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Languages of Turkey (Europe)

Also see Turkey in Asia for a listing of languages in Asia. The number of languages listed for Turkey (Europe) is 12. Of those, 11 are living languages and 1 is extinct.

Living languages

Albanian, Tosk

[als] 15,000 in Turkey (1980). 1,075 monolinguals (1965 census). Ethnic population: 65,000 in Turkey. Scattered in western Turkey. Classification: Indo-European, Albanian, Tosk 
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[hye] 40,000 in Turkey (1980). 1,022 monolinguals (1965 census). Ethnic population: 70,000 in Turkey (1980). Many in Istanbul, and a few scattered across eastern Turkey. The Hemshin (Hamshen) are Armenian Muslims, living near the Laz. Alternate names: Haieren, Somkhuri, Ermenice, Armjanski.  Dialects: Eastern Armenian.  Classification: Indo-European, Armenian 
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Balkan Gagauz Turkish

[bgx] 327,000 in Turkey (1993 Johnstone). Population includes 7,000 Surguch (1965) and 320,000 Yuruk. Population total all countries: 331,000. Yuruk dialect on the west coast in Macedonia. Also spoken in Greece, Macedonia. Alternate names: Balkan Turkic.  Dialects: Gajol, Gerlovo Turks, Karamanli, Kyzylbash, Surguch, Tozluk Turks, Yuruk (Yoruk, Konyar).  Classification: Altaic, Turkic, Southern, Turkish 
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[bul] 300,000 in Turkey (2001 Johnstone and Mandryk). Population includes refugees from Bulgaria. Scattered in Edirne and other western provinces. Alternate names: Pomak.  Dialects: Pomak.  Classification: Indo-European, Slavic, South, Eastern 
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[rmt] 28,461 in Turkey (2000 WCD). Mainly in western Turkey, some in eastern Turkey. Alternate names: Middle Eastern Romani, Tsigene, Gypsy.  Dialects: Karachi, Beludji, Marashi.  Classification: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Indo-Aryan, Central zone, Dom 
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[ell] 4,000 in Turkey (1993). Istanbul city. Classification: Indo-European, Greek, Attic 
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[lad] 8,000 in Turkey (1976). Ethnic population: 15,000. Mainly in Istanbul; some in Izmirin. Alternate names: Dzhudezmo, Judeo Spanish, Sefardi, Judezmo, Hakitia, Haketia, Spanyol.  Classification: Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Italo-Western, Western, Gallo-Iberian, Ibero-Romance, West Iberian, Castilian 
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[pnt] 4,535 in Turkey (1965 Mackridge). Northest Turkey, easternmost part of Pontic-speaking region. Classification: Indo-European, Greek, Attic 
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Romani, Balkan

[rmn] 25,000 Arlija in Turkey.  Dialects: Arlija (Erli).  Classification: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Indo-Aryan, Central zone, Romani, Balkan 
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[srp] 20,000 in Turkey (1980). 2,345 monolinguals (1965 census). Ethnic population: 61,000. Scattered in western Turkey. Alternate names: Bosnian.  Classification: Indo-European, Slavic, South, Western 
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[tat]  Istanbul and perhaps other places. Classification: Altaic, Turkic, Western, Uralian 
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Extinct languages


[uby] Extinct. Haci Osman village, near the Sea of Marmara, near Istanbul. Alternate names: Ubyx, Pekhi, Oubykh.  Classification: North Caucasian, West Caucasian, Ubyx 
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