BUGIS: a language of Indonesia (Sulawesi)

The following is the entry for this language as it appeared in the 14th edition (2000).
It was superseded by the corresponding entry in the 15th edition (2005). See also the corresponding entry in the 16th edition (2009).

SIL code: BPR

ISO 639-2: bug

Population 3,500,000 (1991 SIL). Population total both countries 3,500,000. Including second language users: 4,000,000 (1999 WA).
Region South Sulawesi, 3.5' to 5' South, other areas of the coastal swamp such as Bulukumba, Luwu, Polewali in Polmas, Pasangkayu in Mamuju districts. On the western coast of southeast Sulawesi in Kolaka, Wundulako, Rumbia, and Poleang districts. Also in major towns of Sulawesi. Large enclaves also in other provinces of Sulawesi, Kalimantan, Maluku, Irian Jaya, and Sumatra. Also spoken in Malaysia (Sabah).
Alternate names   BUGINESE, BUGI, BOEGINEESCHE, BOEGINEZEN, UGI, DE', RAPPANG BUGINESE
Dialects BONE (PALAKKA, DUA BOCCOE, MARE), PANGKEP (PANGKAJENE), CAMBA, SIDRAP (SIDENRANG, PINRANG UTARA, ALITTA), PASANGKAYU (UGI RIAWA), SINJAI (ENNA, PALATTAE, BULUKUMBA), SOPPENG (KESSI), WAJO, BARRU (PARE-PARE, NEPO, SOPPENG RIAJA, TOMPO, TANETE), SAWITTO (PINRANG), LUWU (LUWU', BUA PONRANG, WARA, MALANGKE-USSU).
Classification Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sulawesi, South Sulawesi, Bugis.
Comments The Bone or Soppeng dialects are central. Vigorous. Investigation needed: intelligibility with Sawitto, Luwu, Sinjai, Barru dialects with Soppeng central dialect. Bugis Lontara syllabary is still in use. Coastal swamp, rolling hills. Agriculturalists: wet rice; famous as seafarers, merchants. Muslim, Christian. Bible 1900-1996.

Also spoken in:

Malaysia (Sabah)   
Language name   BUGIS
Alternate names   BUGINESE
Comments Bible 1900, in press (1995). See main entry under Indonesia, Sulawesi.
 

This web edition of the Ethnologue contains all the content of the print edition and may be cited as:
Grimes, Barbara F. (ed.), 2000. Ethnologue: Languages of the World, Fourteenth edition. Dallas, Texas: SIL International. Online version: http://www.ethnologue.com/14.

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