ANDOQUE: a language of Colombia

The following is the entry for this language as it appeared in the 14th edition (2000).
It was superseded by the corresponding entry in the 15th edition (2005). See also the corresponding entry in the 16th edition (2009).

SIL code: ANO

ISO 639-2: sai

Population 518 to 600 speakers in Colombia, all of whom are reported to understand it, but few speak it (1998 Arango and S├ínchez). Extinct in Peru (1992 SIL). There were 10,000 in 1908 (Landaburu 1979). 
Region Aduche River (tributary of Caqueta) 15 km. down river from Araracuara, Amazonas.
Alternate names   ANDOKE
Classification Language Isolate.
Comments Mason (1950:246 with disclaimer), Tax (1960:433), and Kaufman (1990:43 tentatively) say this is Witotoan. Tovar (1961:150), Witte (1981:1), and Aschmann (1993:2) say it is an isolate. 80% speak fair Spanish, 10% are monolingual. People are somewhat acculturated. Tropical forest. Rubber gatherers.

This web edition of the Ethnologue contains all the content of the print edition and may be cited as:
Grimes, Barbara F. (ed.), 2000. Ethnologue: Languages of the World, Fourteenth edition. Dallas, Texas: SIL International. Online version:

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