ISO 639 Code: mis

ISO 639-2:  mis
English: Miscellaneous languages
French: diverses, langues

The code mis is classified in ISO 639 as a collective language code.

It is mapped to the following subgroups in the Ethnologue's genetic classification system:

The code mis excludes all the languages that are covered by the more specific ISO codes that fall within the above genetic subgroups. These include the following codes:

ale  Aleut
baq  Basque
fiu  Finno-Ugrian (Other)  [plus individual codes for languages within the Finno-Ugrian subgroup]
hmn  Hmong
kor  Korean
kut  Kutenai
sel  Selkup
tai  Tai (Other)  [plus individual codes for languages within the Tai subgroup]
zun  Zuni

The code thus encompasses the following 133 languages from the Ethnologue:

A-PUCIKWAR

[APQ] India. 36 (1997 CIIL).  Alternate names: PUCIKWAR, PUCHIKWAR. Classification: Andamanese, Great Andamanese, Central. More information.

AARIYA

[AAR] India.   Classification: Unclassified.

AI-CHAM

[AIH] China. 2,300 speakers (1986).  Alternate names: JIAMUHUA, JINHUA, ATSAM. Dialects: DI'E, BOYAO. Classification: Tai-Kadai, Kam-Tai, Kam-Sui. More information.

AINU

[AIN] Japan. 15 active speakers (1996 Alexander Vovin). In the ethnic group: 15,000 in Japan. Population total both countries 15. Alternate names: AINU ITAK. Dialects: TSISHIMA, SAKHALIN. Classification: Language Isolate. More information.

AKA-BEA

[ACE] India.   Alternate names: BEA, BEADA, BIADA, AKA-BEADA, BOJIGNIJI, BOGIJIAB, BOJIGYAB. Classification: Andamanese, Great Andamanese, Central. More information.

AKA-BO

[AKM] India.   Alternate names: BO, BA. Classification: Andamanese, Great Andamanese, Northern. More information.

AKA-CARI

[ACI] India.   Alternate names: CARI, CHARIAR. Classification: Andamanese, Great Andamanese, Northern. More information.

AKA-JERU

[AKJ] India.   Alternate names: JERU, YERAWA. Classification: Andamanese, Great Andamanese, Northern. More information.

AKA-KEDE

[AKX] India.   Alternate names: KEDE. Classification: Andamanese, Great Andamanese, Central. More information.

AKA-KOL

[AKY] India.   Alternate names: KOL. Classification: Andamanese, Great Andamanese, Central. More information.

AKA-KORA

[ACK] India.   Alternate names: KORA. Classification: Andamanese, Great Andamanese, Northern. More information.

AKAR-BALE

[ACL] India.   Alternate names: BALE, BALWA. Classification: Andamanese, Great Andamanese, Central. More information.

ALUTOR

[ALR] Russia (Asia). 200 speakers out of 2,000 in the ethnic group (1997 M. Krauss).  Alternate names: ALYUTOR, ALIUTOR, OLYUTOR. Dialects: ALUTORSKIJ, KARAGINSKIJ, PALANSKIJ. Classification: Chukotko-Kamchatkan, Northern, Koryak-Alyutor. More information.

AMAMI-OSHIMA, NORTHERN

[RYN] Japan.   Alternate names: NORTHERN AMAMI-OSIMA, OSHIMA, OSIMA, OOSIMA. Dialects: NAZE, SANI. Classification: Japanese, Ryukyuan, Amami-Okinawan, Northern Amami-Okinawan. More information.

AMAMI-OSHIMA, SOUTHERN

[AMS] Japan.   Alternate names: SOUTHERN AMAMI-OSIMA. Classification: Japanese, Ryukyuan, Amami-Okinawan, Northern Amami-Okinawan. More information.

ANDH

[ANR] India. 80,000 (1991 IMA).  Alternate names: ANDHA, ANDHI. Classification: Unclassified. More information.

BA PAI

[BPN] China. 62,000 (1995 McConnell).  Alternate names: YAO MIN, ZAOMIN, DZAO MIN, YAU MIN. Classification: Hmong-Mien, Mienic, Zaomin. More information.

