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Languages of Turkmenistan

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Turkmenistan. 4,863,169. National or official language: Turkmen. 188,417 square miles. Literacy rate: 98%. Also includes Armenian (32,000), Bashkir (2,607), Belarusan (5,289), Brahui, Dargwa (1,599), Dungan, Erzya (3,488), Georgian (1,047), Karakalpak (2,542), Kazakh (88,000), Korean (3,493), Lak (1,590), Lezgi (10,400), Lithuanian (224), North Azerbaijani (33,000), Northern Uzbek (317,000), Osetin (1,887), Romanian (1,561), Russian (349,000), Tabassaran (177), Tajiki (1,277), Tatar (40,434), Ukrainian (37,118), Western Farsi (8,000). Information mainly from T. Sebeok 1963. The number of languages listed for Turkmenistan is 4. Of those, 3 are living languages and 1 is extinct.

Living languages

Balochi, Western

[bgn] 28,000 in Turkmenistan (1993).  Alternate names: Baloci, Baluchi, Baluci.  Classification: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Iranian, Western, Northwestern, Balochi 
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Kurmanji

[kmr] 20,000 in Turkmenistan (1962 Bakaev). Around Ashkhabad. Alternate names: Khorasani Kurmanji, Kurmanc├«, Khorasani.  Classification: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Iranian, Western, Northwestern, Kurdish 
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Turkmen

[tuk] 3,430,000 in Turkmenistan (1995). Population total all countries: 6,403,533. Ethnic population: 3,465,000 (1995). Also spoken in Afghanistan, Germany, Iran, Iraq, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Pakistan, Russia (Asia), Tajikistan, Turkey (Asia), USA, Uzbekistan. Alternate names: Turkomans, Turkmenler, Turkmanian, Trukhmen, Trukhmeny, Turkmani.  Dialects: Nokhurli, Anauli, Khasarli, Nerezim, Yomud, Teke (Tekke), Goklen, Salyr, Saryq, Esari, Cawdur.  Classification: Altaic, Turkic, Southern, Turkmenian 
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Extinct languages

Chagatai

[chg] Extinct.  Alternate names: Chaghatay, Jagatai.  Classification: Altaic, Turkic, Eastern 
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