Archived 15th edition home
Ethnologue > Web version > Country index > Americas > Greenland

Languages of Greenland

Kalaallit Nunaat. 56,384. National or official languages: Greenlandic Inuktitut, Danish. Affiliated with Denmark; home rule since 1979. Literacy rate: 93%. The number of languages listed for Greenland is 2. Of those, both are living languages.

Living languages


[dan] 7,830 in Greenland (1986).  Classification: Indo-European, Germanic, North, East Scandinavian, Danish-Swedish, Danish-Riksmal, Danish 
More information.

Inuktitut, Greenlandic

[kal] 47,800 in Greenland (1995 Krauss). Population includes 3,000 East Greenlandic, 44,000 West Greenlandic, 800 North Greenlandic. Population total all countries: 54,800. Greenland. About 80 communities of populations over 10. Also spoken in Denmark. Alternate names: Greenlandic, Kalaallisut.  Dialects: West Greenlandic, East Greenlandic, "Polar Eskimo" (North Greenlandic, Thule Inuit). Dialects border on being different languages (M. Krauss 1995).  Classification: Eskimo-Aleut, Eskimo, Inuit 
More information.