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Arabic, Standard

A language of Saudi Arabia

ISO 639-3: arb

Population 206,000,000 first-language speakers of all Arabic varieties (1999 WA).
Region Middle East, North Africa, other Muslim countries. Also spoken in Algeria, Bahrain, Chad, Comoros, Djibouti, Egypt, Eritrea, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Morocco, Oman, Palestinian West Bank and Gaza, Qatar, Somalia, Sudan, Syria, Tanzania, Tunisia, United Arab Emirates, Yemen.
Alternate names   High Arabic, Al Fus-Ha, Al Arabiya
Dialects Modern Standard Arabic (Modern Literary Arabic), Classical Arabic (Koranic Arabic, Quranic Arabic). Preserves the ancient grammar.
Classification Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic
Language use National language. 246,000,000 second-language speakers of all Arabic varieties (1999 WA). Not a first language. Used for education, official purposes, written materials, and formal speeches. Classical Arabic is used for religion and ceremonial purposes, having archaic vocabulary. Modern Standard Arabic is a modernized variety of Classical Arabic. In most Arab countries only the well educated have adequate proficiency in Standard Arabic, while over 100,500,000 do not.
Language development Arabic script in Algeria. Newspapers. Radio programs. Dictionary. Bible: 1984–1991.
Comments VSO.

Also spoken in:

Algeria

Language name   Arabic, Standard
Region Middle East, North Africa.
Language use Official language. Used for written materials, formal speeches. Not a first language, but taught in schools.
   

Bahrain

Language name   Arabic, Standard
Region Middle East, North Africa.
Alternate names   Modern Literary Arabic, Fasih, High Arabic
Language use National language. Used for education, official purposes.
   

Chad

Language name   Arabic, Standard
Region Middle East, North Africa.
Language use Official language.
   

Comoros

Language name   Arabic, Standard
Region Throughout the island.
Language use Official language. Not a first language.
   

Djibouti

Language name   Arabic, Standard
Language use Official language.
   

Egypt

Language name   Arabic, Standard
Region Middle East, North Africa.
Language use Official language. Not a first language. Used for nearly all written materials and formal speeches. Taught in schools.
   

Eritrea

Language name   Arabic, Standard
Region Middle East, North Africa.
Language use Official language. Used in some schools.
   

Iraq

Language name   Arabic, Standard
Region Middle East, North Africa.
Language use National language. Used for education, official purposes.
   

Israel

Language name   Arabic, Standard
Region Middle East, North Africa.
Language use National language. Used for education and communication among Arabic-speaking countries.
   

Jordan

Language name   Arabic, Standard
Region Middle East, North Africa.
Language use Official language. Used for education, official purposes, communication among Arabic-speaking countries. Education officials promoting this variety among students. Regional varieties have been used in classrooms, but this is changing.
   

Kuwait

Language name   Arabic, Standard
Region Middle East, North Africa.
Language use Official language. Used for education, official purposes.
   

Lebanon

Language name   Arabic, Standard
Region Middle East, North Africa.
Language use Official language. Used for education, official purposes, communication among Arabic speaking countries.
   

Libya

Language name   Arabic, Standard
Language use National language. Used for nearly all written materials, formal speeches. Not a first language, but taught in schools.
   

Morocco

Language name   Arabic, Standard
Language use Official language. Used for education, official purposes, communication among Arabic speaking countries.
   

Oman

Language name   Arabic, Standard
Region Middle East, North Africa.
Language use Official language. Used for education, official purposes, formal speeches.
   

Palestinian West Bank and Gaza

Language name   Arabic, Standard
Region Middle East, North Africa.
Language use National language. Used for education, official purpose, formal speeches.
   

Qatar

Language name   Arabic, Standard
Region Middle East, North Africa.
Language use Official language. Used for education, official purposes, formal speeches.
   

Somalia

Language name   Arabic, Standard
Language use National language. Most Somalis have very limited or no proficiency in Arabic.
   

Sudan

Language name   Arabic, Standard
Region Middle East, North Africa.
Language use Official language. Used for nearly all written materials and formal speeches. Not a first language, but taught in schools. Very little known and even less used in the south. Serious educational and sociolinguistic problems in the north also.
Comments Not intelligible with Sudanese Spoken Arabic or Sudanese Creole Arabic.
   

Syria

Language name   Arabic, Standard
Region Middle East, North Africa.
Language use Official language. Used for education, official purposes, formal speeches.
   

Tanzania

Language name   Arabic, Standard
Region Middle East, north Africa.
   

Tunisia

Language name   Arabic, Standard
Language use Official language. Used for written materials and formal speeches. Not a first language, but taught in schools.
   

United Arab Emirates

Language name   Arabic, Standard
Region Middle East, North Africa.
Language use Official language. Used for education, official purposes, formal speeches.
   

Yemen

Language name   Arabic, Standard
Language use National language. Used for education, official purposes, formal speeches.