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Bibliography of Ethnologue Data Sources

Abas, Hussen, ed. 1985. Lontara: Majalah Universitas Hasanuddin No 28. Ujung Pandang: Percetakan Lembaga Penerbitan Universitas Hasanuddin.

Abrahams, R. G. 1967. The peoples of Greater Unyamwezi, Tanzania. London: International African Institute.

Acebes, Argentina. 1966. Indígenas en Argentina. In XXXVI Congreso Internacional de Americanistas, España 1964: Actas y Memorias, Tomo 3, pp. 543–546. Sevilla.

Acton, Thomas and Donald Kenrick, eds. 1984. Romani Rokkeripen Todivvus. London: Romanestan Publications.

Addleton, Jonathan S. 1986. The importance of regional languages in Pakistan. Al-Mushir 28(2):55–80.

Adelaar, Karl Alexander. 1985. Proto-Malayic: The reconstruction of its phonology and part of its lexicon and morphology. Alblasserdam: Offsetdrukkerij Kanters B. V.

Adelaar, Karl Alexander. 1995. Minangkabau. In Tyron, ed., pp. 433–441.

Adler, Max K. 1977a. Pidgins, creoles, and lingua francas, a sociolinguistic study. Hamburg: Helmut Buske Verlag.

Adler, Max K. 1977b. Welsh and the other dying languages in Europe. Hamburg: Helmut Buske Verlag.

Afido, Pedro, Gregório Firmino, John Heins, Samba Mbuub, and Manuel Trinta. 1989. Seminario sobre a padronização da ortografia de línguas Moçambícanas. Maputo: Faculdade de Letras, Universidade Eduardo Mondlane.

Agard, Frederick B. 1975. Toward a taxonomy of language split, Part One: Phonology. Leuvense Bijdragen 64(3–4):293–312.

Agard, Frederick B. 1984. A course in Romance linguistics, Vol. 2: A diachronic view. Washington, D.C.: Georgetown University Press.

Agesthialingom, S. and S. Sakthivel. 1973. A bibliography for the study of Nilgiri hill tribes. Annamalainagar: Annamalai University.

Akiner, Shirin. 1983. Islamic peoples of the Soviet Union. London: Kegan Paul International.

Ali, Salah Mohamed. 1988. The unity of the Somali language despite the barrier of regional language variants. In Annarita Puglielli, ed., Proceedings of the Third International Congress of Somali Studies, pp. 90–98. Roma: Il Pensiero scientifico.

Allen, Jerry and Conrad Hurd. 1963a. Languages of the Bougainville District. Port Moresby: Summer Institute of Linguistics.

Allen, Jerry and Conrad Hurd. 1963b. Languages of the Cape Hoskins Patrol Post Division of the Talasea Sub-district New Britain. Port Moresby: Summer Institute of Linguistics.

Alleyne, Mervyn C. 1980. Comparative Afro-American. Ann Arbor: Karoma.

Alleyne, Mervyn C. n.d. A linguistic perspective on the Caribbean. Washington, D.C.: The Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars.

Allin, Trevor. 1976. A grammar of Resígaro. Horsleys Green, United Kingdom: Summer Institute of Linguistics.

Al-Tajir, Mahdi Abdalla. 1982. Language and linguistic origins in Bahrain: The Baharnah dialect of Arabic. London: Kegan Paul International.

Anceaux, J. C. 1961. The linguistic situation in the islands of Yapen, Kurudu, Nau, and Miosnum, New Guinea. The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff.

Anceaux, J. C. 1978. The linguistic position of Southeast Sulawesi: A preliminary outline. In S. A. Wurm and Lois Carrington, eds., Proceedings of the Second International Conference on Austronesian Linguistics, Fascicle1. Pacific Linguistics C-61, pp. 275–283. Canberra: Australian National University

Anderson, Franklin Scott. 1987. The lexicon of Fanagolo. Carbondale: Southern Illinois University.

Andersson, Lars-Gunnar and Tore Janson. 1997. Languages in Botswana: Language ecology in southern Africa. Gaborone: Longman Botswana.

Andrews, Peter Alford, ed. 1989. Ethnic groups in the Republic of Turkey. Wiesbaden, Germany: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag.

Andrzejewski, B. W. 1975a. The role of indicator particles in Somali. Afroasiatic Linguistics 1(6):1–69.

