PRINCIPENSE: a language of São Tomé e Principe

The following is the entry for this language as it appeared in the 14th edition (2000).
It was superseded by the corresponding entry in the 15th edition (2005). See also the corresponding entry in the 16th edition (2009).

SIL code: PRE

ISO 639-2: cpp

Population Few speakers out of 1,558 Principenses on Príncipe (1999 S. Graham). 
Region On Príncipe Island.
Alternate names   LUN'GWIYE, 'MONCÓ'
Classification Creole, Portuguese based.
Comments The substratum was largely Kwa and Western Bantu languages; quite distinct from the creoles of Guinea-Bissau, Senegal, Gambia, and Cape Verde. Principense shares 77% lexical similarity with São Tomense, 67% with Angolar, 62% with Annobonese. Most speak Portuguese, and some learn Sãotomense. Speakers are elderly. National language. Nearly extinct.

This web edition of the Ethnologue contains all the content of the print edition and may be cited as:
Grimes, Barbara F. (ed.), 2000. Ethnologue: Languages of the World, Fourteenth edition. Dallas, Texas: SIL International. Online version:

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