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Languages of Trinidad and Tobago

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Republic of Trinidad and Tobago. 1,096,585. Afro-Trinidadian 40%, East Indian 41%, mixed 14%, white 1%, Chinese 1%, other 1%. National or official language: English. Literacy rate: All 97%: male 98%, female 96%. Also includes North Levantine Spoken Arabic (2,600), Chinese (6,500). Information mainly from S. R. Sperl 1980; I. Hancock 1985; P. Mohan and P. Zador 1986; L. Winer 1993. Deaf institutions: 2. The number of languages listed for Trinidad and Tobago is 6. Of those, all are living languages.

Living languages

English

[eng] 2,600 in Trinidad and Tobago (2004).  Classification: Indo-European, Germanic, West, English 
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Hindustani, Caribbean

[hns] 15,633 in Trinidad and Tobago (1996). Ethnic population: East Indians are 41% of the population.  Alternate names: Trinidad Bhojpuri.  Classification: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Indo-Aryan, Eastern zone, Bihari 
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Spanish

[spa] 4,100 in Trinidad and Tobago (2004). Fishing villages and communities of the southern peninsula. Classification: Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Italo-Western, Western, Gallo-Iberian, Ibero-Romance, West Iberian, Castilian 
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Tobagonian Creole English

[tgh] 36,000 (1990). Tobago. Alternate names: Tobagonian Dialect.  Dialects: Closest to Guyana and Saint Vincent.  Classification: Creole, English based, Atlantic, Eastern, Southern 
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Trinidadian Creole English

[trf] 9,600 (2004). Trinidad. Classification: Creole, English based, Atlantic, Eastern, Southern 
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Trinidadian Creole French

[acf] 3,800 in Trinidad and Tobago (2004). Trinidad, villages of the Northern Range, fishing communities in the islands, and coastal settlements along the peninsula to the west of the capital especially (I. Hancock, ms.). Alternate names: Patois, Patwa, Lesser Antillean Creole French.  Classification: Creole, French based 
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