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Languages of Jordan

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Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan, al Mamlaka al Urduniya al Hashemiyah. 5,611,202. National or official language: Standard Arabic. Literacy rate: 71% to 80%. Also includes Egyptian Spoken Arabic (10,000), Greek, Mesopotamian Spoken Arabic (500,000), North Mesopotamian Spoken Arabic (200,000), Northern Kurdish (4,000), South Azerbaijani (4,000), people from Pakistan, Philippines (5,000). Information mainly from T. Sebeok 1963; T. M. Johnstone 1967; W. Fischer and O. Jastrow 1980; B. Ingham 1982. Blind population: 9,000 (1982 WCE). Deaf population: 240,155. Deaf institutions: 2. The number of languages listed for Jordan is 9. Of those, all are living languages.

Living languages

Adyghe

[ady] 44,280 in Jordan (1986).  Alternate names: West Circassian, Adygey.  Classification: North Caucasian, West Caucasian, Circassian 
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Arabic, Levantine Bedawi Spoken

[avl] 700,000 in Jordan. Throughout Jordan, but especially in the east. Alternate names: Bedawi.  Dialects: South Levantine Bedawi Arabic, North Levantine Bedawi Arabic, Eastern Egyptian Bedawi Arabic.  Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic 
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Arabic, Najdi Spoken

[ars] 50,000 in Jordan. Far eastern Jordan. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic 
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Arabic, South Levantine Spoken

[ajp] 3,500,000 in Jordan (1996). Population total all countries: 6,145,000. Also spoken in Argentina, Egypt, Israel, Kuwait, Palestinian West Bank and Gaza, Puerto Rico, Syria. Alternate names: Levantine Arabic, South Levantine Arabic, Palestinian-Jordanian Arabic.  Dialects: Madani, Fellahi. There are differences from village to village of which speakers are aware. There is a newly emerging urban standard dialect based on Amman.  Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic 
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Arabic, Standard

[arb]  Middle East, North Africa. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic 
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Armenian

[hye] 8,000 in Jordan (1971 The Armenian Review).  Dialects: Western Armenian.  Classification: Indo-European, Armenian 
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Chechen

[che] 3,000 in Jordan (1993 Johnstone). In 2 or 3 villages mixed among Adygey and Arabic speakers. Classification: North Caucasian, East Caucasian, Nakh, Chechen-Ingush 
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Domari

[rmt] 4,913 in Jordan (2000 WCD).  Alternate names: Middle Eastern Romani, Tsigene, Gypsy, Nawar, Kurbat, Barake.  Dialects: Nawar, Kurbat, Barake.  Classification: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Indo-Aryan, Central zone, Dom 
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Jordanian Sign Language

[jos]   Classification: Deaf sign language 
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