BASQUE, NAVARRO-LABOURDIN

[BQE] France. 67,500 speakers (1991), including 45,000 Labourdin, 22,500 Lower Navarro. Total Basque speakers in France estimated at 80,000 (1991 L. Trask, U. of Sussex). Reported to be 730,000 ethnic Basque in France (1993 Johnstone).  Alternate names: NAVARRO-LABOURDIN. Dialects: LABOURDIN (LAPURDIERA), EASTERN LOW NAVARRESE (BENAFFARERA, BAJO NAVARRO ORIENTAL), WESTERN LOW NAVARRESE (BAJO NAVARRO OCCIDENTAL). Classification: Basque. More information.

BASQUE, SOULETIN

[BSZ] France. 8,700 (1991).  Alternate names: SOULETIN, SOULETINO, SULETINO, XIBEROERA, ZUBEROERA, SUBEROAN. Classification: Basque. More information.

BETE

[BYF] Nigeria. Few speakers out of 3,000 population (1992).  Classification: Unclassified. More information.

BHATOLA

[BTL] India.   Classification: Unclassified.

BIAO MIEN

[BMT] China. 21,500 (1993).  Alternate names: BIAO MON, BIAOMAN. Classification: Hmong-Mien, Mienic, Mian-Jin. More information.

BIAO-JIAO MIEN

[BJE] China. 40,000 (Pan Chengqian 1991:48).  Alternate names: BIAO CHAO, BYAU MIN. Dialects: BIAO MIN (BIAOMIN, BIAO MIEN, AO YAO), JIAOGONG MIAN (CHAO KONG MENG, JIAOGONG). Classification: Hmong-Mien, Mienic, Biao-Jiao. More information.

BUNG

[BQD] Cameroon. 3 (1995 Bruce Connell).  Classification: Unclassified. More information.

BUNU, BAHENG

[PHA] China. 26,815 speakers in China (1995 McConnell). Population total both countries 33,700. Alternate names: PA HNG, PA-HNG, PA NGNG, PAHENG, BAHENG, BAHENGMAI, PA THEN, TONG, MEO LAI, MAN PA SENG. Classification: Hmong-Mien, Hmongic, Bunu. More information.

BUNU, BU-NAO

[BWX] China. 258,000 speakers (1995 McConnell) out of an ethnic group of 439,000 (1982 census). 100,000 ethnic Bunu speak Zhuang as mother tongue.  Alternate names: PUNU, BUNAO, PO-NAU. Dialects: DONGNU (TUNG NU), NUNU, BUNUO (PU NO), NAOGELAO (NAO KLAO), NUMAO (NU MHOU, HONG YAO). Classification: Hmong-Mien, Hmongic, Bunu. More information.

BUNU, JIONGNAI

[PNU] China. 1,116 (1995 McConnell).  Alternate names: PUNU, QIUNGNAI, KIONG NAI, JIONGNAI, JIONGNAIHUA, HUALAN YAO. Classification: Hmong-Mien, Hmongic, Bunu. More information.

BUNU, WUNAI

[BWN] China. 18,442 (1995 McConnell).  Alternate names: PUNU, WUNAI, NGNAI, HM NAI. Classification: Hmong-Mien, Hmongic, Bunu. More information.

BUNU, YOUNUO

[BUH] China. 9,716 (1995 McConnell).  Alternate names: PUNU, PU NO, YOUNUO, YUNUO, YUNO. Classification: Hmong-Mien, Hmongic, Bunu. More information.

BURUSHASKI

[BSK] Pakistan. 55,000 to 60,000 (1981). Population total both countries 55,000 to 60,000. Alternate names: BRUSHASKI, BURUSHAKI, BURUCAKI, BURUSHKI, BURUCASKI, BILTUM, KHAJUNA, KUNJUT. Dialects: NAGAR (NAGIR), HUNZA, YASIN (WERCHIKWAR). Classification: Language Isolate. More information.

BUYANG

[BYU] China. 2,000 to 3,000 (1990 Liang Min), including 200 at Ecun, 180 at Lagan, 200 at Maguan, 300 at Langjia, 50 at Nongna, 20 at Damen, 30 to 40 at Jinglong Township, and at a settlement in Guangnan County Diyu, and a village near Yiliang. Yunnan Province, Wenshan Zhuang-Miao Autonomous District, Guangnan County, one location, and Funing County, Gula Township.  Classification: Tai-Kadai, Kadai, Yang-Biao. More information.

