Archived 15th edition home
Ethnologue > Web version > Country index > Americas > Dominican Republic

Languages of Dominican Republic

See language map.
República Dominicana. 8,833,634. National or official language: Spanish. Literacy rate: 68% to 94%. Also includes Catalan-Valencian-Balear, Japanese (1,500), North Levantine Spoken Arabic (3,000), Southwestern Caribbean Creole English (22,000), Chinese (25,000). Blind population: 5,000. Deaf population: 474,490. Deaf institutions: 3. The number of languages listed for Dominican Republic is 4. Of those, all are living languages.

Living languages

Dominican Sign Language

[doq]   Dialects: Lexical similarity 85% to 90% with ASL, and uses most of the features of ASL, such as absent referent and reduplication.  Classification: Deaf sign language 
More information.


[eng] 8,000 in Dominican Republic (1989 J. Holm). Samaná Peninsula, northeastern Dominican Republic. Dialects: Samaná English.  Classification: Indo-European, Germanic, West, English 
More information.

Haitian Creole French

[hat] 159,000 in Dominican Republic (1987).  Alternate names: Kreyol, Aiysyen.  Classification: Creole, French based 
More information.


[spa] 6,886,000 in Dominican Republic (1995).  Classification: Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Italo-Western, Western, Gallo-Iberian, Ibero-Romance, West Iberian, Castilian 
More information.