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Languages of Lebanon

Republic of Lebanon, al-Jumhouriya al-Lubnaniya. 3,777,218. National or official languages: Standard Arabic, French. Literacy rate: 70% to 75%. Also includes Assyrian Neo-Aramaic (1,000), Chaldean Neo-Aramaic (18,000), Turoyo (18,000). Information mainly from T. Sebeok 1963; H. Fleisch 1974; W. Fischer and O. Jastrow 1980. Blind population: 5,000. Deaf population: 219,480. Deaf institutions: 13. The number of languages listed for Lebanon is 6. Of those, all are living languages.

Living languages

Arabic, North Levantine Spoken

[apc] 3,900,000 in Lebanon (1991). Throughout Lebanon. Alternate names: Levantine Arabic, Lebanese-Syrian Arabic, Syro-Lebanese Arabic.  Dialects: North Lebanese Arabic, South Lebanese Arabic (Shii, Metuali), North-Central Lebanese Arabic (Mount Lebanon Arabic), South-Central Lebanese Arabic (Druze Arabic), Standard Lebanese Arabic, Beqaa Arabic, Sunni Beiruti Arabic, Saida Sunni Arabic, Iqlim-Al-Kharrub Sunni Arabic, Jdaideh Arabic.  Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic 
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Arabic, Standard

[arb]  Middle East, North Africa. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic 
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[hye] 234,600 in Lebanon (1986).  Alternate names: Ermenice, Armanski, Haieren, Somkhuri.  Dialects: Western Armenian.  Classification: Indo-European, Armenian 
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[eng] 3,300 in Lebanon (2004).  Classification: Indo-European, Germanic, West, English 
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[fra] 16,600 in Lebanon (2004).  Classification: Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Italo-Western, Western, Gallo-Iberian, Gallo-Romance, Gallo-Rhaetian, Oïl, French 
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Kurdish, Northern

[kmr] 75,000 in Lebanon (2002 Meho). Ethnic population: 215,384 (2000 WCD). Beirut, also Sidon, Tripoli, and Biqa Valley. Dialects: Mhallami (Mardinli).  Classification: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Iranian, Western, Northwestern, Kurdish 
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