, TONG. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Admiralty Islands, Eastern, Pak-Tong. More information.

PAKU

[PKU] Indonesia (Kalimantan). 20,000 (?) (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Borneo, Barito, East, Central-South, South. More information.

PALAMUL

[PLX] Indonesia (Irian Jaya). 200 (?) (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, South Halmahera-West New Guinea, West New Guinea, Cenderawasih Bay, Raja Ampat.

PALEMBANG

[PLM] Indonesia (Sumatra). 500,000 (1989).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sundic, Malayic, Malayan, Local Malay. More information.

PALU'E

[PLE] Indonesia (Nusa Tenggara). 10,000 (1997 Grimes, Therik, Grimes, Jacob).  Alternate names: PALUE, LU'A, PALUQE. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Central Malayo-Polynesian, Bima-Sumba. More information.

PALUAN

[PLZ] Malaysia (Sabah). 4,000 to 5,000 (1990 SIL), including 3,000 Paluan, 1,000 to 2,000 Pandewan.  Dialects: PALUAN (PELUAN), DALIT MURUT, SOOK MURUT, TAKAPAN, MAKAHEELIGA (MAKIALIGA), PANDEWAN (PANDEWAN MURUT). Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Borneo, Northwest, North Sarawakan, Dayic, Murutic, Murut. More information.

PALUMATA

[PMC] Indonesia (Maluku).   Alternate names: PALAMATA, BALAMATA. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Central Malayo-Polynesian, Central Maluku, Buru. More information.

PAMONA

[BCX] Indonesia (Sulawesi). 106,000 (1979 Barr), including 100,000 in central Sulawesi, 6,000 to 10,000 in south Sulawesi.  Alternate names: BARE'E, BAREE, POSO, TAA, WANA. Dialects: PAMONA (BARE'E), LAIWONU (IBA), BATUI, SINOHOAN (DAIDO, IDO, IDORE'E), MBELALA (BARIA, BELA, BELALA), RAPANGKAKA (ARIA), TOMONI, TOBAU (TOBAO, TOBALO, BARE'E), TOKONDINDI, TOPADA, TAA (WANA, TOPOTAA). Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sulawesi, Central Sulawesi, West Central, Kaili-Pamona, Pamona. More information.

PANASUAN

[PSN] Indonesia (Sulawesi). 900 or more (1988 T. Laskowske).  Alternate names: TO PANASEAN, TO PAMOSEAN. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sulawesi, South Sulawesi, Seko. More information.

PANCANA

[PNP] Indonesia (Sulawesi). 15,000 (1979 Bhurhanuddin).  Alternate names: PANTJANA. Dialects: KAPONTORI, KALENDE (LAWELE), LABUANDIRI. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sulawesi, Muna-Buton, Muna. More information.

PANNEI

[PNC] Indonesia (Sulawesi). 9,000 (1986 SIL).  Alternate names: TAPANGO. Dialects: TAPANGO, BULO. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sulawesi, South Sulawesi, Northern, Pitu Ulunna Salu. More information.

PAPAPANA

[PAA] Papua New Guinea. 150 (1977 Lincoln).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Meso Melanesian, New Ireland, South New Ireland-Northwest Solomonic, Nehan-North Bougainville, Papapana.

PAPAR

[DPP] Malaysia (Sabah). 600 to 800 (1985 SIL).  Alternate names: BAJAU BUKIT. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Borneo, Northwest, Sabahan, Dusunic, Dusun. More information.

PAPITALAI

[PAT] Papua New Guinea. 520 (1977 Lincoln).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Admiralty Islands, Eastern, Manus, East. More information.

PAPORA

[PPU] Taiwan.   Alternate names: BUPURAN, HINAPAVOSA, VUPURAN, PAPOLA. Classification: Austronesian, Formosan, Paiwanic. More information.

PAPUMA

[PPM] Indonesia (Irian Jaya). 600 (1982 SIL).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, South Halmahera-West New Guinea, West New Guinea, Cenderawasih Bay, Yapen, Central-Western. More information.

PASEMAH

[PSE] Indonesia (Sumatra). 400,000 (1989).  Alternate names: BESEMAH. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sundic, Malayic, Malayan, Local Malay. More information.

PATANI

[PTN] Indonesia (Maluku). 7,000 to 9,000 (1983 C. and B. D. Grimes SIL).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, South Halmahera-West New Guinea, South Halmahera, Southeast. More information.

PATEP

[PTP] Papua New Guinea. 1,700 (1987 SIL). 9,186 in Mumeng dialect chain.  Alternate names: PTEP. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Huon Gulf, South, Hote-Buang, Buang, Mumeng. More information.

PATPATAR

[GFK] Papua New Guinea. 7,000 (1998 SIL).  Alternate names: GELIK, PATPARI. Dialects: PALA, SOKIRIK, PATPATAR. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Meso Melanesian, New Ireland, South New Ireland-Northwest Solomonic, Patpatar-Tolai. More information.

PAULOHI

[PLH] Indonesia (Maluku). 50 possible speakers (1982).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Central Malayo-Polynesian, Central Maluku, East, Seram, Nunusaku, Piru Bay, East, Seram Straits, Solehua. More information.

PAZEH

[PZH] Taiwan.   Alternate names: PAZZEHE, PAZEHE, PAZEX, PAZEH-KAHABU, SHEKHOAN, SEK-HWAN, LEKWHAN. Dialects: KAHABU, PAZEH. Classification: Austronesian, Formosan, Paiwanic. More information.

PEKAL

[PEL] Indonesia (Sumatra). 30,000 (1989).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sundic, Malayic, Malayan, Para-Malay. More information.

PENAN, EASTERN

[PEZ] Malaysia (Sarawak).   Alternate names: 'PUNAN'. Dialects: PENAN APOH. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Borneo, Punan-Nibong. More information.

PENAN, WESTERN

[PNE] Malaysia (Sarawak). 9,000 in Sarawak (1988 Lian). Population total both countries 9,050. Alternate names: NIBONG, NIBON, 'PUNAN'. Dialects: NIBONG, BOK PENAN (BOK), PENAN SILAT, PENAN GANG (GANG), PENAN LUSONG (LUSONG), PENAN APO, SIPENG (SPENG), PENAN LANYING, JELALONG PENAN. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Borneo, Punan-Nibong. More information.

PENCHAL

[PEK] Papua New Guinea. 550 (1982 SIL).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Admiralty Islands, Eastern, Southeast Islands. More information.

PENDAU

[UMS] Indonesia (Sulawesi). 2,000 to 5,000 (1991 P. Quick SIL).  Alternate names: NDAU, NDAOE, UMALASA. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sulawesi, Central Sulawesi, West Central, Tomini. More information.

PENESAK

[PEN] Indonesia (Sumatra). 20,000 (1989).  Alternate names: PENASAK. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sundic, Malayic, Malayan, Local Malay. More information.

PENRHYN

[PNH] Cook Islands. 600 on Penrhyn Island (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Alternate names: TONGAREVA, MANGARONGARO, PENRHYNESE. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, Central Pacific, East Fijian-Polynesian, Polynesian, Nuclear, East, Central, Tahitic. More information.

PERAI

[WET] Indonesia (Maluku). 278 (1990 Hinton).  Alternate names: TUTUNOHAN. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Central Malayo-Polynesian, Timor, Southwest Maluku, Wetar. More information.

PESISIR, SOUTHERN

[PEC] Indonesia (Sumatra). 400,000 (1976 D. Walker).  Dialects: KOTA AGUNG (SOUTHWEST LAMPUNG), WAY LIMA, KALIANDA (SOUTHEAST LAMPUNG), TELUKBETUNG, TALANG PADANG. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sundic, Lampungic, Pesisir. More information.

PETATS

[PEX] Papua New Guinea. 2,000 (1975 SIL). 10,000 including second language users (1977 Voegelin and Voegelin).  Dialects: HITAU-PORORAN, MATSUNGAN, SUMOUN. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Meso Melanesian, New Ireland, South New Ireland-Northwest Solomonic, Nehan-North Bougainville, Buka. More information.

PIAMATSINA

[PTR] Vanuatu. 150 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, North and Central Vanuatu, Northeast Vanuatu-Banks Islands, West Santo. More information.

PIJE

[PIZ] New Caledonia. 100 (1982 SIL).  Alternate names: PINJE, PINDJE. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, New Caledonian, Northern, North, Nemi. More information.

PILENI

[PIV] Solomon Islands. 1,680 (1998 SIL).  Alternate names: PILHENI. Dialects: MATEMA, TAUMAKO (DUFF), NUPANI, NUKAPU, PILENI, AUA. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, Central Pacific, East Fijian-Polynesian, Polynesian, Nuclear, Samoic-Outlier, Futunic. More information.

PINGELAPESE

[PIF] Micronesia. 2,500 including 500 on Pingelap, about 2,000 on Ponape. Population total all countries 3,000. Alternate names: PINGELAP, PINGILAPESE. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, Micronesian, Micronesian Proper, Ponapeic-Trukic, Ponapeic. More information.

PIRU

[PPR] Indonesia (Maluku). 10 or fewer (1985 Y. Taguchi SIL).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Central Malayo-Polynesian, Central Maluku, East, Seram, Nunusaku, Three Rivers, Amalumute, Northwest Seram. More information.

PIU

[PIX] Papua New Guinea. 130 (1970 SIL).  Alternate names: SANBIAU, LANZOG, KURUKO. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Huon Gulf, South, Hote-Buang, Buang. More information.

PIVA

[TGI] Papua New Guinea. 550 (1977 Lincoln).  Alternate names: NAGARIGE. Dialects: AMUN. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Meso Melanesian, New Ireland, South New Ireland-Northwest Solomonic, Piva-Banoni.

PODENA

[PDN] Indonesia (Irian Jaya). 200 (1954 A. C. van der Leeden ms.)  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Sarmi-Jayapura Bay, Sarmi.

POLONOMBAUK

[PLB] Vanuatu. 225 (1983 SIL).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, North and Central Vanuatu, East Santo, South.

POM

[PMO] Indonesia (Irian Jaya). 2,000 (1987 SIL).  Dialects: JOBI. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, South Halmahera-West New Guinea, West New Guinea, Cenderawasih Bay, Yapen, Central-Western.

PONAM

[NCC] Papua New Guinea. 420 (1977 Lincoln).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Admiralty Islands, Eastern, Manus, East. More information.

PONOSAKAN

[PNS] Indonesia (Sulawesi). 3,000 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Alternate names: PONASAKAN. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sulawesi, Mongondow-Gorontalo, Mongondowic. More information.

PORT SANDWICH

[PSW] Vanuatu. 750 (1983 SIL).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, North and Central Vanuatu, Northeast Vanuatu-Banks Islands, Malekula Coastal. More information.

PORT VATO

[PTV] Vanuatu. 750 (1983 SIL).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, North and Central Vanuatu, Northeast Vanuatu-Banks Islands, East Vanuatu. More information.

PSOHOH

[BCL] Papua New Guinea. 1,105 (1982 SIL).  Dialects: BAO, AIGON, SOKHOK (PSOKHOK, PSOKOK, PSOHOH). Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Ngero-Vitiaz, Vitiaz, Southwest New Britain, Arawe-Pasismanua, Pasismanua. More information.

PUBIAN

[PUN] Indonesia (Sumatra). 400,000 (1976 D. Walker).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sundic, Lampungic, Pesisir. More information.

