OTTAWA: a language of Canada

The following is the entry for this language as it appeared in the 14th edition (2000).
It was superseded by the corresponding entry in the 15th edition (2005). See also the corresponding entry in the 16th edition (2009).

SIL code: OTW

ISO 639-2: oji

Population Including Ottawa, Eastern and Central Ojibwa and USA: 8,000 speakers. All Ojibwa mother tongue speakers in Canada: 25,885 (1998 Statistics Canada). Including Ottawa and all Ojibwa in Canada: 30,000 (1999 C. Fiero SIL). Total of 35,000 speakers out of an ethnic population of 60,000 in all Ojibwa, Chippewa, and Ottawa in Canada and USA (1999 C. Fiero). Population total both countries 5,395 or more.
Region Islands in, and areas surrounding, Lake Huron, from the region of Manitoulin Island to southern Ontario north of Lake Erie. West of a north south line through the base of Bruce Peninsula (Rhodes 1976:131). Also spoken in USA.
Alternate names   ODAWA, OJIBWE, OJIBWAY
Classification Algic, Algonquian, Central, Ojibwa.
Comments Probably all speakers are bilingual in English, some in other Ojibwa varieties. Most adults and some younger ones in a large population on Manitoulin Island. Vigorous on Manitoulin Island. Dying out in many areas. Concerted effort via language teaching in public schools and other efforts to reverse the decline. Called Eastern Ojibwa in Bloomfield's grammar. In southern Ontario also called Chippewa. Dictionary. Grammar. Bible portions 1841-1844.

Also spoken in:

USA   
Language name   OTTAWA
Population 5,395 including 330 Ottawa, 5,065 Ojibwa in USA (1990 census), 10 monolinguals. 20,000 total ethnic Ojibwa (Ottawa and Chippewa) in USA (1991 M. Dale Kincade).
Alternate names   ODAWA, CHIPPEWA, EASTERN OJIBWA, OJIBWE
Comments Probably all speakers are bilingual in English, some in other Ojibwa varieties. Ottawa is dying out in many areas. Concerted effort via language teaching in public schools and other efforts to reverse the decline. Dictionary. Grammar. Bible portions 1841-1844. See main entry under Canada.
 

This web edition of the Ethnologue contains all the content of the print edition and may be cited as:
Grimes, Barbara F. (ed.), 2000. Ethnologue: Languages of the World, Fourteenth edition. Dallas, Texas: SIL International. Online version: http://www.ethnologue.com/14.

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