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Languages of Korea, South

Republic of Korea, Taehan Min'guk. 48,598,175. National or official language: Korean. Literacy rate: 92%. Also includes English (63,600), Sherpa, Chinese (24,000). Information mainly from B. Comrie 1987. Blind population: 48,000 (1982 WCE). Deaf institutions: 28. The number of languages listed for Korea, South is 2. Of those, both are living languages.

Living languages

Korean

[kor] 42,000,000 in South Korea (1986). Population total all countries: 67,019,690. Also spoken in American Samoa, Australia, Bahrain, Belize, Brazil, Brunei, Canada, China, Germany, Guam, Japan, Kazakhstan, North Korea, Kyrgyzstan, Mauritania, Mongolia, New Zealand, Northern Mariana Islands, Panama, Paraguay, Philippines, Russia (Asia), Saudi Arabia, Singapore, Suriname, Tajikistan, Thailand, Turkmenistan, USA, Uzbekistan. Alternate names: Hanguohua, Hanguk Mal.  Dialects: Seoul (Kangwondo, Kyonggido), Ch'ungch'ongdo (North Ch'ungch'ong, South Ch'ungch'ong), Kyongsangdo (North Kyongsangdo, South Kyongsangdo), Chollado (North Chollado, South Chollado), Cheju Island. There is a difference of opinion among scholars as to whether or not Korean is related to Japanese. Some scholars suggest that both languages are possibly distantly related to Altaic. Dialect boundaries generally correspond to provincial boundaries. Some dialects are not easily intelligible with others (Voegelin and Voegelin 1977). The suffix '-do' on dialect names means 'province'. Comprehension of Standard Korean may be lower on Cheju Island.  Classification: Language Isolate 
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Korean Sign Language

[kvk]   Dialects: Related to Japanese and Taiwanese sign languages.  Classification: Deaf sign language 
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