PUKAPUKA

[PKP] Cook Islands. 840 speakers out of 1,200 in the ethnic group (1997). Population total all countries 2,030. Alternate names: BUKABUKAN, PUKAPUKAN. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, Central Pacific, East Fijian-Polynesian, Polynesian, Nuclear, Samoic-Outlier, Pukapuka. More information.

PULUWATESE

[PUW] Micronesia. 1,364 (1989 census).  Alternate names: PULUWAT. Dialects: PULUWATESE, PULAPESE, PULUSUKESE. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, Micronesian, Micronesian Proper, Ponapeic-Trukic, Trukic. More information.

PUNAN APUT

[PUD] Indonesia (Kalimantan). 370 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Alternate names: APUT. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Borneo, Kayan-Murik, Muller-Schwaner 'Punan.'

PUNAN BAH-BIAU

[PNA] Malaysia (Sarawak). 450 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Dialects: PUNAN BAH (PUNAN BA), PUNAN BIAU. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Borneo, Northwest, Rejang-Sajau. More information.

PUNAN BATU 1

[PNM] Malaysia (Sarawak). 50 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Borneo, Northwest, Melanau-Kajang, Kajang. More information.

PUNAN MERAH

[PUF] Indonesia (Kalimantan). 137 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Borneo, Kayan-Murik, Muller-Schwaner 'Punan.' More information.

PUNAN MERAP

[PUC] Indonesia (Kalimantan). 200 (?) (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Borneo, Northwest, Rejang-Sajau. More information.

PUNAN TUBU

[PUJ] Indonesia (Kalimantan). 2,000 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Borneo, Northwest, North Sarawakan, Kenyah. More information.

PUTOH

[PUT] Indonesia (Kalimantan). 6,000 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Dialects: PA KEMBALOH, ABAI. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Borneo, Northwest, North Sarawakan, Dayic, Kelabitic.

PWAAMEI

[PME] New Caledonia. 325 (1974 census).  Alternate names: POAMEI. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, New Caledonian, Northern, North.

PWAPWA

[POP] New Caledonia. 130 (1982 SIL).  Alternate names: POAPOA. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, New Caledonian, Northern, North.

PYUMA

[PYU] Taiwan. 7,225 speakers (1973 census), 8,132 in ethnic group (1989 govt. figure).  Alternate names: PUYUMA, PILAM, PELAM, PIYUMA, PANAPANAYAN, KADAS, TIPUN. Dialects: NANWANG, PINAN. Classification: Austronesian, Formosan, Paiwanic. More information.

RAHAMBUU

[RAZ] Indonesia (Sulawesi). 5,000 (1991 SIL).  Alternate names: WIAU, WIAOE. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sulawesi, Central Sulawesi, West Central, Bungku-Mori-Tolaki, Tolaki. More information.

RAJONG

[RJG] Indonesia (Nusa Tenggara).   Alternate names: RAZONG. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Central Malayo-Polynesian, Bima-Sumba.

RAKAHANGA-MANIHIKI

[RKH] Cook Islands. 2,500 in Cook Islands (1981 Wurm and Hattori). Population total both countries 5,000. Alternate names: MANIHIKI-RAKAHANGA. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, Central Pacific, East Fijian-Polynesian, Polynesian, Nuclear, East, Central, Tahitic. More information.

RAMOAAINA

[RAI] Papua New Guinea. 10,000 (1997 local govt. estimate).  Alternate names: DUKE OF YORK, MALU, RAMUAINA. Dialects: MAKADA, MOLOT (MAIN ISLAND), AALAWA (AALAWAA, ALAWA, MIOKO, ULU, SOUTH ISLANDS). Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Meso Melanesian, New Ireland, South New Ireland-Northwest Solomonic, Patpatar-Tolai. More information.

RAMPI

[LJE] Indonesia (Sulawesi). 8,000 2,300 in South Sulawesi, 5,700 in Central Sulawesi (1991 SIL).  Alternate names: LEBONI, RAMPI-LEBONI, HA'UWA. Dialects: RAMPI (LAMBU), RATO. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sulawesi, Central Sulawesi, West Central, Kaili-Pamona, Pamona. More information.

RANAU

[RAE] Indonesia (Sumatra). 60,000 (1989).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sundic, Malayic, Malayan, Local Malay. More information.

RAPA

[RAY] French Polynesia. 521 (1998 Kenji Rutter, U. of Hawaii).  Alternate names: RAPAN. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, Central Pacific, East Fijian-Polynesian, Polynesian, Nuclear, East, Central. More information.

RATAHAN

[RTH] Indonesia (Sulawesi). 30,000 (1989).  Alternate names: BENTENAN, PASAN. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sulawesi, Sangir-Minahasan, Sangiric. More information.

RAWAS

[RAJ] Indonesia (Sumatra). 150,000 (1989).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sundic, Malayic, Malayan, Local Malay. More information.

REJANG

[REJ] Indonesia (Sumatra). 1,000,000 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Alternate names: REDJANG, REJANG-LEBONG, JANG, DJANG, DJANG BELE TEBO. Dialects: LEBONG (DJANG LEBONG). Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sundic, Malayic, Malayan, Para-Malay. More information.

REMBONG

[REB] Indonesia (Nusa Tenggara).   Dialects: REMBONG, WANGKA, NAMU. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Central Malayo-Polynesian, Bima-Sumba.

RENNELL

[MNV] Solomon Islands. 3,570 (1998 SIL).  Alternate names: RENNELLESE-BELLONESE, RENNELLESE. Dialects: MUNGGAVA (RENNELL, MUGABA), MUNGIKI (MUGIKI, BELLONESE, BELLONA). Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, Central Pacific, East Fijian-Polynesian, Polynesian, Nuclear, Samoic-Outlier, Futunic. More information.

REPANBITIP

[RPN] Vanuatu. 90 (1983 SIL).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, North and Central Vanuatu, Malekula Interior, Small Nambas.

REREP

[PGK] Vanuatu. 375 (1983 SIL).  Alternate names: PANGKUMU, PANGKUMU BAY. Dialects: TISMAN. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, North and Central Vanuatu, Northeast Vanuatu-Banks Islands, Malekula Coastal. More information.

RIBUN

[RIR] Indonesia (Kalimantan). 45,000 possibly (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Borneo, Land Dayak.

RIRIO

[RRI] Solomon Islands. 380 (1998 SIL).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Meso Melanesian, New Ireland, South New Ireland-Northwest Solomonic, Choiseul. More information.

RIUNG

[RIU] Indonesia (Nusa Tenggara). 14,000 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Alternate names: FAR EASTERN MANGGARAI. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Central Malayo-Polynesian, Bima-Sumba. More information.

ROMA

[RMM] Indonesia (Maluku). 1,700 (1991 SIL).  Alternate names: ROMANG. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Central Malayo-Polynesian, Timor, Southwest Maluku, Kisar-Roma. More information.

RONGGA

[ROR] Indonesia (Nusa Tenggara).   Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Central Malayo-Polynesian, Bima-Sumba.

RONJI

[ROE] Papua New Guinea. 227 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Alternate names: ROINJI, GALI. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Ngero-Vitiaz, Vitiaz, Roinji-Nenaya. More information.

ROON

[RNN] Indonesia (Irian Jaya). 1,100 (1993 R. Doriot UFM).  Alternate names: RON. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, South Halmahera-West New Guinea, West New Guinea, Cenderawasih Bay, Yapen, Central-Western.

RORIA

[RGA] Vanuatu. 150 (1983 SIL).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, North and Central Vanuatu, Northeast Vanuatu-Banks Islands, West Santo. More information.

RORO

[RRO] Papua New Guinea. 8,000 (1991 SIL).  Alternate names: WAIMA. Dialects: WAIMA (WEST RORO), BEREINA, RORO (EAST RORO), YULE-DELENA. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Papuan Tip, Peripheral, Central Papuan, West Central Papuan, Nuclear. More information.

ROTE

[ROT] Indonesia (Nusa Tenggara). 123,000 to 133,000 in ethnic group (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Alternate names: ROTI, ROTTI, ROTINESE. Dialects: ROTE-TIMUR (LANDU, ROTE-RINGGOU, RINGGOU, RENGGOU, OEPAO, LANDU-RINGGOU-OEPAO, RIKOU), BILBA-DIU-LELENUK (BILBA, DIU, LELENUK, BELUBAA), ROTE-TENGAH (TERMANU, PADA, TALAE, KEKA, TERMANU-TALAE-KEKA, BOKAI, KORBAFO, KORBAFFO, KOLBAFFO, LELAIN), BA'Ä-LOLEH (BADÄ BA'A, LOLEH, LOLE), TII (TI, THIE). Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Central Malayo-Polynesian, Timor, Nuclear Timor, West. More information.

ROTE, WESTERN

[ROW] Indonesia (Nusa Tenggara).   Alternate names: ROTE BARAT, WEST ROTE. Dialects: OENALE-DELHA (OENALE, UNALE, DELHA), DENGKA. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Central Malayo-Polynesian, Timor, Nuclear Timor, West. More information.

ROTUMAN

[RTM] Fiji. 9,000 (1991 UBS) or 1.2% of the population (1981 Wurm and Hattori). 2,500 on Rotuma, 300 overseas (1990 J. Vamarasi).  Alternate names: ROTUNA, RUTUMAN. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, Central Pacific, West Fijian-Rotuman, Rotuman. More information.

ROVIANA

[RUG] Solomon Islands. 10,250 (1998 SIL). 16,000 second language users (1987 UBS).  Alternate names: ROBIANA, RUVIANA, RUBIANA. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Meso Melanesian, New Ireland, South New Ireland-Northwest Solomonic, New Georgia, West. More information.

RUKAI

[DRU] Taiwan. 8,000 (1994 UBS), 8,007 in ethnic group (1989 govt. figure).  Alternate names: DRUKAY, DRUKAI, DYOKAY, DUKAI, RUTKAI, TSARISEN, TSALISEN, SARISEN, BANGA, BANTALANG, BANTAURANG, TALOMA, KADAS. Dialects: BUDAI, LABUAN, TANAN, MAGA, TONA, MANTAURAN. Classification: Austronesian, Formosan, Tsouic. More information.

RUNGUS

[DRG] Malaysia (Sabah). 15,000 (1991 UBS).  Alternate names: DUSUN DAYAK, MELOBONG RUNGUS, MEMAGUN, MEMOGUN, MOMOGUN, ROONGAS, RUNGUS DUSUN. Dialects: NULU, GONSOMON, RUNGUS. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Borneo, Northwest, Sabahan, Dusunic, Dusun. More information.

SA

[SSA] Vanuatu. 1,800 (1983 SIL).  Dialects: PONORWAL (SOUTH RAGA), LOLATAVOLA, NINEBULO. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, North and Central Vanuatu, Northeast Vanuatu-Banks Islands, East Vanuatu.

SA'A

[APB] Solomon Islands. 10,700 (1998 SIL).  Alternate names: SAA, SOUTH MALAITA, APAE'AA. Dialects: ULAWA, UKI NI MASI (UGI). Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Southeast Solomonic, Malaita-San Cristobal, Malaita, Southern. More information.

SA'BAN

[SNV] Indonesia (Kalimantan).  Population total both countries 1,000 (1981 Wurm and Hattori). Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Borneo, Northwest, North Sarawakan, Dayic, Kelabitic. More information.