Andrzejewski, B. W. 1975b. Verbs with vocalic mutation in Somali and their significance for Hamitico-Semitic comparative studies. In James Bynon and Theodora Bynon, eds., Hamitico-Semitica, pp. 361–367. The Hague: Mouton.

Andrzejewski, B. W. 1978. The development of a national orthography in Somalia and the modernization of the Somali language. Horn of Africa 1(3):39–45.

Andvik, Eric. 1993. Tshangla verb inflections: a preliminary sketch. Linguistics of the Tibeto-Burman Area 16(1):75–136.

Andvik, Eric. 1999. Tshangla grammar. Ph.D. dissertation. University of Oregon, Eugene.

Antworth, Evan L. 1979. A grammatical sketch of Botolan Sambal. Philippine Journal of Linguistics, Special Monograph Issue No. 8. Manila: Linguistic Society of the Philippines.

Applegate, Joseph R. 1970. The Berber languages. In Sebeok, ed., pp. 586–661.

Arango, Raúl and Enrique Sánchez. 1998. Los pueblos indígenas de Colombia, 1997. Bogotá: Tercer Mundo Editores and Departamento Nacional de Planeación.

Arango Montoya, P. Francisco MXY. 1977. Colombia atlas indigenista. Bogotá: Ministerio de Educación Nacional.

Arbues, Lilia R. 1960. The Negritos as a minority group in the Philippines. Philippine Sociological Review 8(1/2).

Armstrong, Robert G. 1955a. The Idoma-speaking peoples. In Peoples of the Niger-Benue Confluence, Ethnographic Survey of Africa, Western Africa, Part X, pp. 91–155. London: International African Institute.

Armstrong, Robert G. 1955b. The Igala. In Peoples of the Niger-Benue Confluence, Ethnographic Survey of Africa, Western Africa, Part X, pp. 77–90. London: International African Institute.

Arnott, D. W. 1970. The nominal and verbal systems of Fula. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Arveiller, R. 1967. Études sur le parler de Monaco. Thése de Paris, Monaco.

Aschmann, Richard P. 1993. Proto Witotoan. Summer Institute of Linguistics and the University of Texas at Arlington Publications in Linguistics 114. Dallas.

Atlas Linguistique de l'Afrique Central. 1984, 1988. Bangui: Agence de Coopération Culturelle et Technique.

Atlas National du Senegal. 1977. Paris: l'Institut Géographique National.

Backstrom, Peter C. and Carla F. Radloff, eds. 1992. Languages of northern areas. Sociolinguistic survey of Northern Pakistan, Vol. 2. Islamabad: National Institute of Pakistan Studies, Quaid-i-Azam University and Summer Institute of Linguistics.

Bahuchet, Serge. 1985. Les pygmées aka et la forêt centrafricaine: ethnologie écologique. Paris: SELAF.

Bailey, T. Grahame. 1915. Linguistic studies from the Himalayas. London: The Royal Asiatic Society.

Baker, Philip. 1972. Kreol: A description of Mauritian Creole. London: C. Hurst & Co.

Baker, Philip and R. Ramnak. 1985. Mauritian Bhojpuri: An Indo-Aryan language spoken in a predominantly creolphone society. In Stephen. A. Wurm, ed., Papers in Pidgin and Creole Linguistics No. 4. Pacific Linguistics A–72, pp. 215–238. Canberra: Australian National University.

Barbour, Stephen and Patrick Stevenson. 1990. Variation in German: A critical approach to German sociolinguistics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Barker, Milton E. 1966. Proto-Vietnamuong initial labial consonants. Van-hóa Nguyêt-san 12:491–500.

Barr, Donald F., Sharon G. Barr, and C. Salombe. 1979. Languages of Central Sulawesi: Checklist, preliminary classification, language maps, wordlists. Ujung Pandang: Summer Institute of Linguistics and Hasanuddin University.

Barreteau, Daniel, ed. 1978. Inventaire des études linguistiques sur les pays d'Afrique noire d'expression française et sur Madagascar. Paris: Conseil International de la Langue Française.

Barreteau, Daniel and Paul Newman. 1978. Les langues Tchadiques. In Barreteau, ed., pp. 291–330.

