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Hmong Njua

A language of China

ISO 639-3: blu

Population 1,000,000 in China (1982). Population includes 29,000 Bunu of the Yao nationality who speak it as first language. Population total all countries: 1,290,600.
Region The area where Guizhou, Sichuan, and Yunnan provinces meet. Also spoken in French Guiana, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, USA, Viet Nam.
Alternate names   Chuanqiandian Miao, Chuanchientien Miao, Sichuan-Guizhou-Yunnan Hmong, Tak Miao, Meo, Miao, Western Miao, Western Hmong
Dialects Xiao Hua Miao (Atse, Small Flowery Miao), Tak Miao (Ching Miao, Green Miao, Blue Miao). Corresponds more or less to Ma's Western and Northern groups, and Purnell's Central and Western groups. Hua, the Miao (Hmongic) group, consists of 30 to 40 varieties which are inherently unintelligible to one another's speakers (Joakim Enwall 1993:12). A distinct variety called 'Gejiahua' with 50,000 speakers in Huangping County and Kaili City is believed to belong to Hmong Njua. It has 6 tones. Another distinct variety called 'Xijiahua' or 'Haiba Miano' with 50,000 speakers in Huangping, Fuquan, Weng'an, Longli, and Guiding counties and Kaili City, is believed to belong to Hmong Njua. Another distinct variety called 'Dongjiahua' in Majiang, Longli, and Xiuwen counties and Kaili City is believed to belong to Hmong Njua. Speakers are called 'Dongjian', 'Duck-Raising Miano', or 'Duck-Raising Gedou'. It shares many characteristics with Gejiahua. Largely intelligible with Hmong Daw.
Classification Hmong-Mien, Hmongic, Chuanqiandian
Language development Dictionary. Bible: 2000.
Comments Part of the Miao nationality. Village centered. SOV; tonal, 3 tones. Agriculturalists. Traditional religion, Christian.

Also spoken in:

Laos

Language name   Hmong Njua
Population 145,600 in Laos (1995).
Region Northern Laos.
Alternate names   Blue Meo, Blue Miao, Tak Meo, Hmong Njwa, Hmong Leng, Miao, Meo
Comments Traditional religion.
   

Myanmar

Language name   Hmong Njua
Population 10,000 in Myanmar (1987 Haiv Hmoob).
Alternate names   Blue Meo, Green Miao, Tak Meo, Hmong Njwa, Hmong Leng
   

Thailand

Language name   Hmong Njua
Population 33,000 in Thailand (1987).
Region Tak, Nan, Chiangmai, Maehongson, Petchabun, Chiangrai, Phayao, Phrae, Loei, Sukhothai, Kamphaengphet, Uthai provinces.
Alternate names   Chuanqiandian Miao, Chuanchientien Miao, Sichuan-Guizhou-Yunnan Hmong, Tak Miao, Meo, Miao, Western Miao
Comments Agriculturalists. Traditional religion, Christian.
   

Viet Nam

Language name   Hmong Njua
Region Living in many provinces of northern Viet Nam, probably some in Dac Lac Province in southern Viet Nam.
Alternate names   Blue Meo, Green Miao, Tak Meo, Hmong Njwa, Hmong Leng
Dialects Hmong Hoa.
Comments Traditional religion, Christian.