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Languages of Bahrain

State of Bahrain. Dawlat al-Bahrayn. 677,886. National or official language: Standard Arabic. Literacy rate: 49% to 75%. Also includes Kerinci (25,000), Korean (1,200), Malayalam (23,600), Northern Kurdish, Tamil (18,000), Telugu (13,000), Urdu (28,789), Western Farsi (48,000), people from the Philippines (22,000). Information mainly from T. M. Johnstone 1967; W. Fischer and O. Jastrow 1980; M. Al-Tajir 1982; C. Holes 1990. Blind population: 62. Deaf population: 35,529. The number of languages listed for Bahrain is 3. Of those, all are living languages.

Living languages

Arabic, Baharna Spoken

[abv] 300,000 in Bahrain (1995). Population total all countries: 310,000. Also spoken in Oman. Alternate names: Bahraini Shi'ite Arabic, Baharnah, Baharna.  Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic 
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Arabic, Gulf Spoken

[afb] 100,000 in Bahrain (1995).  Alternate names: Khaliji, Gulf Arabic.  Dialects: Bahraini Gulf Arabic.  Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic 
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Arabic, Standard

[arb]  Middle East, North Africa. Alternate names: Modern Literary Arabic, Fasih, High Arabic.  Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic 
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