CAKCHIQUEL-QUICHE MIXED LANGUAGE

[CKZ] Guatemala. 2,000 (1998 SIL).  Alternate names: CAUQUE MIXED LANGUAGE. Classification: Mixed Language, Cakchiquel-Quiche. More information.

CAMTHO

[CMT] South Africa.   Alternate names: ISICAMTHO, ISCAMTHO. Classification: Mixed Language, Zulu-Bantu. More information.

CAO MIAO

[COV] China. 60,000 speakers (1994).  Alternate names: MJIUNIANG, GRASS MIAO. Classification: Tai-Kadai, Kam-Tai, Kam-Sui. More information.

CENTÚÚM

[CET] Nigeria. Small (1992 Crozier and Blench).  Alternate names: CEN TUUM. Classification: Unclassified. More information.

CHAK

[CKH] Myanmar.  Population total both countries 910 or more. Classification: Unclassified. More information.

CHUKOT

[CKT] Russia (Asia). 10,000 mother tongue speakers out of an ethnic population of 15,000 (1997 M. Krauss), Maritime Chukchi 25% of population, Raindeer Chukchi 75%.  Alternate names: CHUKCHA, CHUCHEE, CHUKCHEE, LUORAVETLAN, CHUKCHI. Dialects: UELLANSKIJ, PEVEKSKIJ, ENMYLINSKIJ, NUNLIGRANSKIJ, XATYRSKIJ, CHAUN, ENURMIN, YANRAKINOT. Classification: Chukotko-Kamchatkan, Northern, Chukot. More information.

CUN

[CUQ] China. 70,000 (1990 Jan-Olof Svantesson).  Alternate names: NGAO FON, CUNHUA, CUN-HUA. Classification: Tai-Kadai, Kadai, Yang-Biao. More information.

DONG, NORTHERN

[DOC] China. 907,560 speakers out of 2,514,014 in the official nationality (1990 census). Population total both countries 907,560. Alternate names: KAM, GAM, TONG, TUNG, TUNG-CHIA. Classification: Tai-Kadai, Kam-Tai, Kam-Sui. More information.

DONG, SOUTHERN

[KMC] China. 1,480,750 speakers out of 2,514,014 in the official nationality (1990 census). 62% of the 2,388,310 Dong speakers speak Southern Dong.  Alternate names: KAM, GAM, TONG, TUNG, TUNG-CHIA. Classification: Tai-Kadai, Kam-Tai, Kam-Sui. More information.

EN

[ENC] Viet Nam. 200 (1998 J.A. Edmondson).  Alternate names: NUNG VEN. Classification: Tai-Kadai, Kadai, Yang-Biao. More information.

ENETS

[ENE] Russia (Asia). 90 speakers (1989 Juha Janhunen) out of an ethnic group of 200 (1990 census). 40 speakers in Forest Enets, 30 or fewer in Tundra Enets (1995 M. Krauss).  Alternate names: YENISEI SAMOYEDIC. Dialects: BAY (PE-BAE, FOREST ENETS), MADU (SOMATU, TUNDRA ENETS). Classification: Uralic, Samoyedic, Northern Samoyedic. More information.

GAIL

[GIC] South Africa. Used by an estimated 20,000 as second or third language.  Classification: Unclassified. More information.

GELAO

[KKF] Viet Nam. 1,500 in Viet Nam (1993 Dang Nghiem Van). Population total both countries 7,900. Alternate names: CO LAO, KELAO, KELEO, KEH-LAO, GELO, CHILAO, LAO, ILAO, QUÔC LAO, CÁC LAO, THU, THIL. Dialects: WHITE GELAO (TÚ DU, SOUTHWESTERN GELAO), RED GELAO (VOA DÊ), GREEN GELAO (HO KI, NORTH CENTRAL GELAO), CAPE DRAPING GELAO (KLAU, QAU, CENTRAL GELAO), MOUNTAIN GELAO (PUYUI, WESTERN GELAO). Classification: Tai-Kadai, Kadai, Ge-Chi. More information.