SAAROA

[SXR] Taiwan. 370 (1977 Lincoln).  Alternate names: SAROA, SAARUA, RARUA, LA'ALUA, PACHIEN, PAICHIEN, SISYABAN. Classification: Austronesian, Formosan, Tsouic, Southern. More information.

SABU

[HVN] Indonesia (Nusa Tenggara). 110,000 (1997), including 15,000 to 25,000 outside of Sawu (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Alternate names: HAWU, HAVUNESE, SAVU, SAWU, SAWUNESE, SAVUNESE. Dialects: SEBA (HEBA), TIMU (DIMU), LIAE, MESARA (MEHARA), RAIJUA (RAIDJUA). Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Central Malayo-Polynesian, Bima-Sumba. More information.

SAISIYAT

[SAI] Taiwan. 3,200 (1978), 4,194 in ethnic group (1989 govt. figure).  Alternate names: SAISET, SEISIRAT, SAISETT, SAISIAT, SAISIETT, SAISIRAT, SAISYET, SAISYETT, AMUTOURA, BOUIOK. Dialects: TAAI (NORTH SAISET), TUNGHO (SOUTH SAISET). Classification: Austronesian, Formosan, Paiwanic. More information.

SAJAU BASAP

[SAD] Indonesia (Kalimantan). 6,000 (?) (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Alternate names: SAJAU, SUJAU. Dialects: PUNAN SAJAU, PUNAN BASAP, PUNAN BATU 2. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Borneo, Northwest, Rejang-Sajau. More information.

SAKAO

[SKU] Vanuatu. 1,500 (1983 SIL).  Alternate names: HOG HARBOUR, SANTO, SAKAU. Dialects: LIVARA (LIARA). Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, North and Central Vanuatu, East Santo, North. More information.

SALAS

[SGU] Indonesia (Maluku). 50 (1989 Loski and Loski SIL).  Alternate names: LIAMBATA, LENKAITAHE, SALAS GUNUNG. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Central Malayo-Polynesian, Central Maluku, East, Seram, Manusela-Seti. More information.

SALEMAN

[SAU] Indonesia (Maluku). 4,800 (1989 Loski and Loski SIL).  Alternate names: SAWAI, SELEMAN, HATUE, WAHAI. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Central Malayo-Polynesian, Central Maluku, East, Seram, Sawai-Nuaulu. More information.

SALIBA

[SBE] Papua New Guinea. 2,300 to 2,500 (1998 SIL).  Dialects: SALIBA, LOGEYA. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Papuan Tip, Nuclear, Suauic. More information.

SALUAN, COASTAL

[LOE] Indonesia (Sulawesi). 74,000 (1979 Barr).  Alternate names: LOINANG, LOINDANG, MADI. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sulawesi, Central Sulawesi, Eastern. More information.

SALUAN, KAHUMAMAHON

[SLB] Indonesia (Sulawesi). 1,500 to 2,000 (1995 SIL).  Alternate names: INTERIOR SALUAN, KAHUMAMAHON. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sulawesi, Central Sulawesi, Eastern. More information.

SANGGAU

[SCG] Indonesia (Kalimantan). 45,000 possibly (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Borneo, Land Dayak.

SANGIL

[SNL] Philippines. 15,000 (1996 SIL).  Alternate names: SANGIRI, SANGGIL. Dialects: SARANGANI, MINDANAO. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sulawesi, Sangir-Minahasan, Sangiric. More information.

SANGIR

[SAN] Indonesia (Sulawesi). 200,000 in Indonesia (1995 Indonesian Consul, Davao, Philippines), including 50,000 Siau. Population total both countries 255,000. Alternate names: SANGIHÉ, SANGIRESE, SANGI, SANGIH. Dialects: SIAU, MANGANITU, TAMAKO, NORTH TABUKANG (TABUKANG, TABUKAN), SOUTH TABUKANG, CENTRAL TABUKANG, KANDAR, TARUNA, TAGULANDANG (TAHULANDANG). Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sulawesi, Sangir-Minahasan, Sangiric. More information.

SANTA ANA

[STN] Solomon Islands. 5,000 ( 1998 Greg Mellow SIL).  Alternate names: OWA RAHA, OWA. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Southeast Solomonic, Malaita-San Cristobal, San Cristobal. More information.

SAPARUA

[SPR] Indonesia (Maluku). 10,216 (1989 SIL), including 4,519 or more in Iha.  Dialects: KULUR, IHA-SAPARUA, IHA-SERAM, SIRI-SORI. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Central Malayo-Polynesian, Central Maluku, East, Seram, Nunusaku, Piru Bay, East, Seram Straits, Uliase, Hatuhaha, Saparua. More information.

SAPOSA

[SPS] Papua New Guinea. 1,400 (1998 SIL).  Dialects: TAIOF, SAPOSA (FA SAPOSA). Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Meso Melanesian, New Ireland, South New Ireland-Northwest Solomonic, Nehan-North Bougainville, Saposa-Tinputz. More information.

SARA

[SRE] Indonesia (Kalimantan). Smaller than Lara.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Borneo, Land Dayak. More information.

SARUDU

[SDU] Indonesia (Sulawesi). 4,000 (1990 SIL).  Alternate names: DODA'. Dialects: NUNU', KULU (LARIANG). Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sulawesi, Central Sulawesi, West Central, Kaili-Pamona, Kaili. More information.

SATAWALESE

[STW] Micronesia. 458 (1987 Yap census).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, Micronesian, Micronesian Proper, Ponapeic-Trukic, Trukic. More information.

SAWAI

[SZW] Indonesia (Maluku). 12,000 (1989 SIL).  Alternate names: WEDA, WERE, WEDA-SAWAI. Dialects: WEDA, SAWAI, KOBE. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, South Halmahera-West New Guinea, South Halmahera, Southeast. More information.

SEBERUANG

[SBX] Indonesia (Kalimantan). 20,000 (1993 UBS).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sundic, Malayic, Malayic-Dayak, Ibanic. More information.

SEBUYAU

[SNB] Malaysia (Sarawak). 9,000 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Alternate names: SIBUYAU, SABUYAU, SIBUIAN, SIBUYAN, SABUYAN. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sundic, Malayic, Malayic-Dayak, Ibanic. More information.

SEDOA

[TVW] Indonesia (Sulawesi). 600 (1979 Barr).  Alternate names: TAWAELIA. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sulawesi, Central Sulawesi, West Central, Kaili-Pamona, Kaili. More information.

SEGAI

[SGE] Indonesia (Kalimantan). 2,000 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Dialects: KELAI, SEGAH. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Borneo, Kayan-Murik, Modang. More information.

SEIMAT

[SSG] Papua New Guinea. 1,000 (1992 SIL).  Alternate names: NINIGO. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Admiralty Islands, Western. More information.

SEIT-KAITETU

[HIK] Indonesia (Maluku). 10,171 (1987 SIL).  Alternate names: HILA-KAITETU. Dialects: SEIT (SEITH), KAITETU. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Central Malayo-Polynesian, Central Maluku, East, Seram, Nunusaku, Piru Bay, West, Asilulu. More information.

SEKAPAN

[SKP] Malaysia (Sarawak). 750 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Alternate names: SEKEPAN. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Borneo, Northwest, Melanau-Kajang, Kajang. More information.

SEKAR

[SKZ] Indonesia (Irian Jaya). 450 (1977 Voegelin and Voegelin).  Alternate names: SEKA. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Central Malayo-Polynesian, North Bomberai. More information.

SEKAYU

[SYU] Indonesia (Sumatra). 400,000 (1989).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sundic, Unclassified. More information.

SEKE

[SKE] Vanuatu. 300 (1983 SIL).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, North and Central Vanuatu, Northeast Vanuatu-Banks Islands, East Vanuatu.

SEKO PADANG

[SKX] Indonesia (Sulawesi). 5,000 of whom 2,300 are in the Seko area (1991 T. Laskowske SIL).  Alternate names: SEKO, WONO, SUA TU PADANG. Dialects: LODANG, HONO' (WONO). Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sulawesi, South Sulawesi, Seko. More information.

SEKO TENGAH

[SKO] Indonesia (Sulawesi). 2,500 (1995 SIL).  Alternate names: SEKO, POHONEANG, PEWANEAN, PEWANEANG. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sulawesi, South Sulawesi, Seko. More information.

SELAKO

[SKL] Indonesia (Kalimantan). 100,000 in Kalimantan (?) (1981 Wurm and Hattori). Population total both countries 103,800. Alternate names: SELAKO DAYAK, SALAKAU, SILAKAU. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sundic, Malayic, Malayic-Dayak. More information.

SELARU

[SLU] Indonesia (Maluku). 7,000 to 9,000 (1989 Coward SIL).  Alternate names: SALARU. Dialects: KANDAR. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Central Malayo-Polynesian, Southeast Maluku, Southern. More information.

SELAYAR

[SLY] Indonesia (Sulawesi). 90,000 (1983 SIL).  Alternate names: SALAYAR, SALAJAR, SALAYER, SILAJARA, SILADJA, SALEIER. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sulawesi, South Sulawesi, Makassar. More information.

SELUNGAI MURUT

[SLG] Malaysia (Sabah). 300 in Sabah (1990 SIL). Population total both countries 800 (1981 Wurm and Hattori). Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Borneo, Northwest, North Sarawakan, Dayic, Murutic, Murut.

SELUWASAN

[SWH] Indonesia (Maluku). 2,839 including 739 in Makatian, 2,100 in Seluwasan (1980 government report).  Alternate names: SELVASA, SELWASA. Dialects: SELUWASAN, MAKATIAN. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Central Malayo-Polynesian, Southeast Maluku, Southern. More information.

SEMANDANG

[SDM] Indonesia (Kalimantan). 30,000 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Dialects: SEMANDANG, GERAI, BEGINCI, BIHAK. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Borneo, Land Dayak. More information.

SEMBAKUNG MURUT

[SMA] Indonesia (Kalimantan).  Population total both countries 5,000 (?) (1981 Wurm and Hattori). Alternate names: SIMBAKONG, SEMBAKOENG, SEMBAKONG, TINGGALAN, TINGGALUM, TINGALUN. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Borneo, Northwest, North Sarawakan, Dayic, Murutic, Tidong.

SEMENDO

[SMN] Indonesia (Sumatra). 105,000 (1989).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sundic, Malayic, Malayan, Local Malay. More information.

SENGSENG

[SSZ] Papua New Guinea. 1,500 to 2,000 (1998 NTM).  Alternate names: ASENGSENG. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Ngero-Vitiaz, Vitiaz, Southwest New Britain, Arawe-Pasismanua, Pasismanua. More information.

SEPA

[SPE] Papua New Guinea. 268 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Schouten, Kairiru-Manam, Manam. More information.

SEPA

[SPB] Indonesia (Maluku). 2,600 (1989 Loski and Loski SIL).  Alternate names: TAMILOUW. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Central Malayo-Polynesian, Central Maluku, East, Seram, Nunusaku, Piru Bay, East. More information.

SERA

[SRY] Papua New Guinea. 432 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Alternate names: SSIA, SERRA. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Schouten, Siau. More information.

SERAWAI

[SRJ] Indonesia (Sumatra). 225,000 (1989).  Alternate names: SERAWAJ, SERAWI. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sundic, Malayic, Malayan, Local Malay. More information.