Barrett, David B., ed. 1982. World Christian encyclopedia: A comparative study of churches and religions in the modern world A.D. 1900–2000. Nairobi: Oxford University Press.

Barry, Abdoulaye. 1987. The Joola languages: Subgrouping and reconstruction. Ph.D. dissertation. University of London, School of African and Oriental Studies.

Bartholomew, Doris. 1965. The reconstruction of Otopamean (Mexico). Ph.D. dissertation. University of Chicago.

Barz, R. and J. Siegel, eds., 1988. Language transplanted: The development of overseas Hindi. Wiesbaden: Otto Harrasowitz.

Barz, R. and Y. K. Yadav. 1993. An introduction to Hindi and Urdu, fifth edition. New Delhi: Munshiram Manoharlal.

Bastin, Yvonne. 1978. Les langues Bantoues. In Barreteau, ed., pp. 123–185.

Bateson, Mary Catherine. 1967. Arabic language handbook. Washington D.C.: Center for Applied Linguistics.

Baxter, Alan N. 1988. A grammar of Kristang (Malacca Creole Portuguese). Pacific Linguistics B–95. Canberra: Australian National University.

Beaumont, C. L. 1972. New Ireland languages: A review. In Papers in Linguistics of Melanesia, No. 3. Pacific Linguistics A–35, pp. 1–41. Canberra: Australian National University.

Behnstedt, Peter. 1985. Die nordjemenitischen Dialaekte. Teil 1: Atlas. Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag.

Behnstedt, Peter and Manfred Woidich. 1988. Die ägyptisch-arabischen Dialekte, 3 vols. Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag.

Beidelman, T. O. 1967. The matrilineal peoples of eastern Tanzania. London: International African Institute.

Beltran, Joan S. 1986. L'estandard occidental: una proposta sobre l'estandard català a les terres del darrer tram de l'Ebre. Barcelona: Generalitat de Catalunya.

Bender, Byron W. 1971. Micronesian languages. In Sebeok, ed., 1971b, pp. 426–465.

Bender, Byron and Kenneth L. Rehg. 1991. Micronesian languages in jeopardy? Presented at the Sixth International Conference of Austronesian Linguistics, Honolulu, Hawaii. May 1991.

Bender, Byron W. and Alfred Capelle. 1996. Dealing with the ABCs of Marshallese over twenty years. In France Mugler and John Lynch, eds., Pacific Languages in Education, pp. 36–75. Suva: University of the South Pacific, Institute of Pacific Studies.

Bender, M. Lionel. 1971. The languages of Ethiopia. Anthropological Linguistics 13(5):165–288.

Bender, M. Lionel. 1975. The Ethiopian Nilo-Saharans. Addis Ababa: s.n.

Bender, M. Lionel, ed. 1976. The non-Semitic languages of Ethiopia. Monograph No. 5, Occasional Papers Series, Committee on Ethiopian Studies. East Lansing: African Studies Center, Michigan State University.

Bender, M. Lionel, ed. 1983a. Nilo-Saharan language studies. East Lansing: African Studies Center, Michigan State University.

Bender, M. Lionel. 1983b. Majang phonology and morphology. In Bender, ed., pp. 114–147.

Bender, M. Lionel. 1983c. Remnant languages. In Bender, ed., pp. 336–354.

Bender, M. Lionel. 1989. Eastern Jebel languages. In M. Lionel Bender, ed., Topics in Nilo-Saharan Linguistics. Hamburg: H. Buske.

Bendor-Samuel, John. 1971. Niger-Congo, Gur. In Sebeok, ed., 1971a, pp. 141–178.

Bendor-Samuel, John, ed. 1989. The Niger-Congo Languages. Lanham, Maryland: University Press of America.

Benedict, Paul K. 1975. Austro-Thai language and culture with a glossary of roots. New Haven: Human Relations Area Files Press.

Besnier, Nico. 1992. Polynesian languages. In Bright, ed., Vol. 3, pp. 245–251.

Bhurhanuddin, B. H. 1979. Bahasa-bahasa daerah di Sulawesi Tenggara. Kendari. ms.

Biber, Douglas. 1984. Pragmatic roles in Central Somali narrative discourse. Studies in African Linguistics 15:1–26.

Bickerton, Derek. 1974. Priorities in creole studies. In De Camp and Hancock, eds., pp. 85–87.

