Archived 15th edition
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Languages of Turkey

Republic of Turkey, Turkiye Cumhuriyeti. 68,893,918. Population includes both Europe and Asia sections. National or official language: Turkish. Literacy rate: 76% to 90%. Also includes refugees from Central Asia (50,000). Information mainly from T. Sebeok 1963, 1970; O. Jastrow 1971, 1988; A. Nakano 1986; B. Comrie 1987; P.A. Andrews 1989; M. Izadi 1993. Blind population: 38,178. Deaf population: 316,839. Deaf institutions: 12. The number of languages listed for Turkey is 36. Of those, 34 are living languages and 2 are extinct.