Archived 15th edition home
Ethnologue > Web version > Abbreviations


Note: Some institutions may be listed under more than one name because of differences among our sources. Some names are incomplete, such as 'Episcopal' or 'Mennonite'.

ALEM Associação Lingüística Evangélica Missionária
alt. alternate name for
alt. dial. alternate dialect name for
AMTB Association of Brazilian Cross Cultural Missions
ANG Anglican
ANU Australian National University
ASL American Sign Language
ASSR Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic
BAP Baptist
BIA Bureau of Indian Affairs (USA)
BSI Bible Society of India
BTA Bible Translation Association
BTL Bible Translation and Literacy
CAPRO Calvary Ministries, Nigeria
CIIL Central Institute of Indian Languages
Class Language classification
CMA Christian and Missionary Alliance
CR/CRC Christian Reformed
CRC Christian Revival Crusade
dial.   primary dialect name for
DRC Democratic Republic of Congo
ECP Evangelical Church of Papua New Guinea
EDCL Encyclopedic Dictionary of Chinese Linguistics
EELC Église Évangélique Lutherienne du Cameroun
FUNAI National Indian Foundation, Brazil
GILLBT Ghana Institute of Linguistics, Literacy, and Bible Translation
GR Gospel Recordings
ICDBL International Committee for the Defense of the Breton Language
IEM Indian Evangelical Mission
IJAL International Journal of American Linguistics
IMA India Missions Association
LBT Lutheran Bible Translators
Lg Dev Language development
Lg Use Language use
LGA Local Government Area (Nigeria)
MARC Missions Advanced Research and Communications Center
NTM New Tribes Mission
NWFP Northwest Frontier Province, Pakistan
OIEL Oxford International Encyclopedia of Linguistics
OMF Overseas Missionary Fellowship
OVS Object-Verb-Subject
PBT Pioneer Bible Translators
pej.    pejorative
PNG Papua New Guinea
RC Roman Catholic Church
REF Reformed
ROC Republic of China
SIL SIL International
SIM SIM International
SOV Subject-Object-Verb
TEAM The Evangelical Alliance Mission
TILL The Institute for Liberian Languages
TISLL The Institute for Sierra Leonean Languages
UBS United Bible Societies
UC United Church
UFM Unevangelized Fields Mission
UKAW Artha Wacana Christian University (East Timor)
UN United Nations
UNESCO United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization
USA United States of America
USSR Union of Soviet Socialist Republics
VOS Verb-Object-Subject
WA World Almanac
WCD World Christian Database
WCE World Christian Encyclopedia (Barrett 1982)
WT World Team
YWAM Youth With A Mission