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Languages of El Salvador

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Republic of El Salvador, República de El Salvador. 6,587,541. National or official language: Spanish. Literacy rate: 55% to 63%. Also includes Central Pokomam, Turkish (500), Chinese (1,300). Blind population: 8,000. Deaf population: 150,000 to 348,804 (1998). Deaf institutions: 4. The number of languages listed for El Salvador is 6. Of those, 5 are living languages and 1 is extinct.

Living languages

Kekchí

[kek] 12,286 in El Salvador.  Alternate names: Quecchí, Cacché.  Classification: Mayan, Quichean-Mamean, Greater Quichean, Kekchi 
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Lenca

[len] Ethnic population: 36,858 in El Salvador (1987). Town of Chilango. Classification: Unclassified  Nearly extinct.
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Pipil

[ppl] 20 (1987). Ethnic population: 196,576 (1987). Municipio of Dolores, Ocotepeque Department, near the El Salvador border. Extinct in Honduras. Alternate names: Nahuat, Nawat.  Dialects: Not intelligible with Isthmus Nahuatl of Mexico.  Classification: Uto-Aztecan, Southern Uto-Aztecan, Aztecan, General Aztec, Pipil  Nearly extinct.
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Salvadoran Sign Language

[esn]   Alternate names: El Salvadoran Sign Language.  Classification: Deaf sign language 
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Spanish

[spa] 5,900,000 in El Salvador (1995).  Alternate names: Español, Castellano.  Classification: Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Italo-Western, Western, Gallo-Iberian, Ibero-Romance, West Iberian, Castilian 
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Extinct languages

Cacaopera

[ccr] Extinct. Department of Morazán. Dialects: Close to Matagalpa.  Classification: Misumalpan 
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