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Achang

A language of China

ISO 639-3: acn

Population 27,708 in China (1990 census). Population total all countries: 29,408.
Region Dehong Dai-Jingpo Autonomous Prefecture and Baoshan District, western Yunnan Province, along the Myanmar border, Longchuan, Lingbe, and Luxi counties. Also spoken in Myanmar.
Alternate names   Ngochang, Achung, Atsang, Ach'ang, Acang, Ahchan, Ngacang, Ngatsang, Ngachang, Ngac'ang, Ngo Chang, Mönghsa, Maingtha
Dialects Longchuan, Lianghe, Luxi. The 3 dialects are reported to not be inherently intelligible to one another's speakers. Longchuan differs more from the other dialects, and has more Dai loanwords. Lianghe and Luxi use many Chinese loanwords. There are also Burmese loanwords. Related to Phun, Maru, Lashi, Zaiwa.
Classification Sino-Tibetan, Tibeto-Burman, Lolo-Burmese, Burmish, Northern
Language use Speakers are mainly adults. The Longchuan dialect is stable, but speakers of other dialects are shifting to Chinese. Many Han people in Longchuan County use Achang in informal situations. All domains. Spoken Chinese and Dai are in common use as second languages. Written Chinese is also in use.
Language development Literacy rate in second language: 39%. Roman script. NT: 1992.
Comments Part of the Achang nationality. Unidentified ethnic groups in the area: Ben Ren, Hknong. Mingled with Lashi. SOV; tonal, 4 tones. Plains, mountain slope. Agriculturalists: rice; craftsmen; transportation; metal workers. Polytheist, Buddhist (Hinayana).

Also spoken in:

Myanmar

Language name   Achang
Population 1,700 in Myanmar (1983).
Region West of the Irrawaddy River in Katha District, near Banmauk, scattered among the Lashi. Along the China border.
Alternate names   Anchan, Chung, Atsang, Acang, Ngac'ang, Ngachang, Ngochang, Mönghsa, Tai Sa'
Dialects Maingtha.
Language use Also spoken by the Tai Sa blacksmiths among the northern Shan.
Language development Literacy rate in first language: below 1%. Literacy rate in second language: 5% to 15%.
Comments Their own name is Ngochang, the Burmese name Maingtha, the Chinese name Achang. Not a literary language. Polytheist, Buddhist (Hinayana).