Bickerton, Derek and Aquilas Escalante. 1970. Palenquero: A Spanish-based creole of northern Colombia. Lingua 24:254–267.

Biggs, Bruce. 1957. Testing intelligibility among Yuman languages. International Journal of American Linguistics 23:57–62.

Biggs, Bruce. 1980. The position of East Uvean and Anutan in the Polynesian language family. Te Reo: Journal of the Linguistic Society of New Zealand 23:115–134.

Bimson, Kent D. 1978. Comparative reconstruction of Proto-Northern-Western Mande. Ph.D. dissertation. University of California, Los Angeles.

Bista, Dor Bahadur. 1996. People of Nepal, sixth edition. Kathmandu: Ratna Pustak Bhandar.

Black, Paul. 1983. Aboriginal languages of the Northern Territory. Darwin: School of Australian Linguistics, Darwin Community College.

Blair, Frank. 1990. Survey on a shoestring: A manual for small-scale language surveys. Summer Institute of Linguistics and the University of Texas at Arlington Publications in Linguistics 96. Dallas.

Blanchet, Phillippe. 1986. Idiome spécifique et culture populaire: Le Français régional de Provence. Doctoral dissertation. Sorbonne University, Paris.

Blust, Robert A. 1974. The Proto-North Sarawak vowel deletion hypothesis. Ph.D. dissertation. University of Hawaii, Honolulu.

Blust, Robert A. 1977. The Proto-Austronesian pronouns and Austronesian subgrouping: A preliminary report. Working Papers in Linguistics 9(2):1–15. Honolulu: Department of Linguistics, University of Hawaii.

Blust, Robert A. 1981. The Soboyo reflexes of Proto-Austronesian *S. In Robert A. Blust, ed., Historical Linguistics in Indonesia, Part 1. NUSA, Linguistic Studies in Indonesian and Languages in Indonesia, Vol. 10, pp. 21–30. Jakarta: Badan Penyelenggara Seri Nusa, Universitas Atma Jaya.

Blust, Robert A. 1983–1984. More on the position of the languages of eastern Indonesia. Oceanic Linguistics 22/23:1–28.

Blust, Robert A. 1999. Subgrouping, circularity and extinction: some issues in Austronesian comparative linguistics.  In Elizabeth Zeitoun and Paul Jen-Kuei Li, eds., Selected papers from the Eighth International Conference on Austronesian Linguistics, pp. 31–94. Symposium Series of the Institute of Linguistics (Preparatory Office), Academia Sinica 1. Taipei: Institute of Linguistics (Preparatory Office), Academia Sinica.

Boeder, R. B. 1984. Silent majority: A history of the Lomwe in Malawi. Pretoria: Africa Institute of South Africa.

Borg, Alexander. 1985. Cypriot Arabic. Stuttgart: Deutsch Morgenlaendische Gesellschaft.

Bourgue, François. 1976. Los caminos de los hijos del cielo. Estudio Socio-Territorial de los Kawillary del Cananarí y del Apaporis. Revista Colombiana de Antropología, pp. 101–146. Bogotá: Instituto Colombiano de Cultura.

Boutin, Michael E., comp. 1986. Indigenous groups of Sabah: An annotated bibliography of linguistic and anthropological sources: supplement 1. Sabah Museum Monograph 1, part 2. Kota Kinabalu: Sabah Museum.

Boutin, Michael E. and Alanna Y. Boutin. 1985. Report on the languages of Banggi and Balambangan. Sabah Society Journal 8(1):89–92.

Boyeldieu, Pascal. 1977. Etudes phonologiques tchadiennes. Paris: SELAF.

Boyeldieu, Pascal. 1985. La langue lua (‘niellim’). Paris: Maison des sciences de l’homme, SELAF.

Bradley, C. Henry. 1968. A method for determining dialectal boundaries and relationships. América Indígena 28:751–760.

Brenzinger, Matthias. 1997. Moving to survive: Kxoe communities in arid lands. Hunter-gatherers in transition: Language, identity, and conceptualization among the Khoisan. Khoisau–Forum 2. Köln.

Breton, Roland J. L. 1979. Ethnies et langues. In Georges Laclavère, ed., Atlas de la République Unie du Cameroun, pp. 31–35. Paris: Éditions Jeune Afrique.