GILYAK

[NIV] Russia (Asia). 400 or slightly more mother tongue speakers (1991) out of an ethnic population of 4,400 (1996 G.A.Otaina). 100 Amur speakers out of 2,000 population; 300 Sakhalin speakers out of 2,700 population (1995 M. Krauss).  Alternate names: NIVKH, NIVKHI. Dialects: AMUR, EAST SAKHALIN GILYAK, NORTH SAKHALIN GILYAK. Classification: Language Isolate. More information.

HAITIAN VODOUN CULTURE LANGUAGE

[HVC] Haiti.   Alternate names: LANGAY, LANGAJ. Classification: Unclassified. More information.

HLAI

[LIC] China. 747,000 speakers, including 432,000 Ha, 178,000 Qi, 52,000 Jiamao, 44,000 Bendi, 30,000 Meifu, out of an official nationality of 1,100,900 (1990 census).  Alternate names: LI, DAI, DAY, LAI, LA, LOI, LE, DLI, BLI, KLAI, SLAI. Dialects: HA (LUOHUA-HAYAN-BAOXIAN), QI (GEI, TONGSHI-QIANDUI-BAOCHENG), MEIFU (MOIFAU), BENDI (ZWN, BAISHA-YUANMEN). Classification: Tai-Kadai, Hlai. More information.

HWLA

[HWL] Togo. 31,719 (1983 Togo Linguistic Atlas).  Classification: Unclassified. More information.

IMERAGUEN

[IME] Mauritania. 120 (1967 Gerteiny).  Alternate names: IMRAGUEN. Classification: Unclassified. More information.

ITELMEN

[ITL] Russia (Asia). 100 or fewer speakers out of an ethnic population of 1,500 (1991 A.E. Kibrik).  Alternate names: ITELYMEM, WESTERN ITELMEN, KAMCHADAL, KAMCHATKA. Dialects: SEDANKA, KHARYUZ, ITELMEN, XAJRJUZOVSKIJ, NAPANSKIJ, SOPOCNOVSKIJ. Classification: Chukotko-Kamchatkan, Southern. More information.

IU MIEN

[IUM] China. 884,000 speakers in China (1999), out of 2,134,013 in the official nationality (1990 census). Population total all countries 1,329,000. Alternate names: YOUMIAN, YIU MIEN, YAO, MIEN, MIAN, MYEN, HIGHLAND YAO, PAN YAO, BAN YAO. Classification: Hmong-Mien, Mienic, Mian-Jin. More information.

JARAWA

[ANQ] India. 200 (1997 CIIL).  Classification: Andamanese, South Andamanese. More information.

JIAMAO

[JIO] China. 52,300 (1987 Wurm et al.)  Alternate names: KAMAU, TAI. Classification: Tai-Kadai, Hlai. More information.

KAMAS

[XAS] Russia (Asia).   Alternate names: KAMASSIAN. Dialects: KAMASSIAN, KOIBAL. Classification: Uralic, Samoyedic, Southern Samoyedic. More information.

KARA

[KAH] Central African Republic. 4,800 (1996).  Alternate names: FER, DAM FER, FERTIT. Classification: Unclassified. More information.

KEREK

[KRK] Russia (Asia). 2 speakers out of an ethnic population of 400 (1997 M. Krauss). There were 200 to 400 speakers in 1900.  Dialects: MAINYPILGINO (MAJNA-PIL'GINSKIJ), KHATYRKA (XATYRSKIJ). Classification: Chukotko-Kamchatkan, Northern, Koryak-Alyutor. More information.

KET

[KET] Russia (Asia). 550 to 990 mother tongue speakers (80% to 85%) out of an ethnic population of 1,100 to 1,200 (1995, M. Krauss, 1991 A.E. Kibrik).  Alternate names: YENISEI OSTYAK, YENISEY OSTIAK, IMBATSKI-KET. Classification: Yenisei Ostyak. More information.

KIKAI

[KZG] Japan.   Dialects: ONOTSU. Classification: Japanese, Ryukyuan, Amami-Okinawan, Northern Amami-Okinawan. More information.

KIM MUN

[MJI] China. 107,000 in China (1982), including 41,000 in Hainan Province (1982). Population total all countries 280,000. Alternate names: MUN, KEM MUN, GEM MUN, JIM MUN, JINMEN, KIMMUN, MEN, MAN LANTIEN, LANTEN, LAN TIN, LOWLAND YAO, CHASAN YAO, SHANZI YAO, HAINAN MIAO. Classification: Hmong-Mien, Mienic, Mian-Jin. More information.

