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Languages of Kazakhstan

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Kazakhstan. 15,143,704. National or official languages: Kazakh, Russian. 1,000,000 square miles. Also includes Armenian (19,000), Avar (959), Bashkir (21,442), Belarusan (183,000), Chechen, Chuvash (22,871), Dargwa (636), Eastern Mari (9,089), Erzya (34,371), Gagauz, Georgian (7,700), Greek (47,000), Judeo-Crimean Tatar, Karachay-Balkar (1,456), Karakalpak, Kirghiz (9,612), Korean (103,000), Kumyk (554), Lak (617), Lezgi (2,570), Lithuanian (10,964), Nogai (155), North Azerbaijani (90,000), Northern Kurdish (25,000), Northern Uzbek (332,000), Osetin (3,491), Polish (61,445), Pontic, Romanian (33,000), Russian (6,227,000), Tabassaran (225), Tajiki (26,000), Tatar (328,000), Turkish, Turkmen (3,265), Udmurt (15,786), Ukrainian (898,000). Information mainly from T. Sebeok 1963; Z. Xiangru and R.F. Hahn 1989. The number of languages listed for Kazakhstan is 7. Of those, all are living languages.

Living languages

Dungan

[dng]   Dialects: Shaanxi.  Classification: Sino-Tibetan, Chinese 
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German, Standard

[deu] 958,000 in Kazakhstan. Population excludes Plautdietsch.  Classification: Indo-European, Germanic, West, High German, German, Middle German, East Middle German 
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Ili Turki

[ili]  Ili Valley near Kuldja, Xinjiang, China. There may be none in Kazakhstan. Alternate names: T'urk, Tuerke.  Classification: Altaic, Turkic, Eastern 
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Kazakh

[kaz] 5,293,400 in Kazakhstan (1979 census). Population total all countries: 8,178,879. Kazakhstan, northern Soviet Middle Asia and into western Siberia. Also spoken in Afghanistan, China, Germany, Iran, Kyrgyzstan, Mongolia, Russia (Asia), Tajikistan, Turkey (Asia), Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan. Alternate names: Kazak, Kaisak, Kosach, Qazaq.  Dialects: Northeastern Kazakh, Southern Kazakh, Western Kazakh. Minor dialect differences.  Classification: Altaic, Turkic, Western, Aralo-Caspian 
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Plautdietsch

[pdt] 100,000 in Russia and Kazakhstan (1986). Various locations including Alma Ata near the China border, beyond Tashkent, and Kazakhstan. Alternate names: Low German.  Classification: Indo-European, Germanic, West, Low Saxon-Low Franconian, Low Saxon 
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Romani, Sinte

[rmo]  Kazakhstan (formerly Volga area until 1941). Alternate names: Sinti, Tsigane, Manuche, Manouche.  Classification: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Indo-Aryan, Central zone, Romani, Northern 
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Uyghur

[uig] 300,000 in Kazakhstan (1993). Taranchi dialect in Kazakhstan, Kashgar-Yarkand dialect in Uzbekistan. Alternate names: Uighur, Uiguir, Uygur, Novouygur.  Dialects: Taranchi (Kulja), Kashgar-Yarkand.  Classification: Altaic, Turkic, Eastern 
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