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Azerbaijani, North

A language of Azerbaijan

ISO 639-3: azj

Population 6,069,453 in Azerbaijan (1989 census). 4,000,000 monolinguals. Population total all countries: 7,059,529.
Region Azerbaijan, and southern Dagestan, along the Caspian coast in the southern Caucasus Mountains. Also spoken in Armenia, Estonia, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia (Asia), Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan.
Alternate names   Azerbaijan, Azeri Turk, Azerbaydzhani
Dialects Quba, Derbend, Baku, Shamakhi, Salyan, Lenkaran, Qazakh, Airym, Borcala, Terekeme, Qyzylbash, Nukha, Zaqatala (Mugaly), Qabala, Yerevan, Nakhchivan, Ordubad, Ganja, Shusha (Karabakh), Karapapak. Dialect differences are slight. The Qazakh dialect is not related to the Kazakh language. Significant differences from South Azerbaijani in phonology, lexicon, morphology, syntax, and loanwords.
Classification Altaic, Turkic, Southern, Azerbaijani
Language use National language. In the republics of the former USSR, 98% of the ethnic group speak Azerbaijani as first language. 8,000,000 second-language speakers. Used in publications. Everyone is familiar with the standardized written and spoken forms. Taught as a second language in Russian language schools.
Language development Literacy rate in second language: High. Roman script official, but Cyrillic script widely used; Cyrillic script in Armenia. Radio programs. TV. Dictionary. Grammar. Bible: 1891.
Comments North and South Azerbaijani are spoken by one ethnic group. Each language group is reluctant to accept the written form of the other. Muslim (Shi'a and Sunni).

Also spoken in:


Language name   Azerbaijani, North
Population 161,000 in Armenia (1993 Johnstone).
Region In southern Dagestan, along the Caspian coast and beyond the Caucasus Mountains.
Alternate names   Azeri Turk, Turkler, Azerbaydzhani
Dialects Kuba, Derbent, Baku, Semakha, Saliany, Lenkoran, Kazakh, Airym, Borcala, Terekeme, Kyzylbash, Nukha, Zakataly (Mugaly), Kutkasen, Erevan, Nakhichevan, Ordubad, Kirovabad, Susa (Karabakh), Karapapak.
Language use Used in schools, publications.
Language development Literacy rate in second language: High.
Comments Muslim (Shi'a).