KORYAK

[KPY] Russia (Asia). 3,500 speakers out of an ethnic population of 7,000 (1997 M. Krauss).  Alternate names: NYMYLAN. Dialects: CAVCUVENSKIJ (CHAVCHUVEN), APOKINSKIJ (APUKIN), KAMENSKIJ (KAMEN), XATYRSKIJ, PAREN, ITKAN, PALAN, GIN. Classification: Chukotko-Kamchatkan, Northern, Koryak-Alyutor. More information.

KUJARGE

[VKJ] Chad. 1,000 (1983 Bender).  Classification: Unclassified. More information.

KUNIGAMI

[XUG] Japan.   Dialects: NAGO. Classification: Japanese, Ryukyuan, Amami-Okinawan, Southern Amami-Okinawan. More information.

KWAVI

[CKG] Tanzania. 7,378 (1957 census).  Alternate names: PARAKUYO. Classification: Unclassified. More information.

LAAL

[GDM] Chad. 300 to 500 (1977 Boyeldieu). Damtar village had its own dialect, called 'Laabe' with 3 speakers left in 1977.  Alternate names: GORI. Dialects: LAAL, LAABE. Classification: Unclassified. More information.

LACHI

[LBT] Viet Nam. 7,863 in Viet Nam (1990 census), including 3,990 women, in 1,450 households (1990 Liang Min), including Black Lachi 2,500 in 550 households, Long-Haired Lachi 4,500 in 900 households. Population total both countries 9,016. Alternate names: LA CHI, LACHÍ, LAJI, LATI, TAI LATI, LIPULIO, Y TO, Y PÍ, Y PÓNG, Y MIA, CÙ TE, CU-TÊ. Dialects: LIPUTIÕ (BLACK LACHI), LIPUPI (LONG-HAIRED LACHI), LIPUTE (BAG LACHI), LIPUTCIO (HAN LACHI), LIPUKE (RED LACHI), LIPULIONGTCO (FLOWERY LACHI). Classification: Tai-Kadai, Kadai, Ge-Chi. More information.

LACHI, WHITE

[LWH] Viet Nam. 1,602 in 300 households (1990 Liang Min).  Alternate names: WHITE LACHI, LIPUPÕ. Classification: Tai-Kadai, Kadai, Ge-Chi. More information.

LAHA

[LHA] Viet Nam. 2,000 (1994 Hoàng Luong in Edmondson).  Alternate names: XÁ KHAO, KHLÁ PHLAO, KLÁ DONG, KHLÁ DON, KHLÁ DUNG, KHLÁ LIIK, LA HA UNG, LA HA, XÁ CHIEN, XÁ LAY. Classification: Tai-Kadai, Kadai, Yang-Biao. More information.

LAKKIA

[LBC] China. 8,703 speakers (1995 McConnell) out of 11,503 ethnic Lakkia.  Alternate names: LAKKJA, LAKJA, LAKIA, LAJIA, TAI LAKA, LAKA, CHASHAN YAO, TEA MOUNTAIN YAO. Classification: Tai-Kadai, Kam-Tai, Lakkja. More information.

LAQUA

[LAQ] Viet Nam. 382 in Viet Nam (1994 Hoàng Luong in Edmondson). Population total both countries 689. Alternate names: KA BEO, KA BAO, KA BIAO, QABIAO, PUBIAO, PUPEO, PU PÉO, PEN TI LOLO, BENDI LOLO. Classification: Tai-Kadai, Kadai, Yang-Biao. More information.

LINGAO

[ONB] China. 520,000 (1982 census) in the ethnic group, including 350,000 Lincheng, 170,000 Qiongshan. The number of speakers is unclear (A. Diller).  Alternate names: VO LIMKOU, LIMKOW, LINKOW, ONGBE, ONG-BE, BÊ. Dialects: LINCHENG (LINGAO PROPER-DENGMAI), QIONGSHAN. Classification: Tai-Kadai, Kam-Tai, Be-Tai, Be. More information.

LUFU

[LDQ] Nigeria. Ethnic group: 2,000 to 3,000 (1992).  Classification: Unclassified. More information.

LUO

[LUW] Cameroon. 1 (1995 Bruce Connell).  Classification: Unclassified. More information.