SERILI

[SVE] Indonesia (Maluku). 328 (1980 de Jonge).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Central Malayo-Polynesian, Babar, South, Masela-South Babar. More information.

SERU

[SZD] Malaysia (Sarawak).   Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Borneo, Northwest, Melanau-Kajang, Melanau. More information.

SERUA

[SRW] Indonesia (Maluku). 2,000 (1990 SIL).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Central Malayo-Polynesian, Timor, Southwest Maluku, Teun-Nila-Serua, Nila-Serua. More information.

SERUDUNG MURUT

[SRK] Malaysia (Sabah). 1,000 (1989 SIL).  Alternate names: SERUDONG, TAWAU MURUT, TIDUNG. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Borneo, Northwest, North Sarawakan, Dayic, Murutic, Tidong.

SERUI-LAUT

[SEU] Indonesia (Irian Jaya). 1,200 (1987 SIL).  Alternate names: ARUI. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, South Halmahera-West New Guinea, West New Guinea, Cenderawasih Bay, Yapen, Central-Western. More information.

SEWA BAY

[SEW] Papua New Guinea. 1,516 (1972 census).  Alternate names: DUAU PWATA. Dialects: MIADEBA, BWAKERA, MAIABARE, DARUBIA, SEWATAITAI, SIBONAI, CENTRAL SEWA BAY. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Papuan Tip, Nuclear, North Papuan Mainland-D'Entrecasteaux, Dobu-Duau. More information.

SHARK BAY

[SSV] Vanuatu. 225 (1983 SIL).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, North and Central Vanuatu, East Santo, South. More information.

SIAN

[SPG] Malaysia (Sarawak). 70 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Alternate names: SIHAN. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Borneo, Northwest, Melanau-Kajang, Kajang. More information.

SIANG

[SYA] Indonesia (Kalimantan). 60,000 (?) (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Alternate names: OT SIANG. Dialects: SIANG, MURUNG 2. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Borneo, Barito, West, North. More information.

SIBU

[SDX] Malaysia (Sarawak). 420 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Alternate names: SIDUAN, SIDUANI, SEDUAN-BANYOK. Dialects: SEDUAN, BANYOK. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Borneo, Northwest, Melanau-Kajang, Melanau. More information.

SIE

[ERG] Vanuatu. 1,200 to 1,300 (1998 T. Crowley).  Alternate names: EROMANGA, ERROMANGA, ERRAMANGA. Dialects: YOKU (ENYAU), POTNARIVEN, SIE (SORUNG). Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, South Vanuatu, Erromanga. More information.

SIKA

[SKI] Indonesia (Nusa Tenggara). 175,000 (1990 E.D. Lewis).  Alternate names: SARA SIKKA, SIKKANESE, SIKKA, KROWE, MAUMERE. Dialects: SARA KROWE (CENTRAL SIKKA), SIKKA NATAR (SOUTH COAST SIKKA, KANGAÉ), TANA AI. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Central Malayo-Polynesian, Timor, Flores-Lembata. More information.

SIKAIANA

[SKY] Solomon Islands. 920 (1998 SIL).  Alternate names: SIKAYANA. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, Central Pacific, East Fijian-Polynesian, Polynesian, Nuclear, Samoic-Outlier, Ellicean. More information.

SIKULE

[SKH] Indonesia (Sumatra). 20,000.  Alternate names: SICHULE, WALI BANUAH, SIKHULE. Dialects: LEKON, TAPAH. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sundic, Sumatra, Northern. More information.

SIMBO

[SBB] Solomon Islands. 3,200 (1998 SIL).  Alternate names: SIBO, MADEGGUSU, MANDEGHUGHUSU. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Meso Melanesian, New Ireland, South New Ireland-Northwest Solomonic, New Georgia, West. More information.

SIMEULUE

[SMR] Indonesia (Sumatra). 100,000 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Alternate names: SIMALUR, SIMULUL, SIMEULOË, LONG BANO. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sundic, Sumatra, Northern. More information.

SINAUGORO

[SNC] Papua New Guinea. 15,000 (1991 SIL).  Alternate names: SINAGORO. Dialects: IKOLU, BALAWAIA, SAROA, BABAGARUPU, KWAIBIDA, TABORO, KWAIBO, ALEPA, OMENE, TUBULAMO, IKEGA, BOKU, BUAGA, WIGA, VORA, KUBULI, ORUONE. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Papuan Tip, Peripheral, Central Papuan, Sinagoro-Keapara. More information.

SINDANG KELINGI

[SDI] Indonesia (Sumatra). 50,000 (1989).  Alternate names: KELINGI. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sundic, Malayic, Malayan, Local Malay. More information.

SIO

[SIO] Papua New Guinea. 3,500 (1987 SIL).  Alternate names: SIGAWA. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Ngero-Vitiaz, Vitiaz, Sio. More information.

SIRAIYA

[FOS] Taiwan.   Alternate names: FORMOSAN, SIRAIA, SIRAYA, SIDEIA, SIDEIS, SIDEISCH, BAKSA, PEPOHOAN, PEPO-HWAN. Dialects: SIRAYA, MAKATAO (MAKATTAO, TAKARAYA, TTA'O), PANGSOIA-DOLATOK, TAIVOAN (TEVORANG), LAMAI. Classification: Austronesian, Formosan, Paiwanic. More information.

SISSANO

[SSW] Papua New Guinea. 4,776 (1990 census).  Alternate names: SISANO, SINANO, SINAMA. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Schouten, Siau. More information.

SO'A

[SSQ] Indonesia (Nusa Tenggara). 10,000 (?) (1994).  Alternate names: SOA. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Central Malayo-Polynesian, Bima-Sumba. More information.

SOBEI

[SOB] Indonesia (Irian Jaya). 1,850 (1987 SIL).  Alternate names: BIGA, IMASI. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Sarmi-Jayapura Bay, Sarmi. More information.

SOLONG

[AAW] Papua New Guinea. 2,200 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Alternate names: AROVE, ARAWE, PILILO. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Ngero-Vitiaz, Vitiaz, Southwest New Britain, Arawe-Pasismanua, Arawe, West Arawe. More information.

SOLOS

[SOL] Papua New Guinea. 3,200 (1977 Lincoln).  Dialects: SOLOS. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Meso Melanesian, New Ireland, South New Ireland-Northwest Solomonic, Nehan-North Bougainville, Solos. More information.

SONSOROL

[SOV] Palau. 600 (1981 Wurm and Hattori). Approximately 60 on the outer islands: Sonsoral 29, Pulo Anna 25, Merir 5. The number of outer islanders resident on the main island of Palau is unclear from the 1990 census. Population total both countries 600. Alternate names: SONSOROLESE. Dialects: SONSOROLESE, PULO ANNA. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, Micronesian, Micronesian Proper, Ponapeic-Trukic, Trukic. More information.

SORI-HARENGAN

[SBH] Papua New Guinea. 570 (1977 Lincoln).  Dialects: SORI, HARENGAN. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Admiralty Islands, Eastern, Manus, West. More information.

SOUTH WEST BAY

[SNS] Vanuatu. 250 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Alternate names: SINESIP, SENIANG, NAAHAI. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, North and Central Vanuatu, Northeast Vanuatu-Banks Islands, Malekula Coastal. More information.

SOWA

[SWW] Vanuatu. 20 (1971 Tryon).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, North and Central Vanuatu, Northeast Vanuatu-Banks Islands, East Vanuatu. More information.

SUAU

[SWP] Papua New Guinea. 6,795 (1981 Wurm and Hattori). Lingua franca of 14,000 along part of the south coast.  Dialects: DAUI (FIFE BAY), SINAKI (GAIDASU, GADAISU), LEILEIAFA, BONA BONA, DAHUNI, SUAU, BONARUA. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Papuan Tip, Nuclear, Suauic. More information.

SUDEST

[TGO] Papua New Guinea. 2,000 (1987 SIL).  Alternate names: TAGULA, SUD-EST, VANGA, VANATINA. Dialects: RAMBUSO (REWA), EASTERN POINT, PAMELA, GRIFFIN POINT (NINE HILLS, NANHIL), JELEWAGA. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Papuan Tip, Peripheral, Kilivila-Louisiades, Nimoa-Sudest. More information.

SUKU BATIN

[SBV] Indonesia (Sumatra). 90,000 (1989).  Alternate names: BATIN. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sundic, Malayic, Malayan, Local Malay. More information.

SULA

[SZN] Indonesia (Maluku). 20,000 (1983 C. and B. D. Grimes SIL).  Alternate names: SANANA. Dialects: FAGUDU, FALAHU, FACEI (FACÉ). Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Central Malayo-Polynesian, Central Maluku, Sula. More information.

SUMBAWA

[SMW] Indonesia (Nusa Tenggara). 300,000 (1989).  Alternate names: SEMAWA, SUMBAWARESE. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sundic, Bali-Sasak. More information.

SUNGKAI

[SUU] Indonesia (Sumatra).   Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sundic, Lampungic, Pesisir. More information.

SURSURUNGA

[SGZ] Papua New Guinea. 3,000 (1991 SIL).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Meso Melanesian, New Ireland, South New Ireland-Northwest Solomonic, Patpatar-Tolai. More information.

SUWAWA

[SWU] Indonesia (Sulawesi). 10,000 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Alternate names: BUNDA, SUWAWA-BUNDA. Dialects: BUNDA. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sulawesi, Mongondow-Gorontalo, Gorontalic. More information.

TAE'

[ROB] Indonesia (Sulawesi). 250,000 (1992 SIL).  Alternate names: RONGKONG, RONGKONG KANANDEDE, TO RONGKONG, LUWU, TORAJA TIMUR, EAST TORAJA, SADA, TOWARE, SANGANGALLA', TAEQ, TAE' TAE'. Dialects: RONGKONG, NORTHEAST LUWU, SOUTH LUWU, BUA. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sulawesi, South Sulawesi, Northern, Toraja-Sa'dan. More information.

TAGAL MURUT

[MVV] Malaysia (Sabah). 28,000 to 48,000 in Sabah, Malaysia (1987 SIL). Population total both countries 30,000 to 50,000. Dialects: RUNDUM (ARUNDUM), TAGAL (TAGGAL, TAGUL, TAGOL, NORTH BORNEO MURUT, SABAH MURUT), SUMAMBU (SEMEMBU, SEMAMBU, SUMAMBUQ), TOLOKOSON (TELEKOSON), SAPULOT MURUT (SAPULUT MURUT), PENSIANGAN MURUT (PENTJANGAN, LAGUNAN MURUT), SALALIR (SADALIR, SEDÁLIR, SARALIR), ALUMBIS (LUMBIS, LOEMBIS), TAWAN, TOMANI (TUMANIQ), MALIGAN (MAULIGAN, MELIGAN, BOL MURUT, BOLE MURUT). Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Borneo, Northwest, North Sarawakan, Dayic, Murutic, Murut. More information.

TAJE

[PEE] Indonesia (Sulawesi). 400 (1981 R. McKenzie).  Alternate names: PETAPA. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sulawesi, Central Sulawesi, West Central, Tomini. More information.

TAJIO

[TDJ] Indonesia (Sulawesi). 18,000 (1991 R. McKenzie).  Alternate names: KASIMBAR, TADJIO, TA'ADJIO, ADJIO. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sulawesi, Central Sulawesi, West Central, Tomini. More information.