Breton, Roland J. L. 1981a. Groupe A10: Lundu-Mbo, Oroko-Ngoe. Map of Oroko-Ngoe language group of SW Cameroon. Yaoundé: D.G.R.S.T., C.R.E.A.

Breton, Roland J. L. 1981b. Les ethnies. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France.

Breton, Roland J. L. 1986. Cartes Linguistiques (Cameroun, Centrafrique, Congo, Gabon, Zaïre, Tchad) in Conference des Ministres de l’Education Nationale des Etats de’expression française.

Breton, Roland J. L. 1991a. The handicaps of language planning in Africa. In Joshua A. Fishman, Festschrift, No. 3: Language planning. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.

Breton, Roland J. L. 1991b. Geolinguistics: Language dynamics and ethno-linguistic geography. Ottawa: University of Ottawa Press.

Breton, Roland J. L. 1993. Is there a Furu language group? An investigation on the Cameroon-Nigeria border. Journal of West African Languages 23(2):97–118.

Breton, Roland J. L. 1996. The dynamics of ethno-linguistic communities as the central factor in language policy and planning. International Journal of the Sociology of Language 118:163–179.

Breton, Roland J. L. 1997. Atlas of the languages and ethnic communities of South Asia. New Delhi: Sage Publications India.

Breton, Roland J. L. and D. Louder. 1993. The linguistic geography of Acadiana. In Dean Louder and Eric Waddell, eds., French America: mobility, identity, and minority experience across the continent. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press.

Bright, William, ed. 1992. International encyclopedia of linguistics, 4 vols. New York: Oxford University Press.

Bromley, Myron. 1967. The linguistic relationships of Grand Valley Dani: A lexico-statistical classification. Oceania 37(4):286–308.

Brown, J. Marvin. 1965. From ancient Thai to modern dialects. Bangkok: Social Science Association Press of Thailand.

Browne, Wayles, Ewa Dornisch, Natash Kondrashova, and Draga Zec, eds. 1997. Annual Workshop on Formal Approaches to Slavic Linguistics: the Cornell Meeting, 1995. Michigan Slavic Materials No. 39. Ann Arbor: Michigan Slavic Publications.

Bruhn, Thea C. 1989. Passages: Life, the universe, and language proficiency assessment. In Georgetown University Round Table on Languages and Linguistics 1989, pp. 245–254. Washington, D.C.: Georgetown University Press.

Bryan, Margaret A. 1959. The Bantu languages of Africa. London: Oxford University Press.

Buddruss, Georg. 1960. Die Sprach von Wotapur und Katarqala. Bonn: Selbstverlag des Orientalischen Seminars der Universitat Bonn.

Bulakarima, Umara. 1986. Is Mobar a Kanuri dialect? Annals of Borno 3:81–90.

Bulletin of the Department of Anthropology. 1987. Calcutta: Anthropological Survey of India.

Bunn, Gordon and Graham Scott. 1963. Languages of the Mount Hagen Sub-district. Port Moresby: Summer Institute of Linguistics.

Burling, Robbins. 1998. The Tibeto-Burman languages of Northeast India. ms.

Burmeister, Jonathan L. 1976. A comparison of variable nouns in Anyi-Sanvi and Nzema. Annales 9:7–19.

Burnham, Eugene C. 1976. The place of Haroi in the Chamic languages. M.A. thesis. University of Texas at Arlington

Busenitz, Robert L. 1991. Lexicostatistic and sociolinguistic survey of Balantak and Andio. In Friberg, ed., pp. 7–22.

Butt, Audrey J. 1966. The present state of ethnology in Latin America: The Guianas. In XXXVI Congreso Internacional de Americanistas, España 1964: Actas y Memorias, Tomo 3, pp. 19–37. Sevilla.

Callaghan, Catherine A. 1998. More evidence for Yok-Utian: A re-analysis of the Dixon and Kroeber sets. Paper read at the Society for the Study of the Indigenous Languages of the Americas at the Linguistic Society of America meeting, New York. January 11, 1998.

Campbell, Lyle and David Oltrogge. 1980. Proto-Tol (Jicaque). International Journal of American Linguistics 46:205–223.

Campbell, Lyle and Marianne Mithun, eds. 1979. The languages of native America: Historical and comparative assessment. Austin: University of Texas Press.

