Languages of KyrgyzstanSee language map.
Kyrgyz Republic. 5,081,429. National or official languages: Kirghiz, Russian. 76,642 square miles. Literacy rate: 99%. Also includes Armenian (3,285), Bashkir (3,250), Belarusan (7,676), Chechen, Chuvash (2,092), Crimean Turkish (38,000), Dargwa (1,419), Erzya (5,390), Georgian (1,002), Halh Mongolian, Kalmyk-Oirat, Karachay-Balkar (2,463), Karakalpak, Kazakh (37,000), Korean (18,000), Lak (257), Lezgi (1,599), Lithuanian (430), North Azerbaijani (17,207), Northern Kurdish (14,000), Northern Uzbek (657,440), Romanian (1,375), Standard German (101,057), Tajiki (34,000), Tatar (70,000), Turkish, Turkmen (352), Ukrainian (109,000), Uyghur (37,000). Information mainly from T. Sebeok 1963. The number of languages listed for Kyrgyzstan is 3. Of those, all are living languages.
40,000 in Kyrgyzstan (2001 Johnstone and Mandryk). Population total all countries: 41,400. Ethnic population: 100,000. The Gansu dialect is mainly in Prschewalsk and Osh, Kyrgyzstan, the Shaanxi dialect in Kazakhstan, and in Fergana, Uzbekistan. Also spoken in Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan.
Alternate names: Dzhunyan, Tungan, Huizu, Zwn'jan, Kwuizwu.
Dialects: Ganzu (Gansu), Shaanxi (Shensi), Yage. Speakers of the Shaanxi and Ganzu varieties have difficult inherent intelligibility of each other. There is a debate regarding whether Dungan has three tones (a merging of two Standard Mandarin tones) or four tones (with only a partial merging of the two Standard Mandarin tones). Also different from Mandarin in phonology and lexicon.
Classification: Sino-Tibetan, Chinese
2,448,220 in the former USSR (1993 UBS). Population total all countries: 3,136,733. Throughout the country. Also spoken in Afghanistan, China, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, Turkey (Asia), Uzbekistan.
Alternate names: Kara-Kirgiz, Kirgiz.
Dialects: Northern Kirghiz, Southern Kirghiz.
Classification: Altaic, Turkic, Western, Aralo-Caspian
1,408,800 in Kyrgyzstan (1996).
Classification: Indo-European, Slavic, East