TAKIA

[TBC] Papua New Guinea. 20,000 (1998 SIL).  Dialects: MEGIAR, SERANG. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Ngero-Vitiaz, Vitiaz, Bel, Nuclear Bel, Northern. More information.

TAKUU

[NHO] Papua New Guinea. 250 (1981 D. Tryon).  Alternate names: TAUU, TAKU, TAU, MORTLOCK. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, Central Pacific, East Fijian-Polynesian, Polynesian, Nuclear, Samoic-Outlier, Ellicean. More information.

TALAUD

[TLD] Indonesia (Sulawesi). 60,000 (1981 UBS).  Alternate names: TALAUT, TALODDA. Dialects: KABURUANG, SOUTH KARAKELONG (KARAKELONG, KARAKELANG), NENUSA-MAINGAS, ESSANG, ARANGKA'A, DAPALAN (RIUNG), AWIT, BEO, LIRANG (SALIBABU, SALEBABU). Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sulawesi, Sangir-Minahasan, Sangiric. More information.

TALIABU

[TLV] Indonesia (Maluku). 2,500 to 5,500, including 500 to 1,500 in Mangei (1991 C. Grimes SIL).  Alternate names: TALIABO. Dialects: PADANG (SAMADA), MANANGA, MANGEI (MANGE'E, MANGE, MANG, SOBOYO, SOBOJO). Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Central Malayo-Polynesian, Central Maluku, Sula, Taliabo. More information.

TALISE

[TLR] Solomon Islands. 9,750 including 532 in Talise, 1,960 in Tolo, 1,533 in Moli, 2,025 in Poleo, 2,220 in Koo, 774 in Malagheti (1998 SIL).  Alternate names: TALISI, TOLO. Dialects: TALISE, TOLO, MOLI, POLEO, KOO (INAKONA), MALAGHETI. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Southeast Solomonic, Gela-Guadalcanal, Guadalcanal. More information.

TALOKI

[TLK] Indonesia (Sulawesi). 500 (1995 SIL).  Alternate names: TALUKI. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sulawesi, Central Sulawesi, West Central, Bungku-Mori-Tolaki. More information.

TALONDO'

[TLN] Indonesia (Sulawesi). 500 speakers, 1 village (1986 SIL).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sulawesi, South Sulawesi, Northern, Toraja-Sa'dan. More information.

TALUR

[ILW] Indonesia (Maluku). 675 (1990 B. Hinton SIL).  Alternate names: ILWAKI, ILIWAKI, GALOLENG, LIR TALO, ILMEDU. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Central Malayo-Polynesian, Timor, Southwest Maluku, Wetar. More information.

TAMAN

[TMN] Indonesia (Kalimantan). 5,000 to 6,000 (1991 NTM).  Alternate names: TAMAN DAYAK, DAYAK TAMAN. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sundic, Mbaloh. More information.

TAMBOTALO

[TLS] Vanuatu. 50 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, North and Central Vanuatu, Northeast Vanuatu-Banks Islands, West Santo.

TAMI

[TMY] Papua New Guinea. 1,800 (1995 SIL).  Dialects: WANAM, TAEMI. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Ngero-Vitiaz, Vitiaz, Tami. More information.

TANAPAG

[TPV] Northern Mariana Islands.   Alternate names: NORTHERN CAROLINIAN, TALLABWOG. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, Micronesian, Micronesian Proper, Ponapeic-Trukic, Trukic. More information.

TANDIA

[TNI] Indonesia (Irian Jaya). 2 (1991 SIL).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, South Halmahera-West New Guinea, West New Guinea, Cenderawasih Bay, Tandia. More information.

TANEMA

[TNX] Solomon Islands. Ethnic group has 190 (1998 SIL).  Alternate names: TANIMA. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, Eastern Outer Islands, Vanikoro. More information.

TANGGA

[TGG] Papua New Guinea. 5,800 (1990 SIL).  Alternate names: TANGA. Dialects: TANGA, ANIR (FENI), MAKET. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Meso Melanesian, New Ireland, South New Ireland-Northwest Solomonic, Patpatar-Tolai. More information.

TANGOA

[TGP] Vanuatu. 375 (1983 SIL).  Alternate names: SANTO. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, North and Central Vanuatu, Northeast Vanuatu-Banks Islands, West Santo. More information.

TANIMBILI

[TBE] Solomon Islands. 190 (1998 SIL).  Alternate names: NYISUNGGU. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, Eastern Outer Islands, Utupua. More information.

TANJONG

[TNJ] Malaysia (Sarawak). 100 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Borneo, Northwest, Melanau-Kajang, Melanau.

TANNA, NORTH

[TNN] Vanuatu. 2,000 (1988 SIL).  Dialects: EAST TANNA, WEST TANNA, IMAFIN. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, South Vanuatu, Tanna. More information.

TANNA, SOUTHWEST

[NWI] Vanuatu. 2,250 (1983 SIL).  Dialects: NOWAI, NVHAL. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, South Vanuatu, Tanna. More information.

TAOKAS

[TOA] Taiwan.   Alternate names: TAOKA, TAOKAT. Classification: Austronesian, Formosan, Paiwanic. More information.

TARANGAN, EAST

[TRE] Indonesia (Maluku). 3,784 (1987 Maluku Dalam Angka).  Alternate names: EAST TRANGAN, TARANGAN TIMUR. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Central Malayo-Polynesian, Aru. More information.

TARANGAN, WEST

[TXN] Indonesia (Maluku). 6,478 (Maluku Dalam Angka).  Alternate names: WEST TRANGAN, TARANGAN BARAT. Dialects: SOUTHWESTERN TARANGAN, NORTH CENTRAL TARANGAN. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Central Malayo-Polynesian, Aru. More information.

TAROKO

[TRV] Taiwan. 28,000 (1993 Johnstone).  Alternate names: TARUKU, TOROKO, TRUKU, TODA, SEDIQ, SAEDIQ, SEEDIK, SEJIQ, SEDEQ, SEEDEK, SEEDEQ, SHEDEKKA, SEDEK, SEDIAKK, SEDIK, SAZEK, BU-HWAN, CHE-HWAN, DAIYA-ATAIYAL, HOGO, IBOHO, PARAN. Classification: Austronesian, Formosan, Atayalic. More information.

TARPIA

[SUF] Indonesia (Irian Jaya). 564 (1978 SIL).  Alternate names: KAPTIAUW, KAPITIAUW. Dialects: SUFRAI, TARPIA (TARFIA). Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Sarmi-Jayapura Bay, Sarmi. More information.

TASMATE

[TMT] Vanuatu. 150 (1983 SIL).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, North and Central Vanuatu, Northeast Vanuatu-Banks Islands, West Santo. More information.

TATANA

[TXX] Malaysia (Sabah). 5,500 (1982 SIL).  Alternate names: TATANA', TATANAQ. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Borneo, Northwest, Sabahan, Dusunic, Bisaya. More information.

TAUPOTA

[TPA] Papua New Guinea.   Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Papuan Tip, Nuclear, North Papuan Mainland-D'Entrecasteaux, Are-Taupota, Taupota. More information.

TAWALA

[TBO] Papua New Guinea. 10,000 (1988 B. Ezard SIL).  Alternate names: TAWARA, TAVARA, TAVORA, TAVALA. Dialects: AWAYAMA (AWAIAMA, AWALAMA), HUHUNA, KEHELALA (KEHERARA, EAST CAPE), LELEHUDI, TAWALA (TAVARA, DIWINAI, DIVINAI), LABE (RABE), YALEBA (WAGAWAGA, GWAWILI, GWAVILI, EALEBA), BOHILAI (BOHIRA'I, BASILAKI), SIDEYA (SIDEIA). Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Papuan Tip, Nuclear, North Papuan Mainland-D'Entrecasteaux, Are-Taupota, Taupota. More information.

TAWOYAN

[TWY] Indonesia (Kalimantan). 20,000 (?) (Wurm and Hattori 1981).  Alternate names: TAWOYAN DAYAK, TABOYAN, TABUYAN, TABOJAN, TABOJAN TONGKA. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Borneo, Barito, East, North. More information.

TE'UN

[TVE] Indonesia (Maluku). 1,200 (1990 SIL).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Central Malayo-Polynesian, Timor, Southwest Maluku, Teun-Nila-Serua, Teun. More information.

TEANU

[TKW] Solomon Islands. 450 (1998 SIL).  Alternate names: BUMA, PUMA. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, Eastern Outer Islands, Vanikoro. More information.

TEBILUNG

[TGB] Malaysia (Sabah). 2,000 or more (1984 SIL).  Alternate names: TABILONG, TOBILANG, TOBILUNG. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Borneo, Northwest, Sabahan, Dusunic, Dusun. More information.

TELA-MASBUAR

[TVM] Indonesia (Maluku). 1,050 (1990 SIL).  Alternate names: TELA'A, MASBUAR-TELA. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Central Malayo-Polynesian, Babar, South, Southwest Babar. More information.

TELUTI

[TLT] Indonesia (Maluku). 17,000 (1989 Loski and Loski SIL).  Alternate names: TALUTI, TIHORU, TEHORU, SILEN, WOLU. Dialects: WEST TELUTI (HAYA, WOLU, TEHORU, TEHUA), LAHA SERANI. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Central Malayo-Polynesian, Central Maluku, East, Seram, Nunusaku, Piru Bay, East. More information.

TEMUAN

[TMW] Malaysia (Peninsular). 9,312 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Alternate names: BENUA, NIAP. Dialects: BEDUANDA (BIDUANDA), BELANDA (BELANA, BLANDA, LANDA, BELANAS, BELANDAS), BEREMBUN (BIRMUN), MANTRA (MENTERA, MINTRA), TEMUAN, UDAI. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sundic, Malayic, Malayan, Aboriginal Malay. More information.

TENGGER

[TES] Indonesia (Java and Bali). 500,000 (1989).  Alternate names: TENGGERESE. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sundic, Javanese. More information.

TENIS

[TNS] Papua New Guinea. 49 (1972 Beaumont).  Alternate names: TENCH. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, St. Matthias. More information.

TEOP

[TIO] Papua New Guinea. 5,000 (1991 SIL).  Dialects: WAINANANA, LOSIARA (RAOSIARA), TAUNITA, MELILUP, PETSPETS. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Meso Melanesian, New Ireland, South New Ireland-Northwest Solomonic, Nehan-North Bougainville, Saposa-Tinputz. More information.

TEOR

[TEV] Indonesia (Maluku). 1,100 (1986 SIL).  Alternate names: TIO'OR. Dialects: GAUR KRISTEN, UT. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Central Malayo-Polynesian, Teor-Kur. More information.

TEREBU

[TRB] Papua New Guinea. 150 (?) (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Alternate names: TEREPU, TURUPU, TURUBU. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Schouten, Kairiru-Manam, Kairiru. More information.

THAO

[SSF] Taiwan. A few speakers out of 248 in the ethnic group (1989).  Alternate names: SAU, SAO, SHAO, CHUIHWAN, CHUI-HUAN, VULUNG. Dialects: BRAWBAW, SHTAFARI. Classification: Austronesian, Formosan, Paiwanic. More information.

TIALE

[MNL] Vanuatu. 150 (1983 SIL), or probably much bigger (1997 J. Stahl).  Alternate names: MALMARIV. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, North and Central Vanuatu, Northeast Vanuatu-Banks Islands, West Santo. More information.

