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Languages of Guadeloupe

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Guadeloupe. 444,515. National or official language: French. A French department in the Leeward Islands. Two large islands: Basse Terre, Grande Terre; also Marie Galante, the Saintes group, Desirade, St. Barthélemy, most of St. Martin. Literacy rate: 89% to 90%. The number of languages listed for Guadeloupe is 4. Of those, all are living languages.

Living languages

English

[eng] 200 in Guadeloupe (2002). St. Barthélemy Island. Dialects: Gustavia English (St. Barth English).  Classification: Indo-European, Germanic, West, English 
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French

[fra] 7,300 in Guadeloupe (2004).  Classification: Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Italo-Western, Western, Gallo-Iberian, Gallo-Romance, Gallo-Rhaetian, Oïl, French 
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Guadeloupean Creole French

[gcf] 430,000 in Guadeloupe (2001). Population total all countries: 848,454. Eastern St. Barthélemy, Marie Galante islands. Also spoken in Martinique. Alternate names: Patwa, Patois, Kreyol.  Dialects: Marie Galante Creole French, St. Barth Creole French. St. Barth Creole is distinct in grammatical, phonological, and lexical features, and may not be a dialect (J. Maher 1989). Comprehension of Saint Lucia Creole is 89%.  Classification: Creole, French based 
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Haitian Creole French

[hat] 12,000 in Guadeloupe (2004). St. Maartin, St. Barths, and Guadeloupe. Alternate names: Kreyol, Aiysyen.  Classification: Creole, French based 
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