MAJHWAR

[MMJ] India. 27,958.  Alternate names: MAJHVAR, MANJHI, MANJHIA. Classification: Unclassified. More information.

MAK

[MKG] China. 10,000 or more (1982 census).  Alternate names: MO, MOHUA, MO-HUA, CHING, MOJIAHUA, MOCHIAHUA. Dialects: MAK, CHI, CHING (CHAM), HWA, LYO. Classification: Tai-Kadai, Kam-Tai, Kam-Sui. More information.

MALAKHEL

[MLD] Afghanistan. 2,000 (1983).  Classification: Unclassified. More information.

MAONAN

[MMD] China. 37,000 speakers out of an ethnic group of 71,968 (1990 census).  Alternate names: AI NAN. Classification: Tai-Kadai, Kam-Tai, Kam-Sui. More information.

MATOR

[MTM] Russia (Asia).   Dialects: MATOR, TAIGI, KARAGAS. Classification: Uralic, Samoyedic, Southern Samoyedic. More information.

MAWA

[WMA] Nigeria. Ethnic population is small (1982 Shimizu).  Classification: Unclassified. More information.

MBUGU

[MHD] Tanzania. 32,000 (1987).  Alternate names: MA'A, MBOUGOU, VAMA'A, WA MAATHI, KIBWYO. Classification: Mixed Language, Pare-Cushitic. More information.

MEDIA LENGUA

[MUE] Ecuador. 1,000 first and second language speakers (1999 Peter Bakker).  Classification: Mixed Language, Spanish-Quechua. More information.

MEDNYJ ALEUT

[MUD] Russia (Asia). 10 (1995 M. Krauss).  Alternate names: MEDNY, COPPER, COPPER ISLAND ALEUT, ATTUAN, COPPER ISLAND ATTUAN, CREOLIZED ATTUAN. Classification: Mixed Language, Russian-Aleut. More information.

MICHIF

[CRG] USA. 390 speakers in USA (1990 census). Population total both countries 390 or more. Alternate names: FRENCH CREE, MITCHIF. Classification: Mixed Language, French-Cree. More information.

MIYAKO

[MVI] Japan.   Dialects: MIYAKO-JIMA (HIRARA, OGAMI), IRABU-JIMA, TARAMA-MINNA. Classification: Japanese, Ryukyuan, Sakishima. More information.

MOLENGUE

[BXC] Equatorial Guinea.   Alternate names: MOLENDJI, BALENGUE. Classification: Unclassified. More information.

MUKHA-DORA

[MMK] India. 17,456 (1981 census).  Alternate names: REDDI-DORA, CONTA-REDDI, REDDI, RIDDI, NOOKA DORA, MUKHA DHORA. Classification: Unclassified. More information.

MULAM

[MLM] China. 159,328 (1990 census).  Alternate names: MULAO, MOLAO, MULOU, MULIAO, MULAO MIAO, ABO, AYO. Classification: Tai-Kadai, Kam-Tai, Kam-Sui. More information.

NENETS

[YRK] Russia (Asia). 26,300 mother tongue speakers out of an ethnic population of 27,000 (1994 Salminen). 1,300 Forest Nenets speakers out of 2,000; 25,000 Tundra Nenets.  Alternate names: NENEC, NENTSE, NENETSY, YURAK, YURAK SAMOYED. Dialects: FOREST YURAK, TUNDRA YURAK. Classification: Uralic, Samoyedic, Northern Samoyedic. More information.

NGANASAN

[NIO] Russia (Asia). 500 to 1,000 mother tongue speakers out of an ethnic population of 1,300 (1995 M. Krauss, 1989 census).  Alternate names: TAVGI SAMOYED. Dialects: AVAM, KHATANG. Classification: Uralic, Samoyedic, Northern Samoyedic. More information.

NIHALI

[NHL] India. 5,000 (1987).  Alternate names: NIHAL, NAHALI, NAHAL, KALTO, NAHALE. Classification: Language Isolate. More information.

OKI-NO-ERABU

[OKN] Japan.   Dialects: EAST OKI-NO-ERABU, WEST OKI-NO-ERABU. Classification: Japanese, Ryukyuan, Amami-Okinawan, Southern Amami-Okinawan. More information.