TIANG

[TBJ] Papua New Guinea. 791 (1972 Beaumont).  Alternate names: DJAUL. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Meso Melanesian, New Ireland, Lavongai-Nalik. More information.

TIDONG

[TID] Indonesia (Kalimantan).  Population total both countries 25,000 (1981 Wurm and Hattori). Alternate names: CAMUCONES, TIDUNG, TEDONG, TIDOENG, TIRAN, TIRONES, TIROON, ZEDONG. Dialects: NONUKAN (NUNUKAN), PENCHANGAN, SEDALIR (SALALIR, SADALIR, SARALIR, SELALIR), TIDUNG, TARAKAN (TERAKAN), SESAYAP (SESAJAP), SIBUKU. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Borneo, Northwest, North Sarawakan, Dayic, Murutic, Tidong. More information.

TIGAK

[TGC] Papua New Guinea. 6,000 (1991 SIL).  Alternate names: OMO. Dialects: ISLAND TIGAK, WEST TIGAK, CENTRAL TIGAK, SOUTH TIGAK. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Meso Melanesian, New Ireland, Lavongai-Nalik. More information.

TIKOPIA

[TKP] Solomon Islands. 3,550 (1998 SIL).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, Central Pacific, East Fijian-Polynesian, Polynesian, Nuclear, Samoic-Outlier, Futunic. More information.

TIMUGON MURUT

[TIH] Malaysia (Sabah). 7,200 to 8,700 (1982 SIL), including 1,200 to 1,700 in Beaufort Murut (1982 SIL).  Alternate names: TIMUGON, TIMOGUN, TIMIGAN, TIMIGUN, TIMOGON, TUMUGUN, TEMOGUN, TENOM MURUT. Dialects: KAPAGALAN, POROS, BEAUFORT MURUT (BINTA'), TIMUGON, SANDIWAR (SANDEWAR), DABUGUS, LOWER MURUT, MURUT PADAASS, BUKAU (BUKOW). Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Borneo, Northwest, North Sarawakan, Dayic, Murutic, Murut. More information.

TINPUTZ

[TPZ] Papua New Guinea. 3,900 (1991 SIL).  Alternate names: VASUII, WASOI, TIMPUTS, VASUI. Dialects: VASUI, VAVOEHPOA', VAENE', VADO-VAENE', VAPOPEO', VAPOPEO'-RAUSAURA, VADO. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Meso Melanesian, New Ireland, South New Ireland-Northwest Solomonic, Nehan-North Bougainville, Saposa-Tinputz. More information.

TIRI

[CIR] New Caledonia. 600 (1982 SIL).  Alternate names: CIRI, HA-TIRI, TINRIN. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, New Caledonian, Southern, South, Zire-Tiri. More information.

TITAN

[TTV] Papua New Guinea. 3,850 (1992 SIL), 2,674 in the area.  Alternate names: MANUS, MOANUS, TITO, M'BUNAI. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Admiralty Islands, Eastern, Manus, East. More information.

TO'ABAITA

[MLU] Solomon Islands. 13,100 (1998 SIL).  Alternate names: TO'AMBAITA, TO'ABAITA, MALU, MALU'U. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Southeast Solomonic, Malaita-San Cristobal, Malaita, Northern. More information.

TOALA'

[TLZ] Indonesia (Sulawesi). 30,000 (1983 SIL).  Alternate names: TOALA, TOALA-PALILI, LUWU', TORAJA TIMUR, EAST TORAJA, SADA, TOWARE, SANGANGALLA'. Dialects: TOALA', PALILI.' Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sulawesi, South Sulawesi, Northern, Toraja-Sa'dan. More information.

TOBATI

[TTI] Indonesia (Irian Jaya). 350 (1998 M. Donohue).  Alternate names: JOTAFA, YOTAFA, YAUTEFA, HUMBOLDT JOTAFA, JAYAPURA, ENGGROS, TOBWADIC. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Sarmi-Jayapura Bay, Jayapura Bay. More information.

TOBIAN

[TOX] Palau. 22 or more (1995 J. Ellis SIL).  Alternate names: TOBI, HATOBOHEI. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, Micronesian, Micronesian Proper, Ponapeic-Trukic, Trukic. More information.

TOGA

[LHT] Vanuatu. 315 (1983 SIL).  Alternate names: LO, LOH-TOGA, TORRES. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, North and Central Vanuatu, Northeast Vanuatu-Banks Islands, East Vanuatu. More information.

TOLAKI

[LBW] Indonesia (Sulawesi). 281,000 including 230,000 Konawe, 50,000 Mekongga, 650 Asera, fewer than 100 Wiwirano, 200 Laiwui (1991 D. Mead SIL).  Alternate names: TO'OLAKI, LOLAKI, LALAKI, LAKI, KOLAKA, 'NOIE', 'NOIHE', 'NEHINA', 'NOHINA', 'NAHINA', 'AKIDO'. Dialects: WIWIRANO, ASERA, KONAWE (KENDARI), MEKONGGA (BINGKOKAK), NORIO, KONIO, TAMBOKI (TAMBBUOKI), LAIWUI (KIOKI). Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sulawesi, Central Sulawesi, West Central, Bungku-Mori-Tolaki, Tolaki. More information.

TOLITOLI

[TXE] Indonesia (Sulawesi). 28,000 (1991 D. Andersen SIL).  Alternate names: TONTOLI, TOTOLI, GAGE. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sulawesi, Central Sulawesi, West Central, Tomini. More information.

TOLOMAKO

[TLM] Vanuatu. 450 (1983 SIL).  Alternate names: TOLOMAKO-JEREVIU, BIG BAY, MARINA. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, North and Central Vanuatu, Northeast Vanuatu-Banks Islands, West Santo. More information.

TOMADINO

[TDI] Indonesia (Sulawesi). 600 (1991 D. Mead SIL).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sulawesi, Central Sulawesi, West Central, Bungku-Mori-Tolaki, Mori. More information.

TOMBELALA

[TTP] Indonesia (Sulawesi). 1,100 (1995 SIL).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sulawesi, Central Sulawesi, West Central, Kaili-Pamona, Pamona. More information.

TOMBONUWO

[TXA] Malaysia (Sabah). 20,000 (1991 UBS), including 3,000 Lingkabau.  Alternate names: TOMBONUO, TOMBONUVA, TAMBANUO, TAMBANUA, TAMBANUVA, TAMBANWAS, TAMBENUA, TAMBUNWAS, TEMBENUA, TUNBUMOHAS, TUMBUNWHA, PAITAN, SUNGAI, SUNGEI, LOBU. Dialects: LINGKABAU SUGUT (LINKABAU). Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Borneo, Northwest, Sabahan, Paitanic. More information.

TOMBULU

[TOM] Indonesia (Sulawesi). 60,000 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Alternate names: TOMBULU', TOMBULA, TOUMBULU, TOMBALU, MINAHASA, MINHASA. Dialects: TARATARA, TOMOHON. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sulawesi, Sangir-Minahasan, Minahasan. More information.

TOMINI

[TXM] Indonesia (Sulawesi). 42,000 (1992 D. Andersen).  Alternate names: TIADJE, TIALO. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sulawesi, Central Sulawesi, West Central, Tomini. More information.

TOMOIP

[TUM] Papua New Guinea. 700 (1982 SIL).  Alternate names: TUMUIP, TUMIE, TOMOYP, TOMOIVE. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Meso Melanesian, New Ireland, Tomoip.

TONDANO

[TDN] Indonesia (Sulawesi). 92,000 in Indonesia (1981 Wurm and Hattori). Population total both countries 92,000. Alternate names: TONDANOU, TOLOU, TOLOUR, TOULOUR. Dialects: TONDANO, KAKAS (KA'KAS), REMBOKEN. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sulawesi, Sangir-Minahasan, Sangiric. More information.

TONSAWANG

[TNW] Indonesia (Sulawesi). 20,000 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Alternate names: TOMBATU. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sulawesi, Sangir-Minahasan, Minahasan. More information.

TONSEA

[TXS] Indonesia (Sulawesi). 90,000 (1989).  Alternate names: TONSEA'. Dialects: MAUMBI, AIRMADIDI, LIKUPANG, KAUDITAN, KALABAT ATAS. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sulawesi, Sangir-Minahasan, Sangiric. More information.

TONTEMBOAN

[TNT] Indonesia (Sulawesi). 150,000 (1990).  Alternate names: TOMPAKEWA, TOUNTEMBOAN, PAKEWA. Dialects: LANGOAN, TOMPASO (MAKELAI, MAKELA'I-MAOTOW), SONDER (MATANAI, MATANA'I-MAORE'). Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sulawesi, Sangir-Minahasan, Minahasan. More information.

TOPOIYO

[TOY] Indonesia (Sulawesi). 2,000 (1988 T. Laskowske).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sulawesi, Central Sulawesi, West Central, Kaili-Pamona, Kaili. More information.

TORAJA-SA'DAN

[SDA] Indonesia (Sulawesi). 500,000 (1990 UBS).  Alternate names: SA'DAN, SADAN, SADANG, TORAJA, TORADJA, TAE', TA'E, SOUTH TORAJA, SA'DANSCHE. Dialects: MAKALE (TALLULEMBANGNA), RANTEPAO (KESU'), TORAJA BARAT (WEST TORAJA, MAPPA-PANA). Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sulawesi, South Sulawesi, Northern, Toraja-Sa'dan. More information.

TORAU

[TTU] Papua New Guinea. 605 (1963 SIL).  Alternate names: ROROVANA. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Meso Melanesian, New Ireland, South New Ireland-Northwest Solomonic, Mono-Uruava. More information.

TRING

[TGQ] Malaysia (Sarawak).   Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Borneo, Northwest, North Sarawakan, Dayic, Kelabitic. More information.

TRINGGUS

[TRX] Malaysia (Sarawak). 350 (1981 Wurm and Hattori). Population total both countries 350. Alternate names: TRINGUS. Dialects: TRINGGUS, MBAAN (SEMBAAN, BIMBAAN). Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Borneo, Land Dayak. More information.

TSOU

[TSY] Taiwan. 5,000 speakers (1982 McGill), 5,797 in ethnic group (1989 govt. figure).  Alternate names: TSU-U, TSOO, TSUOU, TSU-WO, TZO, TSO, NAMAKABAN, NIITAKA, TIBOLA, TIBOLAH, TIBOLAK, TIBOLAL. Dialects: DUHTU, LUHTU, TAPANGU, TFUEA, IIMUTSU. Classification: Austronesian, Formosan, Tsouic, Northern. More information.

TUAMOTUAN

[PMT] French Polynesia. 14,400 (1987), 9% of the population, including 6,700 on Tuamotu (1977 census), 2,000 in Tahiti (1977 Voegelin and Voegelin).  Alternate names: PA'UMOTU. Dialects: VAHITU, TAPUHOE, NAPUKA, REAO, FANGATAU (TUPITIMOAKE), PARATA (PUTAHI), MARANGAI. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, Central Pacific, East Fijian-Polynesian, Polynesian, Nuclear, East, Central, Tahitic. More information.

TUGUN

[TZN] Indonesia (Maluku). 1,200 or more (1990 Hinton SIL).  Alternate names: TUTUNOHAN, MAHUAN. Dialects: ARWALA. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Central Malayo-Polynesian, Timor, Southwest Maluku, Wetar. More information.