Capell, Arthur. 1962a. A linguistic survey of the southwestern Pacific. South Pacific Commission, Technical Paper No. 136. Noumea: South Pacific Commission.

Capell, Arthur. 1962b. Oceanic linguistics today. Current Anthropology 3:371–428.

Capell, Arthur. 1968. Lexicostatistical study of the languages of Choiseul Island, British Solomon Islands. In Papers in Linguistics of Melanesia, No. 1. Pacific Linguistics A–15, pp. 1–25. Canberra: Australian National University.

Capo, Hounkpati B. C. 1986. Renaissance du Gbe, une language de l’Afrique Occidentale. Etude critique sur les langues ajatado: l’Ewe, le Fon, le Gen, l’Aja, le Gun, etc. Lomé: Université du Bénin, Institut National des Sciences de l’Education.

Caprile, Jean Pierre, ed. 1977. Etudes phonologiques tchadiennes. Paris: SELAF.

Capron, Jean. 1973. Communautes villageoises Mali-Haute Volta Bwa, Vol. 1. Paris: Institut d’Ethnologie.

Carr, Elizabeth Ball. 1972. Da Kine Talk: From Pidgin to Standard English in Hawaii. Honolulu: The University Press of Hawaii.

Carrington, Lawrence D. 1984. St. Lucian Creole: A descriptive analysis. Hanburg: Buske.

Carrington, Lois. 1996. A linguistic bibliography of the New Guinea area. Pacific Linguistics D–90. Canberra: Australian National University.

Casad, Eugene H. 1974. Dialect intelligibility testing. SIL Publications in Linguistics and Related Fields, No. 38. Norman, Oklahoma: Summer Institute of Linguistics.

Cassanelli, Lee V. 1982. The shaping of Somali society: Reconstructing the history of a pastoral people, 1600–1900. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.

Cavalli-Sforza, Luigi Luca, ed. 1986. African Pygmies. Orlando, Florida: Academic Press.

Cense, A. A. and E. M. Uhlenbeck. 1958. A critical survey of studies on the languages of Borneo, Bibliographical Series No. 2. The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff.

Central Institute of Indian Languages. 1973. Distribution of languages in India in states and union territories, inclusive of mother-tongues. Mysore.

Cerron-Palomino, Rodolfo. 1976. Gramática quechua: Junín-Huanca. Lima, Perú: Ministerio de Educación.

Chafe, Wallace L. 1962. Estimates regarding the present speakers of North American Indian languages. International Journal of American Linguistics 28:162–171.

Chafe, Wallace L. 1965. Corrected estimates regarding speakers of Indian languages. International Journal of American Linguistics 31:345–346.

Chagnoux, H. and A. Haribou. 1980. Les Comores. Que sais-je? Paris: Presses universitaires de France.

Chamanga, M. A. and N. J. Gueunie. 1966–1967. Recherches sur l’instrumentalisation du comorien. Cahiers d’Etudes Africaines, Vol. 17. The Hague: Mouton.

Chamberlain, James R. 1984. The Tai dialects of Khammoun Province, Laos: Their diversity and origins. The Science of Language 4:62–95.

Chamberlain, James R. 1998. The origin of the Sek: Implications for Tai and Vietnamese history. Paper presented at the International Conference on Tai Studies, Institute of Language and Culture for Rural Development of Mahidol University, Bangkok. July 29–31, 1998.

Chamberlain, James R. Mene: A Tai dialect originally spoken in Nghe An (Nghe Tinh), Vietnam. Preliminary linguistic observations and historical implications. Journal of the Siam Society 79:103–123.

Chamberlain, James R., Charles Alton, Latsamay Silavong. 1996. Socio-economic and cultural survey: Nam Theun 2 Project Area. Part 2, Appendix 2, Be-Tai ethnolinguistic family. CARE International and Lao People’s Democratic Republic.

Chase-Sardi, Miguel. 1987. Derecho consuetudinario Chamacoco. Asunción: Asociación Indigenista del Paraguay, RP Ediciones.

Chazee, Laurent. 1995. Atlas des ethnies et des sous-ethnies du Laos. Bangkok.

Chetrit, Joseph. 1985. Judeo-Arabic and Judeo-Spanish in Morocco and their sociolinguistic interaction. In Fishman, ed., pp. 261–279.