OKINAWAN, CENTRAL

[RYU] Japan. 900,000 all Ryukyuan languages.  Alternate names: OKINAWAN, LUCHU. Dialects: SHURI, NAHA, TORISHIMA, KUDAKA. Classification: Japanese, Ryukyuan, Amami-Okinawan, Southern Amami-Okinawan. More information.

OKO-JUWOI

[OKJ] India.   Alternate names: OKU-JUWOI, JUWOI, JUNOI. Classification: Andamanese, Great Andamanese, Central. More information.

ÖNGE

[OON] India. 96 (1997 CIIL).  Alternate names: ONG. Classification: Andamanese, South Andamanese. More information.

PITCAIRN-NORFOLK

[PIH] Norfolk Island. (580 on Norfolk Island; 1989 Holm).  Alternate names: PITCAIRN ENGLISH. Dialects: NORFOLK ENGLISH. Classification: Cant, English-Tahitian. More information.

POLARI

[PLD] United Kingdom.   Alternate names: PARLARE. Classification: Unclassified. More information.

QUINQUI

[QUQ] Spain.   Classification: Unclassified. More information.

RER BARE

[RER] Ethiopia.   Alternate names: REREBERE, ADONA. Classification: Unclassified. More information.

SAEK

[SKB] Laos. More than half in Laos (1990 A. Diller ANU). Population total both countries 25,000. Alternate names: SEK, TAI SEK, SET. Dialects: NA KADOK, KHAMMOUAN. Classification: Tai-Kadai, Kam-Tai, Be-Tai, Tai-Sek, Sek. More information.

SENTINEL

[STD] India. 50 (?) (1981 Wurm and Hattori).  Alternate names: SENTINELESE. Classification: Andamanese, South Andamanese. More information.

SHE

[SHX] China. 965 speakers including 579 Luofu, 386 Lianhua (1995 McConnell) out of ethnic group of 630,378 (1990 census), including 270,000 in Fujian and a smaller group in Guangdong.  Alternate names: HUO NTE, HO NTE. Dialects: LUOFU (EASTERN SHE), LIANHUA (WESTERN SHE). Classification: Hmong-Mien, Ho Nte. More information.

SHOBANG

[SSB] India.   Classification: Unclassified. More information.

SUI

[SWI] China. 345,993 in China (1990 census). Population total both countries 346,000. Alternate names: SHUI, AI SUI, SUI LI, SUIPO. Dialects: SANDONG (SAN TUNG), YANG'AN, PANDONG. Classification: Tai-Kadai, Kam-Tai, Kam-Sui. More information.

T'EN

[TCT] China. 20,000 (1982 census).  Alternate names: THEN, YANGHUANG. Classification: Tai-Kadai, Kam-Tai, Kam-Sui. More information.

TAPEBA

[TBB] Brazil. Ethnic group: 984 (1995 AMTB).  Alternate names: TABEBA. Classification: Unclassified. More information.

TAUSHIRO

[TRR] Peru. 7 (1998 SIL).  Alternate names: PINCHI, PINCHE. Classification: Unclassified. More information.

TICUNA

[TCA] Peru. 8,000 in Peru (1998 SIL). Population total all countries 24,000. Alternate names: TIKUNA, TUKUNA. Classification: Language Isolate. More information.

TINGUI-BOTO

[TGV] Brazil. (800 in ethnic group; 1986 SIL).  Alternate names: TINGUI, CARAPATÓ, KARAPATÓ. Classification: Unclassified. More information.

TOKU-NO-SHIMA

[TKN] Japan.   Dialects: KAMETSU. Classification: Japanese, Ryukyuan, Amami-Okinawan, Northern Amami-Okinawan. More information.

TRAVELLER SCOTTISH

[TRL] United Kingdom. 4,000 in Scotland. Population total all countries 4,000 or more. Alternate names: SCOTTISH CANT, SCOTTISH TRAVELLER CANT. Classification: Unclassified. More information.

TREMEMBÉ

[TME] Brazil.   Classification: Unclassified. More information.

TRUKÁ

[TKA] Brazil. Ethnic group 909 (1995 AMTB).  Classification: Unclassified. More information.

TRUMAÍ

[TPY] Brazil. 78 (1995 AMTB).  Classification: Language Isolate. More information.