TUKANGBESI NORTH

[KHC] Indonesia (Sulawesi). 120,000 including 60,000 in Maluku (1995 SIL). Population total both countries 120,000. Alternate names: WAKATOBI, BUTON. Dialects: KALEDUPA (KAHEDUPA), WANCI (WANJI, WANTJI, WANJE, WANGI- WANGI). Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sulawesi, Muna-Buton, Tukangbesi-Bonerate. More information.

TUKANGBESI SOUTH

[BHQ] Indonesia (Sulawesi). 130,000 including 100,000 in Maluku (1995 SIL).  Alternate names: TUKANG-BESI, WAKATOBI, BUTON. Dialects: BINONGKO, TOMEA (TOMIA). Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sulawesi, Muna-Buton, Tukangbesi-Bonerate. More information.

TUKUDEDE

[TKD] Timor Lorosae. 50,000 in the ethnic group (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Alternate names: TUKUDE, TOKODEDE, TOKODÉ, TOCOD. Dialects: KEHA (KEIA), TUKUDEDE. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Central Malayo-Polynesian, Timor, Nuclear Timor, East. More information.

TULEHU

[TLU] Indonesia (Maluku). 18,843 (1987 SIL).  Alternate names: NORTHEAST AMBON. Dialects: TULEHU, LIANG, TENGAH-TENGAH, TIAL. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Central Malayo-Polynesian, Central Maluku, East, Seram, Nunusaku, Piru Bay, East, Seram Straits, Ambon. More information.

TUMLEO

[TMQ] Papua New Guinea. 675 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Schouten, Siau. More information.

TUNGAG

[LCM] Papua New Guinea. 12,000 (1990 SIL).  Alternate names: TUNGAK, LAVONGAI, LAVANGAI, DANG. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Meso Melanesian, New Ireland, Lavongai-Nalik. More information.

TUNJUNG

[TJG] Indonesia (Kalimantan). 50,000 (?) (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Alternate names: TUNJUNG DAYAK. Dialects: TUNJUNG (TUNJUNG TENGAH), TUNJUNG LONDONG, TUNJUNG LINGGANG, PAHU. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Borneo, Barito, Mahakam.

TUTONG 1

[TTX] Brunei. 15,000 in Brunei (1995 P. Martin). Population total both countries 25,000 (1981 Wurm and Hattori). Alternate names: DUSUN. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Borneo, Northwest, Sabahan, Dusunic, Bisaya, Southern. More information.

TUTONG 2

[TTG] Brunei. 12,000 (1996 Martin, Ozog, and Poedjosoedarmo).  Alternate names: TUTUNG. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Borneo, Northwest, North Sarawakan, Berawan-Lower Baram, Lower Baram, Central, B. More information.

TUTUBA

[TMI] Vanuatu. 150 (1983 SIL).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, North and Central Vanuatu, Northeast Vanuatu-Banks Islands, West Santo. More information.

UBIR

[UBR] Papua New Guinea. 2,000 (1993 UBS).  Alternate names: UBIRI, KUBIRI. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Papuan Tip, Nuclear, North Papuan Mainland-D'Entrecasteaux, Are-Taupota, Are. More information.

UGHELE

[UGE] Solomon Islands. 1,070 (1998 SIL).  Alternate names: UGELE. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Meso Melanesian, New Ireland, South New Ireland-Northwest Solomonic, New Georgia, West. More information.

UJIR

[UDJ] Indonesia (Maluku). 975 (1995 J. Hughes).  Alternate names: UDJIR. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Central Malayo-Polynesian, Aru. More information.

UKIT

[UMI] Malaysia (Sarawak). 120 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Borneo, Northwest, Melanau-Kajang, Kajang. More information.

ULAU-SUAIN

[SVB] Papua New Guinea. 1,369 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Alternate names: SUAIN. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Schouten, Siau. More information.

ULITHIAN

[ULI] Micronesia. 3,000 (1987 UBS).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, Micronesian, Micronesian Proper, Ponapeic-Trukic, Trukic. More information.

ULUMANDA'

[ULM] Indonesia (Sulawesi). 30,000 including 18,000 in Polmas and Majene (1986 SIL).  Alternate names: ULUMANDAK, OELOEMANDA, ULUNDA, TUBBI, BOTTENG-TAPPALANG, AWO-SUMAKUYU, KADO. Dialects: SONDOANG, TAPPALANG, BOTTENG. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sulawesi, South Sulawesi, Northern, Pitu Ulunna Salu. More information.

UMA

[PPK] Indonesia (Sulawesi). 20,000 including 15,000 in the region, 5,000 outside (1990 M. Martens SIL), 500 in Benggaulu (1990 SIL).  Alternate names: PIPIKORO, OEMA. Dialects: WINATU (NORTHERN UMA), TOBAKU (WESTERN UMA, DOMPA, OMPA), TOLEE' (EASTERN UMA), KANTEWU (CENTRAL UMA), SOUTHERN UMA (ARIA), BENGGAULU (BINGKOLU), BANA. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sulawesi, Central Sulawesi, West Central, Kaili-Pamona, Kaili. More information.

UNEAPA

[BBN] Papua New Guinea. 10,000 (1998 SIL).  Alternate names: BALI. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Meso Melanesian, Bali-Vitu. More information.

UNUA

[ONU] Vanuatu. 525 including 50 in Bush Unua.  Alternate names: ONUA. Dialects: BUSH UNUA. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, North and Central Vanuatu, Northeast Vanuatu-Banks Islands, Malekula Coastal. More information.

URA

[UUR] Vanuatu. 6 (1998 T. Crowley).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, South Vanuatu, Erromanga. More information.

URAK LAWOI'

[URK] Thailand. 3,000 (1984 D. Hogan).  Alternate names: ORAK LAWOI', LAWTA, CHAW TALAY, CHAWNAM, LAWOI. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sundic, Malayic, Malayan, Para-Malay. More information.

URIPIV-WALA-RANO-ATCHIN

[UPV] Vanuatu. 6,000 (1988 SIL).  Dialects: URIPIV, WALA-RANO, ATCHIN (NALE). Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, North and Central Vanuatu, Northeast Vanuatu-Banks Islands, Malekula Coastal. More information.

URUANGNIRIN

[URN] Indonesia (Irian Jaya). 250 (1977 Voegelin and Voegelin).  Alternate names: FAUR, TUBIRUASA. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Central Malayo-Polynesian, North Bomberai. More information.

URUAVA

[URV] Papua New Guinea.   Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Meso Melanesian, New Ireland, South New Ireland-Northwest Solomonic, Mono-Uruava. More information.

UVEAN, WEST

[UVE] New Caledonia. 1,870 (1982 SIL).  Alternate names: FAGA-UVEA (FAGAUVEA). Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, Central Pacific, East Fijian-Polynesian, Polynesian, Nuclear, Samoic-Outlier, Futunic. More information.

VAGHUA

[TVA] Solomon Islands. 1,650 (1998 SIL).  Alternate names: TAVULA, TAVOLA, VAGUA. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Meso Melanesian, New Ireland, South New Ireland-Northwest Solomonic, Choiseul. More information.

VALPEI

[VLP] Vanuatu. 300 (1983 SIL).  Alternate names: VALPEI-HUKUA, VALPAY. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, North and Central Vanuatu, Northeast Vanuatu-Banks Islands, West Santo.

VAMALE

[MKT] New Caledonia. 150 (1982 SIL).  Alternate names: 'MOAEKE, HMWAEKE, PAMALE. Dialects: VAMALE, HMWAEKE. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, New Caledonian, Northern. More information.

VANGUNU

[MPR] Solomon Islands. 1,485 including 660 Bareke, 825 Vangunu (1998 SIL).  Dialects: BAREKE (MBAREKE), VANGUNU. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Meso Melanesian, New Ireland, South New Ireland-Northwest Solomonic, New Georgia, East. More information.

VANO

[VNK] Solomon Islands. Ethnic group has 140 (1998 SIL).  Alternate names: VANIKORO, VANIKOLO. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, Eastern Outer Islands, Vanikoro. More information.

VAO

[VAO] Vanuatu. 1,350 (1983 SIL).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, North and Central Vanuatu, Northeast Vanuatu-Banks Islands, Malekula Coastal. More information.

VARISI

[VRS] Solomon Islands. 7,200 (1998 SIL).  Alternate names: VARESE. Dialects: GHONE, VARISI. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Meso Melanesian, New Ireland, South New Ireland-Northwest Solomonic, Choiseul. More information.

VATRATA

[VLR] Vanuatu. 600 (1983 SIL).  Alternate names: VANUA LAVA. Dialects: LEON, PAK (BEK), SASAR (LEM). Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, North and Central Vanuatu, Northeast Vanuatu-Banks Islands, East Vanuatu. More information.

VEHES

[VAL] Papua New Guinea. 100 (1978 McElhanon).  Alternate names: BUASI, VEHEES. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Huon Gulf, South, Hote-Buang, Buang. More information.

VINMAVIS

[VNM] Vanuatu. 210 (1983 SIL).  Alternate names: LAMBUMBU. Dialects: WINIV. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, North and Central Vanuatu, Malekula Interior, Malekula Central.

VUNAPU

[VNP] Vanuatu. 375 (1983 SIL).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, North and Central Vanuatu, Northeast Vanuatu-Banks Islands, West Santo. More information.

WA'EMA

[WAG] Papua New Guinea.   Alternate names: WAIEMA. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Papuan Tip, Nuclear, North Papuan Mainland-D'Entrecasteaux, Are-Taupota, Taupota. More information.

WAAMWANG

[WMN] New Caledonia.   Alternate names: WAMOANG. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, New Caledonian, Northern, North, Hmwaveke. More information.

WAB

[WAB] Papua New Guinea. 142 (1977 Lincoln).  Alternate names: SOM. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Ngero-Vitiaz, Vitiaz, Bel, Astrolabe. More information.

WABO

[WBB] Indonesia (Irian Jaya). 1,500 (1987 SIL).  Alternate names: WORIASI, NUSARI. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, South Halmahera-West New Guinea, West New Guinea, Cenderawasih Bay, Yapen, East. More information.

WAE RANA

[WRX] Indonesia (Nusa Tenggara).   Alternate names: WAERANA. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Central Malayo-Polynesian, Bima-Sumba.

WAGAWAGA

[WGW] Papua New Guinea. 1,294 (1990 census).  Alternate names: BAEAULA, GAMADOUDOU, GIBARA, KILAKILANA. Dialects: WAGAWAGA (BAEAULA), GAMADOUDOU. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Papuan Tip, Nuclear, Suauic. More information.

WAIGEO

[WGO] Indonesia (Irian Jaya). 300 (1978 SIL).  Alternate names: AMBER, AMBERI, WAIGIU. Dialects: AMBER, SAONEK. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, South Halmahera-West New Guinea, West New Guinea, Cenderawasih Bay, Raja Ampat.

WAILAPA

[WLR] Vanuatu. 100 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, North and Central Vanuatu, Northeast Vanuatu-Banks Islands, West Santo. More information.

WAIMA'A

[WMH] Timor Lorosae. 3,000 (?) in ethnic group (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Alternate names: UAI MA'A, WAIMAHA, WAIMOA, UAIMO'A. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Central Malayo-Polynesian, Timor, Nuclear Timor, Waima'a. More information.

