TERNATE: a language of Indonesia (Maluku)

The following is the entry for this language as it appeared in the 14th edition (2000).
It was superseded by the corresponding entry in the 15th edition (2005). See also the corresponding entry in the 16th edition (2009).

SIL code: TFT

ISO 639-2: paa

Population 42,000 native speakers and 20,000 or more second language users (1981 Wurm and Hattori). 
Region North Maluku, islands of Ternate, Kayoa, Bacan, Obi, and coastal communities on western north Halmahera. Lingua franca in northern and northeastern Halmahera.
Classification West Papuan, North Halmahera, South.
Comments Close to Tidore. Vigorous use in daily communication. Investigation needed: intelligibility with Tidore. Trade language. Literacy rate in first language: 1% to 5%. Literacy rate in second language: 25% to 50%. Muslim.

This web edition of the Ethnologue contains all the content of the print edition and may be cited as:
Grimes, Barbara F. (ed.), 2000. Ethnologue: Languages of the World, Fourteenth edition. Dallas, Texas: SIL International. Online version: http://www.ethnologue.com/14.

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