Archived 15th edition
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Languages of Russia

Russia. 144,978,573. Population includes Europe and Asia regions. National or official language: Russian. See Russia, Europe and Russia, Asia for languages in the European and Asian regions, respectively. Literacy rate: 98% to 99%. Information mainly from T. Sebeok 1963; B. Comrie 1987; A. E. Kibrik 1991. Blind population: 350,000 in the former USSR (1982 WCE). Deaf institutions: 22. The number of languages listed for Russia is 105. Of those, 101 are living languages and 4 are extinct.