WAKDE

[WKD] Indonesia (Irian Jaya). 400 (1980 SIL).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Sarmi-Jayapura Bay, Sarmi.

WALLISIAN

[WAL] Wallis and Futuna. 7,500 in Wallis and Futuna (1987). Population total all countries 17,000. Alternate names: UVEAN, EAST UVEAN, WALLISIEN. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, Central Pacific, East Fijian-Polynesian, Polynesian, Nuclear, Samoic-Outlier, East Uvean-Niuafo'ou. More information.

WAMPAR

[LBQ] Papua New Guinea. 5,150 (1990).  Alternate names: LAEWOMBA, LAEWAMBA, LAIWOMBA. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Huon Gulf, Markham, Lower, Wampar. More information.

WAMPUR

[WAZ] Papua New Guinea. 360 (1990).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Huon Gulf, Markham, Upper, Mountain. More information.

WANDAMEN

[WAD] Indonesia (Irian Jaya). 5,000 (1993 R. Doriot UFM).  Alternate names: WANDAMEN-WINDESI, WINDESI, WINDESSI, BINTUNI, BENTUNI, BENTOENI, WAMESA. Dialects: WINDESI, BINTUNI, WAMESA, WASIOR, AMBUMI, DASENER, AIBONDENI. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, South Halmahera-West New Guinea, West New Guinea, Cenderawasih Bay, Yapen, Central-Western. More information.

WANUKAKA

[WNK] Indonesia (Nusa Tenggara). 10,000 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Alternate names: WANOKAKA. Dialects: WANUKAKA, RUA. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Central Malayo-Polynesian, Bima-Sumba. More information.

WAROPEN

[WRP] Indonesia (Irian Jaya). 6,000 (1987 SIL).  Alternate names: WONTI, WORPEN. Dialects: WAROPEN KAI, NAPAN, MO'OR. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, South Halmahera-West New Guinea, West New Guinea, Cenderawasih Bay, Waropen. More information.

WARU

[WRU] Indonesia (Sulawesi). 350 (1991 SIL).  Alternate names: MOPUTE, MAPUTE. Dialects: WARU, LALOMERUI. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sulawesi, Central Sulawesi, West Central, Bungku-Mori-Tolaki, Tolaki. More information.

WATALUMA

[WAT] Papua New Guinea. 190 (1972 census).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Papuan Tip, Nuclear, North Papuan Mainland-D'Entrecasteaux, Are-Taupota, Are. More information.

WATUBELA

[WAH] Indonesia (Maluku). 4,000 (1990 R. Loski SIL).  Alternate names: SNABI WATUBELA, KASIUI, KESUI, KASUI, WESI, ESIRIUN, MATABELLO. Dialects: TAMHER TIMUR, SULMELANG. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Central Malayo-Polynesian, Central Maluku, East, Banda-Geser, Geser-Gorom. More information.

WATUT, MIDDLE

[MPL] Papua New Guinea. 1,350 (1990 SIL).  Alternate names: SILISILI, MARALIINAN, MARALINAN, WATUT. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Huon Gulf, Markham, Watut. More information.

WATUT, NORTH

[UNA] Papua New Guinea. 465 (1988 Holzknecht).  Alternate names: UNANK, ONANK, UNANGG, WATUT. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Huon Gulf, Markham, Watut.

WATUT, SOUTH

[MCY] Papua New Guinea. 889 (1988 Holzknecht).  Dialects: MARALANGO (MARALANGKO), DANGAL (DANGGAL). Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Huon Gulf, Markham, Watut. More information.

WAWONII

[WOW] Indonesia (Sulawesi). 22,000 including 14,000 Wawonii, 7,500 Menui (1991 D. Mead SIL).  Alternate names: WOWONII. Dialects: WAWONII, MENUI. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sulawesi, Central Sulawesi, West Central, Bungku-Mori-Tolaki, Bungku. More information.

WEDAU

[WED] Papua New Guinea. 1,942 (1990 census). Lingua franca for another 5,000 (1985 UBS).  Alternate names: WEDAUN, WEDAWAN. Dialects: TOPURA, YAPOA, LAVORA, KWAMANA. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Papuan Tip, Nuclear, North Papuan Mainland-D'Entrecasteaux, Are-Taupota, Taupota. More information.

WEJEWA

[WEW] Indonesia (Nusa Tenggara). 65,000 (1997 Grimes, Therik, Grimes, Jacob).  Alternate names: WEWEWA, WAJEWA, WEWJEWA, WAIDJEWA, WEST SUMBANESE, WEYEWA, VEVEVA. Dialects: WEYEWA, LAULI (LOLI), TANA RIGHU. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Central Malayo-Polynesian, Bima-Sumba. More information.

WEMALE, NORTH

[WEO] Indonesia (Maluku). 4,929 (1982).  Dialects: HORALE, KASIEH, UWENPANTAI. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Central Malayo-Polynesian, Central Maluku, East, Seram, Nunusaku, Three Rivers, Wemale. More information.

WEMALE, SOUTH

[TLW] Indonesia (Maluku). 3,726 (1987 SIL).  Alternate names: TALA, HONITETU. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Central Malayo-Polynesian, Central Maluku, East, Seram, Nunusaku, Three Rivers, Wemale. More information.

WETAMUT

[WWO] Vanuatu. 70 (1972).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, North and Central Vanuatu, Northeast Vanuatu-Banks Islands, East Vanuatu. More information.

WHITESANDS

[TNP] Vanuatu. 3,500 (1988 SIL).  Alternate names: NAPUANMEN, WHITSANDS. Dialects: WEASISI (WASSISI), LOMETIMETI. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, South Vanuatu, Tanna. More information.

WOGEO

[WOC] Papua New Guinea. 1,237 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Alternate names: UAGEO. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Schouten, Kairiru-Manam, Manam. More information.

WOI

[WBW] Indonesia (Irian Jaya). 1,300 (1987 SIL).  Alternate names: WO'OI. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, South Halmahera-West New Guinea, West New Guinea, Cenderawasih Bay, Yapen, Central-Western. More information.

WOLEAIAN

[WOE] Micronesia. 1,631 (1987 Yap census).  Dialects: WOLEAIAN, LAMOTREK. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, Micronesian, Micronesian Proper, Ponapeic-Trukic, Trukic. More information.

WOLIO

[WLO] Indonesia (Sulawesi). 25,000 to 35,000 (1990). Population total both countries 25,000 to 35,000. Alternate names: BAUBAU. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sulawesi, Muna-Buton, Buton. More information.

WOTU

[WTW] Indonesia (Sulawesi). 5,000 (1987 C. and B. D. Grimes SIL).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sulawesi, Muna-Buton, Buton. More information.

WUSI

[WSI] Vanuatu. 170 (1977 Lincoln).  Alternate names: WUSI-KEREPUA. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, North and Central Vanuatu, Northeast Vanuatu-Banks Islands, West Santo. More information.

WUVULU-AUA

[WUV] Papua New Guinea. 1,000 (1982 SIL).  Alternate names: AUA-VIWULU, VIWULU-AUA. Dialects: AUA, WUVULU (WUU). Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Admiralty Islands, Western. More information.

XÂRÂCÙÙ

[ANE] New Caledonia. 3,500 (1982 SIL).  Alternate names: XARACII, ANESU, HARANEU, KANALA, CANALA. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, New Caledonian, Southern, South, Xaracuu-Xaragure. More information.

XARAGURE

[ARG] New Caledonia. 950 (1982 SIL).  Alternate names: ARAGURE, 'ARAGURE, HARAGURE, THIO. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, New Caledonian, Southern, South, Xaracuu-Xaragure. More information.

YABEM

[JAE] Papua New Guinea. 2,084 (1978 McElhanon).  Alternate names: LAULABU, JABEM, JABIM, YABIM. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Huon Gulf, North. More information.

YAKAIKEKE

[YKK] Papua New Guinea. 100 (1998 SIL).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Papuan Tip, Nuclear, North Papuan Mainland-D'Entrecasteaux, Are-Taupota, Taupota. More information.

YAKAMUL

[YKM] Papua New Guinea. 2,118 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Alternate names: ALI. Dialects: ALI, YAKAMUL. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Schouten, Siau. More information.

YALAHATAN

[JAL] Indonesia (Maluku). 800 including 400 in each village (1991 SIL).  Alternate names: ATAMANU, JAHALATAN, JAHALATANE, AWAIYA. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Central Malayo-Polynesian, Central Maluku, East, Seram, Nunusaku, Three Rivers. More information.

YAMAP

[YMP] Papua New Guinea. 670 (1980 census).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Huon Gulf, South, Hote-Buang, Hote. More information.

YAMDENA

[JMD] Indonesia (Maluku). 25,000 active speakers out of an ethnic group of 35,000 to 40,000 (1991 T. Mettler SIL).  Alternate names: JAMDENA, JAMDEN. Dialects: NORTH YAMDENA, SOUTH YAMDENA. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Central Malayo-Polynesian, Southeast Maluku, Kei-Tanimbar, Yamdena. More information.

YAMNA

[YMN] Indonesia (Irian Jaya). 250 (1980 SIL).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Sarmi-Jayapura Bay, Sarmi.

YARSUN

[YRS] Indonesia (Irian Jaya). 200 (1991 SIL).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Sarmi-Jayapura Bay, Sarmi.

YAUR

[JAU] Indonesia (Irian Jaya). 350 (1978 SIL).  Alternate names: JAUR. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, South Halmahera-West New Guinea, West New Guinea, Cenderawasih Bay, Yaur.

YERETUAR

[GOP] Indonesia (Irian Jaya). 250 (1978 SIL).  Alternate names: GONI, UMAR, UMARI. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, South Halmahera-West New Guinea, West New Guinea, Cenderawasih Bay, Yeretuar. More information.

YOBA

[YOB] Papua New Guinea.   Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Papuan Tip, Peripheral, Central Papuan, Oumic, Magoric. More information.

YUAGA

[NUA] New Caledonia. 2,000 (1991 UBS).  Alternate names: YUANGA, THUANGA, JUANGA, NUA, NYUA. Dialects: THUANGA, JUANGA. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, New Caledonian, Northern, Extreme Northern. More information.

ZABANA

[KJI] Solomon Islands. 1,650 (1998 SIL).  Alternate names: JABANA, KIA. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Meso Melanesian, New Ireland, South New Ireland-Northwest Solomonic, Santa Isabel, West. More information.

ZAZAO

[JAJ] Solomon Islands. 210 (1998 SIL).  Alternate names: JAJAO, KILOKAKA. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Meso Melanesian, New Ireland, South New Ireland-Northwest Solomonic, Santa Isabel, Central. More information.

ZENAG

[ZEG] Papua New Guinea. 1,818 (1979 census).  Alternate names: ZENANG. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, North New Guinea, Huon Gulf, South, Hote-Buang, Buang, Mumeng. More information.

ZIRE

[SIH] New Caledonia.   Alternate names: ZIRA, SIRHE, SICHE, SÎSHËË, NERË. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, New Caledonian, Southern, South, Zire-Tiri. More information.


 

This web edition of the Ethnologue contains all the content of the print edition and may be cited as:
Grimes, Barbara F. (ed.), 2000. Ethnologue: Languages of the World, Fourteenth edition. Dallas, Texas: SIL International. Online version: http://www.ethnologue.com/14.

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