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Languages of Georgia

Georgia. 4,693,892. National or official language: Georgian. Capital: Tbilisi. 26,911 square miles. Literacy rate: 99%. Also includes Armenian (448,000), Chechen, Greek (38,000), Judeo-Crimean Tatar, Lak (246), Lezgi (3,650), North Azerbaijani (308,000), Pontic (120,000), Russian (372,000), Tatar (3,102), Turkish (3,102), Udi (500), Ukrainian (52,000). Information mainly from T. Sebeok 1963; E. Haby 1975, A. Kibrik 1991. The number of languages listed for Georgia is 12. Of those, all are living languages.

Living languages

Abkhaz

[abk] 101,000 in Georgia (1993). Population total all countries: 105,952. Abkhaz Republic within Georgia, Black Sea coast. Also spoken in Turkey (Asia), Ukraine. Alternate names: Abxazo.  Dialects: Bzyb, Abzhui, Samurzakan.  Classification: North Caucasian, West Caucasian, Abkhaz-Abazin 
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Assyrian Neo-Aramaic

[aii] 3,000 in Georgia (1999). Ethnic population: 14,000. Erevan and scattered throughout Transcaucasia. Alternate names: Aisorski.  Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, Aramaic, Eastern, Central, Northeastern 
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Bats

[bbl] 3,420 (2000 WCD). Georgia, spoken by about half the inhabitants of Zemo-Alvani. Alternate names: Batsi, Batsaw, Tsova-Tush, Tush, Batsbi, Bac, Batsbiitsy.  Classification: North Caucasian, East Caucasian, Nakh, Batsi 
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Bohtan Neo-Aramaic

[bhn] 1,000 in Georgia (1999 Fox). Mainly in Garbadani village, Georgia. Also spoken in Russia (Asia). Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, Aramaic, Eastern, Central, Northeastern 
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Georgian

[kat] 3,901,380 in Georgia (1993 UBS). Population total all countries: 4,178,604. Ethnic population: 3,981,000 (1993 UBS). 69,700 square miles. Also spoken in Armenia, Azerbaijan, Iran, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia (Asia), Tajikistan, Turkey (Asia), Turkmenistan, Ukraine, USA, Uzbekistan. Alternate names: Kartuli, Gruzinski, Common Kartvelian.  Dialects: Imeretian, Racha-Lexchxum (Lechkhum), Gurian, Adzhar (Acharian), Imerxev Kartlian, Kaxetian (Kakhetian), Ingilo, Tush, Xevsur (Kheysur), Moxev (Mokhev), Pshav, Mtiul, Ferejdan, Meskhur-Javakhuri. Imerxev is in Turkey, Ferejdan may no longer be spoken in Iran.  Classification: Kartvelian, Georgian 
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Judeo-Georgian

[jge] 20,000 in Georgia (1995). Some have gone elsewhere in the former USSR and to other countries. Classification: Kartvelian, Georgian 
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Kurdish, Northern

[kmr] 40,000 in Georgia (1991). Around Tblisi. Alternate names: Kurmanji, KurmancĂ®, KurdĂ®.  Classification: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Iranian, Western, Northwestern, Kurdish 
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Laz

[lzz] 2,000 in Georgia (1982). Adjar, Georgia, a couple of villages. Alternate names: Laze, Chan, Chanzan, Zan, Chanuri.  Dialects: Xopa (Hopa), Chxala (Ckhala), Vice-Arxava (Vital-Arkhava), Atina, Samurzakan-Zugdidi, Senaki.  Classification: Kartvelian, Zan 
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Mingrelian

[xmf] 500,000 (1989 Hewitt). Lowland west Georgia. Alternate names: Margaluri, Megrel, Megruli.  Dialects: Officially considered to be a single language with Laz, called Zan, but linguists recognize that they are not inherently intelligible with each other.  Classification: Kartvelian, Zan 
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Osetin

[oss] 100,000 in Georgia (2001 Johnstone and Mandryk). Population total all countries: 526,453. Also spoken in Azerbaijan, Germany, Kazakhstan, Russia (Asia), Tajikistan, Turkey (Asia), Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan. Alternate names: Ossete, Ossetian.  Dialects: Digor, Tagaur, Kurtat, Allagir, Tual, Iron.  Classification: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Iranian, Eastern, Northeastern 
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Svan

[sva] 15,000 (2000 A. E. Kibrik). Ethnic population: 15,000 (2000 A. E. Kibrik). Svantetia Region. Alternate names: Lushnu, Svanuri.  Dialects: Upper Bal, Lower Bal, Lashx, Lentex.  Classification: Kartvelian, Svan 
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Urum

[uum] 97,746 in Georgia (2000 WCD). Population total all countries: 192,729. Caucasus. In recent years there has been emigration of Urum speakers from Georgia to Greece. Also spoken in Greece, Ukraine. Dialects: Related to Crimean Tatar. A number of inherently intelligible dialects.  Classification: Altaic, Turkic 
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