Languages of UzbekistanSee language map.
Uzbekistan. 26,410,416. National or official language: Northern Uzbek. 172,700 square miles. Literacy rate: 99%. Also includes Armenian (50,000), Bashkir (35,000), Belarusan (29,000), Chechen, Chuvash (8,868), Dargwa (1,337), Domari, Dungan (1,400), Erzya (14,176), Georgian (4,088), Ingush, Karachay-Balkar (612), Kazakh (808,000), Kirghiz (175,776), Korean (183,000), Lak (1,762), Lezgi (1,585), Lithuanian (1,040), Nogai (151), North Azerbaijani (44,000), Osetin (6,000), Parya, Romanian (3,152), Russian (1,661,000), Standard German (40,000), Tabassaran (224), Tajiki (934,000), Tajiki Spoken Arabic, Tatar (468,000), Turkmen (228,000), Ukrainian (153,000), Uyghur (36,000), Western Farsi (31,121). Information mainly from T. Sebeok 1963; H. Paper 1978; S. Akiner 1983. The number of languages listed for Uzbekistan is 7. Of those, all are living languages.
|Arabic, Uzbeki Spoken||
700. Uzbekistan, Bukhara Province; middle and lower Zerafshan Valley in Samarkand Province, and a few in Katta-Kurgan town. They mainly live in small villages.
Alternate names: Jugari, Kashkadarya Arabic, Uzbeki Arabic, Central Asian Arabic.
Dialects: Close to North Mesopotamian Spoken Arabic. Sharp dialect differences between Bukhara and Kashkadarya regions. Bukhara is strongly influenced by Tajiki; Kashkadarya by Uzbek and other Turkic languages. May be a mixed language.
Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic
10,000 in Uzbekistan (1995). Various parts of Uzbekistan. The cultural center is Bokhara (Buchara).
Alternate names: Bukharan, Judeo-Tajik, Bokharic, Bukharin, Bokharian.
Classification: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Iranian, Western, Southwestern, Persian
189,000 in Uzbekistan (1993). Population total all countries: 456,341. Removed from southern shore of Crimean Peninsula to Uzbekistan in 1944. Also spoken in Bulgaria, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Romania, Turkey (Asia), Ukraine, USA.
Alternate names: Crimean Tatar.
Dialects: Northern Crimean (Crimean Nogai, Steppe Crimean), Central Crimean, Southern Crimean.
Classification: Altaic, Turkic, Southern
Uzbekistan (most), Georgia, Kazakhstan. Also spoken in Georgia, Kazakhstan.
Alternate names: Judeo-Crimean Turkish, Krimchak.
Classification: Altaic, Turkic, Western, Ponto-Caspian
407,000 in Uzbekistan (1993 UBS). Population total all countries: 411,542. Ethnic population: 424,000 in the former USSR. Along the lower Amu Darya and around the southern part of the Aral Sea. Also spoken in Afghanistan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Turkmenistan.
Alternate names: Karaklobuk, Tchorny, Klobouki.
Dialects: Northeastern Karakalpak, Southeastern Karakalpak.
Classification: Altaic, Turkic, Western, Aralo-Caspian
197,000 in Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Kazakhstan, and Kyrgyzstan (based on 1979 census, not counting 56,000 'Turks of Fergana', who speak an Uzbek dialect).
Alternate names: Osmanli.
Dialects: Danubian, Eskisehir, Razgrad, Dinler, Rumelian, Karamanli, Edirne, Gaziantep, Urfa.
Classification: Altaic, Turkic, Southern, Turkish
16,539,000 in Uzbekistan (1995 UN). Population total all countries: 18,795,591. Uzbekistan and throughout Asian republics of the former USSR. East of the Amu Darya and around the southern Aral Sea. Possibly in Munich, Germany. Also spoken in Australia, China, Israel, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia (Asia), Tajikistan, Turkey (Asia), Turkmenistan, Ukraine, USA.
Alternate names: Özbek.
Dialects: Karluk (Qarlug), Kipchak (Kypchak), Oghuz. Distinct from Southern Uzbek of Afghanistan, Pakistan and Turkey. Russian influences in grammar, use of loanwords, script. Oghuz may be a dialect of Khorasani Turkish (see Turkey) rather than Uzbek.
Classification: Altaic, Turkic, Eastern