Classe, A. 1957a. Phonetics of the Silbo Gomero. Archivum Linguisticum 9(1):44–61.

Classe, A. 1957b. The whistled language of La Gomero. Scientific American, 196(4):111–120.

Claassen, Oren and Kenneth McElhanon. 1970. Languages of the Finisterre Range—New Guinea. Pacific Linguistics A– 23, pp. 45–78. Canberra: Australian National University.

Clairis, Christos. 1982. Les Qawasqar. Thesis. Sorbonne, Paris.

Clammer, J. R. 1976. Literacy and social change: A case study of Fiji. Leiden: E. J. Brill.

Cloarec-Heiss, France. 1978. Étude preliminaire à une dialectologie banda. In Raymond Boyd and France Cloarec-Heiss, Études Comparatives. Bibliothèque de la SELAF 65, pp. 11–42. Paris: SELAF.

Clouse, Duane. 1997. Towards a reconstruction and reclassification of the Lakes Plain languages of Irian Jaya. In Karl J. Franklin, ed., Papers in Papuan Linguistics 2. Pacific Linguistics A–85, pp. 133–236. Canberra: Australian National University.

Coelho, V. H. 1967. Sikkim and Bhutan. New Delhi: Indraprastha Press.

Cohen, David. 1963. Le dialecte Arabe Hassaniya de Mauritanie. Paris: Librairie C. Klincksieck.

Cohen, David. 1985. Judeo-Arabic of North Africa. In Fishman, ed., pp. 246–260.

Cohen, Pedro I. and others. 1976. El inglés criollo de Panamá. Primeras Jornadas Lingüísticas. Panamá: Editorial Universitaria.

Collins, James. 1983. The historical relationships of the languages of central Maluku, Indonesia. Pacific Linguistics D–47. Canberra: Australian National University.

Collins, James. 1995. Bibliografi Dialek Melayu Di Pulau Sumatera. Kuala Lumpur: Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka Kementerian Pedidikan Malaysia

Comrie, Bernard, ed. 1987. The world’s major languages. New York: Oxford University Press.

Connell, Bruce. 1994. The Lower Cross languages: A prolegomena to the classification of the Cross River languages. Journal of West African Languages 24(1):3–46.

Connell, Bruce and K.B. Maison. 1994. A Cameroun homeland for the Lower Cross languages? Sprache und Geschichte in Afrika 15:47–90.

Conrad, Robert and Wayne Dye. 1975. Some language relationships in the Upper Sepik Region of Papua New Guinea. In Papers in New Guinea Linguistics No. 18. Pacific Linguistics A–40, pp.1–35. Canberra: Australian National University

Cook, Edwin A. 1966. Narak: Language or dialect? Journal of the Polynesian Society 75:437–444.

Coon, Carleton Stevens. 1931. Tribes of the Rif. Harvard African Studies, Vol. IX. Cambridge, Mass: Peabody Museum of Harvard University.

Corne, Chris. 1999. The development of new vernaculars in the French colonial world. Westminster Creolistics Series, Vol 5. Battlebridge Publications.

Cortina-Borja, Mario and Leopoldo Valiñas C. 1989. Some remarks on Uto-Aztecan classification. International Journal of American Linguistics 55(2):214–239.

Creider, Chet A. 1981. The tonal system of proto-Kalenjin. In Schadeberg and Bender, eds., pp. 19–39.

Crozier, D. H. and R. M. Blench, eds. 1992. An index of Nigerian languages, second edition. Dallas, Texas: Summer Institute of Linguistics.

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Cusihuaman G., Antonio. 1976. Gramática quechua: Cuzco-Collao. Lima, Perú: Ministerio de Educación.

Dalby, T. D. P. 1962. Language distribution in Sierra Leone: 1961–1962. Sierra Leone Language Review 1:62–67.

Dan Nghiem Van, et al. 1993. Ethnic minorities of Vietnam. Hanoi: The Gioi Publishers.

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De Camp, David. 1968. The field of creole language studies. Presented at the Conference on Pidginization and Creolization, University of the West Indies, Jamaica. April 9–12, 1968.

De Camp, David and Ian F. Hancock, eds. 1974. Pidgins and creoles: Current trends and prospects. Washington, D.C.: Georgetown University Press.

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