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Languages of Bahamas

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The Commonwealth of the Bahamas. 299,697. National or official language: English. 30 inhabited islands. Literacy rate: 95% (1990). Also includes Greek (800), Haitian Creole French (20,000). Deaf population: 16,451. Deaf institutions: 2. The number of languages listed for Bahamas is 3. Of those, 2 are living languages and 1 is extinct.

Living languages

Bahamas Creole English

[bah] 225,000 in Bahamas (1987). Also spoken in USA. Alternate names: Bahamian Creole English, Bahamian Dialect.  Dialects: Intelligibility with Sea Islands Creole good. Very close to Sea Islands Creole and Afro-Seminole of USA (Ian Hancock). The major differences with Sea Islands are in phonology, a few words, regional expressions, and a few grammatical differences (verbal markers). There is a spectrum of varieties from Standard USA English usage to the creole (Todd and Hancock 1986).  Classification: Creole, English based, Atlantic, Eastern, Northern 
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English

[eng] 49,331 in Bahamas (2004).  Classification: Indo-European, Germanic, West, English 
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Extinct languages

Taino

[tnq] Extinct. Members of the ethnic group are also now in the USA, in Florida and New Jersey, in Puerto Rico, Santo Domingo, and Cuba. Classification: Arawakan, Maipuran, Northern Maipuran, Caribbean 
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