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Languages of Honduras

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Republic of Honduras, República de Honduras. 6,823,568. National or official language: Spanish. Literacy rate: 56% to 60%. Also includes Armenian (1,300), Turkish (900), Yue Chinese (1,000), Arabic (42,000), Chinese (2,000). Information mainly from D. Oltrogge 1977; L. Campbell and D. Oltrogge 1980. Blind population: 1,000 (1982 WCE). Deaf population: 322,248. Deaf institutions: 2. The number of languages listed for Honduras is 10. Of those, all are living languages.

Living languages

Ch'orti'

[caa] 10 in Honduras (1997 Reeck). Ethnic population: 4,200 in Honduras (1997 Reeck). Copan Department, along the Guatemala border. Classification: Mayan, Cholan-Tzeltalan, Cholan, Chorti 
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English

[eng] 31,500 in Honduras (2001). Population includes 22,500 Bay Islands English speakers on the north coast. Bay Islands (Guanaja, Roatán, Utila), and large cities along north coast of mainland. Dialects: Bay Islands English.  Classification: Indo-European, Germanic, West, English 
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Garifuna

[cab] 98,000 in Honduras (1993 Ramon D. Rivas). 100 monolinguals. Population total all countries: 191,974. Mainly of the north coast between Masca, Cortés Department and Plaplaya, Gracias a Dios Department. 37 villages in Honduras, 46 in Central America (plus cities La Ceiba, San Pedro Sula, Tegucigalpa, and Puerto Cortés). Also spoken in Belize, Guatemala, Nicaragua, USA. Alternate names: Caribe, Central American Carib, Black Carib, Garífuna.  Dialects: Eastern Garifuna, Western Garifuna. Eastern Garifuna is in Honduras and Nicaragua (leaves out 'r' and tends to shorten words), Western Garifuna in Guatemala and Belize. Related to Island Carib, with Spanish, English, and French borrowings.  Classification: Arawakan, Maipuran, Northern Maipuran, Caribbean 
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Honduras Sign Language

[hds]   Classification: Deaf sign language 
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Lenca

[len] Only a few speakers in Honduras (1993 Ramon D. Rivas). Ethnic population: 100,000. La Paz, Intibucá, Lempira, Comayagua, Santa Bárbara, Valle and Francisco Morozan departments. Also spoken in El Salvador. Dialects: Some consider it to be Macro-Chibchan. The dialect in El Salvador is different from Honduras.  Classification: Unclassified  Nearly extinct.
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Mískito

[miq] 29,000 in Honduras (1993 Ramon D. Rivas). Gracias a Dios Department. Alternate names: Mísquito, Marquito, Mískitu, Mosquito.  Classification: Misumalpan 
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Pech

[pay] 994 (1993 Ramon D. Rivas). Ethnic population: 2,586 (1993 Ramon D. Rivas). North central coast, Municipio Dulce Nombre de Culmí, Olancho Department,Santa María del Carbón. Speakers also in Las Marias, Gracias a Dios, Silin, Colon. Alternate names: Paya, Seco.  Classification: Chibchan, Paya 
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Spanish

[spa] 5,600,000 in Honduras (1996).  Alternate names: Español, Castellano.  Classification: Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Italo-Western, Western, Gallo-Iberian, Ibero-Romance, West Iberian, Castilian 
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Sumo Tawahka

[sum] 700 in Honduras (1997 SIL). Ethnic population: 800 to 1,000 in Honduras (1993 Ramon D. Rivas). Banks of the Patuca River, Gracias a Dios and parts of Olancho departments. Alternate names: Sumo, Sumu, Soumo, Sumoo.  Classification: Misumalpan 
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Tol

[jic] 350 (1997). Ethnic population: 593 (1990 Educación Comunitaria para la Salud-Honduras). Also 19,000 ethnic Tolpan in the Department of Yoro. Montaña de la Flor, northern Francisco Morazán Department, north central Honduras, some in Yoro. Alternate names: Tolpan, Jicaque, Xicaque.  Dialects: No distinct dialects. It may be distantly related to Subtiaba of Nicaragua (extinct linguistically), Malinaltepec Tlapanec of Mexico, or the Hokan languages.  Classification: Language Isolate 
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