The following is the entry for this language as it appeared in the 14th edition (2000).
It was superseded by the corresponding entry in the 15th edition (2005). See also the corresponding entry in the 16th edition (2009).
SIL code: MHD
ISO 639-2: mis
|Region||Eastern Province in Usambara.|
|Alternate names||MA'A, MBOUGOU, VAMA'A, WA MAATHI, KIBWYO|
|Classification||Mixed Language, Pare-Cushitic.|
|Comments||People call themselves 'Va-Ma'a'. A hybrid language; Bantu inflectional (prefix and concord) system with Cushitic vocabulary. Derivational morphemes are Bantu and Cushitic (or non-Bantu). The Bantu influence is from Pare (Shambaa).|
This web edition of the Ethnologue contains all the content of the print edition and may be cited as:
Grimes, Barbara F. (ed.), 2000. Ethnologue: Languages of the World, Fourteenth edition. Dallas, Texas: SIL International. Online version: http://www.ethnologue.com/14.