SRANAN: a language of Suriname

The following is the entry for this language as it appeared in the 14th edition (2000).
It was superseded by the corresponding entry in the 15th edition (2005). See also the corresponding entry in the 16th edition (2009).

SIL code: SRN

ISO 639-2: cpe

Population 120,000 or more first language speakers in Suriname or 30% of the population (1993 SIL), 400,000 including second language speakers (1993). Population total all countries 120,000 or more.
Region Mainly in Paramaribo and along the coast. Also spoken in Aruba, Netherlands, Netherlands Antilles.
Classification Creole, English based, Atlantic, Suriname.
Comments Similar to Ndyuka, but there are cultural differences. Also has many similarities to Krio of Sierra Leone. Bilingualism in Dutch. Some literature. The lingua franca of 80% of the population of the country, including the Hindustanis, Javanese, Chinese, American Indians, and Bush Negroes. Language of wider communication. Literacy rate in first language: 10%. Literacy rate in second language: 50% to 75%. Christian, traditional religion. Bible 1997.

This web edition of the Ethnologue contains all the content of the print edition and may be cited as:
Grimes, Barbara F. (ed.), 2000. Ethnologue: Languages of the World, Fourteenth edition. Dallas, Texas: SIL International. Online version:

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