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Languages of French Guiana

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French Guiana. 191,309. National or official language: French. Literacy rate: 78% to 82%. Also includes Aukan (6,592), Haitian Creole French, Hmong Njua (2,000), North Levantine Spoken Arabic (800), Saramaccan (3,000). Information mainly from A. Butt 1966; SIL 1965–2003. The number of languages listed for French Guiana is 10. Of those, all are living languages.

Living languages


[arw] 150 in French Guiana. Coastal areas. Alternate names: Lokono.  Classification: Arawakan, Maipuran, Northern Maipuran, Caribbean 
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[car] 1,200 in French Guiana. Coastal areas. Alternate names: Caribe, Cariña, Kalihna, Kalinya, Galibi.  Dialects: Tyrewuju (Eastern Carib).  Classification: Carib, Northern, Galibi 
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Chinese, Hakka

[hak] 5,000 in French Guiana.  Classification: Sino-Tibetan, Chinese 
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[eme] 400 (2001). Southern border area, Ouaqui, Camopi and Oiapoque rivers. None in Brazil. Alternate names: Emerilon, Melejo, Mereo, Mereyo, Emereñon, Teco.  Dialects: Probably not intelligible with Wayampi.  Classification: Tupi, Tupi-Guarani, Subgroup VIII 
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[fra]   Classification: Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Italo-Western, Western, Gallo-Iberian, Gallo-Romance, Gallo-Rhaetian, Oïl, French 
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Guianese Creole French

[gcr] 50,000 (1977 SIL).  Alternate names: Guyanais, Guyane, Guyane Creole, Patois, Patwa, French Guianese Creole French.  Dialects: Intelligibility of Saint Lucia Creole is 78%, of Karipúna Creole of Brazil 77%.  Classification: Creole, French based 
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Javanese, Caribbean

[jvn]  Coastal area. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Javanese 
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[plu] 500 in French Guiana. Eastern border area. Alternate names: Palikour, Palicur.  Classification: Arawakan, Maipuran, Eastern Maipuran 
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[oym] 650 in French Guiana (2000 SIL). Population includes 120 Camopí and Masikilí on the middle Oyapock River, and 180 in 3 villages on upper Oyapock around Trois-Sauts (1980 Frangoise Grenand). Population total all countries: 1,180. Southern border area. Also spoken in Brazil. Alternate names: Oiampí, Oyapí, Oyampí, Wayãpi, Wayapi, Wajapi, Oiumpian.  Dialects: Oiyapoque, Wajapuku. Inherently intelligible with Oiapoque Wayampi. Not intelligible with Emerillon.  Classification: Tupi, Tupi-Guarani, Subgroup VIII 
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[way] 200 in French Guiana. Ethnic population: 1,000 in French Guiana. Southwestern border area. Alternate names: Oayana, Guayana, Uaiana, Alukuyana, Upurui.  Classification: Carib, Northern, East-West Guiana, Wayana-Trio 
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