TUXÁ

[TUD] Brazil. Ethnic group: 900 (1995 AMTB).  Alternate names: TUSHA, TODELA. Classification: Language Isolate. More information.

UAMUÉ

[UAM] Brazil. Ethnic group: 3,900 (1995 AMTB).  Alternate names: ATICUM, ATIKUM, HUAMUÊ. Classification: Unclassified. More information.

URARINA

[URA] Peru. 2,000 to 3,000 (1998 SIL).  Alternate names: SHIMACU, SIMACU, ITUCALI. Classification: Unclassified. More information.

URU-PA-IN

[URP] Brazil. 200 (1995 SIL).  Classification: Unclassified. More information.

WAKONÁ

[WAF] Brazil. Ethnic group: 500 to 1,000 (1995 SIL).  Classification: Unclassified. More information.

WAORANI

[AUC] Ecuador. 800 (1993 SIL).  Alternate names: 'AUCA', HUAORANI, WAODANI, HUAO, SABELA, AUISHIRI. Classification: Unclassified. More information.

WARAO

[WBA] Venezuela. 18,000 in Venezuela (1993 UBS). Population total all countries 18,000. Alternate names: GUARAUNO, GUARAO, WARRAU. Classification: Language Isolate. More information.

WARDUJI

[WRD] Afghanistan. 5,000 (1994).  Classification: Unclassified. More information.

WAXIANGHUA

[WXA] China. 300,000 (1995 Milliken).  Alternate names: XIANGHUA, WOGANG. Classification: Unclassified. More information.

WEYTO

[WOY] Ethiopia. Ethnic population: 1,631: 1,519 (93%) speak Amharic as mother tongue, others speak other mother tongues. 1,532 speak no other language.  Alternate names: WAYTO, WEYT'O. Classification: Unclassified. More information.

WUTUNHUA

[WUH] China. 2,000 (1995).  Alternate names: WUTUN. Classification: Mixed Language, Chinese-Tibetan-Mongolian. More information.

YAEYAMA

[RYS] Japan.   Alternate names: YAYEYAMA. Dialects: ISHIGAKI, KABIRA, SHIRAHO, TAKETOMI, KOHAMA, HATOMA, SONAI, KUROSHIMA, HATERUMA. Classification: Japanese, Ryukyuan, Sakishima. More information.

YAUMA

[YAX] Angola.   Classification: Unclassified. More information.

YENI

[YEI] Cameroon.   Classification: Unclassified. More information.

YENICHE

[YEC] Germany.   Alternate names: JENISCH, YENISHE, GERMAN TRAVELLERS. Classification: Mixed Language, German-Yiddish-Romani-Rotwelsch. More information.

YERONG

[YRN] China. 300 to 400 (1990 Liang Min).  Alternate names: DABAN YAO. Classification: Tai-Kadai, Kadai, Bu-Rong. More information.

YONAGUNI

[YOI] Japan.   Classification: Japanese, Ryukyuan, Sakishima. More information.

YORON

[YOX] Japan.   Classification: Japanese, Ryukyuan, Amami-Okinawan, Southern Amami-Okinawan. More information.

YUGH

[YUU] Russia (Asia). 2 or 3 semi-speakers out of an ethnic group of 10 to 15 (1991 G.K. Verner in Kibrik).  Alternate names: YUG. Classification: Yenisei Ostyak. More information.

YUKAGHIR, NORTHERN

[YKG] Russia (Asia). 30 to 150 Tundra out of 230 to 1,100 in the ethnic group (1995 M. Krauss, 1989 census).  Alternate names: YUKAGIR, JUKAGIR, ODUL, TUNDRA, TUNDRE, NORTHERN YUKAGIR. Classification: Yukaghir. More information.

YUKAGHIR, SOUTHERN

[YUX] Russia (Asia). 10 to 50 speakers out of 130 in the ethnic group (1995 M. Krauss, 1989 census).  Alternate names: YUKAGIR, JUKAGIR, ODUL, KOLYMA, KOLYM, SOUTHERN YUKAGIR. Classification: Yukaghir. More information.


 

This web edition of the Ethnologue contains all the content of the print edition and may be cited as:
Grimes, Barbara F. (ed.), 2000. Ethnologue: Languages of the World, Fourteenth edition. Dallas, Texas: SIL International. Online version: http://www.ethnologue.com/14.

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