Languages of Armenia
Armenia. 2,991,360. National or official language: Armenian. Capital: Erevan. 11,306 square miles. Literacy rate: 99%. Also includes Georgian (1,563), Greek (4,700), Karachay-Balkar (323), Russian (70,000), Ukrainian (8,000). The number of languages listed for Armenia is 6. Of those, all are living languages.
3,399,903 in Armenia (2001 Johnstone and Mandryk). Population total all countries: 6,723,840. Throughout the country. Also spoken in Azerbaijan, Bulgaria, Canada, Cyprus, Egypt, Estonia, France, Georgia, Greece, Honduras, Hungary, India, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Lebanon, Palestinian West Bank and Gaza, Romania, Russia (Europe), Syria, Tajikistan, Turkey (Europe), Turkmenistan, Ukraine, USA, Uzbekistan.
Alternate names: Haieren, Somkhuri, Ermenice, Ermeni Dili, Armjanski Yazyk.
Dialects: Eastern Armenian, Erevan (Eriwan), Tbilisi (Tiflis), Karabagh, Shamakhi (Schamachi), Astrakhan (Astrachan), Dzhulfa (Dschugha, Dschulfa), Agulis, Khvoy-Salmst (Choi-Salmst), Urmia-Maragheh (Urmia-Maragha), Artvin (Artwin), Karin (Erzurum, Erzerum), Mus (Musch), Van (Wan), Tigranakert (Diyarbakir, Diarbekir), Kharberd (Charberd, Erzincan, Erzenka), Shabin-Karahissar (Schabin-Karahissar), Trabzon (Trapezunt), Hamshen (Hamschen), Malatya (Malatia), Kilikien, Syria (Syrien), Arabkir, Akn, Sebaste, Ewdokia (Tokat), Smyrna (Izmir), North Komedia, Constantinople (Konstantinopel, Istanbul), Rodosto, Crimea (Krim), Ashkharik. All dialects in all countries usually reported to be inherently intelligible. Eastern Armenian (4,341,000) is spoken in Armenia and its Turkish and Iranian borderlands; Western Armenian (879,612) is spoken elsewhere. Western Armenian is understood only by some in Iran. In Syria, people in Kessaberen (northeastern mountain village of Kessab) and the village of Musa Dagh (now relocated to Lebanon) speak related varieties which other Western Armenian speakers do not understand. Most speakers of Kessaberen have now learned Western Armenian. Western (Turkish) Armenian and Ararat (Russian) are easily intelligible.
Classification: Indo-European, Armenian
|Armenian Sign Language||
Classification: Deaf sign language
3,000 in Armenia (1999). Ethnic population: 15,000. Erevan and scattered throughout Transcaucasia.
Alternate names: Aisorski, Sooreth.
Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, Aramaic, Eastern, Central, Northeastern
161,000 in Armenia (1993 Johnstone). In southern Dagestan, along the Caspian coast and beyond the Caucasus Mountains.
Alternate names: Azeri Turk, Turkler, Azerbaydzhani.
Dialects: Kuba, Derbent, Baku, Semakha, Saliany, Lenkoran, Kazakh, Airym, Borcala, Terekeme, Kyzylbash, Nukha, Zakataly (Mugaly), Kutkasen, Erevan, Nakhichevan, Ordubad, Kirovabad, Susa (Karabakh), Karapapak.
Classification: Altaic, Turkic, Southern, Azerbaijani
100,000 in Armenia (2004).
Alternate names: Kurmanji, Kurmancî, Êzdîkî.
Classification: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Iranian, Western, Northwestern, Kurdish
50 in Armenia (2004). Armenia, southern Caucasus. Also spoken in Azerbaijan, Russia (Asia), Syria.
Alternate names: Armenian Bosha, Armenian Bosa, Bosha, Bosa.
Dialects: Gramatically restructured to be like Armenian with phonology and lexicon also influenced by Armenian.
Classification: Mixed Language, Armenian-Romani